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RULES AND LIMITATIONS FOR NFPA 68 DUST MODELS: Model Application 0.8 ≤ P0 ≤ 1.com explosion dusts . calculated values are black. Consistent with GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE.2 bar-abs Panel density ≤ MT and ≤ 40 kg/m2 Vent ducts Allow partial volume 1≤ L/D ≤ 6 (calculate vent duct effect last) Allow vent duct Panel density ≤ 40 kg/m2 Partial volume 0.2 bar-abs 1 ≤ L/D ≤ 6 (calculate vent duct effect last) No vent duct Panel density ≤ MT and ≤ 40 kg/m2 Elevated initial pressure 0. or incorrect calculations. Print out using direct Excel commands.HELP! · · NFPA 68 Standard on Explosion Protection by Deflagration Venting . <<<<<<< Psafety © January 2001.2 ≤ P0 ≤ 4 bar-g Full volume deflagration 1 ≤ L/D ≤ 6 (calculate elevated initial pressure effect last) Panel inertia 0. visit @ cheresources. expressed or implied. I format cells requiring entry colored RED.8 ≤ P0 ≤ 1.NFPA Vent . This application is provided by Chemical Engineers Resource Website. dmcoffman@aol.2007 Edition NOTE: Always begin a new case by retrieving the original file. See the Workbook Help Sheet for Additional Instructions on Use. Direct entry of data in cells that originally contain table lookups could cause functions to be lost.2 bar-a Panel inertia No vent duct Panel density ≤ 40 kg/m2 Allow partial volume 1 ≤ L/D ≤ 6 Print out using direct EXCEL commands. as to the accuracy of the data and other information set forth and assumes NO liability for any losses or damage resulting from the use of the materials or application of the data. the burden rests with the USER of these spreadsheets to review ALL calculations.NFPA Psafety© January 2001 .8 ≤ P0 ≤ 1. The USER IS FULLY RESPONSIBLE for the results or decisions based on calculations.com for additional selections. This Spreadsheet Requires MACROS to be ENABLED to ASSURE proper operation.2007 Edition · · BASIS: NFPA 68 Standard on Explosion Protection by Deflagration Venting . by Don Coffman >>>>>>> The originator of these spreadsheet(s) specifically excludes all warranties. and assumptions.

00 4.2 8 2 2 result is shown Av1 = 0.6 ·K Kst /( /(n 03 0. 7 7. if Xr can be b determined d t i d Π = 0.75 4.3133 sq meter 3.0523 feet feet ee E1 = E2 = meter t 2 ε= fD = 0 85 0.7.6·(L/D-2) [ ( / ) 0 75 0.37 sq feet Av1= Av0·[1+0.3 lb/sq ft 0.757 1 77 1.64 0 00 0.Effects of Vent Ducts 12 00 12.00 200 U it Unit bar-g bar g bar g bar-g bar-g bar g cu meter t b bar-m/sec / I Imperial i l 51.37 Vaxial = 0.05 Avf=Av4·(1+1.00 1. ti ….72 psig sq feet Peffective = bar-g g -4 0 bar-g 4/3 / = Πeffective = 0.2. kg/m 2 2 M = 19.54·((P ·(1+1 54·((Pstat-P Pinitial)/1+Peffective) ·K Kst·Vol Vol 3/4 ) ·(1/ (1/Πeffective-1) 1) 05 0. if panel mass ≤ 40-kg/m2 & Kst ≤ 250 n = MT = Av3 = 1 93.63 116.18·E (1+1. 31. 22 22.00% sq feet ·E E2 0.118 3.5 )] meter sq f feet t Av3=[1+(0.3133 Pred/Pmax meter 2 Xr = 3 3726 3.7777 0 3133 0.1 26 26.2 18 18. for Enclosures L/D / </= / 2.75 ·exp(-0.Venting g by y Means of Low-Inertia Vent Enclosures ….00 0 0. 20 20.6.94 SCFH feet feet/sec feet/sec / feet/sec sq feet Air flow rate through the equipment Equipment overall length in direction of air product flow Maximum tangential air velocity in the equipment Circumferential f ( (tangential) g ) air velocity y in the equipment q p Vtan_max = Vtan = Av2 = 0 00 0. vtan) )-20)/36]·0.Eff Effects t of fP Partial ti l V Volume l C Correction.2 )] Av2 )]·A . 16 16.26 0.440195197 Av4 = 0 3133 0..2.4 explosion dusts . 8.250 8.7700 2 meter meter ee Kexit : ΣK = assum Avent = meter 39 37 39.8 )·K ) Kst·V V 3/ 3/4 %error = )·(K/K ) (K/Ko) 0.54·P Pstat sq feet 0.4 0 107 0.0 Av0 = 0.5 .NFPA Psafety© January 2001 .54 )/(1+1.. 14 14. 15.3 23 11. 8 8.2.3.5 0 00% 0. 13.67·(P (Pred )·(V/K ) (V/Kst 05 0.2007 Edition · · 1 1. 4.0 0 Eq Eq.37 sq feet Av0 ·(1+1 54·Pstat 0=1·10 ·(1+1. if velocity is greater than 20 20-m/sec m/sec Qair i = Lequip = 0 118 0.06 3 63 3. 29.2.3133 no vents no.1 23 23.95·P p( red ) .Effects ec s o of Initially a y Elevated e a ed Pressure essu e 0 8. 19.2527 bar-g bar-g g meter 2 0 00 0.000 25 00 25.2 10. 2. 25 25.0000 0 2527 0.00 0 06 0.0133 0 0 33 4 effective roughness.5.3133 sq meter 3.Collection Confidential Project No: Equipment: BR 549 BR-549 Building 45 Baghouse Date: 8/1/2009 · · Equipment / System Specifics · · 3 3.5 5 15 1. 5 5. 8 8.000 sq f feet t fill fraction > Π Av4=Av3·Xr -1/3 ·(X ( r-Π/1-Π) 05 0.92 9 0 75 0. 17.5 2. roughness mm fD=[1/(1.3726 1. Area L/D > 2 & L/D </= 6 6. 8. Pinitial = E P max D t PAPER DUST Dust: M t i Metric Pred: Pstat: Pmax: V V: L/D Ratio: Kst: 3. 28 28.· · NFPA 68 Standard on Explosion Protection by Deflagration Venting . 9 9.998 11. 8. 27.440195197 Avep = Avep=Av1/Av0·10 ·(1+1.00 0.54·P t t -4 4/3 )·Kst t·V 3/4 [(Pmax/Pred d)-1] 2 0.2.522 0 250 0. 8 8.14 2log10(ε/Dh)] 4/3 /3 2 E1=( Avf · Lduct )/V E2=(10 ·A Avf)/(1+1.14-2log [1/(1. Service: Client: Dust Handling . 8.3 ·V·P V Pred 02 0.7]·A 0)/36] 0 ] v1 .5 8.85 6.2 2 50 2. Lduct = d Dh = Kinlet : Kelbows : f D·L/D L/Dh = Avf = .1 31 21.67 =[6.00 882 77 882.20 3 37 3.3133 meter /sec meter meter/sec meter/sec / meter/sec meter 2 3 14 998 14.50 )·(n ) (n 0. 24.5 . … if L/D </= 2 2.18 E1 0 26 0.7 12 12. 6. 8.0075)·M [1 (0 0075) M 06 0.77 19.5 1.37 19 05 19.4.37 4.107 1.00 2 72 2.Elongated Enclosure Area.Effects of Panel Inertia.06 3.37 12 20 12.20 lb/ft 2 k / kg/m 2 0. 30 30.01717608 0 01717608 Vaxiall = ( Qair · L ) / V Av2=[(1+max(v [( a ( axial.High Turbulnce Correction.77 U it Unit psig psig psig cu ft R f Reference Maximum pressure p developed p during g a vented deflagration f g Pressure that activates a vent closure Maximum pressure developed in a contained deflagration Volume of equipment being analyzed Ratio of height -toto diameter D fl Deflagration ti index i d of fad dust t cloud l d .67 Mt=[6.