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# Formulas

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Formula Letters: H= Height L= Length P= Perimeter LF = Linear Feet or Lineal Feet SF = Square Foot or Feet CF = Cubic Foot or Feet CY = Cubic Yards ELEV. = Elevation C % = Compaction Percent CMU = Concrete Masonry Unit OH = Overhang To Calculate or Estimate for: 1. Concrete: BCY = Bank Cubic Yards CCY = Compact Cubic Yards LCY = Loose Cubic Yards BF = Board Foot or Feet T”W”L’ = Thickness” x Width” x Length’ T’W’L’ = Thickness’ x Width’ x Length’ VL = Volume Loose VC = Volume Compact Blk. = Block Conc. = Concrete LA = Length Average

T’W’L’ / 27 = Concrete C.Y . Multiply Feet Thickness x Feet Width x Feet Length / 27 = Cubic Yards.

2. CMU, Concrete Block:

*Total CMU Wall SF / 100 x 112.5 = CMU Concrete Block Count. 112.5 Blocks per 100 Square Feet of Wall Area. Full CMU Block Size= 8” x 8” x 16” Dressed. *(Minus Window and Door SF)

3. CMU, Half Concrete Block: *Total CMU Building LF / 1.334’ = Half CMU Concrete Block Count. *(When in Window & Door Elev.)=Bldg. LF (Minus Window and Door Widths) / 1.334’=Half CMU Blk. Count Half CMU Block Size= 4” x 8” x 16” Dressed. 4. CMU 3/8” Joint Mortar: Total CMU Wall SF / 100 x 8.5 CF= CMU 3/8” Joint Mortar CF. 8.5 Cubic Feet of Mortar per 100 Square Feet of Wall Area.

5. Square Foot of Wall Area:

L x H = Total Square Foot Wall Area.

6. Trapezoid Area:

A = (A + B) x H 2 .33 CF of Masonry Cement per 1 CF of CMU or Stucco Mortar.

7. Masonry Cement:

8. Sand:

.97 CF of Sand per 1 CF of CMU or Stucco Mortar.

9. Stucco:

*Total Stucco Wall Area SF / 12 = CF Stucco Mortar SF of Wall Area / 12 = CF of ¾” Thickness Finish Stucco (includes waste) *(Minus Window and Door SF) A2 + B2 = C2

10. Pythagoreans Theorem: 11. Board Feet:

T”W”L’ / 12 = BF Multiply Inch Thickness x Inch Width x Feet Length / 12 = BF

Verify the Drawings or Blueprints for Exact Height of Plywood Wall. Ton : 2000 Lbs. not necessarily to the bottom of the Sole Plate. *Multiply by 2 if Drywall is covering both sides of the wall. Top to Bottom. Dead Load and 40lb Live Load.4 or 6/16” or 3/8”) 3/8” Allowable Deflection in 12’ for 50 PSF Wood Framing Floor Joist. Wall LF x H x 2 / *32 / 10 *Divide by 32 SF if the Drywall Sheet Goods are 4’ x 8’ or *Divide by 48 SF if the Drywall Sheet Good are 4’ x 12’ 16. 19.4 ( . Deflection: D = 1/360 Span Feet x 12 / 360 = D Example: For 12’ Floor Span of 50 PSF = 10 Lbs. Acre: 43560 SF per Acre 20. verify on the Detail Section Drawings. *Divide by 32 SF if the Drywall Sheet Goods are 4’ x 8’ or *Divide by 48 SF if the Drywall Sheet Good are 4’ x 12’ 15. 12 x 12 = 144 /360 = .4 x 16 = 6. Triangle: Area = B x H 2 . *Height is measured from Base of where plywood is called from. Sheet Goods Required or Board Count / 10 = Amount of 5 Gallon Buckets Required. Drywall Joint Compound (Drywall Mud) Calculate Amount of Sheet Goods Required or Board Count.07737 VL Compaction Calculation Example: VL = VL = 13. Drywall (a Full Sheet = 4’ x 8’ = 32 SF): Wall LF x H x *2 / *32 = Sheet Goods Required. 14. and continues to the top of Double Top Plate.75 = 237. Compaction: Volume Loose = VL = VC = Volume Compact 1 .80803 1– (C % )25% 100 VC = 177. Generally Drywall is Measured from the Floor to Ceiling. Trapezoid : Area = ( A + B ) x H 2 18.Formulas Continued: 12.80803 . Plywood (a Full Sheet = 4’ x 8’ = 32 SF): Wall LF x *H / 32 = Sheet Goods Required.Compaction % 100 VC = 177. Verify the Drawings or Blueprints. 17.

5 % Slope 12. Slopes.25 or 4 : 1) and an Elevation of 3’ = 4/1 = 4 4 x 3’ Elevation = Length of Base = 12’ Or 4/1 = 4 x 3’ Elevation: = 12’ Length To Calculate a Length of a Base with a Given Slope of 12 ½ % (or .4) answer is 2-6/16ths reduced to 2-3/8” .4” 2. with any Given Slope Percentage (%) to a 16th of an Inch 5 % Slope: 48” x .4) answer is 2-6/16ths reduced to 2-3/8” (now its in inches) .25 .5 = 8 x 3’ Elevation: = 24’ Length To Calculate any Rise or Fall in Inches or Feet.125 or 8 : 1) and an Elevation of 3’ = 8/1=8 8 x 3’ Elevation = Length of Base = 24’ Or 4/.4 = (2”) (and now calculate the .25 = 1 .4” = 2.05 = = 20 = 20 : 1 Slope Slope Calculation Examples: To Calculate a Length of a Base with a Given Slope of 25% (or .4 x 16 = 6.125 x 100 .25 = 4 = 4:1 Slope 12.125 1 .2’) = .125 = 1 .2 x 12 = 2.05 = 8 = 8:1 Slope 5% Slope = . Examples from Ratio to a Percentage Formula: 4 : 1 Slope 8 : 1 Slope 20 : 1 Slope 1/4 1/8 = = .4 = (2”) (and now calculate the .21.2 = (calculate .4 or 6/16ths 2-3/8” Rise or Fall in 48” .05 = .25 x 100 .125 .5 100 5 100 = .4 or 6/16ths 2-3/8” Rise or Fall in 48” 5 % Slope: 4’ x .4 x 16 = 6. Slopes.05 = = = .2’ = . Examples from Percentage to a Ratio Formula: 25% Slope 25 100 = .05 x 100 = = = 25 % Slope 12 ½ % Slope 5% Slope 1 / 20 = 22.05 = 2.

23. Example to Calculate the (LA) Length Average: LA = Length Average LA = (A + B) 2 To Calculate for All Sides Sloped using LA = Length Average: (A + B) x H x Length Average 2 . To Calculate for Sides Sloped Ends Shored: (A + B) x H x Length 2 To Calculate for All Sides Sloped First Find LA = Length Average: Same method as above except multiply the Length using the Length Average. not Just the Length.

5 = Scale Model Feet Example: For Scale: = ½” (or .635 Line Length in .5 = 78 x 12 = 9.008” Actual Inches For Scale Models: Project Actual Feet to get Model Scale Feet: Formula: Project Actual Feet x .334’ (inch decimal feet) x .667 Line Length in .5 (Our Tolerance is 16ths) = Scale Model Inch Actual Inches = 41” / 12 = 3.5 Scale .5) x 12 .C.Scale Conversions and Grid Scale MSODT Line Lengths in any Scale: For Scale Conversion: Any Scale / 12 (decimal inch feet) x Amount of Inches Needed Example = ½” Scale or .833 Scale Size is 6” Plus Balance (.5) = 1’ Actual Feet = 12’ x .5) = Actual Line Length Actual Inches On Center (AI) 15.5 Scale = .25” / 12 = 1.5 Scale (AI) 16” / 12 = 1. (AI) 15.5 Scale For MSODT: Line Length / Scale (.333) 6 and 13/16” = Scale Model Inch .333 .5 (Scale) = 6” Scale Model Feet Actual Feet = 12’ x .167’ = 8” in ¼ ” Scale For MSODT: Project Amount of Inches x Scale (.167’ .270’ (inch decimal feet) x .39 / .5 Scale = .5 = 1.667 / .25 / 12 = .0208 (inch decimal feet) x 8” = .416 x 2 =6.25” or 16” O.25 (Scale) = 3” Scale Model Feet Project Actual Inches to get Model Scale Inches: Formula: Project Actual Inches / 12 x Scale = Scale Model Inch Example: For Scale: 2” = 1’ Actual Inches / 12 x 2 (Gives Scale Size in Inches) (Remaining Decimal Multiply by 16) Round Up .334 x 12 = 16.833 x 16 = 13.36” Actual Inches .0416 (inch decimal feet) x 8” = .5 / 12 = .333 = 8” in ½” Scale For Scale Conversion: Example = ¼” Scale or .25 Scale .

20 LF/ 1.89 = \$ 356.5 Round Up to 3 Full Lengths. will calculate as follows: Floor Joist Headers: Use 16’ Long Material: Floor Joist: Use 12’ Long Material: 1.992 + 1 = 16 Floor Joists 16 Floor Joists x 12’ Long = 192 LF 3. 3 x 16’= 48 LF 2.89 Per BF Total Board Feet = 400 x \$ .00 \$ 377. Floor Joists: 20 LF / 16” OC (or 1. or as: L / Spacing + 1 Example: For a 12’ x 20’ Building: Using 2” x 10” Framing Material.Estimating Wood Floor Framing: Formula: Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 Example: 2” x 10” x 16’ Piece of Framing Material: 2” x 10” x 16’ = 320 / 12 320 / 12 = 26. Headers: 20 LF x 2 = 40 LF of Floor Joist Header ( One for Each Side of Floor Joist Header) 40LF / 16’ Length of Header Material = 2. A total of 240 LF Total 240 LF Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 2” x 10” x 240 LF’ = 4800 = 400 Total Board Feet 12 12 Cost Per Board Foot of 2” x 10” Material = \$ .334’= 14.667 Round Up to 27 BF Formula: Floor Joist Headers and Floor Joists: Calculate Floor Joist Header LF x 2 ( One for Each Side of Floor Joist Header) Calculate one Floor Joist per Spacing and ADD 1 for the end.36 + = \$ 356.00 x 6% Tax = 21. 16” On Center.334’) + 1 = Amount Needed.36 .

76 \$ 95. A total of 280 LF Total 280 LF Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 2” x 4” x 280’ = 2240 = 186.5 Pc.15 . 16” On Center. Wall Plate: Use 10’ Long Material: Wall Stud: Use 8’ Long Material: 1. 8 x 10’= 80 LF 2. 48 = \$ 89.667 Round Up to 187 Total Board Feet 12 12 Cost Per Board Foot of 2” x 4” Material = \$ . Round Up to 8 Full Lengths.145 \$ 89. will calculate as follows.76 x 6% Tax = 5.Estimating Wood Wall Framing: Formula: Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 Example: 2” x 4” x 10’ Piece of Framing Material: 2” x 4” x 10’ = 80 / 12 80 / 12 = 6. Plate: 25 LF x 3 = 75 LF of Top and Bottom Plates 75LF / 10’ Long Plate Material = 7.385 + = \$ 95.667 Round Up to 7 BF Formula: Wall Plates and Wall Studs: Calculate Wall Plate LF x 3 Calculate one Wall Stud per LF or (One for Bottom Plate and Two for Double Top Plates) LF x 1 Example: For a Wall: 8’ x 25’ Using 2” x 4” Framing Material. Wall: 25 LF x 1 = 25 Studs x 8’ Long = 200 LF 200 LF 3.48 Per BF Total Board Feet = 187 x \$.

25 / 12 = 7. 36 / 2 = 18 pieces x 16’ = 288 LF 2” x 10” x 288 LF = 5760 / 12 = 480 BF 2” x 10” x 288 LF = 5760 / 12 = 480 BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF.491 Round up to next full piece = 18 18 x 2 for each side of building = 36 Pieces x Length of Common Rafter or in this case.25 per BF x 48 = \$60. Valley. 2 x 12’ = 24’ 2” x 12” x 24’ LF / 12 = 48 BF 2” x 12” x 24’ LF / 12 = 48 BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF.770 x 2 = 15. for each end. Cripple Jack Rafters . Common Rafters. Ridge Board: Ridge Board: Use 2” x 12” x 12’ Long Material: Calculate Ridge Board.00 5. Add LF of Building and then add Rake Dimension. Common Rafter: Length of Common Rafter = Span 12’ / 2 = Run = 6’ x 13” = 78” Minus . minus half thickness of Ridge Board. Overhangs. will calculate as follows: 4.25 + 16” OH = 93.00 . Cost = \$1.10 per BF x 480 = \$528. Formula: Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 Example: 2” x 10” x 16’ Piece of Framing Material: 2” x 10” x 16’ = 320 / 12 320 / 12 = 26. Sub-Fascia and Fascia. Rafter Amount Required: Ridge Board = 22’ / 1.00 \$528. Formula: Length of Common Rafter: Span / 2 = Run Run x Length per Foot of Run. Lookouts.833 Round Up to 2 Full Lengths. (for each side of the building and or Ridge Board) You now have Total LF of Rafters for the Building. 16” Overhang. TWL / 12 for BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF. Example: For a 12’ x 20’ Building. Hip Jack. Multiply Common Rafter Amount Required by Length of Common Rafter. Rakes.75 = 77. Cost = \$1. for each end. 16” On Center.25” Common Rafter: Use 2” x 10” x 16’ Long Material: 93. 5/12 Slope: Using 2” x 10” and 2” x 12” Framing Material. TWL / 12 for BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF. 12” Rake. Formula: Common Rafter Amount Required and BF: Rafter Amount Required: Ridge Board Length / Rafter Spacing. Gable Studs Collar Beams.00 \$60. L / Spacing + 1. and the add Overhang. 20’ + 12” + 12” = 22’ TWL / 12 for BF 2” x 12” x 22’ LF / 12 = 44 BF 22 / 12 = 1.334’) or 24” OC (2’) + 1 Basically. Barge Rafters.541’ so one 16’ will make 2 rafters. 16” OC (1. Hip.667 Round Up to 27 BF Formula: Ridge Board: Calculate Ridge Board.334 + 1 = 17.Estimating Wood Roof Framing: Ridge Boards. Add LF of Building and then add Rake Dimension. Multiply by 2 for each Run. just like Floor Joist.