The University of Alabama Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering

Water Resources Engineering Laboratory Flow Over a Broad Crested Weir Author Humberto Avila(PhD)

FLOW OVER A BROAD CRESTED WEIR Modified by Redahegn(Redi) Sileshi January, 2009 1. Outcomes • • 2. • • • • 3. Conduct various civil engineering experiments related to the course, analyze and evaluate the results with regard to real application. Write a well organized work report with good verbal, graphical content.

Objectives: Understand the flow patterns over a broad-crested weir. Use the equation that quantifies the discharge over a broad-crested weir and be familiar with the equation by taking various values for the parameters in the equation. Determine the discharge coefficient Cd on a broad-crested weir using the given parameters. Analyze and discuss the results. Theory

Weirs are elevated hydraulic structures used to measure flow and/or control the water elevation at outflows from basins and channels [1]. Broad-crested weirs operate under the theory that critical flow conditions are created above the weir [1]. That means that the depth of water above the weir is equivalent to the critical depth (yc). Critical condition is obtained when the relationship between the inertial forces and the gravitational forces of the flow is equal to 1.0; therefore, the velocity of the flow, V, is equal to the velocity of the wave (or celerity), c = is known as Froude number (F). F=1 when the flow is critical.

gy ;. This relationship

F=

V gy

(1)

where, V= average velocity of the flow (m/s) y = depth of water (m). y becomes yc if critical flow is present. g = Gravity (m/s2) Figure 1 shows the profile on a broad-crested weir.

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