Theme of the Gospel: “…that you may believe”

But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name. John 20:31

The Good Shepherd
John 10:1-21
Discuss: How is Jesus like a shepherd and how are we as believers like sheep?

Introduction
There is much in the Old Testament about shepherds and sheep
Psalm 23:1 Psalm 80:1 The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. (Can you quote the Psalm?) Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, You who lead Joseph like a flock; You who dwell between the cherubim, shine forth! He will feed His flock like a shepherd; He will gather the lambs with His arm, And carry them in His bosom, And gently lead those who are with young. Who says of Cyrus, 'He is My shepherd, And he shall perform all My pleasure, Saying to Jerusalem, "You shall be built," And to the temple, "Your foundation shall be laid." '

Isa. 40:11

Isa. 44:28

There are plenty of warnings about false shepherds
Jer. 50:6 “My people have been lost sheep. Their shepherds have led them astray; They have turned them away on the mountains. They have gone from mountain to hill; They have forgotten their resting place. 2 "Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy and say to them, 'Thus says the Lord GOD to the shepherds: "Woe to the shepherds of Israel who feed themselves! Should not the shepherds feed the flocks?

Ezekiel 34

The Egyptians didn’t like them!
Gen. 46:34 “… for every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians."

Shadow Mountain South Asian Church

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17 February 2013 - _______________________

1 Peter 5:1-3 The elders who are among you…2 Shepherd the flock of God which is among you. but being examples to the flock The Parable of the Good Shepherd 1-6 John 10:1 "Most assuredly. he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door. The porter would sleep at the opening and actually become "the door. Jesus _______________ the sheep Hebrews 13:19-21 20 Now may the God of peace who brought up our Lord Jesus from the dead.  The Lord introduced the concept of the Good Shepherd with a parable. working in you what is well pleasing in His sight. and some pastors and teachers. Great and Chief Shepherd. you will receive the crown of glory that does not fade away. Amen. As the great shepherd. that great Shepherd of the sheep. The shepherds in the village would drive their sheep into the fold at nightfall and leave the porter to stand guard. the same is a thief and a robber. 3 nor as being lords over those entrusted to you. and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out." 6 Jesus used this illustration." Nothing could enter or leave the fold without passing over the porter or the shepherd. serving as overseers. for they know his voice. some evangelists. 2 "But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. Jesus _______________ for the sheep 1 Peter 5:4 4 and when the Chief Shepherd appears. not by compulsion but willingly. which would recognize their shepherd's voice and come out of the fold. and an opening served as the door. Christ points out that: 2 17 February 2013 . 5 "Yet they will by no means follow a stranger. I say to you. through the blood of the everlasting covenant. Jesus ___________ for the sheep.  As the good shepherd. to whom be glory forever and ever. some prophets.Jesus is the Good. to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood. Ephesians 4:11 And He Himself gave some to be apostles. through Jesus Christ. 21 make you complete in every good work to do His will.  As the chief shepherd. but climbs up some other way. he goes before them. In the church there are sheep and there are under-shepherds (who are also sheep!) Acts 20:28 "Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock. The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep. In the morning each shepherd would call his own sheep. John 10:11  "I am the good shepherd. among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. not for dishonest gain but eagerly. and the sheep hear his voice. perhaps ten feet high. for they do not know the voice of strangers. 4 "And when he brings out his own sheep. (vs. 1-5) The oriental sheepfold was very simple: a stone wall surrounded it. but will flee from him. 3 "To him the doorkeeper opens._______________________  Shadow Mountain South Asian Church . and the sheep follow him. but they did not understand the things which He spoke to them.

but the sheep did not hear them. 3). and wolves may attack the flock. blinding dust and burning sands in summer. all these the shepherd patiently endures for the welfare of the flock. 9 "I am the door. sometimes even giving their lives to protect their sheep. but it is the narrowness of truth. David tells how he killed a lion and a bear while defending his father's flock as a shepherd boy (1 Samuel 17:36). and will go in and out and find pasture. if he will. he is the only way. If anyone enters by Me. vol.1. Rushing walls of water down the valleys from sudden heavy rainfalls may sweep them away. shepherds were frequently subjected to grave danger.shtml Archibald Thomas Robertson. I am [ego eimi] the door. "Most assuredly.org/Good-Shepherd. If Jesus is the Son of God sent to earth for our salvation. “One can call this narrow intolerance.thebiblestudypage. 177.e.” 2 8 "All who ever came before Me are thieves and robbers. 5 (New York: Harper & Brothers.  One door and only one! An exclusive Statement. 2.  This is a clear denial of syncretism. Pharisees and Sadducees who led the people astray. he will be saved. and the sheep will not recognize or follow them. who are thieves and robbers. it is helpful to realize that sheep are utterly defenseless and totally dependent upon the Shepherd. The ones who went before are the leaders of Israel. long lonely hours each day. quoted by Elmer Towns. Driving snow in the winter. 4-5). “I am and nobody else is”] the door He repeats it again in verse nine. The Gospel of John.gotquestions. 1932). Word Pictures in the New Testament. try to get in some subtle way. 3.1 The Explanation of the Parable 7-21 The Door – vss. The true shepherd calls his sheep by name and they recognize him. False shepherds and strangers.  Sheep need a Savior! First. page 99 3 http://www. I say to you I am the door of the sheep. I am [Greek: ego eimi – a very exclusive statement! i.3 1 2 http://www. The true shepherd comes through the door (v. In fact._______________________ . 1). 7-10 7 Then Jesus said to them again.com/shepherd. robbers may steal them. Sheep are always subject to danger and must always be under the watchful eye of the shepherd as they graze. The true shepherd leads the sheep and they follow (v. (v. to better understand the purpose of a shepherd during the ancient times of Jesus.html Shadow Mountain South Asian Church 3 17 February 2013 .

He was a murderer from the beginning. – John 8 They rejected the man born blind – John 9 They wanted to kill Lazarus – John 12:10  The leaders were following the lead of their father John 8:44 "You are of your father the devil. He leads me beside the still waters. he speaks from his own resources. that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. and that they may have it more abundantly. ` John 3:16 "For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son. and to kill. Going in and out is not a reference to going in and out of salvation. I have come that they may have life. and to destroy. and the desires of your father you want to do. They wanted to kill the woman caught in adultery. and does not stand in the truth._______________________ . because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie. 3 He restores my soul.  There is salvation including safety and security in Christ. (Don’t take a parable/illustration beyond what is intended!) Psalm 23:2-3 He makes me to lie down in green pastures. for he is a liar and the father of it. 10 "The thief does not come except to steal.  Jesus came to give life by laying down his life. He leads me in the paths of righteousness For His name's sake. if ______________ __________________________ Shadow Mountain South Asian Church 4 17 February 2013 .  The leaders of Israel were prepared to kill but could not give life. It is God’s purpose that those who believe in Christ have ___________ ___________ Does God have a wonderful plan for your life? Yes.

It is an innate goodness. and beautiful. His righteousness. every one.The Shepherd 11 "I am the good shepherd.” Who is\ the “we” and “us all” in Isaiah 53:6? _________________ Isaiah 53:6 6 All we like sheep have gone astray. as others may be. and not for ours only but also for the whole world. Hebrews 13:20. And the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all. 1 Peter 2:25. 4 www. one who does not own the sheep. Who was purchased with Christ’s blood according to Acts 20:28? ______________________ Acts 20:28 to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood.  It should be understood that Jesus is “the” good shepherd. Zechariah 13:7. 13 "The hireling flees because he is a hireling and does not care about the sheep. and the wolf catches the sheep and scatters them. It signifies not only that which is good inwardly—character—but also that which is attractive outwardly.org Shadow Mountain South Asian Church 5 17 February 2013 . 1 Peter 5:4). guides. The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep. for whom did Christ die? “For the _____________________. even as there will be false teachers among you. in using the phrase “the good shepherd. wholesome. and nurtures His flock.  A hireling is a h_____________ h__________ who takes care of the flock for _______________. As shepherd of the sheep. but He is unique in character (Psalm 23. he who is not the shepherd. He is the one who protects.gotquestions. Therefore. 1 John 2:2 And He Himself is the propitiation for our sins. good. and bring on themselves swift destruction. to his own way. The Greek word kalos translated “good” describes that which is noble.4  In this passage. not simply “a” good shepherd. and His beauty. even denying the Lord who bought them. mean. 12 "But a hireling.” Jesus is referencing His inherent goodness. who will secretly bring in destructive heresies._______________________ . sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees. We have turned. Christ is the propitiation (satisfaction of divine justice) for the sins of the __________________________. What about false prophets and false teachers who deny the Lord? 2 Peter 2:1 But there were also false prophets among the people. foul and unlovely. in contrast with that which is wicked.

and I have power to take it again.gotquestions. 11 I lay down My life for the sheep. – vs. they were expected to exercise the same care and concern the owners would. the Pharisees (John 10:12-13). The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep. but I lay it down of Myself. Interestingly enough. In that passage the Jewish leaders (Pharisees) were contrasted with Christ who is the Door. when a wolf appeared—the most common threat to sheep in that day—the hireling abandoned the flock and fled. which are his main consideration. In John 10:9.5 14 "I am the good shepherd. the hireling is contrasted with the true or faithful shepherd who willingly gives up his life for the sheep. 15 I lay down My life that I may take it again. Here. leaving the sheep to be scattered or killed (John 10:12-13). 18 2 Timothy 1:9 Who has saved us and called us to a holy life Not because of anything we have done but because of his own purpose and grace. As a result. Nevertheless. some of the hirelings thought only of themselves. This was characteristic of a true shepherd.org/Good-Shepherd._______________________ . As He did in declaring that He is “the door of the sheep” in John 10:7. and am known by My own. – vs. and I know My sheep. He compares them to a “hireling” or “hired hand” who don’t really care about the sheep. the shepherds of ancient times were not usually the owners of the flock. even so I know the Father. 17 No one takes it from Me. He who is a “hireling” works for wages. 5 http://www. His concern is not for the sheep but for himself. I have power to lay it down.   Note the intimate relationship between the good shepherd and His sheep and the total commitment of our good shepherd in giving His life of his own volition for us. Jesus is making a contrast between Himself and the religious leaders. in John 10:12. 15 "As the Father knows Me. This grace was given us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time. Jesus speaks of thieves and robbers who sought to enter the sheepfold stealthily.html Shadow Mountain South Asian Church 6 17 February 2013 . – vs. and I lay down My life for the sheep. – vs. However. Four times Jesus spoke of laying down his life for the sheep.