Matisse in the Collection of the Museum of Modern Art Source: MoMA, No. 8 (Autumn, 1978), pp.

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Twenty years later. its first Director.and the famous 1916 works The Moroccans and The Piano the yearsafterthe war. the only set in existence apart from the one at Vence).the roomis prepared for visitors:we are invitedto see a carefullyarranged exhibition of thepainter'sart. and a set of chasubles that constitutes the Matissecollection of The Museumof Modem Art is rivaled only by the combined collections of The Herandthe mitageMuseumin Leningrad PushkinMuseum in Moscow. andBather (1909). will include all of the paintings. This was the Museum's first large Europeanone-man show and the first importantMatisse exhibition at an American museum. The crucialFauve period. Luxe. Onlythings to art retaintheirlocal color and hence pertaining theiridentity amidthe rustred that infiltrates else. 1979 d'HarnoncourtGallery. 16 sculptures.129 on Sat. However. after an astonishing500 sessions of work). the almost Expressionist The Italian Woman of 1916(the Museum's most recently acquiredpainting). Since then. In 1911 Matisse turned his flat. was a landmark both in Matisse's art and in modem painting as a whole. Matisse: His Art and His Public. from the catalog Matisse in the Collection of the Museumof ModernArt v Aa -4.the remarkablenearabstract Viewof NotreDame of 1914. and cutouts by Matisse in the Museum Collection. range. Elderfield notes. donatedto the Museum together with the window itself). which presages much color-field paintingof subsequentyears. he also producedan importantseries of etchings and lithographs of figure subjects. CharitableTrust. nearly200 prints. arguably Matisse's last masterpiece. such as Nuit de Noel (commissioned by Life magazine and at Matisse's suggestion. affords an overview of virtually every period in his long and variedcareer. Barr. the forthcomingexhibition will be the Museum's first since 1952 of Matisse's art in all the media with which he worked. 1913. Mr. from approximately1907 to 1917.. Even __ Everything the emptychairsthatface the exhibited art serve to remindus of Matisse'sideal of art as a restfrom physicalfatigue. Curatorin the Department of Painting and Sculptureand Director of the forthcoming exhibition.insteadof seeking harmony through the contrast of vivid colors. The series of four Back reliefs that Matisse made at intervals between 1909 and 1931 are also well-known items in the MoMA Collection. Director of the Departmentof Drawings.andfigure the idealizedfigure compositions-but dominate. "Of course. The Collection highlights the decade when Matisse is widely considered to have been at the zenith of his powers. Nearlyall of Matisse'sdifferent everything mediaare represented in the interior. and depth of Matisse's achievement more fully than any other single collection and offers a remarkable overview of the develop] ment of his artisticcareer. designs for the vestmentsthat Matissecreatedforthe famous Vence Chapel(the Museumalso owns a set of the vestments themselves.' -John Elderfield.178. and majorexamples of the justly celebrated paper cutouts. is shownin a passive state. <* X. All of Matisse'sdifferentsubjectsare shown -still life. which climaxed in the magnificent 54-foot long environmental mural. the collection as it stands-containing 26 paintings.depicted in a number of his paintings from 1906 into the teens (for example.but thefunctionof paintingsdominate. Matisse's sculpturein the Collection representsseveral different aspects of his work in this medium. They include such masterpieces as The Blue Window(now redated to 1913). In the words of John Elderfield. paintings in 1966. The Museum Collection spans nearly 60 years of Matisse's art. and sculpture in 1972. The exhibition will be accompaniedby a fully illustratedcatalog documenting the worksin the Collection writtenby JohnElderfield. Although Matisse was possibly at his most abstractin these years. . 1952 -53. sculptures.with additionaltexts by Riva Castleman and by William S.drawings. a group of important woodcuts and lithographs. I * _ V I October27-January 30. illustrated books. "not all periods of Matisse's work are equally well representedin The Museum Collection. however.organizeda major retrospective exhibition of Matisse's work. Memoryof Oceania. landscape.usurping windowsin showingglimpsesof anotherworld. a work he. and major thematic works such as Memory of Oceania of 1952-53. Next to the period1907to 1917. 29 Mar 2014 02:39:44 AM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . calme et volupte. These include designs for stained-glass windows. The Museum's holdings in this exciting periodare by far the strongestof any collection in the world. This is testament less to the want of trying to fill the lacunae that do exist than to the astonishing variety of Matisse's art. The years 1913 through 1916 are characterizedby a more restraineduse of color and a more architectonic. portraiture. the Museumhas held exhibitionsof Matisse's work in single media including cutouts in 1961. Dance (1909). In 1931.and what Alfred Barr called "experimental. is also well represented in the design objects of variouskinds-shows the quality. By 1951 Matisse had abandoned painting and sculpture and." Jeanette'V. and the magnificent Girl Reading of 190506.1913. together with some fine portraitdrawings from this period. Matisse's painting style began to soften in 1917. The groupof paintings.sculptures. as well as many of the remainderinterestgifts (worksthatarethe propertyof the institutionbutremainwith the donors for their lifetimes) and promisedgifts.Fromthe firstpartof this period comes the three figure paintingsMusic (1907). the idyllic.andconstitutesthe single most importantcollection of his art in privateor public hands. It ranges from the arabesqueforms of La Serpentineof 1909(Matisse made this while he was working on the arabesque Dance) to the progressively more abstract series of five Jeannettesculpturesof 1910to 1913 (which first show the influence of Cubism on Matisse's art) and to Venusin a Shell I and Tiari of 1930. and one of the undisputed giants of modem art. made after Matisse's designs. which comes on the eve of the Museum's 50th AnniversaryYear. and by a selection of his early printsand drawings. he submitted color to the harmonyof light." Mr. Also from this period comes the superb brush and ink drawing of Jeanne Manguin(the wife of one of Matisse'sFauve colleagues). The printcollection also includes numerous examples of the odalisque and figure subjects of Matisse's socalled Nice period. cutouts. all of which relate to the dec- Memoryof Oceania (Souvenir d'Oceanie). relaxedworldof the Bonheurde vivre. Jr. 19 drawings. This content downloaded from 182. This last sculpture is unique in Matisse's work for the way in which it combinesthe formsof a plantand a headin one image. after WorldWar I. nearly 13 feet in width. A small group of paintings that*includes Interior with a Violin Case of 1918-19 (the first Matisse painting to enter the Museum'sCollection). as it expanded easel painting to a mural-likescale and it presentedcolor with a broadnessand an intensitythat was at that time unknown. The Museumof Modem Arthas been very instrumental in winning for he enMatissethe broadappreciation joys today among the American art public. Jeanette V. The Museum of Modem Art Collection "contains a numberof Matisse's greatestmasterpieces. It belongstherefore less to the tradition of studiopaintingsas such thanto the tradition of paintingsthatdocument collectionsor exhibitions of art. prints.'In The Red Studio. 6 cutouts.and hence in thispainting." style that reveals the effect of Cubism on Matisse's art." MATISSE IN THE COLLECTION OF THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART. A generous selection of the design objects by Matisse will also be shown. as is shown by The Rose MarbleTableof thatyear. Directorof the Department of Prints and Illustrated Books. which was accompanied by publication of his classic study. and the last the great cutout of 1952-53. when Matisse first trulybegan to use color as the primary constructive meansof painting. the Blue Nude series of 1952. Dance.Theworldpresentedin compositions thepaintings. In the opinion of many observers. Istfloor Henri Matisse is perhaps the most universallyacclaimed painterof the 20th century. was creating an extraordinarygroup of decorative compositions.The SwimmingPool. complements the extensive print holdings in this periodof his art.andone of the artist'sfavorite sculptures.Matisse'semergenceas an artist of importantstatureis shown by the Cezanne-influenced Male Model of 1900 (a recentacquisition). two Collioure landscapes of 1905.the artist'slate periodis particularly well represented. the Museum's Goldfish and Sculpture of 1911). the earliestworkan 1896still life painted when Matisse was still a pupil of Gustave Moreau. despite its considerablesize. liberated color to still-life and interior subjects. of these the Museum's Goldfish and Sculpture and The Red Studio are among his most celebrated works. and nearly 100 of his printsfrom the very extensive holdings in the area will be installed by Riva Castleman. Reclining Nude I of 1906-07. Barr organized a second major Matisse exhibition.The Museumowns copies of all of his illustratedbooks plus two fine late drawings. the thirdyear of the Museum'sexistence. AlfredH. drawings. Both the exhibition and its accompanying publication are being made possible by a generous grant from the Robert WoodJohnsonJr. examples include a 1904 oil study for his first major Arcadianfigure composition. orative projects that Matisse prepared for the Russian merchant Sergei Shchukin.Dahlias and Pomegranatesof 1947andTheNecklace of 1950. using scissors and colored paper. by the accompanyingsculpturetheSerf (not finalized until 1903. finished a year before his death. a stained-glasswindow.

each accompanied by a commentaryin depth. Directorof the Museumof Contemporary Art. London. paperbound @ $12. Flam. and all ContributingMembers. (centerright) in his studio at Issy-les Moulineaux. and drawings in the Collection and a generous selection of the many prints-a total of 125 illustrations. Special Book OfferSubscriberswith expiration date of June 30. Chicago. 1979 throughFebruary29. 1980.Directorof the Department of Prints and IllustratedBooks.Jack D. Reproductions of all the oil paintings.from turn-of-the-century and protoFauve works to the remarkable cutouts of Matisse's last years.129 on Sat.75) $ 0471. with notes and 144 referenceillustrations. Lieberman and Riva Castleman. The speakers.Y.N.50 (members$9.50. the cutouts. $25 cloth edition to be distributed as a special double selection to NonResident. and those on printsby Riva Castleman. and (bottom Mlembersh ip category and no. and Family Members with expiration dates of June 30.178. In addition. (center left) workingon his greatfinal works. 1952.each of whom will address a different aspect of Matisse's oeuvre. with 35 in full color-appear in chronological order. there will be gallery talks daily at I p. 1979.on the expression of a dreamwhichis alwaysinspiredby reality.m. State _________________ Zip This content downloaded from 182. in ) painting the Dancer andArmchairin Nice. Director of the Slade School of Fine Art. City Universityof New York. the lectureswill take place on successive Tuesdayevenings. It consistsof a meditation 'Slowly on nature.239. $12. Foreign. 10019 Please send me copies of Matisse in the Collection of The Museum of Modern Artimmediately uponpublication (October 26) as follows: 0470.See Calendarfor complete schedule and ticket information. with additional text by WilliamS. Clothbound. Professorof Art History.$ Pierre Matisse _~~~~~~~ _I Matisse and ~~~~~ Lectures Talks Gallery I discovered the secretof my art. from his earliest paintingsbefore the turnof the centuryto his final papercutoutsof the 1950s.Curator of Paintingand Sculpture. 1979 throughMay 31. which| calms us. The Museum of Modern Art Customer Sales Service 11 West 53 Street New York.These texts contain much new informationand some revisions of previously accepted chronology. November 14 throughDecember5. This important book is a comprehensivepresentationof works by Matisse in the Collection of the Museumof Modem Art.those on drawingsby William S. will be John Hallmark Neff. Commentariesand notes on paintings and sculptures have been prepared by John Elderfield.| A painting in an interiorspreadsjoy around it by its color.20c each additional book $ NewYork Statesales taxwhereapplicable $ Enclosed is mycheck to The Museum of Modern Art $ Name I~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Street City |(Top) Matisse sketchingin the Bois de Boulogne in the early 1930s. derived from documents and correspondencerecently made available. INice.William Tucker. Lieberman.38) $ Postageand handling 5Ocfirstbook. A full catalogof the worksfollows. 1980.1/942.' -Henri Matisse photo: Helene Adant photo: Pierre Matisse Fourinternationally distinguishedscholarsfrom this countryand abroadwill be coming to the Museumin NovemberandDecemberto speakon the workof Henri Matisse.00 (members$18. sculptures. All periodsof the artist'slong and varied creative life are represented. The focus of this volume is on the individualworks. 'The characteristicof modern art is to participatein our life. and Lawrence Gowing. Participating Memberswith expirationdates of March 31.Directorof the Department of Drawings. paperbound. for the length of the exhibition.BrooklynCollege.Sculptorand Visiting Professorat Columbia University. 29 Mar 2014 02:39:44 AM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . 1909.' -Henri Matisse photo:AndreOstier New Publication Matisse in The Collection of The Museum of Modern Art John Elderfield. Conceived as a chronological survey of Matisse's development in all media. clothbound @ $25.