SOCIAL AREA PRELIMINARY EXAM READING LIST November 2, 2011 Background: Social Area students take a written Preliminary

Examination during the Spring Semester of their third year in the program. The exam is taken in two parts: a sit-down exam and a take-home exam (see Social Area Handbook). Below is the core list of readings for the Preliminary Examination. It represents the minimum knowledge base required to pass the exam. You should also review your course readings (especially core Social and Personality courses and the research methods course). We further urge you to stay current on the major professional journals (e.g., JPSP, PSPB) so that you are familiar with current research and issues in social psychology. We also suggest that for each review of a particular research program, you read at least one original journal article that describes a study discussed in the article or chapter. This is the best way to become familiar with the methods and procedures utilized in a line of research. In general, in preparing for the preliminary exam, you should be able to thoughtfully summarize, critique, and integrate the major approaches in social psychology. History/Background Altman, I. & Stokols, D. (1987). Broad views in psychology: Traits, interactional, organismic, and transactional. In I. Altman & D. Stokols (Eds.), Handbook of environmental psychology (132). New York: Wiley. Lewin, K. (1951). Formalization and progress in psychology (1940). In K. Lewin & D. Cartwright (Eds.), Field theory in social science: Selected theoretical papers (pp. 1-29). New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers. Ross, L., Lepper, M., & Ward, A. (2010). History of social psychology: Insights, challenges, and contributions to theory and application. In S. T. Fiske, D. T. Gilbert & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (5th edition, pp. 3-50). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Taylor, S. E. (1998). The social being in social psychology. In D. T. Gilbert, S. T. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (4th ed., Vol. I, pp. 58-95). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. Research Methods Blanton, H., & Jaccard, J. (2006). Arbitrary metrics in psychology. American Psychologist, 61(1), 27-41. Cohen, J. (1994). The earth is round (p < .05). American Psychologist, 49(12), 997-1003. Heinrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan A. (2010). The weirdest people in the world? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 61-135. Miller, J.G. (2004). Culturally sensitive research questions and methods in social psychology. In C. Sansone, C. C. Morf & A. T. Panter (Eds.) Sage handbook of methods in social psychology, (pp. 93-116). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

) The handbook of social psychology (5th edition. W.. 359-371. 65(1). pp. Panter (Eds.. Lindzey (Eds. Strong inference. Fiske. J. pp. R. K. (1964). pp. D.Social Area Prelims Reading List 2 Research Methods. D. 456-504) Shoda. Aronson. T.. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. Wilson. (2002). Thousand Oaks. K. Hoboken. contd. D. Rodgers. T. Handbook of social psychology (5th edition. Aggression/Altruism Batson. 146. II. L. Fiske. Boston. Inc. D. In S. 82-114). & Campbell. B. T. (2010). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. 33-63) Chapter 3 – Construct validity and external validity (pp. . 282-316). 51-81). S. pp. Inc. NJ: John Wiley & Sons. Hoboken. Morf & A. R. Z. & G. C. T. Handbook of social psychology (5th edition.. The art of laboratory experimentation. (pp. & Carlsmith. Y. 833-863). D. Science.). T. In C. Altruism and prosocial behavior. Lindzey (Eds. L. T. CA: Sage Publications. R. (2010). T. The epistemology of mathematical and statistical modeling: A quiet methodological revolution.. D. T. (2010).) Sage handbook of methods in social psychology. J. Understanding people to understand situations. & Gosling. C. American Psychologist. Hoboken.. MA: McGraw-Hill. J. Cook. T.. Aggression. Shadish. D. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Bushman.. 1-12.. & Petty.. Inc. D. Rucker. Gilbert & G. 5. (1998). NJ: John Wiley & Sons. E. (2004). Vol. Reis. Platt. C. Tormala. Social psychological methods outside the laboratory. 1-32) Chapter 2 – Statistical conclusion validity and internal validity (pp. Mediation analysis in social psychology: Current practices and new recommendations. E. Gilbert. H. Following chapters only: Chapter 1 – Experiments and generalized causal inference (pp. Individual differences in social psychology: Understanding situations to understand people. NJ: John Wiley & Sons. 347-353. & Huesmann. L. The handbook of social psychology (4th ed. In D. S. J. (2011). Sansone. 64-102) Chapter 14 – A critical assessment of our assumptions (pp. Preacher. (2010). R. 117-141).

Baumeister & E. J.. Finkel (Eds. (2010). New York. Fazio. F. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. & Nordgren. NY: Guilford Press. Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. In S. 217-259). Liberman. Heuristic and systematic processing within and beyond the persuasion context. D. T. M.. Fiske. Bargh (Eds. Decision-Making Dijksterhuis. F. 23. Petty. (1977). Hoboken. P. Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. (1979). pp. . C. T. pp. F. New York: Academic Press. W. Zanna (Ed. In R. Multiple processes by which attitudes guide behavior: The MODE Model as an integrative framework.. & Tversky.). pp. (1989). Perspectives on Psychological Science. D. 212-252).. 41. H. A theory of unconscious thought. De Houwer. New York: Psychology Press. 13. Zanna. & Harmon-Jones. 853–869. M. 127. E. (2001).. Thomas. Gilovich. 464‐479. 12). Fazio. S. Snyder. (2010). J. P. 47. Kahneman.. (1979). A. Harmon-Jones. A. 75-109).). D. Lindzey (Eds. S. A. Judgment and decision making. (2009). Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. D. & Ajzen. Berkowitz (Ed. M. R. Unintended thought (pp. integration. Predicting and changing behavior: The Reasoned Action approach (pp. Attitude change. 119-166). and expansion of conceptions of cognitive conflict.. In M. & Griffin. In M. (2006). P. Oxford: Oxford University Press. A. Amodio. Psychological Bulletin.) Advanced social psychology: The state of the science (pp. J. Dissonance and self‐perception: An integrative view of each theory's proper domain of application. & Eagly. L. Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. In J. H. A. (2010). S. & Cooper. Zanna (Ed. New York: Academic Press. P. & Baeyens. (1990).).. R. E.).. Action-based model of dissonance: A review.. Self-monitoring processes. 95-109. Gilbert.Social Area Prelims Reading List 3 Attitudes Chaiken. Uleman & J. NJ: John Wiley & Sons. 1. 542-588). In L. I.) Handbook of social psychology (5th edition. 263-291. T. M. H.. Inc.. Fishbein. & G. & Briñol. 37-64). R. Econometrika. New York: Academic Press. Associative learning of likes and dislikes: A review of 25 years of research on human evaluative conditioning. D..

Cognitive. Psychological Review.A. Tversky. Nisbett. L. R. 94. Cultural models of shame and guilt. Psychological Bulletin. Thoughts on the relation between emotion and cognition. 69. Barrett (Eds. J. Emotion regulation. T. and physiological determinants of emotional states. (2008). & Singer. (1999).). G. (1974). 379-399.S. New York: The Guildford Press. L. (1977). W.Social Area Prelims Reading List 4 Klein. & L. and other things called emotion: Dissecting the elephant. J.B. S. & Trope. 185. (1999). 211. American Psychologist. 151-175. What’s basic about basic emotions? Psychological Review. T. & Gardner. Science. N. T. L. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. F. Science. (Chapter 3: “The RecognitionPrimed Decision Model”) The MIT Press: Cambridge. prototypical emotional episodes. (1982). J. 497-512). Tracy.J. 453-458.E.. Schachter.. Handbook of emotions (pp. The self-conscious emotions: Theory and research (pp. Lazarus. Y. 50. R. (1981).).F. New York: Guilford. social. & Barrett. 2. (2007). Reisenzein. American Psychologist. 231-259. A. L. 315-331.M. In J. MA. 322. 76. Haviland-Jones. & Wilson. Fredrickson. E. Psychological Review. Russell. 191-214. Zajonc.. & Tsai. (1990). A.. B. 209-223). Liberman. (1962). 1201-1205. D. Feeling and thinking. Annual Review of Psychology. 805-819. Core affect. (1998). & J. Preferences need no inference. What good are positive emotions? Review of General Psychology. . Sources of power: How people make decisions. Emotions Cacioppo. 300319. R. Tversky. R. 37. 239-264. & Turner. The Schachter theory of emotion: Two decades later. Science. J. & Kahneman. W. Ortony. J. Robins. 2. Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. R. J. 84. (2008).J.. 1124-1131. In M. P. The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice. (1983). Lewis. (1999). Gross. D. Wong. D. Emotions.. A. & Kahneman. The psychology of transcending the here and now. Y. Tangney (Eds. 1019-1024. (1980). Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes. 97..

7. B. Latane. 149. & Richeson. Many hands make light work: The causes and consequences of social loafing.J. Science. (2008). F. D.. Social facilitation. (1954). In M.T. R. D. J. S. pp. B. (1986). (1979). (1965). New York: Academic Press. N. L. & Katz. W. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Toward a histology of social behavior: Judgmental accuracy from thin slices of the behavioral stream. 70. J.). D. T. Inc. Latane. P.Social Area Prelims Reading List 5 Groups/Intergroup Processes Dovidio. (2010).) Handbook of social psychology (5th edition. 32. The correspondence bias. 106. Zanna (Ed. & L’Herrou. & Harkins. Bargh (Eds. Grounded cognition. Unintended thought (pp. Asch. F. N. Theory and research concerning social comparisons of personal attributes. P. New York: Academic Press. (1986). 269-274. B. 291356). Gilbert. L. 617-45. In S. 231-248. Lindzey (Eds. Hoboken. (1989). Bernieri. (1989). 822-832... 1084-1121). D. T. Fiske. 50. Gilbert. S. Psychological Bulletin. J. 258-290. Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. T. (1996). E. 1208-1251). J. D. Spatial clustering in the conformity game: Dynamic social impact in electronic groups. 1218-1230. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Annual Review of Psychology. 189-211). Gilbert. Gilbert. pp. (2000). Williams. Hackman. NJ: John Wiley & Sons. In L. T. & Malone. & G.. (Vol. J. T. Journal of Abnormal Social Psychology. Psychological Bulletin. D.). Fiske. (1995). Isenberg. Festinger.S. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. L. A. Human Relations.). pp. K. T. As Barsalou. . In J.. New York: Guilford Press.. S. R. Person Perception and Attribution Ambady. 117-140. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. Berkowitz (Ed. (2010). In S.. Lindzey (Eds. 37. Uleman & J. Group Polarization: A critical review and meta-analysis. Social categorization: Implications for creation and reduction of intergroup bias. 59. Group behavior and performance. & Gaertner. 19. 21-38. Zajonc. Intergroup bias. 41. 117.A. Forming impressions of personality. 1141-1151. Wood. Thinking lightly about others: Automatic components of the social inference process. (1946). pp.) Handbook of social psychology (5th edition. NJ: John Wiley & Sons. 201–271). Hoboken. Inc. A theory of social comparison processes. & G. Wilder.

Attribution theory in social psychology. Lindzey (Eds. Kelley. In J. & G. Identity negotiation: Where two roads meet. In D. Kidd (Eds. Williams. 182-203. K.A. P. Trope. L. C. NY: Cambridge. Champagne F. Psychological Review. & Cantor. In S. Kunda. 635-679). 54. (1986). Hillsdale. Psychological Bulletin.. T. In D. Fiske. New York: Cambridge University Press. Williams & L. Levine (Ed. K. L.Social Area Prelims Reading List 6 Jones. 480-498. behavior & epigenetics (pp. 204-223. & Collins. Schacter. Fiske. The seven sins of memory: Insights from psychology and cognitive neuroscience. . 24 October). 239-257. Lindzey (Eds. pp.. T. M. Science. & G. Morf. 58-83.). (2010). E. A. Z. Funder. J. Ickes. D. 102. T. Snyder.. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. (2001). M. Psychology Review. Psychological Inquiry. Mischel. & Bargh.. Understanding personality and social behavior: A functionalist strategy.) Handbook of social psychology (5th edition. 1038-1510. pp. The case for motivated reasoning. Identification and inference processes in dispositional attribution. (1999). Y. (1990). 668-697). Personality and Social Behavior Anderson. 53. (1989). New directions in attribution research (Vol. dispositions. & Curley J. & Rhodewalt. Gilbert. A. Psychological Review. 231-256). Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. I. Unraveling the paradoxes of Narcissism: A dynamic selfregulatory processing model. (1997). 93. 177-196. American Psychologist. Inc. (2008. (2001). 1. Personality and Social Psychology Review.S. 246-268. & Wyer. Nebraska symposium on motivation. and wanting: Experiencing prior relationships in present-day interpersonal relations. (1986). Hoboken. (1995).. dynamics.). R. (1998). L. 12.. Person memory and judgment. (2011). & Berenson. 96. Mill (Eds) . H. Forges. Gilbert. Accurate social perception at zero acquaintance: The affordances of a gibsonian approach. (1976). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. S. W.). 606-607. 192-238. feeling. 389-420). & Shoda. Swann. B. pp. A. Harvey. Perceiving.. NJ: LEA Press. 322. D. Petronis & J.1. Brain. D. & W. P. C. In J. C. Correspondent inference theory and the attribution cube: A comparative appraisal. A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: Reconceptualizing situations. Epigenetic influence of the social environment.).K. and invariance in personality structure. The social mind (pp.. Y. The handbook of social psychology (4th ed. 15. F. & McGillis. E. Wheeler (Eds. E. W. Zebrowitz. L. Vol. & Fast. (1987). S. M. D. 185-208). D.. Personality in social psychology. NJ: John Wiley & Sons. In A. Srull. 108. W. N. H. R.A.

. Hamilton. Darley & J. Social cognition: Impact on social psychology (pp. NJ: John Wiley & Sons. pp. Swann. Berkowitz (Ed. K. (pp. Social cognition and the self. (1998). et al.) Handbook of social psychology (5th edition. In S. Key readings in social psychology. Rhodewalt. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. In L. W. M. 6977). D. James. The "self-digest": Self-knowledge serving self-regulatory functions.. J. 518530. 373-421). R. (pp. K. T. S.). Higgins. Jr. Advances in experimental social psychology. The self in principles of psychology. (2010). Pervin & O. Hoboken. Psychological Review. F. 143-193). R. (1995). Gilbert. & Bosson. 108. T.. 443-477). M. In J. Devine. Self-esteem as an interpersonal monitor: The sociometer hypothesis.. & Carlston. New York: Holt. (1996). T. S. Jones (pp. & Downs. DC: American Psychological Association. (2001). 71. Linville. (1994). In P. 593-673.. Cooper (Eds. Contingency of self-worth.. K. 589-628). The psychology of self-affirmation: Sustaining the integrity of the self. Lindzey (Eds. L. New York. D. CA: Academic Press. Terdal. P. & Cheek.. T.). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Norem. (1988). San Diego. . (1999). Leary. Baumeister (Ed. 261-301. Philadelphia: PA Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis. J.) The self in social psychology. Attribution and social interaction: The legacy of Edward E. E. Robins. Inc. In L. (Eds. 1062-1083. Naturalizing the self. Fiske. E. 68. C. & G. F. Reprinted in R.Social Area Prelims Reading List 7 The Self Crocker and Wolf. D. C.. NY: The Guilford Press. (1890). J. Tambor. W. M.). D. Washington. 21. L. W. Self and identify.) Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd edition). Steele. P. John (Eds. M. B. Self-presentation and the phenomenal self: The "carry-over effect" revisited.

(2001). T. & G.. Motivation.). Self-regulation failure: An overview. Bandura. & Oettingen. and belonging: The pursuit of interpersonal connection. Bargh. American Psychologist. Psychological Review. Psychological Inquiry. Hoboken.. Wood. In J. Sansone. D. In C. Turning "play" into "work" and "work" into "play": 25 years of research on intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation. 268-316). N. A. L. 3-22). (2000). and collectives. Y. 1280-1300. T. 462-479. In. (2010). San Diego.F. (1999). NJ: John Wiley & Sons. J. Stiff. 1-32. (1998). 19-35. American Psychologist. New York: Guilford Press. computers. (1997). Gardner (Eds. CA: Academic Press. D. Lindzey (Eds. M. & Scheier. T. 735-750. M. T. P. A. Cantor. D. Rethinking the role of positive affect in self-regulation. Carver. From thought to behavior: "Having" and "doing" in the study of personality and cognition.   Hagger. L. 495-525. Handbook of motivation science (pp.. S. pp. 864-897). 22. Inc. Bargh. & Henderlong. M. (Retrieved electronically). Gilbert & G. E. 7. Harackiewicz (Eds. Motivation and Emotion. J. 45. G. T. consciousness. G.) Handbook of social psychology (5th edition.F. San Diego. (1990). Sansone & J. pp. Hoboken. M. CA: Academic Press..). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: The search for optimal motivation and performance (pp. M. 341-372). 52.). Ego depletion and the strength model of self-control: A meta-analysis. M. J. Fiske. Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. L. C. Fiske. R. Inc. 1-15. . F. M. (1990). T. Leary.. Baumeister. Origins and functions of positive and negative affect: A control-process view. 1-26. A. Lindzey. In C. classroom. C. & Chartrand. 52. & Smith. American Psychologist.. Core social motivations: Views from the couch.. In S. L. N.Social Area Prelims Reading List 8 Self-Regulation and Motivation Aspinwall. acceptance. NJ: John Wiley & Sons. (2010).) Handbook of social psychology (5th edition. (2007). 97. Gollwitzer. R. 257-307). Affiliation.. R. Shah & W. Sansone & J. (2010). Gilbert. S. (1996).. J. C. (2000). Lepper. C. Harackiewicz (Eds. Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: The search for optimal motivation and performance (pp. Psychological Bulletin. The unbearable automaticity of being. & Chatzisarantis. S. 136(4). Beyond pleasure and pain. Annual Review of Psychology. & Heatherton. L. Higgins. Fiske. S. 54. Interest and self-regulation: The relation between having to and wanting to. (Eds. T. T.

Werner. attitude change. D. S.. Cialdini Award for Applied Research] Latane. Science. 1-11. 64. San Diego. B. M. 1-9). L. R. (2000). 12 December) The spreading of disorder. C. & Misovich S. (2008).] Cialdini. Social influence: Social norms. T. Mackie. Exposing pluralistic ignorance to reduce alcohol use among college students.R. Schroeder.. (1955). & G. B. 31-35. W. B. Pluralistic ignorance and social identity: When the group and the individual diverge. conformity. K. A. The handbook of social psychology (4th ed. D. (2002). Vallacher & A. Hogg. & Prentice. T. (pp.. D. J. Journal of Environmental Psychology. & Trost. pp. 27-41. Attitudes. & Terry. 6 Miller. 8.) (2000). Dynamical systems in social psychology (pp. 539-570.. (1998). J. Scientific American. (1994). and persuasion. Wood. C. In D. Opinions and social pressure. & Queller. 1681-1685. Mahwah. 1. NJ: L. 177-186.Vol. D. Keizer. The impact of group membership on persuasion: Revisiting “Who says what to whom with what effect?”.. Terry & M. A. Lindenberg. 51. Bryan.. T. M. Attitude change: Persuasion and social influence. MA: McGraw-Hill.. E. 95-113). Ch. Replicating Milgram: Would people still obey today? American Psychologist. Attitudes as catastrophes: From dimensions to categories with increasing involvement. [Winner of the 2008 Robert B. 21(2). 28 (23). (pp. Health Psychology. Fisher. behavior and social context: The role of norms and group membership.. Fiske. Monin. 193. 151-192).. C. M. D. Boston. (2008. 2150-2180. Fisher. CA: Academic Press. . Erlbaum Associates. A. Journal of Applied Social Psychology.. M. B. Brown. S. A. II.). including all commentaries. (pp. A. Nowak (Eds. J. R. Gilbert. A. Burger. J. M. D. J. 219-249). Hogg (Eds. & Prentice. and compliance. Information-MotivationBehavioral Skills Model-Based HIV Risk Behavior Change Intervention for Inner-City High School Youth. [Entire special issue. In R. S. 135-155). Ch. 322. & Steg. M.). D. S. Social contextual influences on attitude-behavior correspondence. Lindzey (Eds. A.Social Area Prelims Reading List 9 Social Influence Asch.. Guided group discussion and attitude change: The roles of normative and informational influence. Highly recommended: Ch. 28.B. D. (2009).. & Nowak. & Sansone. W. (1998). Annual Review of Psychology..

Aronson (Eds. (2nd edition. The biopsychosocial model of arousal regulation. Cacioppo. 953-961. M. 1-51). N. Berntson. Tesser (Ed. 52. T. & Tomaka. J. Invisible support and adjustment to stress. 126. (2000). Lieberman.. Clark. Optimizing assurance: The risk regulation system in relationships.). S.A. S.). J. Collins. M.. E. . Reis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. & Berscheid.. T. M. G. Bolger. (1995). 641-666. Clark. 3. J. pp. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. T. Lindsey & E. Hazan. Interpersonal processes influencing attraction and relationships. pp. Co-regulation. D. 132. R. Psychophysiological approaches in social psychology. 511-524. J. & Pataki. 259-89. The relationship context of human behavior and development.. (2006). 461-484. Hoboken.. W.T. 12. & Shaver.. S. and G. 1-49). Personality and Social Psychology Review. Relational schemas and the processing of social information. Close relationships. A.A. C. Murray. Sheridan. K. (1992).) Handbook of Social Psychology (5th edition. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. M. Holmes. 684-691. & Collins.F. Multi-level integrative analyses of human behavior: Social neuroscience and the complementing nature of social and biological approaches... 141-167. J. Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol 28.Social Area Prelims Reading List 10 Social Psychophysiology / Neuroscience Blascovich. Fiske. and recovery. Shapiro. (2007). S. (2000). (2010). Psychological Bulletin. self-regulation: An integrative analysis and empirical agenda for understanding adult attachment. A. In M. C. D. & Kessler. Inc. L.. & Lemay. E. N. Psychological Bulletin. M. C. Sbarra. Zanna (Ed. In G. New York: McGraw-Hill. (2000). P.S. D. & Mills. London: Addison-Wesley. P. separation. Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. NJ: John Wiley & Sons. (1993). & Crider. 898-940). L. Social Relationships/Interpersonal Relations Baldwin. & Hazan.). 58. G. J.. D. (1969). pp. (1987). Social cognitive neuroscience: A review of core processes. 112. (2008). Gilbert. P. 19. dysregulation. Jr. Clark. In S. G. M. In A.W. Advanced social psychology (pp. Psychological Bulletin. CA: Academic Press.. & McClintock. 844-872. Zuckerman. The difference between communal and exchange relationships: What it is and is not. loss. San Diego.. Psychological Bulletin. 829-843. Lindzey (Eds. 79. H. 126. 282-331). (1996). Annual Review of Psychology.. The handbook of social psychology.

Gaertner (Eds.. Journal of Educational Psychology.). Sansone. G. and stereotypes. (1989). & Banaji.. J. T. 411-429. 65. Biobehavioral responses to stress in females: Tend-and-befriend. Social stigma and self-esteem: The self-protective properties of stigma. R. R. Stereotypes and Prejudice Crocker. Annual Review of Sociology. New York: Academic Press.. & Dovidio. Self-regulation of prejudiced responses: Implication for progress in prejudice reduction efforts. G. (2002). A. 34.Social Area Prelims Reading List 11 Social Relationships/Interpersonal Relations.. E... J. Social networks and health. T. 97.. Stereotypes and prejudice: Their automatic and controlled components. Taylor. R. The stereotyped task engagement process: The role of interest and achievement motivation. Psychological Review. In M. Psychological Review. Greenwald. L. A. 61-89). 96. Greenwald. C. CA: Academic Press. 99. Uhlmann.. and racism (pp. M. not fight-or-flight. Poehlman.. & Updegraff. J. & Banaji. & White. 608-630. 5-18. J.. H. Steele. 99-114. (1989). & Aronson. Schmader. The aversive form of racism.. B. (1993). R. L. 297-327. F. S.. Zanna (Ed. A. Annual Review of Psychology. 56. Smith. M. Devine. & Olson. K. An integrated process model of stereotype threat effects on performance. T. self-esteem. M. Advances in experimental social psychology. contd. 405-429. F. 115. Dovidio & S. P.. L. Spencer. (2007). M. . Implicit measures in social cognition research: Their meaning and use. Lewis. In J.. Gruenewald. (1995). C. L. San Diego.A. A. R. P. M. Fazio. & Major.). N.. C. J. 107. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. (pp. (2009). Klein. (2008). 469-485. discrimination. E. Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: III. A. (2008). & Christakis.. 102.. Monteith. Gaertner. G.. A. 54. (1986). Smith. C. M. 379-440). 336-356. (2000). H. B. J. 34. L. (2003). Johns. Meta-analysis of predictive validity. Psychological Review. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Prejudice. Implicit social cognition: Attitudes. 4-27. Psychological Review. P. Gurung. P. Contending with group image: The psychology of stereotype and social identity threat.P. S. J. S. 17–41. Vol. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. & Forbes.