Formulas

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Formula Letters: H= Height L= Length P= Perimeter LF = Linear Feet or Lineal Feet SF = Square Foot or Feet CF = Cubic Foot or Feet CY = Cubic Yards ELEV. = Elevation C % = Compaction Percent CMU = Concrete Masonry Unit OH = Overhang To Calculate or Estimate for: 1. Concrete: BCY = Bank Cubic Yards CCY = Compact Cubic Yards LCY = Loose Cubic Yards BF = Board Foot or Feet T”W”L’ = Thickness” x Width” x Length’ T’W’L’ = Thickness’ x Width’ x Length’ VL = Volume Loose VC = Volume Compact Blk. = Block Conc. = Concrete LA = Length Average

T’W’L’ / 27 = Concrete C.Y . Multiply Feet Thickness x Feet Width x Feet Length / 27 = Cubic Yards.

2. CMU, Concrete Block:

*Total CMU Wall SF / 100 x 112.5 = CMU Concrete Block Count. 112.5 Blocks per 100 Square Feet of Wall Area. Full CMU Block Size= 8” x 8” x 16” Dressed. *(Minus Window and Door SF)

3. CMU, Half Concrete Block: *Total CMU Building LF / 1.334’ = Half CMU Concrete Block Count. *(When in Window & Door Elev.)=Bldg. LF (Minus Window and Door Widths) / 1.334’=Half CMU Blk. Count Half CMU Block Size= 4” x 8” x 16” Dressed. 4. CMU 3/8” Joint Mortar: Total CMU Wall SF / 100 x 8.5 CF= CMU 3/8” Joint Mortar CF. 8.5 Cubic Feet of Mortar per 100 Square Feet of Wall Area.

5. Square Foot of Wall Area:

L x H = Total Square Foot Wall Area.

6. Trapezoid Area:

A = (A + B) x H 2 .33 CF of Masonry Cement per 1 CF of CMU or Stucco Mortar.

7. Masonry Cement:

8. Sand:

.97 CF of Sand per 1 CF of CMU or Stucco Mortar.

9. Stucco:

*Total Stucco Wall Area SF / 12 = CF Stucco Mortar SF of Wall Area / 12 = CF of ¾” Thickness Finish Stucco (includes waste) *(Minus Window and Door SF) A2 + B2 = C2

10. Pythagoreans Theorem: 11. Board Feet:

T”W”L’ / 12 = BF Multiply Inch Thickness x Inch Width x Feet Length / 12 = BF

4 x 16 = 6. 19.75 = 237. Wall LF x H x 2 / *32 / 10 *Divide by 32 SF if the Drywall Sheet Goods are 4’ x 8’ or *Divide by 48 SF if the Drywall Sheet Good are 4’ x 12’ 16. 17.4 ( .Compaction % 100 VC = 177. 14. Drywall (a Full Sheet = 4’ x 8’ = 32 SF): Wall LF x H x *2 / *32 = Sheet Goods Required. *Height is measured from Base of where plywood is called from. not necessarily to the bottom of the Sole Plate.80803 . *Multiply by 2 if Drywall is covering both sides of the wall. Compaction: Volume Loose = VL = VC = Volume Compact 1 . and continues to the top of Double Top Plate.07737 VL Compaction Calculation Example: VL = VL = 13. Drywall Joint Compound (Drywall Mud) Calculate Amount of Sheet Goods Required or Board Count. Dead Load and 40lb Live Load. Triangle: Area = B x H 2 . Sheet Goods Required or Board Count / 10 = Amount of 5 Gallon Buckets Required. Generally Drywall is Measured from the Floor to Ceiling. Ton : 2000 Lbs. Trapezoid : Area = ( A + B ) x H 2 18. *Divide by 32 SF if the Drywall Sheet Goods are 4’ x 8’ or *Divide by 48 SF if the Drywall Sheet Good are 4’ x 12’ 15. Plywood (a Full Sheet = 4’ x 8’ = 32 SF): Wall LF x *H / 32 = Sheet Goods Required. 12 x 12 = 144 /360 = .Formulas Continued: 12. Acre: 43560 SF per Acre 20.80803 1– (C % )25% 100 VC = 177. Deflection: D = 1/360 Span Feet x 12 / 360 = D Example: For 12’ Floor Span of 50 PSF = 10 Lbs. Verify the Drawings or Blueprints for Exact Height of Plywood Wall. Top to Bottom. verify on the Detail Section Drawings. Verify the Drawings or Blueprints.4 or 6/16” or 3/8”) 3/8” Allowable Deflection in 12’ for 50 PSF Wood Framing Floor Joist.

125 or 8 : 1) and an Elevation of 3’ = 8/1=8 8 x 3’ Elevation = Length of Base = 24’ Or 4/.4 x 16 = 6.2 = (calculate .4) answer is 2-6/16ths reduced to 2-3/8” .25 x 100 .2’) = .5 100 5 100 = .05 = = 20 = 20 : 1 Slope Slope Calculation Examples: To Calculate a Length of a Base with a Given Slope of 25% (or .4 = (2”) (and now calculate the . Slopes.05 = 2.25 = 4 = 4:1 Slope 12.2 x 12 = 2.25 .21.05 = 8 = 8:1 Slope 5% Slope = . with any Given Slope Percentage (%) to a 16th of an Inch 5 % Slope: 48” x .05 x 100 = = = 25 % Slope 12 ½ % Slope 5% Slope 1 / 20 = 22.4) answer is 2-6/16ths reduced to 2-3/8” (now its in inches) .2’ = .4 = (2”) (and now calculate the . Examples from Percentage to a Ratio Formula: 25% Slope 25 100 = .05 = = = .4 or 6/16ths 2-3/8” Rise or Fall in 48” .4” = 2.25 or 4 : 1) and an Elevation of 3’ = 4/1 = 4 4 x 3’ Elevation = Length of Base = 12’ Or 4/1 = 4 x 3’ Elevation: = 12’ Length To Calculate a Length of a Base with a Given Slope of 12 ½ % (or .125 .125 1 .125 = 1 .5 % Slope 12.125 x 100 .4 x 16 = 6.25 = 1 .4 or 6/16ths 2-3/8” Rise or Fall in 48” 5 % Slope: 4’ x .4” 2. Slopes.5 = 8 x 3’ Elevation: = 24’ Length To Calculate any Rise or Fall in Inches or Feet. Examples from Ratio to a Percentage Formula: 4 : 1 Slope 8 : 1 Slope 20 : 1 Slope 1/4 1/8 = = .05 = .

23. Example to Calculate the (LA) Length Average: LA = Length Average LA = (A + B) 2 To Calculate for All Sides Sloped using LA = Length Average: (A + B) x H x Length Average 2 . To Calculate for Sides Sloped Ends Shored: (A + B) x H x Length 2 To Calculate for All Sides Sloped First Find LA = Length Average: Same method as above except multiply the Length using the Length Average. not Just the Length.

416 x 2 =6.008” Actual Inches For Scale Models: Project Actual Feet to get Model Scale Feet: Formula: Project Actual Feet x .334’ (inch decimal feet) x .5 Scale = .667 / .5 (Scale) = 6” Scale Model Feet Actual Feet = 12’ x .5 Scale = .5 (Our Tolerance is 16ths) = Scale Model Inch Actual Inches = 41” / 12 = 3.5 = 78 x 12 = 9.25 (Scale) = 3” Scale Model Feet Project Actual Inches to get Model Scale Inches: Formula: Project Actual Inches / 12 x Scale = Scale Model Inch Example: For Scale: 2” = 1’ Actual Inches / 12 x 2 (Gives Scale Size in Inches) (Remaining Decimal Multiply by 16) Round Up .Scale Conversions and Grid Scale MSODT Line Lengths in any Scale: For Scale Conversion: Any Scale / 12 (decimal inch feet) x Amount of Inches Needed Example = ½” Scale or .5 Scale For MSODT: Line Length / Scale (.270’ (inch decimal feet) x .5 Scale (AI) 16” / 12 = 1.39 / .333 = 8” in ½” Scale For Scale Conversion: Example = ¼” Scale or .5 / 12 = .0208 (inch decimal feet) x 8” = .333) 6 and 13/16” = Scale Model Inch .36” Actual Inches .5 Scale .25 Scale .5) = Actual Line Length Actual Inches On Center (AI) 15.5) x 12 .635 Line Length in .833 Scale Size is 6” Plus Balance (.C.333 .5 = Scale Model Feet Example: For Scale: = ½” (or .0416 (inch decimal feet) x 8” = .667 Line Length in .5) = 1’ Actual Feet = 12’ x .334 x 12 = 16.167’ .5 = 1.25” / 12 = 1.833 x 16 = 13.25 / 12 = .25” or 16” O.167’ = 8” in ¼ ” Scale For MSODT: Project Amount of Inches x Scale (. (AI) 15.

O For The Header Length! Example: 38” R.5(Our Tolerance is 16ths) Example: 41”Actual Inches / 12 = 3. Just Add 2”as Interior Door R. ADD 3” To The R. Add 3” To Exterior Doors Width Only For (R. When Applicable: Add an Additional 1” To Double Door openings Width Only for the Wood “T” Astragal Trim Piece.Wall Framing Layout Information Label all Studs with Their Proper Layout Term: X = Common Stud T = Trimmer Stud C = Cripple Stud Calculate R.O. and for the Height R.O.833 x 16 = 13.O Plus 3” would make the Header Length 41” Long.333) Answer is 6 and 13/16” Notes: Add 2” To Windows and Interior Doors Width and Height For (R.O Widths and Heights and Fill in the Blanks.O) Rough Opening.O For Header Length! Convert (Actual Inches) of the Header Lengths into the Model Scale: 2” = 1’ Formula: Actual Inches / 12 x 2 (Gives Scale Size in Inches) (Remaining Decimal Multiply by 16)Round Up .416 x 2 =6. Calculate Header Lengths in Actual Inches: (Feet / 12 Gives Actual Inches) ADD 3” To R.833 Scale Size is 6” Plus Balance (. .O) Rough Openings.

or as: L / Spacing + 1 Example: For a 12’ x 20’ Building: Using 2” x 10” Framing Material. Floor Joists: 20 LF / 16” OC (or 1.334’) + 1 = Amount Needed.00 $ 377.Estimating Wood Floor Framing: Formula: Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 Example: 2” x 10” x 16’ Piece of Framing Material: 2” x 10” x 16’ = 320 / 12 320 / 12 = 26. A total of 240 LF Total 240 LF Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 2” x 10” x 240 LF’ = 4800 = 400 Total Board Feet 12 12 Cost Per Board Foot of 2” x 10” Material = $ . 16” On Center. will calculate as follows: Floor Joist Headers: Use 16’ Long Material: Floor Joist: Use 12’ Long Material: 1. 20 LF/ 1.36 + = $ 356. 3 x 16’= 48 LF 2.5 Round Up to 3 Full Lengths.36 .667 Round Up to 27 BF Formula: Floor Joist Headers and Floor Joists: Calculate Floor Joist Header LF x 2 ( One for Each Side of Floor Joist Header) Calculate one Floor Joist per Spacing and ADD 1 for the end.00 x 6% Tax = 21.89 Per BF Total Board Feet = 400 x $ .89 = $ 356.992 + 1 = 16 Floor Joists 16 Floor Joists x 12’ Long = 192 LF 3.334’= 14. Headers: 20 LF x 2 = 40 LF of Floor Joist Header ( One for Each Side of Floor Joist Header) 40LF / 16’ Length of Header Material = 2.

Estimating Wood Wall Framing: Formula: Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 Example: 2” x 4” x 10’ Piece of Framing Material: 2” x 4” x 10’ = 80 / 12 80 / 12 = 6.76 $ 95. Wall: 25 LF x 1 = 25 Studs x 8’ Long = 200 LF 200 LF 3.667 Round Up to 187 Total Board Feet 12 12 Cost Per Board Foot of 2” x 4” Material = $ .76 x 6% Tax = 5. A total of 280 LF Total 280 LF Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 2” x 4” x 280’ = 2240 = 186.145 $ 89.667 Round Up to 7 BF Formula: Wall Plates and Wall Studs: Calculate Wall Plate LF x 3 Calculate one Wall Stud per LF or (One for Bottom Plate and Two for Double Top Plates) LF x 1 Example: For a Wall: 8’ x 25’ Using 2” x 4” Framing Material.48 Per BF Total Board Feet = 187 x $. 8 x 10’= 80 LF 2.15 . 48 = $ 89. Round Up to 8 Full Lengths. Plate: 25 LF x 3 = 75 LF of Top and Bottom Plates 75LF / 10’ Long Plate Material = 7. 16” On Center. Wall Plate: Use 10’ Long Material: Wall Stud: Use 8’ Long Material: 1.5 Pc.385 + = $ 95. will calculate as follows.

minus half thickness of Ridge Board. Multiply Common Rafter Amount Required by Length of Common Rafter.75 = 77. Formula: Common Rafter Amount Required and BF: Rafter Amount Required: Ridge Board Length / Rafter Spacing. for each end. Formula: Length of Common Rafter: Span / 2 = Run Run x Length per Foot of Run. for each end.25 + 16” OH = 93. TWL / 12 for BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF. Hip.833 Round Up to 2 Full Lengths.491 Round up to next full piece = 18 18 x 2 for each side of building = 36 Pieces x Length of Common Rafter or in this case. Common Rafters.25 / 12 = 7. Add LF of Building and then add Rake Dimension.00 $60. Example: For a 12’ x 20’ Building. Valley. 16” Overhang. just like Floor Joist. Sub-Fascia and Fascia. Multiply by 2 for each Run.334 + 1 = 17.10 per BF x 480 = $528. 36 / 2 = 18 pieces x 16’ = 288 LF 2” x 10” x 288 LF = 5760 / 12 = 480 BF 2” x 10” x 288 LF = 5760 / 12 = 480 BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF.00 5. Cripple Jack Rafters . 16” On Center.00 . Hip Jack. Barge Rafters. Formula: Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 Example: 2” x 10” x 16’ Piece of Framing Material: 2” x 10” x 16’ = 320 / 12 320 / 12 = 26. 20’ + 12” + 12” = 22’ TWL / 12 for BF 2” x 12” x 22’ LF / 12 = 44 BF 22 / 12 = 1. Cost = $1. Ridge Board: Ridge Board: Use 2” x 12” x 12’ Long Material: Calculate Ridge Board.25” Common Rafter: Use 2” x 10” x 16’ Long Material: 93.541’ so one 16’ will make 2 rafters.00 $528. Gable Studs Collar Beams. Lookouts. TWL / 12 for BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF. and the add Overhang.25 per BF x 48 = $60. Common Rafter: Length of Common Rafter = Span 12’ / 2 = Run = 6’ x 13” = 78” Minus . Cost = $1. will calculate as follows: 4. 5/12 Slope: Using 2” x 10” and 2” x 12” Framing Material. Overhangs. (for each side of the building and or Ridge Board) You now have Total LF of Rafters for the Building. 2 x 12’ = 24’ 2” x 12” x 24’ LF / 12 = 48 BF 2” x 12” x 24’ LF / 12 = 48 BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF. Rakes. Add LF of Building and then add Rake Dimension.770 x 2 = 15.Estimating Wood Roof Framing: Ridge Boards.334’) or 24” OC (2’) + 1 Basically. L / Spacing + 1. 16” OC (1. Rafter Amount Required: Ridge Board = 22’ / 1.667 Round Up to 27 BF Formula: Ridge Board: Calculate Ridge Board. 12” Rake.