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In this paper we prove that there exist infInitelv many disjoint sets of posItIve integers which the sum of whose reciprocals is equal to unity.

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**RECIPROCAL PARTITION THEORY
**

Maohua Le

Abstract . In this paper we prove that there exist

infInitelv many disjoint sets of posItIve integers which

the sum of whose reciprocals is equal to unity.

Key words. disjoint set of positive integers, sum of

reiprocals: unity.

In [1] and [2] , Murthy proposed the following

conjecture.

Conjecture . There are infmitely many disjoint sets of

positive integers \vhich the sum of \vhose reciprocals IS

equal to unity.

In this paper we completely verify the mentioned

conjecture. For any pOSItIve integer n with n ~ 3: let

A(n)={ a(n, 1) , a(n,2), ... a(n,n)} be a disjoint set of positive

integers having n elements, "where a(n,k) (k=1,2 ... , n) satisfy

(1) a(3:1)=2, a(3,2)=3: a(3))=6,

and

"I)

( ....

r 2,

a(n,k)=i

if k-l,

L 2a(n-l,k-l), if k>1:

for n>3. We prove the following result.

Theorem. For any positive integer n with ~ 3, A(n)

IS a disjoint set of positive integers satisfying

I 1 1

(3)

-- + + ... + --- =1 .

a(n, 1) a(n,2) a(n,n).

Proof. We see from (1) and (2) that a(n, 1 )<a(n,2)< ...

242

A CONJECTURE CONCERNING THE

RECIPROCAL PARTITION THEORY

Maohua Le

Abstract . In this paper we prove that there exist

infInitelv many disjoint sets of posItIve integers which

the sum of whose reciprocals is equal to unity.

Key words. disjoint set of positive integers, sum of

reiprocals: unity.

In [1] and [2] , Murthy proposed the following

conjecture.

Conjecture . There are infmitely many disjoint sets of

positive integers \vhich the sum of \vhose reciprocals IS

equal to unity.

In this paper we completely verify the mentioned

conjecture. For any pOSItIve integer n with n ~ 3: let

A(n)={ a(n, 1) , a(n,2), ... a(n,n)} be a disjoint set of positive

integers having n elements, "where a(n,k) (k=1,2 ... , n) satisfy

(1) a(3:1)=2, a(3,2)=3: a(3))=6,

and

"I)

( ....

r 2,

a(n,k)=i

if k-l,

L 2a(n-l,k-l), if k>1:

for n>3. We prove the following result.

Theorem. For any positive integer n with ~ 3, A(n)

IS a disjoint set of positive integers satisfying

I 1 1

(3)

-- + + ... + --- =1 .

a(n, 1) a(n,2) a(n,n).

Proof. We see from (1) and (2) that a(n, 1 )<a(n,2)< ...

242

<a(n,n). It implies that A(n) IS a disjoint set of

positive integers. By (l), we get

1 1 1 1 1 1

(4) -- + -- + -- = - + - + - = 1 .

a(3,l) a(3,2) a(3,3) 2 3 6.

Hence, A(n) satisfies (3) for n=3. Further, by (2) and

(4) ,we obtain that if n>3, then

__ 1 _ + 1 + ... + 1 = _1 + [ 1 +

a(n, 1) a(n,2) a(n, n) 2 2 a(n-l , 1)

(5) + ... + 2a(n.

1

l,11-1) ] = + = 1 .

Therefore,by (5), A(n) satisfies (3) for n>3. Thus the

theorem is proved.

References

[1] A. Murthy, Smarandache maximum reciprocal

representation function, Smarandache Notions J. 11 (2000),

305-307.

[2] A. Murthy, Open problems and conjectures on the

factor/reciprocal partition theory, Smarandache Notions J.

11(2000), 308-311.

Department of Mathematics

Zhanjiang Normal College

Zhanjiang, Guangdong

PR. CHINA

243

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