The youthful energy found in John F. Kennedy’s speech is evident throughout.

The goals he has illustrated in strong appeals to emotion, by making a connection with the everyday American citizen he also used his inaugural speech as a call to action to bring Americans together as one nation in order to help other nations. Kennedy obviously knew exactly what to say and how to say it in order to achieve his goal of unity, by using declarative tone, making the speaker’s point of view clear to the listener or reader thus to persuade and make him desirable. He mentions the arising problems America is facing and its effects. Also, he pledges to give his promise towards his people in which creates a strong appeal. With the help of alliteration, modal verbs, strong and powerful diction, metaphors, parallelism, repetitions, declarative sentences, short paragraphs, personal pronoun and imagery convey his powerful message to the people of America. Firstly, John F. Kennedy has a very declarative and serious tone. Kennedy starts his speech by addressing the oath and its honored place by using archaic phrases with the help of alliteration to stress the important points he is making to the audience such as “the same solemn oath our forefathers prescribed nearly a century and three quarters ago”. He uses that to show America that he is serious and committed to the oath of the presidency. Kennedy then moves onto the future, “We shall pay any price; shall not have passed away; shall not always expect; we shall always hope” which emphasized by the use of the modal verb ‘shall” possessing the sense of futureness in its semantic structure and uses words such as “renewal” and “change” to lead into his point about the next generation of Americans. Kennedy refers to the American people of the time as “heirs” of the first revolution as if they are royalty and it is their duty to continue that reign of their forebears. He also states “that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans”, which appeals to the younger adults and young generations to in a sense take that “torch” and run with it. Secondly, he said “Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, in order to assure the survival and the success of liberty. This much we pledge—and more”. His appeal comes out here in the speech as almost a fatherly and protective voice. He is saying that the country will meet any challenge head on and do their best to overcome it while working towards what is in the best interest for the country. Demonstrating his outstanding character, moral, and beliefs throughout the entire election, Kennedy was able to speak to the citizens using a genuine and truthful voice. He refers back to the founding fathers with great respect and politely lets our “friends” and “foes” know that he is here to protect our country come rain or shine, he implies nothing will stop him from doing just that. As Kennedy continues, with his first few paragraphs, which contain language from Lincoln’s time of presidency, he uses words like “abolish,” “revolutionary,” and “forebears.” He also is quick to remind all of the citizens of the struggles we went through as a country during the revolutionary war. He mentions the past only in the beginning of his speech, but then quickly turns it towards focusing on the future. Thirdly, the audience is to be informed of the problems arising in their country, and problems in the world that can affect them. Kennedy used the strategy of alliteration in order to add emphasis into his inaugural address to express feelings of connection, of how connection can be established to make things better. He uses alliteration for example when he says “whether it wishes us well”, “to friend and foe” and “same solemn” It most definitely helped express that in order to change the bad things that troubled the world; everyone would have to work together. Furthermore, Kennedy also uses strong and striking diction to empower his speech and to appeal to the minds and emotions of Americans. He mentions “almighty God” and uses words such as “poverty”, “freedom”, “human rights”,

The repetition of these declarative sentences are dominant in an inaugural address because it allows Kennedy to proclaim things such as the situation of the world. in some cases one-sentence paragraphs. The parallelism that he used seems especially powerful when he makes note of the new scientific discoveries that have changed the world by saying “man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life”.“peace”. Thus it creates a stronger picture for his audience and to help them better understands how he feels dictatorship results. thus help emphasize one point to another. to keep the audience’s attention and allows him not to drag too long at one point. as well as change” is an example of parallelism that lets him expand on his meaning the contrasting pairs he used. his plan to fix it and the core values he is promising to the people of America and makes his speech to be uplifting and inspiring. Similarly. “let every other power know that this hemisphere intends to remain the master of its own house”. so powerful that it inspired a nation of people to come together to fight for what is right. It is found that his use of short paragraphs. to keep the speech on subject and to remind the audience what Kennedy is speaking about.” By using this metaphor. in the past. as well as a beginning – signifying renewal. “hope” “war” and “tyranny”. pledging the countries best efforts to help the people “struggling to break the bonds of mass misery” and pledge to “convert our good words into good deeds”. He knew that if he openly accused others that it would do nothing more than cause more problems. The use of this rhetorical strategy used many times in his speech sets a balanced contrast of his ideas by setting two opposites against each other and the parallel structure demonstrated makes it more rhythmic. Moreover. His very first sentence. . However. It is a powerful example of parallelism. The repetitions of “to those” as sentence beginnings are also parallelisms. metaphors are again seen when he speaks about rising to power in the country’s time of need. which include the assurance of “the survival and success of liberty”. “But we shall always hope to find them strongly supporting their own freedom—and to remember that. He uses frequent repetition throughout his speech when he lists his pledges. but also that he is reminding others to also respect their freedom filled Democratic government style. He used personification. those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside. Kennedy likes to use declarative sentences to express the strength he has. Further. Furthermore. The repetition of the word “pledge” allows the audience to grasp the concept of his intentions as President. but a celebration of freedom – symbolizing an end. Another metaphor is “casting off the chains of poverty” which means that poverty is the chains that bind people in which very hard to break through as chains are made of metal. he states. He makes declarations “to those new states whom we welcome to the ranks of the free” and “to those people in huts and villages across the globe”. as it also implies that poverty is not easy to solve and occurs in many other countries. All of these words cause the audience to not only make a strong connection with him but to have a sense of patriotism and provide deeper feelings for the audience in words that they can understand. One of the most important metaphor in his inaugural address is. he cleverly pointed out this mistake of the past without pointing pictures at anyone (other countries). Kennedy is probably best known for his use of parallelism in his speeches. the pledge of “loyalty to faithful friends”. “we observe today not a victory of party. Kennedy discussed the corruptness in the world by using metaphors. But we shall always hope to find them supporting our view”. This shows that Kennedy will respect how other countries choose their alliances and policies. he personifies a hemisphere of the earth as a homeowner. In addition. “We shall not always expect to find them supporting our views. “liberty”.

The sense of energy and its appeals to emotion create a tone of decisiveness and positiveness. He said the word “we” several times in his speech in which demonstrates the power of such small and simple word and also reinforces his connection and emotion with the country. The chosen words and literary devices. Its success is evident by the fact that it is still quoted and cited as an example of excellence to the present day. Making him seem just like you or I. the use of short declarative statements and vivid language created a sense of a need for self-sacrifice and involvement on the part of each citizen. not the Commander or Chief of the most powerful country of the United States. conveyed a spirit of action. The President's charisma and optimism are conveyed throughout the speech. This shows Kennedy was using his speech to call people to work towards the greater good for the country. Ideas and themes are expressed vividly and in a way that inspires the listener to take positive action. In conclusion. He uses the word ‘I” creates a sense of unity and fellowship between him and the audience. The speech demonstrates that the writers worked to learn the identity. Kennedy's inauguration speech is well written and effective. Their attention contributed to the success and continueing influence of this inaugural speech. hence a connection between him and the audience. . John F. and emotions of their audience. Telling them to use “the instruments of the united states” in which is a form of imagery. At the same time.Throughout the speech Kennedy demonstrate his ability to create a strong appeal with the help of personal pronoun. “Instruments” which make beautiful sounds in favor of the people of united states describe their role to “create a symphony” or in other words to push its country to be united. desires. implied as to accomplish something positive both for them personally and for the country. of how the importance of every citizen in becoming involved in working to solve the nation's problems.

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