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Topics Introduction What is Pollution Noise Pollution Sources of Noise Pollution Effects of Noise Pollution Statistical Analysis Noise Control Strategies Conclusion

1|Page VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution

The compression and expansion travels like wave from the source. Usually 80 db is the level at which sound becomes physically painful. Sound is the form of energy which gives the sensation of hearing and is produced by longitudinal mechanical waves in matter including solid. Noise is defined as “U n wan ted So u nd” which means that. 2|Page VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution . And can be termed as noise. are the ultimate judges of what noisy sound is and what is not. human being the recipient of sound. They are called waves or simply vibrations. Decibel is the standard unit for measurement of sound.INTRODUCTION Modern technology has created many environmental pollutants of which noise is an immediate and identifiable example. Sound is produced when an object vibrates. liquid and gases and transmitted by oscillations of atoms and molecules of matter. alternatively compressing and expanding the air.

The intolerable sound is known as ‘noise’. There are several people had defined noise in different language: Harvell: Blum: J.” NOISE POLLUTION: Noise can be defined as an unwanted or undesired sound. prevents the functioning of natural processes and produces undesirable environmental and health effects is called noise. Definition of Noise: The proper definition of noise pollution cannot be defined in one sentence. Tiffin: “Noise is an unwanted sound which increases fatigue and under some industrial conditions it causes deafness”.WHAT IS POLLUTION? According to the EPA. because of its chemical composition or quantity. 3|Page VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution . Human beings are the judges of sound that which sound is tolerable and which is not. “A distracter and therefore interferes with the efficiency”. “the presence of substance in the environment that. “Noise is a sound which is disagreeable for the individual and which disturbs the normal way of an individual”.

namely. 2. The industrial source includes the noise from various industries and big machines working at a very high speed and high noise intensity. c.e. Usually all railway tracks run through rural areas and so the exposure of rail traffic noise is minimum. Occupational noise. industrial and non.SOURCES OF NOISE POLLUTION Noise pollution like other pollutants is also a by. noise in buildings. Most leading noise sources will fall into the following categories: roads traffic. 4|Page VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution . industry. Neighbourhood noise 4. This is because of steady increase in the number of road vehicles and consequently increases of road traffic density. This can be subdivided intoa . urbanizations and modern civilization.industrial source of noise includes the noise created by transport/vehicular traffic and the neighborhood noise generated by various noise pollution can also be divided in the categories. Aircraft Noise: It differs from road traffic noise in the sense that it is not continuous but intermittent. Transport noise. railroads.product of industrialization. There are peak noise levels when aircraft fly overhead and land at the airport. i. and consumer products 1. aircraft. Road Traffic Noise: Vehicles on road produce irritation for more people than any other noise source. construction.industrial. Rail Traffic Noise: The intensity of rail traffic noise is much lower than any other traffic noise. Non. b. natural and manmade. 3. the noise pollution has two sources. Broadly speaking . Consumer Products noise 1) Transport Noise Noise arising due to different types of transportation is called transport noise.

DVD players and so on. Industrial workers are exposed to noise minimum of 8 hours per day and 6 days per week. which disturbs and annoys the general public. although their contribution to the daily noise dose is usually not very large.e. television. such as vacuum cleaners and some kitchen appliances have been and continue to be noisemakers. 5|Page VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution . 3) Neighbourhood noise: There are a variety of sources such as. 4. . vacuum cleaners and so on. radio. i. It also includes noise from domestic articles.2) Occupational noise: This is mainly produced by industrial machines and processes which affects millions of people. washing machines. Noise from Consumer products:Certain household equipment.

Due to lack of concentration. which can be very dangerous and harmful and put the building in danger condition. Noise pollution indirectly affects the vegetation. increasing the stress levels among people. people need to devote more time to complete their task. Plants require cool & peaceful environment to grow. Noise indirectly weakens the edifice of buildings. bridges and monuments. thereby affecting the concentration required for doing a work. The first and foremost effect of noise is a decrease in the efficiency in working. Too much of noise disturbs the rhythms of working. It creates waves. Noise pollution acts as a stress invigorator. being surrounded by too much of noise. people can be victims of certain diseases like blood pressure. 6|Page VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution . which leads to tiredness and fatigue. It damages the nervous system of the animals. Noise pollution causes poor quality of crops. mental illness. 3. Noise of traffic or the loud speakers or different types of horns divert the attention. temporary or permanent. all have their hearing impairment. Mechanics. Sometimes. telephone operators etc. Perhaps the most serious problem created by sound pollution is the impact it has on our health. 9. 2. 10. etc. Fatigue caused is another effect of noise. 8. 7. 4. 5. Research has proved the fact that human efficiency increases with noise reduction. thus causing harm in the working standard.EFFECTS OF NOISE POLLUTION: 1. Animals are susceptible to noise pollution as well. locomotive drivers. Deafness. is one of the most prevalent effects of noise pollution.

Muscular strain and nervous breakdown. perhaps most significantly. Headache due to continuous exposure of sound. Affecting of psychomotor performance of a person by a loud sound. PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS: a. It’s also been linked with musculoskeletal problems. Insomnia as a result of lack of undisturbed and refreshing sleep. d. as a Cornell University study on office noise found that those working in noisy office environments can also be less likely to ergonomically adjust their workstations for comfort. b. c. f. which can contribute to physical problems. noise pollution has also been linked with health problems such as heart disease. e. As a result. Narrowing of arteries. telephone rings and so on. one of its major health effects is chronic stress and the high levels of stress hormones that go with it. Straining of senses and annoyance as a result of slow but persistent noise from motorcycle. And. Pain in heart. Lowering of concentration and effect on memory. high blood pressure. Increase in the rate of heart-beat.Because sound pollution can trigger the body’s stress response. b. c. 7|Page VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution . BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS: a. cell bells. d. Depression and fatigue which considerably reduces the efficiency of a person. Noise pollution can also impact sleep quality by preventing sleep and disrupting sleep cycles. and stroke. g. Emotional disturbance. because chronic stress can lower your immunity to all disease. Digestive spasms through anxiety. noise pollution is a general threat to health and wellness. alarm clock. e.

Effects Observed Threshold of audibility Stimulation of reception of skin Pain threshold Nausea. vomiting etc.Below is a table describing the effects observed in various decibel: Noise (dB) 0 110 120 130-135 140 150 160 190 DISEASES: High blood pressure (Hypertension) and Coronary Artery disease (Heart disease). Pain in ear. prolonged exposure causing insanity Change in pulse rate Minor permanent damage if prolonged Major permanent damage in short time 8|Page VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution .

50 f. libraries. Concrete hall and theaters. studies. T..55 g. Film. broadcasting. Dropping of a pin on floors.85 to 95 j. Restaurants.45 e.02 Noise level (dB) 100 to 180 90 to 170 100 to 160 100 to 120 90 to 110 80 to 160 100 to 160 100 to 160 90 to 170 80 to 115 110 to 170 80 to 120 9|Page VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution .V.72 to 82 h. A marriage procession. Market. Public meeting.40 d. Hospitals.80 i. Office. hotels.35 c.30 b.STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The following table describes noise levels in different cities across the Odisha. City Puri Bhubaneswar Cuttack Nayagarh Jeypore Sambalpur Balasore Bolangir Keonjhar Phulbani Rourkela Berhampur dB =decibel Maximum acceptable sound levels in dB inside the buildings: a. Shops and banks.

3. either air or structure. of the building.  Speaking at low voices while communication reduces the excess noise levels. Noise control at path: Once sound has left a source and get established in the surrounding medium. will reduce noise levels. certain steps have to be taken to reduce the transmission of noise as it travels down the path. television.  The vibrations of materials may be controlled using proper foundations. 2. rubber padding etc. 1. 10 | P a g e VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution . it would travel some distance before reaching the point at which the noise nuisance will take place. vibration energy may transmit through building structure. installation of panels or enclosures and so on. It can be reduced by their selective and judicious operation. 2. washing machines. sound absorbing materials. Noise control along the path to receiver. vehicles etc. design of building. Following are some of the ways by which we can reduce transmission: Multiple layers.NOISE CONTROL STRATEGIES Noise control methods generally broken into three parts: 1. such as radio. When this situation arises.e.  Proper lubrication and maintenance of machines. i. Noise control at source.  Permission of using loudspeakers in the habitant zone except for important functions should be prohibited. Alternatively. . to reduce the noise levels. DVD players. maintenance of automobiles will reduce the noise levels. where a noise source has been directly coupled with conducting path.  Regular servicing and tuning. Noise control at the receiver. mixers. directly and may arise from direct excitation from the source. Noise control at source: The noise pollution can be controlled at the source of generation by applying the below techniques:  Reducing the noise levels from domestic sectors.

Administrative Technique: Regulations prescribe that. The schedule of the workers should be planned in such a way that their exposure to the high noise levels should be reduced. Permissible Noise Level: There exists a little opportunity for noise control of the receiver. By rotating the job between the workers at a particular noise source or isolating a person. This is normally achieved by treating the room or area within which the receiver is situated and we therefore have to study the acoustic of these situation. On the basis of permissible sound levels. educational institutions) Day 75 dB 65 dB 55 dB 50 dB Night 65 dB 55 dB 45 dB 40 dB Personal Hearing Protection: Devices like ear plugs can be used to reduce the intensity of the noise. 11 | P a g e VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution .3. the city areas are usually divided into four zones. Noise Control at Receiver: Noise has been received by people and more exceptionally by delicate instrumentation and it is often necessary to control the noise level received. noise level of 90 dB for more than 8 hour continuous exposure is prohibited. Normally by setting permissible noise level have been set for the receiver and engineering technique must be used at the source and in order to limit the exposure of the receiver. the advance impact can be reduced. Persons who are working under such conditions will be exposed to occupational health hazards. around hospitals. The permissible sound levels areZones Industrial Commercial Residential Sensitive zone (upto 100 m.

because this is our world and we have the responsibility to save the world. radio or DVD players. So we need to be careful and responsible to save the environment. save the earth. college. We have to prevent the sources from which the pollution is scattering in the environment. If the general public does not obey the rule. We need to be careful to reduce the pollution across the globe. no one is going to die except us. he/she must go to a specialist for a medical check-up at the initial stage. 12 | P a g e VIT ( MAIN ) – CS (Group 4) Noise Pollution .  If somebody is feeling that he/she having some problem with ear or heart.  We should try to low the volume of TV. schools. The government of several nations is stepping up to reduce this pollution and making all new acts.CONCLUSION: The earth is polluted with several polluted materials. we as a responsible citizen have to obey those rules and help them preventing the pollution.  We should not blow horns of vehicles in the sensitive areas like hospitals.  We should not cross the limit of blowing the loudspeakers in the public places. other educational or health organizations.