Transport management

Section – a I.

Kle’s (MTA)

2marks 1. State different modes of transport and their features.  Road transport – It is exceptionally flexible; and it can adapt itself quickly to any situation. A wide range of vehicles are available.  Water transport – Inland waterways are the cheapest form of transport. Especially for bulk merchandise for coke, bricks and sand…etc  Air transport – speed is an obvious advantage, it is an obvious choice for the passengers when time is important and distance is longer. 2. What are the basic components of transport? A point or part that forms the end the objectives of transportation cannot be fulfilled until and unless proper facilities are available for loading and unloading of goods or entry or exists are carries.  Terminal – Air, Bus, Train, Ferry, Shipping, Freight  The way  The carrying unit  The motive power 3. What do you mean by terminal? How is it different from a Junction? A point or part that forms the end the objectives of transportation cannot be fulfilled until and unless proper facilities are available for loading and unloading of goods or entry or exists are carries. Junction is a place where roads or railway lines. 4. Explain traffic safety Traffic safety is emerging as a major social concern in the country. Traffic signs or road signs are signs erected at the side of roads to provide information to road users. 5. What are different levels of transport organizations? 6. What is the difference between carrying capacity and occupational ratio? 7. Briefly explain the economics of transport market. Transport economics is a branch of economics that deals with the allocation of resources within the transport sector and has strong linkages with civil engineering. Transport economics differs from some other branches of economics in that the assumption of a space less, instantaneous economy does not hold. 8. What is Public/Mass transport system? Comprises all transport system 5 members of general public, usually changing set faces. The teem include rail & bus services. Airlines, ferry, taxis….etc 9. Distinguish between Urban and Rural Transportation. Urban transportation: is an integral part of the economic life of the cities. It is a vital element. The taxes on state transport undertakings is very heavy. The fare system is not merely a means of earning revenues from transport operations. Rural transportation: It is of immense importance in our national economy for rural economy accounts for about 42 percent of the national income and 80 percent of the Indian population. Narrow roads which are uneven and unfit for motorized vehicles.

CHANDRASHEKAR .N (MTA)

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5% reduction in vehicle mileage or trips. Marginal cost pricing in transport is a „hot‟ topic.N (MTA) Page 2 . industrial and commercial activities. as is well known. Bring out the benefits of sea transport. first. 13. Define Elasticity of demand.5 for vehicle use with respect to vehicle operating costs means that an increase of 1% in operating costs would imply a 0. Within the terminals passengers purchase their tickets. which is based on the location of housing. 16. electric mass transit railway system. State the features of MRTS. Define carrying unit. 17. over the last decades(s). Define the way of transport system. A way may be referred as to a public road highway. exchanged as part of transactions or purchased on specific markets. for coke. route from one place to another by for use by a variety of general traffic. in at least two senses. For ex: An elasticity of -0. theoretical construct.  An urban . 15. availability of well designed & planned routes CHANDRASHEKAR . for bricks. tends to be more stable than the transportation component which is highly dynamic. Which can accumulated for a period of time. Canal transport provides cheap carriage especially for bulk merchandise. Some commodities are fixed. What is an Airport terminal? Airport terminal is a building at an airport where the passenger transfer between ground transportation & the facilities that allow them to go & disembark from airport. Roots play an important role in movement of carries from one point to another. 11. sophisticated pricing policies in transport have evolved from a primarily academic. Elasticity refers to the variation of demand in response to a variation of cost. Define marginal costing. 12. Mass Rapid Transit System is used to describe a rail based transportation system used with areas & transport people.Transport management Kle’s (MTA) 10. What do you mean by land use transport interactions? The land use component. The term is often more specific.  Inland waterways are the cheapest form of transport.urban and non-urban – around the world. 14. to a realistic and seriously considered option for many areas. as in common definition of metro & heavy rail in which transit also must meet full criteria. 18. What is meant by commodity distribution system? Commodity are resources that can be consumed.  Completely independent from other traffic  High capacity  Frequency in service.  It has the added advantages of not suffering from congestion and the difficulties experienced at railway crossings. The carrier to carry passenger or goods is the vehicle the dimension of the vehicle its capacity & the type are some of the factors which influences the selection of transport system for movement of goods from one place to another. go through security.

 Cost of capital  Depreciation Section – b II. Discuss its importance. 23. Explain the term ‘Motive power’? In thermo dynamic motive power is a agency. Describe the types of price discrimination strategies in transportation system. What are the elements of transport costing? In order to assist in its deliberations regarding rate and service complaints. such as locomotives. Discuss the advantages of Air transport. road and sea transports. Generally it defined as natural agent as water. Narrate the economics of transport market. 2. vice versa. 6. 20. These costs include:  Way and structures  Equipment. 21. Explain two tourist trains operating in India. Draw an organizational structure of transport organization. Define urban transportation. wind . Briefly explain the environmental aspects of transportation.N (MTA) Page 3 . Explain the costing procedure followed by air and sea transport organizations. steam. Briefly explain motive power in air. the Canadian transportation agency has identified various types of costs. 5. 22. „Urban transportation is an integral part of economic life of cities. It is a vital element without daily life of a city would come & a standstill. 5marks. 10. 9.Transport management Kle’s (MTA) without any obstacle for movement of transport vehicles in specific routes is the the vital necessity for a smooth traffic flow. CHANDRASHEKAR . 1. electricity used to impart motion to a machinery like a motive. Briefly explain the financing pattern for transport organizations. Urban transportation system provides an adequate means for transporting commuters from place of residences & work.  General costs. 3. 4. as water or steam use to impart motion. What do you mean by co-ordination in transport? Co – ordination is an act of regulating & combining the various means of transport as complementary services with a vicue & bring about harmonious results. 8. State two pricing strategy in Air transport.(Palace on wheels & Golden chariot) 7. The best purpose is to combine all means of transportation & secure for each of them the kind of traffic for which is best suited. 19. It is the practice of one satatu/wholesaler/manufacturers charging different prices for the same items o & different customers. rail. Explain the basic components of transportation. freight cars…etc  Railway operations.

The number of passengers. a car and a bicycle? Extensive indeed. Some commodities are fixed. 1. 5. Transport demand: Transport needs. exchanged as part of transactions or purchased on specific markets. Explain in detail how will you measure the demand and supply for transport organizations. However. Transportation is a service that must be utilized immediately since it cannot be stored. services (frequency) and networks. 6. Mobility must occur over transport infrastructures. Commodity chain – A functionally integrated network of period. The chain is linked by various types of transaction. in some cases elaborate and expensive infrastructures and modes are required to provide mobility. Transport supply: The capacity of transportation infrastructures and modes. generally over a geographically defined transport system and for a specific period of time. Kle’s (MTA) Section – C 15marks. volume (for liquids or containerized traffic). A. and they thus all fill the purpose of supporting mobility. transport demand is answered in the simplest means possible. Similar to transport supply. Therefore.(R) Commodity are resources that can be consumed. fully. notably by walking. supply is expressed in terms of infrastructures (capacity). or mass (for freight) that can be transported per unit of time and space is commonly used to quantify transport supply. (sales & tranfer) It refers to the process used by cooperator within a period & system of gather resources – transform in part & products – distributes manufacture goods & market. 7. U. financing & operation of hitherto state controlled projects. volume.K commission defines „A public pvt partnership is a risk sharing relationship between public & private sectors based upon a shared aspiration to bring about desired public policy outcome‟.N (MTA) Page 4 . Which can accumulated for a period of time. In several instances. the delivery of a finished goods of market. The supply and demand for transportation: What are the differences between a boeing 747. such as for international air transportation. Discuss in detail the role of Government in transportation. 2. it is expressed in terms of number of people. Discuss in detail the price determination and price discrimination strategies followed by different transport organizations. an oil tanker. but they each share the common goal of fulfilling a derived transport demand.Transport management III. even if those needs are satisfied. from the transformation of rare materials. Explain the concept and application of public private partnership in transportation. “Transport Development is the basic infrastructure requirement for the economic development of a country” – Discuss. 4. partially or not at all. providing a transport supply. trade & service activities that covers all the stages of supply chain. Critically examine the contribution of urban and rural transportation in freight movements and public services. CHANDRASHEKAR . Briefly describe the commodity distribution system. It includes various types of co-operation between state & private firm with respect of planning construction. through intermediate manufacture stages. or tons per unit of time and space. 3.

PPP of establish risk sharing in the sense that private firm should take responsibility for success of the project.(R . PPP includes co-operation of activities in planning. “Transport is most important infrastructure in tourism”.qn10…5m) CHANDRASHEKAR . Discuss.Transport management Kle’s (MTA) Long term co-operation 5 risk sharing between the partners are important features of PPP.N (MTA) Page 5 . Such outsourcing follows regular rules of contact law.  Using public sector comparator.      Cost to be included in transportation project : Cost of investment Cost of financing Cost of operation Cost of maintenance Transaction & agency cost 8. 3 styles/Types of PPP:  Financing models only transfer financing of a project & private investors design. design. construction finance.  Gains in efficiency because of the participation of private firms. PPP has created a new 5 different allocation of responsibilities.. PPP efficiency attributes:  PPP requires a good decision & give responsibility & private partners.  General attitude to reduce the volume of the public sectors tasks. Discuss the pricing methods adopted in transport sector in India. Pure outsourcing of procurement of services from private firms should not be denoted as PPP. the authorities in charge are able to calculate NPV of projects on basis of project description. whereas this risk is shifted & public sector in case of Build operate transfer model. maintain. maintenance & operation is done by public sector. operation. operation.  Benefit of PPP have to be analyzed under life cycle aspect. PPP can be qualified as hybrid organization models with specific incentive & risk schemes. There are 3 main reason for the participation of private firm:  Lack of public funds that cause infrastructure bottlenecks & a creeping erosion of assets.  Private operator has to bear the criteria risk on other hand.  Private firms & responsible for financing. 9. transfer. design. construction & operation of transportation. with a complex allocation of rights & options. construction & operation of transportation still belong & state. Transportation was traditionally financed by public sector funds.