Running head: DISPOSITIONAL PERSONALITY THEORIES

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Dispositional Personality Theories TEA !

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ien.hu2an personality3 Hans Eyesn.h person3 This paper /ill .tions( thoughts( and -eelings +et/een situations and o1er ti2e3 In other /ords( unpredi.data re4uired -or any analysis that ai2s to un. ideas a+out a person.0 -o.ta+ility is the e7.i-i.es +et/een people3 The .alled types3 Ne1ertheless( t/o 2a6or assu2ptions underlie a dispositional approa.ri+e personalities3 Indi1idual personalities ha1e indi1idual traits3 *ordon Allport -o.onsists o.personality traits3 Allport .o2ple7ity o.used on the indi1iduality o.s use o2orphogeni.a pattern o.an indi1idual.es o.data 2ust +e integrated to .s personality .a person( Allport.apture the -ull .s disposition( or the /ay a person is li0ely to +eha1e a.lari-y the strengths and li2itations othese theories3 Dispositional Theories in Relation to Individual Personalities In essen.y in his a.trait organi8ation .alled these personal dispositions3 Ray2ond 5attell +elie1ed three +road sour.onsisten.used on higher le1els o.ross situations as /ell as o1er ti2e3 *ordon Allport suggested that ea.personality3 These three sour.t the study o- personality theories< this enhan.es in indi1idual personalities3 .es understanding -or additional theories and resear.o1er all the 2a6or di2ensions o.dispositional 4ualities( /hi.dispositions 1aries -ro2 person to person3 Ea.h indi1idual has a uni4ue set o.h -or2 a uni4ue .h3 The -irst is the sta+ility o.3 The other assu2ption is the di--eren.s personality3 9sually an indi1idual /ill display . s.olle.h indi1idual.e singles out indi1iduality3 Dispositional theories a--e.hes3 The purpose is to understand the di--eren.e( personal dispositions help des.eption rather than the rule :East2an( n3d3.es o.DISPOSITIONAL PERSONALITY THEORIES Dispositional Personality Theories ) Traits present spe.o2+ination in ea.tion o.

3 5entral dispositions in.ondary these dispositions des.teristi.( .3 oreo1er( Allport.i-i.3 .( sel-B.ious( aggressi1e( sel-B.s approa.s +eha1iors and thoughts .entral( and i2portant to an indi1idual as propriu23 The ter2 propriu2 in.teristi.lude se1eral .h used 2orphogeni.teristi. :>eist ? >eist( )$$A.hara.hara.DISPOSITIONAL PERSONALITY THEORIES = >or e7a2ple( Allport des.yni.ondary dispositions although less .( nar.s and +eha1iors as /ar2( . :>eist ? >eist( p3 =@)( )$$A.personal dispositions3 5ardinal( 5entral( and Se. pro.teristi.hara.ause this is 2oti1ational disposition3 Ho/e1er( a person sho/ing 0indness is stylisti.s3 So2e e7a2ples o5ardinal dispositions are 4ui7oti.s spe. dispositions that .letters and diaries o.( and sadisti.ause this needs and dri1e3 A person 2ay ha1e an urge to eat and /ill -ind -ood to satis-y this urge +e.onspi.ri+es 1arious le1els o.ludes a sense o.s .3 In addition( 2oti1ational and stylisti.ri+es a person.s a+out a person< these .hau1inisti.entered( .entral dispositions( +ut greater in a2ount is responsi+le -or one.ri+e the person3 So2e people 2ay +e 4uarrelso2e( suspi.hara.s personality theory suggests people should +e treated as indi1iduals( understanding 2oti1ations( +eha1iors( and personalities on an indi1idual +asis ser1es as in-or2ational and helps /ith +etter understanding past and present theories3 People. +eha1iors :>eist ? >eist3 )$$A.e2ent :>eist ? >eist( )$$A.issisti.3 Allport de-ines .identity and sel-Benhan.3 >inally a person /ith se. hu2an +e.entered( senti2ental( independent( autono2ous( aestheti.indi1iduals helped Allport to understand +eha1iors /ithin an indi1idual :>eist ? >eist( )$$A.al( and dra2ati.edures( the use o.o2e -ro2 di--erent sour.uous than .s are used +y others to des.es3 Allport.( artisti.o2es -ro2 +asi.

neuroti.hologi.s su. approa.ally and psy.indi1idual dispositions is ho/ his or her +eha1ior .ial # intera.ale tend to +e 2ore an7ious( /ithdra/n( and e2otionally unsta+le3 Conclusion Dispositional personality theories ha1e +een the .DISPOSITIONAL PERSONALITY THEORIES Dispositional Theories Influence of Interpersonal Relationships !oth Allport and Eysen.es in .5rae di1ide traits into -i1e di2ensions: e7tra1ersion( neuroti.teristi.tion and thus interpersonal relationships3 >eist and >eist :)$$A.h people di--er in situations .ogni8ed that people are di--erent physi.oring high in e7tra1ersion are 2ore so.hologi.ategori8ed traits into three personality di2ensions< e7tra1ersion( neuroti.s -a. des.h has .ri+e ho/ people /ho s.ia+le and engage in 2ore relationships /ith others3 The e7a.hologi.al study o.ri+es the psy.ial setting +e.tor a--e. state that although Allport +elie1ed that the gro/th o.0.hoti.0.ed on a .h as thoughts( +eha1iors( and -eelings( /hi.an +e used to predi.ting the de1elop2ent3 Ho/e1er( 1arious traits are 2ore ideal -or de1eloping sta+le healthy interpersonal relationships3 Eysen.3 Despite the o+1ious di--eren.t so.hanges o1er ti2e and hu2an +eha1ior and personality traits that .personality does ta0e pla.is2( and psy.t opposite stands true -or those displaying traits o.s theories -o.is2( openness( agreea+leness( and .0 ea.lassi.h des.hara.is23 >eist and >eist :)$$A.is2 s.ategories( +oth 2odels sho/ that people s.personality3 It has re.al .h to understanding the psy.e in a so.is2( /hile 5osta and .us on traits that .an +e pla.ontri+uted to the study o.ontinuu23 *ordon Allport( 5attell( and Eyesn.ally3 The dispositional personality approa.tor theory .traits and disposition theory3 .ause this is not the only -a.ons.onsistently o1er ti2e3 The 2a6or underlying assu2ptions o.ore high on the neuroti.ientiousness :>eist ? >eist( )$$A.

traits that .alled his .lai2ed that all people /ere uni4ue( and +e.o2+ination o.DISPOSITIONAL PERSONALITY THEORIES % Ne1ertheless( Allport suggested that ea.ontri+uted to an indi1idual personality3 As des.( Eyesn.ri+ed in :>eist ? >eist( )$$A.ause o.hoti.h has re.h indi1idual has uni4ue traits and di1ided those traits into .is2 to e7plain an indi1idual +eha1ior3 Although Eysen.0 argues that personality traits .luster together to -or2 personality3 Also Allport and 5attell theory +oth o--ered an analysis o.tor analysis to dis.h he .ardinal( .used on types o.an +e grouped into three +ipolar di2ensions su.ould theori8e an indi1idual personality into .h as e7tro1ersionBintro1ersion( neuroti.o1er( /hi.tors is an origin -or personality disposition3 In studying personalities 2any theorist has o--ered di--erent e7planations in understanding +eha1ior and personality3 Ho/e1er( ea.personality3 As des.is2Bsta+ility( and psy.( 5attell used a -a.ategories( .ategories( his theory also suggested that heredity and en1iron2ental -a.e7plaining an indi1idual disposition to personality( /hereas Eyesn.0 -o.es o.ri+ed in :Allpsy.0 .traits3 Allport dispositional theory e7plained that an indi1idual is uni4ue( /hereas 5attell.o1er the 2a6or di2ensions o./hi.tors and traits3 .ogni8ed that personality and +eha1ior is .s theory suggested that there are three +road sour.data( /hi.ondary traits3 In( Allport dispositional theory he .entral( and se.h is re4uired to -or2 an analysis to un.o2ple7 and generally is deter2ined +y 2any -a.( he .h traits tend to .ri+ed in :>eist ? >eist( )$$=.h( )$$=.indi1idual uni4ueness( e1eryone had di--erent .alled personal dispositions3 As des.ategories o.

3 Ne/ Yor0: .attell3ht2l East2an( R3 :n3d3.*ra/BHill .h3.3 Personality Synopsis: Trait Theory3 Retrie1ed &une =( )$11( -ro2 http:""allpsy.o2"personality"L'B $ a6orThe2es9nderlyingAssu2ptionsDispositionalPersonality3ht2l >eist( *3 &3( >eist( &3 :)$$A.DISPOSITIONAL PERSONALITY THEORIES Re-eren. The Dispositional Strategy3 Stephen Austin State 9ni1ersity3 Retrie1ed &une #( )$11( -ro2 http:""///3/ilderdo23.h3 :)$$=.3 Theories of Personality3 :Cth ed.o2"personalitysynopsis".es ' AllPsy.