Application of Laplace Transform

Solving Second Order Differential Equation
Example :
Solve

d2y
dy
− 3 + 2 y = 2e 3t given y(0) = 5 and y’(0) = 7.
2
dt
dt

Solution :

L

d 2 y

dy
+ 2 y  =  L {2e 3t }
 2 −3
dt
 dt

s 2Y ( s ) − s y (0) − y ′(0) − 3[ sY ( s ) − y (0)] + 2Y ( s ) =

Substitute y(0) = 5 and y’(0) = 7.
2
s−3
2
( s 2 − 3s + 2)Y ( s) =
+ 5s − 8
s−3
2
(5s − 8)( s − 3)
=
+
s−3
s−3
2
5s − 23s + 26
=
s−3
2
5s − 23s + 26
( s − 1)( s − 2)Y ( s ) =
s−3

s 2Y ( s) − 5s − 7 − 3sY (s ) + 15 + 2Y (s ) =

Y ( s) =

Then, find L

−1

5s 2 − 23s + 26
(s − 3)(s − 1)(s − 2)

{Y ( s )} .

First, write Y(s) in partial fraction.
5s 2 − 23s + 26
A
B
C
=
+
+
( s − 3)( s −1)( s − 2) s − 3 s −1 s − 2
1
4
=
+
s − 3 s −1

L

−1

 5s 2 − 23s + 26 

=
( s − 3)( s −1)( s − 2) 

L

−1

4 
 1
+


 s − 3 s − 1

y (t ) = e 3t + 4e t

Exercise :
Solve these differential equations by using Laplace transform.
1

2
s −3

Application of Laplace Transform

1.

dy
− y = 1,
dt

2.

y ′ + 4 y = e −4t ,

3.

y ′′ + 5 y ′ + 4 y = 0, y (0) = 1 and

y ′( 0 ) = 0

4.

y ′′ − 6 y ′ + 9 y = t ,

y ′ ( 0) = 1

y (0) = 0
y (0) = 2

y (0) = 0 and

REVIEW
Solve the following initial-value problems.
1.

y ′ − 5 y = 0,

2.

y ′ − 5 y = e 5t ,

y (0) = 0

3.

y ′ + y = sin t ,

y (0) = 1

4.

y ′ + 2 y = 0,

y (0) = 1

5.

y ′ + 2 y = 2,

y ( 0) = 1

6.

y′ + 2 y = et ,

y (0) = 1

7.

y ′ + 2 y = 0,

y (1) = 1

8.

y ′′ + 4 y = 0, y (0) = 2, y ′(0) = 2

9.

y ′′ − 3 y ′ + 4 y = 0,

10.

y ′′ − y ′ − 2 y = 4t 2 ,

11.

y ′′ − 3 y ′ + 2 y = e −t ,

12.

dN
= 0.05 N ,
dt

13.

dI
+ 50 I = 5,
dt

14.

y ′′ − y = 0,

15.

y ′′ − y = sin t ,

16.

y ′′ − y = e t ,

17.

y ′′ + y ′ + y = 0, y (0) = 4, y ′(0) = −3

18.

y ′′ + 2 y ′ + 5 y = 3e −2 t ,

y ( 0) = 2

y (0) = 1,
y (0) = 1,

y ′(0) = 5
y ′(0) = 4

y (1) = 0,

y ′(1) = 0

N (0) = 20,000.
I (0 ) = 0 .

y (0) = 1,

y ′(0) = 1

y (0) = 0,
y (0) = 1,

2

y ′(0) = 1

y ′(0) = 0

y (0) = 1,

y ′(0) = 1

Application of Laplace Transform

3