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Formulas

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Formula Letters: H= Height L= Length P= Perimeter LF = Linear Feet or Lineal Feet SF = Square Foot or Feet CF = Cubic Foot or Feet CY = Cubic Yards ELEV. = Elevation C % = Compaction Percent CMU = Concrete Masonry Unit OH = Overhang To Calculate or Estimate for: 1. Concrete: BCY = Bank Cubic Yards CCY = Compact Cubic Yards LCY = Loose Cubic Yards BF = Board Foot or Feet T”W”L’ = Thickness” x Width” x Length’ T’W’L’ = Thickness’ x Width’ x Length’ VL = Volume Loose VC = Volume Compact Blk. = Block Conc. = Concrete LA = Length Average

T’W’L’ / 27 = Concrete C.Y . Multiply Feet Thickness x Feet Width x Feet Length / 27 = Cubic Yards.

2. CMU, Concrete Block:

*Total CMU Wall SF / 100 x 112.5 = CMU Concrete Block Count. 112.5 Blocks per 100 Square Feet of Wall Area. Full CMU Block Size= 8” x 8” x 16” Dressed. *(Minus Window and Door SF)

3. CMU, Half Concrete Block: *Total CMU Building LF / 1.334’ = Half CMU Concrete Block Count. *(When in Window & Door Elev.)=Bldg. LF (Minus Window and Door Widths) / 1.334’=Half CMU Blk. Count Half CMU Block Size= 4” x 8” x 16” Dressed. 4. CMU 3/8” Joint Mortar: Total CMU Wall SF / 100 x 8.5 CF= CMU 3/8” Joint Mortar CF. 8.5 Cubic Feet of Mortar per 100 Square Feet of Wall Area.

5. Square Foot of Wall Area:

L x H = Total Square Foot Wall Area.

6. Trapezoid Area:

A = (A + B) x H 2 .33 CF of Masonry Cement per 1 CF of CMU or Stucco Mortar.

7. Masonry Cement:

8. Sand:

.97 CF of Sand per 1 CF of CMU or Stucco Mortar.

9. Stucco:

*Total Stucco Wall Area SF / 12 = CF Stucco Mortar SF of Wall Area / 12 = CF of ¾” Thickness Finish Stucco (includes waste) *(Minus Window and Door SF) A2 + B2 = C2

10. Pythagoreans Theorem: 11. Board Feet:

T”W”L’ / 12 = BF Multiply Inch Thickness x Inch Width x Feet Length / 12 = BF

Verify the Drawings or Blueprints for Exact Height of Plywood Wall. Ton : 2000 Lbs. not necessarily to the bottom of the Sole Plate. *Multiply by 2 if Drywall is covering both sides of the wall. Top to Bottom. Dead Load and 40lb Live Load.4 or 6/16” or 3/8”) 3/8” Allowable Deflection in 12’ for 50 PSF Wood Framing Floor Joist. Wall LF x H x 2 / *32 / 10 *Divide by 32 SF if the Drywall Sheet Goods are 4’ x 8’ or *Divide by 48 SF if the Drywall Sheet Good are 4’ x 12’ 16. 19.4 ( . Deflection: D = 1/360 Span Feet x 12 / 360 = D Example: For 12’ Floor Span of 50 PSF = 10 Lbs. Acre: 43560 SF per Acre 20. verify on the Detail Section Drawings. *Divide by 32 SF if the Drywall Sheet Goods are 4’ x 8’ or *Divide by 48 SF if the Drywall Sheet Good are 4’ x 12’ 15. 12 x 12 = 144 /360 = .4 x 16 = 6. Triangle: Area = B x H 2 . *Height is measured from Base of where plywood is called from. Sheet Goods Required or Board Count / 10 = Amount of 5 Gallon Buckets Required. Drywall Joint Compound (Drywall Mud) Calculate Amount of Sheet Goods Required or Board Count.07737 VL Compaction Calculation Example: VL = VL = 13. Drywall (a Full Sheet = 4’ x 8’ = 32 SF): Wall LF x H x *2 / *32 = Sheet Goods Required. 14. and continues to the top of Double Top Plate.75 = 237. Compaction: Volume Loose = VL = VC = Volume Compact 1 .80803 1– (C % )25% 100 VC = 177. Generally Drywall is Measured from the Floor to Ceiling. Trapezoid : Area = ( A + B ) x H 2 18.Formulas Continued: 12.80803 . Plywood (a Full Sheet = 4’ x 8’ = 32 SF): Wall LF x *H / 32 = Sheet Goods Required.Compaction % 100 VC = 177. Verify the Drawings or Blueprints. 17.

5 % Slope 12. Slopes.25 or 4 : 1) and an Elevation of 3’ = 4/1 = 4 4 x 3’ Elevation = Length of Base = 12’ Or 4/1 = 4 x 3’ Elevation: = 12’ Length To Calculate a Length of a Base with a Given Slope of 12 ½ % (or .4) answer is 2-6/16ths reduced to 2-3/8” .4” 2. with any Given Slope Percentage (%) to a 16th of an Inch 5 % Slope: 48” x .4) answer is 2-6/16ths reduced to 2-3/8” (now its in inches) .25 .5 = 8 x 3’ Elevation: = 24’ Length To Calculate any Rise or Fall in Inches or Feet.125 or 8 : 1) and an Elevation of 3’ = 8/1=8 8 x 3’ Elevation = Length of Base = 24’ Or 4/.4 = (2”) (and now calculate the .25 = 1 .4” = 2.05 = = 20 = 20 : 1 Slope Slope Calculation Examples: To Calculate a Length of a Base with a Given Slope of 25% (or .4 x 16 = 6.125 x 100 .25 = 4 = 4:1 Slope 12.125 1 .2’) = .125 = 1 .2 x 12 = 2.05 = 8 = 8:1 Slope 5% Slope = . Examples from Ratio to a Percentage Formula: 4 : 1 Slope 8 : 1 Slope 20 : 1 Slope 1/4 1/8 = = .4 = (2”) (and now calculate the .21.2 = (calculate .4 or 6/16ths 2-3/8” Rise or Fall in 48” .05 = .25 x 100 .125 .5 100 5 100 = .4 or 6/16ths 2-3/8” Rise or Fall in 48” 5 % Slope: 4’ x .4 x 16 = 6. Slopes.05 = = = .2’ = . Examples from Percentage to a Ratio Formula: 25% Slope 25 100 = .05 x 100 = = = 25 % Slope 12 ½ % Slope 5% Slope 1 / 20 = 22.05 = 2.

23. Example to Calculate the (LA) Length Average: LA = Length Average LA = (A + B) 2 To Calculate for All Sides Sloped using LA = Length Average: (A + B) x H x Length Average 2 . To Calculate for Sides Sloped Ends Shored: (A + B) x H x Length 2 To Calculate for All Sides Sloped First Find LA = Length Average: Same method as above except multiply the Length using the Length Average. not Just the Length.

5 = Scale Model Feet Example: For Scale: = ½” (or .635 Line Length in .5 = 78 x 12 = 9.008” Actual Inches For Scale Models: Project Actual Feet to get Model Scale Feet: Formula: Project Actual Feet x .334’ (inch decimal feet) x .667 Line Length in .5 (Our Tolerance is 16ths) = Scale Model Inch Actual Inches = 41” / 12 = 3.5 Scale .5) x 12 .C.Scale Conversions and Grid Scale MSODT Line Lengths in any Scale: For Scale Conversion: Any Scale / 12 (decimal inch feet) x Amount of Inches Needed Example = ½” Scale or .833 Scale Size is 6” Plus Balance (.5) = 1’ Actual Feet = 12’ x .5) = Actual Line Length Actual Inches On Center (AI) 15.5 Scale = .25” / 12 = 1.5 Scale (AI) 16” / 12 = 1. (AI) 15.5 Scale For MSODT: Line Length / Scale (.333) 6 and 13/16” = Scale Model Inch .333 .5 (Scale) = 6” Scale Model Feet Actual Feet = 12’ x .167’ = 8” in ¼ ” Scale For MSODT: Project Amount of Inches x Scale (.167’ .270’ (inch decimal feet) x .39 / .5 Scale = .5 = 1.667 / .25 / 12 = .0208 (inch decimal feet) x 8” = .416 x 2 =6.25” or 16” O.25 (Scale) = 3” Scale Model Feet Project Actual Inches to get Model Scale Inches: Formula: Project Actual Inches / 12 x Scale = Scale Model Inch Example: For Scale: 2” = 1’ Actual Inches / 12 x 2 (Gives Scale Size in Inches) (Remaining Decimal Multiply by 16) Round Up .334 x 12 = 16.833 x 16 = 13.36” Actual Inches .0416 (inch decimal feet) x 8” = .5 / 12 = .333 = 8” in ½” Scale For Scale Conversion: Example = ¼” Scale or .25 Scale .

5(Our Tolerance is 16ths) Example: 41”Actual Inches / 12 = 3.833 Scale Size is 6” Plus Balance (.O Plus 3” would make the Header Length 41” Long.O Widths and Heights and Fill in the Blanks. .O For The Header Length! Example: 38” R.833 x 16 = 13. When Applicable: Add an Additional 1” To Double Door openings Width Only for the Wood “T” Astragal Trim Piece.O) Rough Opening.416 x 2 =6.Wall Framing Layout Information Label all Studs with Their Proper Layout Term: X = Common Stud T = Trimmer Stud C = Cripple Stud Calculate R. Just Add 2”as Interior Door R.333) Answer is 6 and 13/16” Notes: Add 2” To Windows and Interior Doors Width and Height For (R. Add 3” To Exterior Doors Width Only For (R. ADD 3” To The R. and for the Height R.O.O) Rough Openings. Calculate Header Lengths in Actual Inches: (Feet / 12 Gives Actual Inches) ADD 3” To R.O.O For Header Length! Convert (Actual Inches) of the Header Lengths into the Model Scale: 2” = 1’ Formula: Actual Inches / 12 x 2 (Gives Scale Size in Inches) (Remaining Decimal Multiply by 16)Round Up .

20 LF/ 1.89 = $ 356.5 Round Up to 3 Full Lengths. will calculate as follows: Floor Joist Headers: Use 16’ Long Material: Floor Joist: Use 12’ Long Material: 1.992 + 1 = 16 Floor Joists 16 Floor Joists x 12’ Long = 192 LF 3. 3 x 16’= 48 LF 2.89 Per BF Total Board Feet = 400 x $ .00 $ 377. Floor Joists: 20 LF / 16” OC (or 1. or as: L / Spacing + 1 Example: For a 12’ x 20’ Building: Using 2” x 10” Framing Material.Estimating Wood Floor Framing: Formula: Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 Example: 2” x 10” x 16’ Piece of Framing Material: 2” x 10” x 16’ = 320 / 12 320 / 12 = 26. Headers: 20 LF x 2 = 40 LF of Floor Joist Header ( One for Each Side of Floor Joist Header) 40LF / 16’ Length of Header Material = 2. A total of 240 LF Total 240 LF Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 2” x 10” x 240 LF’ = 4800 = 400 Total Board Feet 12 12 Cost Per Board Foot of 2” x 10” Material = $ .334’= 14.667 Round Up to 27 BF Formula: Floor Joist Headers and Floor Joists: Calculate Floor Joist Header LF x 2 ( One for Each Side of Floor Joist Header) Calculate one Floor Joist per Spacing and ADD 1 for the end.36 + = $ 356.00 x 6% Tax = 21. 16” On Center.334’) + 1 = Amount Needed.36 .

76 $ 95. A total of 280 LF Total 280 LF Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 2” x 4” x 280’ = 2240 = 186.5 Pc.15 . 16” On Center. Wall Plate: Use 10’ Long Material: Wall Stud: Use 8’ Long Material: 1. 8 x 10’= 80 LF 2. 48 = $ 89.667 Round Up to 187 Total Board Feet 12 12 Cost Per Board Foot of 2” x 4” Material = $ . Round Up to 8 Full Lengths.145 $ 89. will calculate as follows.76 x 6% Tax = 5.Estimating Wood Wall Framing: Formula: Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 Example: 2” x 4” x 10’ Piece of Framing Material: 2” x 4” x 10’ = 80 / 12 80 / 12 = 6. Plate: 25 LF x 3 = 75 LF of Top and Bottom Plates 75LF / 10’ Long Plate Material = 7.385 + = $ 95.667 Round Up to 7 BF Formula: Wall Plates and Wall Studs: Calculate Wall Plate LF x 3 Calculate one Wall Stud per LF or (One for Bottom Plate and Two for Double Top Plates) LF x 1 Example: For a Wall: 8’ x 25’ Using 2” x 4” Framing Material. Wall: 25 LF x 1 = 25 Studs x 8’ Long = 200 LF 200 LF 3.48 Per BF Total Board Feet = 187 x $.

25 / 12 = 7. 36 / 2 = 18 pieces x 16’ = 288 LF 2” x 10” x 288 LF = 5760 / 12 = 480 BF 2” x 10” x 288 LF = 5760 / 12 = 480 BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF.491 Round up to next full piece = 18 18 x 2 for each side of building = 36 Pieces x Length of Common Rafter or in this case.25 per BF x 48 = $60. Valley. 2 x 12’ = 24’ 2” x 12” x 24’ LF / 12 = 48 BF 2” x 12” x 24’ LF / 12 = 48 BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF.770 x 2 = 15. for each end. Cripple Jack Rafters . Common Rafters. Ridge Board: Ridge Board: Use 2” x 12” x 12’ Long Material: Calculate Ridge Board.00 5. Add LF of Building and then add Rake Dimension. Common Rafter: Length of Common Rafter = Span 12’ / 2 = Run = 6’ x 13” = 78” Minus . minus half thickness of Ridge Board. Overhangs. will calculate as follows: 4.25 + 16” OH = 93.00 . Cost = $1.10 per BF x 480 = $528. Formula: Board Feet = T”W”L’ / 12 Example: 2” x 10” x 16’ Piece of Framing Material: 2” x 10” x 16’ = 320 / 12 320 / 12 = 26. Sub-Fascia and Fascia. Rafter Amount Required: Ridge Board = 22’ / 1.00 $528. Formula: Length of Common Rafter: Span / 2 = Run Run x Length per Foot of Run. Lookouts.833 Round Up to 2 Full Lengths. (for each side of the building and or Ridge Board) You now have Total LF of Rafters for the Building. 16” Overhang. TWL / 12 for BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF. Example: For a 12’ x 20’ Building. Hip Jack. Multiply Common Rafter Amount Required by Length of Common Rafter. Rakes.75 = 77. Cost = $1. for each end. 16” On Center.25” Common Rafter: Use 2” x 10” x 16’ Long Material: 93. 5/12 Slope: Using 2” x 10” and 2” x 12” Framing Material. TWL / 12 for BF Multiply Cost of BF by BF. 12” Rake. Formula: Common Rafter Amount Required and BF: Rafter Amount Required: Ridge Board Length / Rafter Spacing. Gable Studs Collar Beams.00 $60. L / Spacing + 1. and the add Overhang. 20’ + 12” + 12” = 22’ TWL / 12 for BF 2” x 12” x 22’ LF / 12 = 44 BF 22 / 12 = 1.334’) or 24” OC (2’) + 1 Basically. Barge Rafters.541’ so one 16’ will make 2 rafters. 16” OC (1. Hip.667 Round Up to 27 BF Formula: Ridge Board: Calculate Ridge Board.334 + 1 = 17.Estimating Wood Roof Framing: Ridge Boards. Add LF of Building and then add Rake Dimension. Multiply by 2 for each Run. just like Floor Joist.