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QUALITY REPORT

STATISTICAL PRESENTATION on TECHNICAL QUALITY DATA

for
CLIENT: ENTERPRISE-PRODUCTS OPERATING L.P. PROJECT: HAYNESVILLE-ACADIAN PIPE SIZE: 42”ODX0.529”(13.44 mm) WT GRADE: API5L X70M PSL2 STEEL SOURCE : POSCO, KOREA 25-01-2010

WELSPUN GUJARAT STAHL ROHREN LTD., ANJAR, INDIA
Strictly Private & Confidential

Index
1. General Terminology about Statistical Data Analysis 2. Project Summary 3. Coil to Pipe Mechanical Properties Variation 4. Mechanical Testing Status for Pipe
• •

Heat (YS < 540 MPa as per POSCO RMTC) Heat (YS ≥ 540 MPa as per POSCO RMTC)

5. Co-relation of Coil YS & Pipe YS for
• •

Heat (YS < 540 MPa as per POSCO RMTC) Heat (YS ≥ 540 MPa as per POSCO RMTC)

6. Dimensional Variation in Pipes 7. Pipe Outside Diameter Before & After Hydro-Testing (HT) 8. Conformance to Chemical Composition 9. Repair and Rejection Details with Reasons

Fish-bone diagrams
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Strictly Private & Confidential

General Terminology about Statistical Data Analysis
LSL = Lower specification Limit USL = Upper Specification Limit Mean = Average of data set in a sample StDev (Within) = Standard Deviation showing the variation within sub-groups/short time variation. StDev (Overall) = Standard Deviation showing the total variation within sub-groups + between the sub-groups/long time variation N = No. of data points in a sample CoV = Coefficient of Variation (Overall Standard deviation/mean*100). CoV < 3% indicates that the process is operation under good control (narrow range of Lower Control Limit (LCL) & Upper Control Limit (UCL). Range = Maximum – Minimum NOTE: It is assumed that data is continuous in nature and follow the Normal distribution.

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General Terminology about Statistical Data Analysis
Ppk = Performance Index = Minimum of [ { (USL-Mean)/(3x overall standard deviation)}, { (Mean – LSL)/(3x overall standard deviation)} ]. Ppk shows the actual performance of the process taking care of the shift in the process which occurs in long run. This is good for external view of the process performance as seen by the customer to meet the specified limits in the product. Cpk = Capability Index = Minimum of [ { (USL-Mean)/(3x within standard deviation)}, { (Mean – LSL)/(3x within standard deviation)} ]. Cpk shows the could be performance of the process not taking process in account. This is good for internal process control. If Cpk = 2, then process is operating at six sigma level. Cpk > 1 shows that the process is stable and well under control.
NOTE: It is assumed that data is continuous in nature and follow the Normal distribution.

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General Terminology about Statistical Data Analysis
Probability plots: The probability plot is a graphical display of the estimated probability regression equation. The middle line on the graph estimates the percent of units at a given level of stress. The upper and lower limits give an approximate 95% confidence interval for the percent of units at a given level of stress. The probability plot also assess how well the chosen distribution fits your data. The closer the points fall to the middle line the better the distribution fits the data. This is estimated by p-value (> 0.1) Anderson-Darling statistic: Measures how well the data follow a particular distribution. The better the distribution fits the data, the smaller this statistic will be. Anderson-Darling statistic compares the fit of several distributions to see which one is best or to test whether a sample of data comes from a population with a specified distribution. If the p-value for the Anderson-Darling test is lower than the chosen significance level (usually 0.05 or 0.10), conclude that the data do not follow the specified distribution. NOTE: It is assumed that data is continuous in nature and follow the Normal distribution.

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36 0.62 0.10 TOTAL ORDER QUANTITY AVERAGE LENGTH AS PER ORDER (MINIMUM) TOTAL PIPE FORMING TOTAL PIPE TPI CLEARED AVERAGE LENGTH ACHIEVED PIPES REPAIRED PIPES REJECTED FORMATION TRIAL PIPE 2235 80445 36 82507 81150 39.06 0.10 54 10 2 Strictly Private & Confidential 6 .11 80.66 395.94 2063 2051 99.48 0.57 50.Project Summary RAW MATERIAL DETAILS TOTAL HEATS USED HEATS WITH YS < 540 MPa (COIL) HEATS WITH YS ≥ 540 MPa (COIL) COIL CONSUMED NUMBER 43 15 28 295 PRODUCTION SUMMARY NUMBER % - FEET % 98.42 2.48 0.

Coil to Pipe Mechanical Properties Variation Strictly Private & Confidential .

8 3.85 StDev 13 13 1 0. Unwinding of coils & forming strains resulting in reverse plasticity.11 69 69 6 0.3 1. CoV decrease in YS from Coil to pipe = 0. Mean increase in YS from Coil to pipe = 9 MPa (1. % Coil YS/UTS Pipe YS.90 Range 61 61 6 0.84 595 686 41 0.44 mm as compared to 15. The other important reason is D/t ratio where the effect of Bauschinger will be less in 42” OD pipe compared to 36” OD pipe. 2.20% Reasons for observed changes are: 1. MPa Pipe UTS.7 2. of heats = 43 Strictly Private & Confidential 8 .02 12 12 1 0.02 CoefVar 2. MPa Coil UTS. Total no. Flattening of samples for testing 4. % Pipe YS/UTS Count 138 138 138 138 138 138 138 138 Mean 541 682 36 0.Statistics of Coil & Pipe Mechanical Properties Variable Coil YS.73 526 616 34 0.66%). Different sample locations in coil & pipe 3.1 1.5 2. MPa Coil elongation.80 Maximum 581 722 40 0.10 Observations: 1.79 550 650 37 0. 2.88 mm.9 3. The effect of reverse plasticity is almost negligible in this 13.20 Minimum 520 661 34 0.83 2. MPa Pipe elongation.

6 12.4 11. of tests 40 30 20 10 0 0 20 13 8 3 14 6 1 1 0 22 37 34 49 LSL 485 MPa 65 USL 635 MPa Variable C oil YS Pipe YS Mean StDev N 540.YS Change from Coil to Pipe Histogram of Coil YS. MPa Strictly Private & Confidential 9 .74 138 500 510 520 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 YS.52 138 550. Pipe YS 70 60 50 No.

4 11. 470 480 490 500 510 520 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 600 610 Pipe YS.008 Percent 0.95% CI 99. MPa Strictly Private & Confidential 10 .9 99 95 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 5 1 0.1 LSL 485 MPa Mean StDev N AD P-Value 550.74 138 1.Probability Plot of Pipe YS Probability Plot of Pipe YS Normal .070 0.1% probability for YS < 509 MPa at 95 % confidence level.

MPa 690 720 750 Strictly Private & Confidential 11 .UTS Change from Coil to Pipe Histogram of Coil UTS. of tests 50 40 30 20 10 0 570 600 2 0 17 16 6 0 0 1 2 0 7 0 630 660 UTS.69 138 650.68 138 60 No. Pipe UTS 80 70 61 LSL 570 MPa USL 760 MPa Variable Coil UTS Pipe UTS 60 51 53 Mean StDev N 682.1 11.1 12.

87 0.82 YS/UTS ratio 0. Pipe YS/UTS 80 70 60 No.01864 138 59 68 USL 0.92 Strictly Private & Confidential 12 .7928 0.77 0. of tests 50 40 32 Variable C oil YS/UTS Pipe YS/UTS Mean 0.8468 StDev N 0.72 0.02242 138 0.YS/UTS Change from Coil to Pipe Histogram of Coil YS/UTS.92 40 36 27 30 20 10 0 6 0 0 0 5 1 0 2 0 0 0.

Elongation Change from Coil to Pipe Histogram of Coil elongation. Pipe elongation 60 50 40 No.03 1. % Strictly Private & Confidential 1 0 38 39 40 41 13 . of tests 30 20 10 1 LSL 25% Variable C oil elongation Pipe elongation Mean StDev N 35.323 138 37.278 138 32 29 56 48 45 16 12 7 0 11 7 7 4 0 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Elongation (2"GL).68 1.

Mechanical Testing Status for Pipe Heat (YS < 540 MPa as per POSCO RMTC) Heat (YS ≥ 540 MPa as per POSCO RMTC) Strictly Private & Confidential .

Heat No.Mechanical Testing Status as per YS in Heats (RMTC) No. Formed Tested Test status for heats YS < 540 MPa Sr. SP41257 SP41262 SP41346 SP41358 SP41478 SP41647 SP41699 SP41706 SP41708 SP41711 SP41858 SQ68380 SQ68383 SQ68386 SQ68545 SQ68550 SQ68653 SQ68790 SQ68815 SQ68822 SQ68890 SQ68892 SQ68900 SQ68906 SQ68951 SQ68954 SQ69001 SQ69167 Total No. No. of pipes Sr. of pipes Formed Tested 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 SP41476 SQ68373 SQ68641 SQ68646 SQ68649 SQ68800 SQ68883 SQ68887 SQ68909 SQ68912 SQ68943 SQ68948 SQ69003 SQ69007 SQ69160 Total 42 42 49 49 56 56 49 61 63 63 49 56 56 63 49 803 5 5 5 5 6 6 5 7 7 7 1 6 6 7 5 83 Test status for heats YS ≥ 540 MPa 49 35 21 42 35 35 42 63 42 49 42 56 49 35 49 49 35 42 42 56 63 49 42 63 63 63 28 21 1260 1 1 1 1 4 4 1 2 1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 7 1 1 2 7 2 1 1 55 Strictly Private & Confidential 15 . No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Heat No.

Co-relation of Coil YS & Pipe YS for Heat (YS < 540 MPa as per POSCO RMTC) Heat (YS ≥ 540 MPa as per POSCO RMTC) Strictly Private & Confidential .

51 2.80 Maximum 539 713 37 0.Heats YS < 540 MPa (RMTC) Variable Coil YS.19%) 2.88 Range 19 50 3 0.73 526 621 34 0. Flattening of samples for testing 4. Different sample locations in coil & pipe 3. Mean increase in YS from Coil to pipe = 17 MPa (3.7 3. The other important reason is D/t ratio where the effect of Bauschinger will be less in 42” OD pipe compared to 36” OD pipe.Statistics of Coil YS & Pipe YS for . MPa Pipe elongation.44 mm as compared to 15. % Coil YS/UTS Pipe YS.88 mm. CoV increase in YS from Coil to pipe = 0.02 11 11 1 0.08 Observations: 1. MPa Coil elongation.02 CoefVar 1.5 2.8 2. % Pipe YS/UTS Count 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 Mean 533 682 36 0.23 Minimum 520 663 34 0.1 1. MPa Pipe UTS.2 1.08 58 57 6 0.9% Reasons for observed changes are: 1. of heats (YS < 540 MPa) = 15 Strictly Private & Confidential 17 . Unwinding of coils & forming strains resulting in reverse plasticity.81 583 678 41 0. The effect of reverse plasticity is almost negligible in this 13. MPa Coil UTS. Total no.85 StDev 6 12 1 0.78 550 650 37 0. 2.0 2.

6 6. Pipe YS 60 50 40 32 LSL 485 MPa 50 USL 635 MPa Variable Coil YS (< 540 MPa) Pipe YS Mean StDev N 532. MPa 580 600 620 Strictly Private & Confidential 18 .Heats YS < 540 MPa (RMTC) Histogram of Coil YS.238 83 549.8 11. of tests 30 20 10 5 20 13 22 18 0 500 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 520 540 560 YS.YS Change from Coil to Pipe .28 83 No.

801 0.036 Percent 0.Probability Plot of Pipe YS – Heats YS < 540 MPa (RMTC) Probability Plot of Pipe YS Normal .1 LSL 485 MPa Mean StDev N AD P-Value 549.28 83 0.9 99 95 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 5 1 0. MPa 560 570 580 590 600 Strictly Private & Confidential 19 . 470 480 490 500 510 520 530 540 550 Pipe YS.95% CI 99.8 11.1% probability for YS < 509 MPa at 95 % confidence level.

MPa Coil UTS. % Pipe YS/UTS Count 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 Mean 553 681 36 0. Unwinding of coils & forming strains resulting in reverse plasticity.10 Observations: 1. Total no. MPa Pipe UTS.01 12 13 1 0. of heats (YS ≥ 540 MPa) = 28 Strictly Private & Confidential 20 . Flattening of samples for testing 4.88 mm.80 Maximum 581 722 40 0.90 Range 41 61 6 0.8 2. Different sample locations in coil & pipe 3.3 1.81 551 650 37 0.84 595 686 40 0. % Coil YS/UTS Pipe YS. MPa Coil elongation.36%) 2. The other important reason is D/t ratio where the effect of Bauschinger will be less in 42” OD pipe compared to 36” OD pipe. The effect of reverse plasticity is almost negligible in this 13.44 mm as compared to 15.06 67 69 5 0.02 CoefVar 1.4 2.17 Minimum 540 661 34 0. 2.5% Reasons for observed changes are: 1. CoV increase in YS from Coil to pipe = 0.38 2.3 1.9 3.85 StDev 10 13 2 0.78 527 616 35 0. MPa Pipe elongation.Statistics of Coil YS & Pipe YS – Heats YS ≥ 540 MPa (RMTC) Variable Coil YS. Mean decrease in YS from Coil to pipe = 2 MPa (0.0 5.

MPa 580 600 620 Strictly Private & Confidential 21 . Pipe YS 25 LSL 485 MPa 22 USL 635 MPa Variable Coil YS (≥ 540 MPa) Pipe YS Mean StDev N 552.7 9.661 55 551.YS Change from Coil to Pipe – Heats YS ≥ 540 MPa (RMTC) Histogram of Coil YS.43 55 20 17 16 15 14 No. of tests 15 10 5 0 3 0 3 1 2 1 1 0 0 500 520 540 560 YS.4 12.

470 480 490 500 510 520 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 600 610 1 Pipe YS.4 12.096 95 90 80 Percent 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 5 1% probability for YS < 516 MPa at 95 % confidence level.630 0.43 55 0. MPa Strictly Private & Confidential 22 .Probability Plot of Pipe YS – Heats YS ≥ 540 MPa (RMTC) Probability Plot of Pipe YS Normal .95% CI 99 LSL 485 MPa Mean StDev N AD P-Value 551.

Dimensional Variation in Pipes Strictly Private & Confidential .

464885 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.40 W ithin O v erall 1 Strictly Private & Confidential 2 3 4 5 24 .Pipe Dimensions – Out of Roundness (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: USL = 5.70453 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.65 C pk 1.0 mm BODY OUT OF ROUNDNESS USL P rocess D ata LS L * Target * USL 5 S ample M ean 2.545021 P otential (Within) C apability Cp * C PL * C P U 1.65 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk * * 1.40 1.

Pipe Dimensions – Out of Roundness (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: USL = 5.55 W ithin O v erall 2 Strictly Private & Confidential 3 4 5 25 .55 1.428127 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.81 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk * * 1.501113 P otential (Within) C apability Cp * C PL * C P U 1.67382 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.0 mm F END OUT OF ROUNDNESS USL P rocess D ata LS L * Target * USL 5 S ample M ean 2.81 C pk 1.

49586 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.Pipe Dimensions – Out of Roundness (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: USL = 5.60 1.60 W ithin O v erall 2 Strictly Private & Confidential 3 4 5 26 .79 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk * * 1.46748 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.0 mm T END OUT OF ROUNDNESS USL P rocess D ata LS L * Target * USL 5 S ample M ean 2.522057 P otential (Within) C apability Cp * C PL * C P U 1.79 C pk 1.

1% USL W ithin O v erall 1063.77 P P U 3.41 C P U 4.75 P P L 3.Pipe Dimensions – Body Diameter (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: LSL = 1063 mm.8 1068.36 O v erall C apability Pp 3.4 27 .355906 P otential (Within) C apability Cp 4.2 Strictly Private & Confidential 1064.304065 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.36 C pk 4.4 1065.39 C P L 4.73 P pk 3.0 1069. USL = 1071 mm BODY DIA METER ( B .73 C ov 0.6 1066.1 ) LSL P rocess D ata LS L 1063 Target * USL 1071 S ample M ean 1067.2 1070.02 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.

76 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.47 3.28 3. USL = 1071 mm BODY DIA METER ( B .1% USL W ithin Ov erall 1063.08 3.2 Strictly Private & Confidential 1064.34501 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.86 C P L 3.63 C P U 4.Pipe Dimensions – Body Diameter (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: LSL = 1063 mm.406815 P otential (Within) C apability Cp 3.6 1066.2 1070.4 28 .08 0.09 C pk 3.2 ) LSL P rocess D ata LS L 1063 Target * USL 1071 S ample M ean 1066.8 1068.4 1065.63 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk C ov 3.0 1069.

55 C P U 3.8 1068.3 ) LSL P rocess D ata LS L 1063 Target * USL 1071 S ample M ean 1066.414773 P otential (Within) C apability Cp 3.8 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.357023 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.2 Strictly Private & Confidential 1064.6 1066.06 3.55 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk C ov 3.2 1070.06 0.73 C P L 3.4 1065.21 3.Pipe Dimensions – Body Diameter (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: LSL = 1063 mm.0 1069.4 29 .37 3.1% USL W ithin Ov erall 1063. USL = 1071 mm BODY DIA METER ( B .92 C pk 3.

USL = 1071 mm BODY DIA METER ( B .349542 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.62 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk C ov 3.17 3.399545 P otential (Within) C apability Cp 3.51 3.65 1064.17 0.1% USL W ithin O v erall 1063.4 ) LSL P rocess D ata LS L 1063 Target * USL 1071 S ample M ean 1066.75 1066.81 C P L 3.34 3.Pipe Dimensions – Body Diameter (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: LSL = 1063 mm.90 1069.8 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.01 C pk 3.85 1068.70 1065.95 1071.00 Strictly Private & Confidential 30 .80 1067.62 C P U 4.

41 Target * USL 1068.1% USL W ithin O v erall 1065.39 C P U 2.0 1068.59 S ample M ean 1066.44 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.41 mm.59 mm F END DIA METER LSL P rocess D ata LS L 1065.5 31 .83 1.39 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk C ov 1.0 1067.289477 P otential (Within) C apability Cp 2.5 1067.19 0.14 C P L 1.0 1066.5 Strictly Private & Confidential 1066.89 C pk 1.Pipe Dimensions – End Diameter (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: LSL = 1065.5 1068. USL = 1068.47 1.247544 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.19 2.

29 C P U 2.1% USL W ithin Ov erall 1065.13 0.0 1068.59 S ample M ean 1066.41 Target * USL 1068.13 2. USL = 1068.02 1.5 1067.58 1.0 1067.Pipe Dimensions – End Diameter (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: LSL = 1065.5 32 .30 C pk 1.0 1066.29 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk C ov 1.29558 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.5 1068.335931 P otential (Within) C apability Cp 1.79 C P L 1.55 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.59 mm T END DIA METER LSL P rocess D ata LS L 1065.5 Strictly Private & Confidential 1066.41 mm.

23 2.00 5.32 C P U 6.78 14.00 0.19 C P L 2.56 33 .52 13.04 14.9 Target * USL 14.00 Strictly Private & Confidential 13.06 C pk 2.26 13.0866555 P otential (Within) C apability Cp 4.0747881 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.90 mm. USL = 14.4202 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.62 2.32 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk C ov 3.78 mm F END WALL THICKNESS LSL P rocess D ata LS L 12.78 S ample M ean 13.Pipe Dimensions – Wall Thickness (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: LSL = 12.6% USL W ithin O v erall 13.30 14.

53 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk C ov 3. USL = 14.04 14.53 C P U 6.06927 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.081361 P otential (Within) C apability Cp 4.55 2.52 C P L 2.9 Target * USL 14.15 0.85 2.78 S ample M ean 13.90 mm.26 13.00 Strictly Private & Confidential 13.56 34 .78 mm T END WALL THICKNESS LSL P rocess D ata LS L 12.Pipe Dimensions – Wall Thickness (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: LSL = 12.52 C pk 2.4258 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.15 5.30 14.6% USL W ithin O v erall 13.52 13.78 14.

106178 P otential (Within) C apability Cp 2.9 Strictly Private & Confidential 1. USL = 2.73 2.4 S ample M ean 1.8 2.67114 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.72 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk 2.51 2.4 mm F END ROOT FACE LSL P rocess D ata LS L 0.29 USL W ithin O v erall 0.Pipe Dimensions – Root Face (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: LSL = 0.1 2.8 Target * USL 2.98 C P L 3.0894309 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.72 C pk 2.2 1.29 2.8 mm.4 35 .25 C P U 2.5 1.

23 C P U 2.5 1.87 2.9 Strictly Private & Confidential 1.85 C P L 3.0937122 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.8 Target * USL 2.8 2.4 36 .46 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk 2.4 S ample M ean 1.18 2.105604 P otential (Within) C apability Cp 2. USL = 2.53 2.4 mm T END ROOT FACE LSL P rocess D ata LS L 0.70878 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.46 C pk 2.1 2.18 USL W ithin O v erall 0.Pipe Dimensions – Root Face (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: LSL = 0.2 1.8 mm.

03998 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.21 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk * * 2.0 mm STRAIGHTNESS USL P rocess D ata LS L * Target * USL 10 S ample M ean 5.08 W ithin O v erall 3 Strictly Private & Confidential 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 37 .21 C pk 2.Pipe Dimensions – Straightness (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: USL = 10.74814 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.08 2.796554 P otential (Within) C apability Cp * C PL * C P U 2.

4 1.0910678 P otential (Within) C apability Cp * C PL * C P U 4.15 4.4 0.2 0.6 mm F END SQUARENESS USL P rocess D ata LS L * Target * USL 1.466017 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.6 S ample M ean 0.0788791 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.8 1.79 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk * * 4.2 1.15 W ithin O v erall 0.0 1.6 0.6 Strictly Private & Confidential 38 .Pipe Dimensions – Squareness (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: USL = 1.79 C pk 4.

78 C pk 4.Pipe Dimensions – Squareness (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: USL = 1.06 W ithin O v erall 0.4 1.476451 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.6 S ample M ean 0.8 1.6 0.0923212 P otential (Within) C apability Cp * C PL * C P U 4.4 0.6 mm T END SQUARENESS USL P rocess D ata LS L * Target * USL 1.78 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk * * 4.2 Strictly Private & Confidential 0.0784034 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.06 4.0 1.6 39 .2 1.

8 1.6 S ample M ean 0.2 Strictly Private & Confidential 0.6 mm F END PEAKING USL P rocess D ata LS L * Target * USL 1.05 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk * * 1.87 1.66509 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.05 C pk 2.166982 P otential (Within) C apability Cp * C PL * C P U 2.4 1.4 0.152007 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.0 1.6 40 .2 1.Pipe Dimensions – Peaking (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: USL = 1.6 0.87 W ithin O v erall 0.

76 1.0 1.4 Strictly Private & Confidential 0.6 0.76 W ithin O v erall 0.97 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk * * 1.8 1.6 S ample M ean 0.6 41 .693905 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.2 1.4 1.6 mm T END PEAKING USL P rocess D ata LS L * Target * USL 1.15339 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.Pipe Dimensions – Peaking (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: USL = 1.171327 P otential (Within) C apability Cp * C PL * C P U 1.97 C pk 1.

4 2.19 W ithin O v erall 0.63 C pk 8.8 1.4 Strictly Private & Confidential 0.6 2.2 S ample M ean 0.0999827 S tD ev (O v erall) 0.0 2.2 42 .19 7.612921 S ample N 2051 S tD ev (Within) 0.119934 P otential (Within) C apability Cp * C PL * C P U 8.2 mm BODY PEAKING USL P rocess D ata LS L * Target * USL 3.63 O v erall C apability Pp PPL PPU P pk * * 7.8 3.Pipe Dimensions – Peaking (mm) SPECIFICATION LIMITS: USL = 3.2 1.

Pipe Outside Diameter Before & After Hydro-Testing (HT) Strictly Private & Confidential .

Increase in Pipe OD After Hydro-testing – Body Histogram of Body (Before HT). shift after hydro-testing = 2.0 mm USL 1071 mm Variable Body (Before HT) Body (After HT) Mean 1066 1067 StDev N 0. of pipes LSL 1063 mm Mean shift after hydrotesting = 1. mm Strictly Private & Confidential 44 .0 mm Max.3254 2051 1750 1600 1200 800 440 1526 400 0 1 0 2 1 0 13 77 277 5 9 0 0 1 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 Outside diameter. Body (After HT) (At 97% SMYS) 2800 2400 2000 No.3804 2051 0.

6 1066.8 1065.3359 2051 692 No. shift after hydro-testing = 1. mm Strictly Private & Confidential 45 .0 mm Max.0 mm 24 6 8 2 3 0 1064.2 1068.Increase in Pipe OD After Hydro-testing – T-End Histogram of T-END (Before HT). T-END (After HT) 1200 1000 883 828 LSL 1065.4 1067.59 mm Variable T-END (Before HT) T-END (After HT) 929 Mean StDev N 1066 0.3139 2051 1067 0.0 Outside diameter. of pipes 800 600 400 200 0 1 0 0 1 162 8 186 201 149 19 Mean shift after hydrotesting = 1.41 mm (At 97% SMYS) USL 1068.

F-END (After HT) (At 97% SMYS) LSL 1065. of pipes 750 500 295 Mean shift after hydrotesting = 0 mm Max.3013 2051 1066 0.9 mm 250 0 3 233 115 94 11 1 0 0 4 10 2 2 1 1065.0 Outside daimeter.59 mm Variable F-END (Before HT) F-END (A fter HT) Mean StDev N 1066 0.4 1067.Increase in Pipe OD After Hydro-testing – F-end Histogram of F-END (Before HT). mm Strictly Private & Confidential 46 .2 1068.6 1066.2895 2051 678 521 1000 No. shift after hydro-testing = 0.41 mm 1124 1008 USL 1068.

Conformance to Chemical Composition Strictly Private & Confidential .

03 No. of heats = 43 Strictly Private & Confidential 48 .17 0.39 0.0 0.006 1.408 0.Statistics of CE (Pcm) & CE (IIW) Variable Count Mean StDev CoefVar Minimum Maximum Range CE(Pcm).38 0.004 2.02 CE(IIW).4 0. % 86 0. % 86 0.18 0.189 0.

215 CE(Pcm).1797 0.210 0. % Strictly Private & Confidential 49 .CE (Pcm) – 43 Heats Histogram of CE(Pcm) 50 Mean StDev N 0.190 0.170 0.200 0.165 0.180 0.003557 86 45 USL 0.175 0.21% No. of tests (2 pipes/heat) 40 30 21 20 17 10 1 1 1 0 0.195 0.185 0.205 0.

3941 0.40 0.38 0.005665 86 50 40 30 20 10 3 3 28 0 0. of tests (2 pipes/heat) 52 Mean StDev N 0.39 CE(IIW).41 50 . % Strictly Private & Confidential 0.CE (IIW) – 43 Heats Histogram of CE(IIW) 70 60 No.

Repair and Rejection Details with Reasons Strictly Private & Confidential .

05 0. of pipes 23 18 11 1 1 Repair.05 REJECTION SUMMARY Reason Low thickness (Excess grinding due to scratch) Formation trial pipe Sliver Indentation mark (Raw material defect) Over diameter Scratch Excess weld repair No.11 0.05 0.10 0.59 52 .05 0.53 0. % 0.87 0. of pipes 4 2 2 1 1 1 1 TOTAL Strictly Private & Confidential 12 0.Repair & Rejection Summary WELD REPAIR SUMMARY Weld defect Under cut Slag Porosity Under fill Gas pocket No. % 1.20 0.10 0.05 TOTAL 54 2.62 Rejection.05 0.

11 Total no.5 1 1 0.0 Porosity Gas pocket Under cut Slag Under fill 0 Weld defect Strictly Private & Confidential . of pipes 2.05 0.5 10 11 1. of pipe formed & welded = 2063 2. % % of pipes repaired (based on no.Repair Details 25 1.05 0.0 23 20 No.53 1. of pipes repaired 0.0 5 0.5 Repair. of pipe formed & welded) 53 No.87 18 15 0.

of pipes rejected 3.5 0.5 1.45 No.05 2 0.40 0. of pipe formed & welded = 2063 0.20 0.Rejection Details 4.0 Low thickness (Excess grinding due to scratch) 0.20 4.10 1 1 1 0.05 0. of pipes .35 0.00 Over diameter Sliver Indentation mark (Raw material) 1 Formation trial pipe Scratch Reason Strictly Private & Confidential Excess weld repair % of pipes rejected (based on no.5 0.0 4 No. of pipe formed & welded) 54 Total no.10 0.05 0.5 0.0 0.10 Rejection. % 0.30 0.0 2 1.5 3.05 0.0 2.15 0.05 0.25 2.

improper flux level/imbalance in welding parameters (very high voltage at start) Setting of very high / very low voltage Man Machine 55 Strictly Private & Confidential .Fish-bone Diagram for Slag Method More dust along with flux due to improper cleaning Due to heavy rust on the coil Material Due to scale on the coil surface Due to loose scale & dust on coil surface Improper grinding during SMA welding repair Slag Improper grinding during tack repair Due to improper dust cleaning prior to back repair & ID/OD welding Open arc due to improper flux boat Incorrect flow of flux from hopper Improper flux screening During RSI/RSO.

grease & oil presence in edge groove Due to loose scale & dust on coil surface Usages of damp/hydrogen entrapped fluxes Improper gas shielding during MIG (auto & manual) welding Improper grinding during tack repair Improper flux backing/ preheating Porosity During RSI/RSO. improper flux level/imbalance in welding parameters (very high voltage at start) Due to improper dust cleaning prior to back repair & ID/OD welding Improper flux shielding (shallow flux level) – open arc problem Setting of very high / very low voltage Open arc due to improper flux boat Incorrect flow of flux from hopper Man Machine 56 Strictly Private & Confidential . paint.Fish-bone Diagram for Porosity Method More dust along with flux due to improper cleaning Material Due to moisture.

exceeds 50 deg C Improper laser tracking as temp.Fish-bone Diagram for Undercut Method Improper edge milling leading to distorted bevel/groove geometry Material Presence of dents on groove edges Improper travel of welding head due to more/less pipe pitch length Under Cut Improper setting /manipulation of lasers Setting of incorrect wire angle/incorrect stick-out RSI/RSO weld bead not matching with the original weld bead Setting of high current. exceeds the limit Wire bending due to absence of wire straightener Man Strictly Private & Confidential Machine 57 . voltage & speed Malfunction of laser if laser temp.