# team_name Problem HY.

5 Questions date

Page 1 of 3
0. What is the reactor duty in kJ/h for this isothermal process? Is the chemical reaction
endothermic or exothermic? Must heat be added to or removed from the reactor?

The reactor duty is __________ kJ/h. Since it is ________ in value, the chemical
reaction is ___________, and thus heat must be ______________ the reactor.

1. For the adiabatic reactor in the HYSYS session, only a vapor product stream was needed since
the flow rate of the liquid was zero. For the isothermal case, both a vapor and a liquid product
stream are required. Why?

The exiting material at 25°C and 1 atm has two phases—vapor and liquid—since
its ____________ is below the _____ point of __________°C.

Above what reactor exit temperature will only a vapor product stream be required?

Only a single phase of _______ for the product stream will exist above ________°C.

2. What is the acrylonitrile composition in the liquid product stream in mole fraction? In mass
fraction? In parts per million (ppm)? In kg/m
3
? In kgmol/m
3
? In molarity (M)?

,
____________
L AN
x = ______ of acrylonitrile per ______ of Stream L
,
____________
L AN
w = ____ of acrylonitrile per ____ of Stream L
_____________ ppm =
(____ of acrylonitrile per ____ of Stream L)×10
6

, 3
,
3
____ __________ /
ˆ
_________ /
/ _________
L AN
L AN
kg h
C
V m h
kg m
'
= =
=
______ of acrylonitrile per ______ of Stream L

, 3
,
3
____ __________ /
ˆ
_________ /
/ _________
L AN
L AN
kgmol h
C
V m h
kgmol m
= =
=
______ of acrylonitrile per ______ of Stream L

3
3
___ 1
1 ___
________
________
m
kgmol gmol m
M
kgmol L
M
= ·
=
Molarity, ____ of acrylonitrile per L of Stream L

Each property value was obtained by copying it from HYSYS and pasting it here.

3. What assumptions were used to solve the isothermal reactor simulation problem?

- continuous process
- _________________________
- _________________________
- _________________________

team_name Problem HY.5 Questions date

Page 2 of 3
Compare these assumptions to those of the chemical reactor module in Appendix H of this
instructional manual. Are the assumptions the same? If not, how do they differ?

Compared to the reactor module in Appendix H, all but ____ of the assumptions
are the _____. In Appendix H, the reactor is assumed to be an ________ process.

4. Write the total mole balance equation for the isothermal reactor problem. What are the value
and units for the extent of reaction?

( )
( )
____________
_________________ 0
1
_______ _______ _______ _______
_______
_______
1
V
F
n
n or R
kgmol
h
R
kgmol
h
kg rxn
+
+ = =
+ ÷ ÷
= =
÷

Each total molar flow value was obtained by copying it from HYSYS and pasting it here.

What does the extent-of-reaction or R term in the total mole balance signify?

Since __ molecules of products are formed for every __ molecules of reactants
that react, a net of _____________ molecule is _________ per chemical reaction.

5. What is the energy relative imbalance (%RIB)? Show your calculations. The energy %RIB
equals 100*(energy flow in – energy flow out) / (energy flow in).

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
___ ___ ___ ___ ___
% 100
kJ/h
% 100
kJ/h
%
_______ _______ _______ _______ _______
_______ _______
_______
EB
F A
EB
EB
RIB
E E
RIB
RIB
÷ ÷ ÷
= ·
= ·
=
+
+
| | + ÷ ÷ ÷ (
¸ ¸
|
|
+ (
¸ ¸ \ .

Each energy flow value was obtained by copying it from HYSYS and pasting it here.

In the HYSYS software, the Mass/Energy Balance page within the Flowsheet/Flowsheet Summary
menu provides the relative imbalances for material and energy.

6. What is the material relative imbalance (%RIB) on a total molar basis? Show your calculations.
The total molar %RIB equals 100*(total molar flow in – total molar flow out) / (total molar
flow in).

team_name Problem HY.5 Questions date

Page 3 of 3
| |
| |
___ ___ ___ ___
% 100
kgmol/h
% 100
kgmol/h
%
_______ +_______ _______ _______
_______ +_______
_______
MB
F A
MB
MB
RIB
RIB
RIB
n n
÷ ÷
= ·
= ·
=
+
+
| | ÷ ÷
|
\ .

Each total molar flow value was obtained by copying it from HYSYS and pasting it here.

7. What is the material relative imbalance (%RIB) on a total mass basis? Show your calculations.
The material %RIB equals 100*(mass flow in – mass flow out) / (mass flow in).

| |
| |
___ ___ ___ ___
% 100
kg/h
% 100
kg/h
%
________ +________ ________ ________
________ +________
________ ______
MB
F A
MB
MB
RIB
RIB
RIB
m m
÷ ÷
= ·
= ·
=
+
+
| | ÷ ÷
|
\ .
~

Each total mass flow value was obtained by copying it from HYSYS and pasting it here.

How does this value compare with the %RIB on a molar basis? Explain.

The relative imbalance based on total moles is ______%, while the relative
imbalance based on total mass is _____%.

Since total mass is ________ during chemical reactions, the relative imbalance
based on total mass is the _____________ of the material relative imbalance.

In general, total moles during chemical reactions are ____________, as indicated
by the ______% and the fact that a net ______ of _____ molecule occurs per
reaction event.