Taxonomy Kingdom ANIMALIA Phylum (espécie) CHORDATA Class MAMMALIA Order SIRENIA Family TRICHECHIDAE

Scientific Name: Trichechus inunguis Species Authority: (Natterer, 1883)

Common Name/s: French - Lamantin D'Amérique Du Sud, Lamantin De L'Amazone English - Amazonian Manatee, South American Manatee Spanish - Lamantino Amazónico, Manatí Amazónico, Vaca Marina

Trichechus inunguis is here listed as Vulnerable based on a suspected population decline of at least 30% within the next three generations (assuming a generation length of 20 years, based on what is known for T. manatus) due primarily to ongoing levels of hunting, sometimes involving new and sophisticated techniques, coupled with increasing incidental calf mortality, climate change and habitat loss and degradation.

Geographic Range Range Description: Amazonian manatees occur through most the Amazon River drainage, from the headwaters, in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru (Timm et al. 1986) to the mouth of the Amazon (close to the Marajó Island) in Brazil (Domning 1981) over an estimated seven million square kilometers. However, they are patchily distributed, concentrating in areas of nutrient-rich flooded forest, which covers around 300,000 km² (Junk 1997). Countries: Native: Brazil; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

Although no specific studies are available for the species in the wild. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. . 2008. 1990. incidental capture in gill nets. two in Colombia. with a long gestation and lactation period (up to 24 months). age at sexual maturity is unknown. and a birthing interval of 2 to 3 months. Switzerland and Cambridge. Available at: http://www. Bibliography UCN. and habitat degradation. Unfortunately. Systems: Freshwater. IUCN. it is believed that the reproductive cycle is similar to the West Indian Manatee’s. UK. hunting continues even within protected areas. Presently there are no national management plans specific for the species. IUCN.org. (Accessed: 5 October 2008). away from human settlements Only one calf is produced at a time. Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial and Fundación Omacha 2005). shallow waters. except in Colombia.iucnredlist. four in Peru and 23 in Brazil. Amazonian Manatees have been recorded from two protected areas in Ecuador. where there is large production of aquatic and semi-aquatic plants. Marine Threats: The major threats to the species include hunting for food. they also favor calm. Gland.Habitat and Ecology Amazonian manatees inhabit environments in lowland tropical areas below 300 m asl. and two communities in Colombia (Puerto Narino and Mocagua) have informal local management agreements (Ministerio de Ambiente. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Conservation Actions Listed on Appendix I of CITES. Management plans exist for two protected areas (Pacaya Samiria in Peru and Mamiraua Reserve in Brazil).