1st week

Micro/Nano Optical Engineering
Prof. Seok-min Kim smkim@cau.ac.kr

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School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University

Instructor : Prof. Seok-min Kim Office : Bobst hall #429 E-mail : smkim@cau.ac.kr Tel. : 02-820-5877 Class Meeting Time and Place Thursday 7, 8, 9 ( Room # 234, Bldg. #207) Text book Main : Lecture note (http://nmtl.cau.ac.kr) Sub : 1. Micro/Nano Replications (http://book.naver.com/bookdb/book_detail.nhn?bid=6891416) 2. Optics , Eugene Hecht, Addison Wesley Midterm exam : 45%, Final exam : 45 %, Others : 10% English Spoken Class
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School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University

Class schedule
Day 03/04 03/11 03/18 03/25 04/01 04/08 04/15 04/22 Contents
Introduction of Class Introduction of Optics Image Formation Lens maker's formular Lens maker's formular Polarization/Retardation Plate Reflection & Refraction Fresnel Equations No. Class (Interference) Anti-Reflection Coatings HighReflection Coatings Mid Term Vacation

Week Contents 04/29 05/06 05/13 05/20 05/27 06/03 06/10 06/17
Mid Term Exam. Patterning technology for micro/nano optical components (2) Surface treatment technologies for micro/nano molding Micro/nano injection molding Thermal imprinting UV imprinting process Roll imprinting Final Exam.
School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University

Introduction of Micro/Nano Optical Engineering 4 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

Introduction of Optics 5 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

gnu.Path along which light travels .html 6 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .The path taken between two points ( A. 2) isotropic 3) uniform medium. B) by a ray of light is the path that can be traversed in the least time (General definition) http://physica. Fermat Principles .ac.Does the light go straight ? The light only goes straight in 1) homogeneous.kr/phtml/optics/light/reflect/reflect.Fermat Principles Ray .

What is Reflection ? Change in direction of a ray at an interface between two different media Specular reflection Total path Fermat Principles Diffuse reflection Law of reflection 7 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

Mirrors Planar Mirrors The image formed by a plane mirror is always virtual (허상) (meaning that the light rays do not actually come from the image). c = d School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University 8 . upright (정립). and of the same shape and size as the object it is reflecting mirror Normal vector Virtual image a c b d a = b.

9 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .Spherical Mirror(1) (focal point : light rays originating from the focal point becomes a collimating (parallel) ray after reflection) Spherical Mirrors Focal point is located at the half point of its radius.

gnu.ac.html School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University 10 .gnu.html Spherical Aberration http://physica.Spherical Mirror(2) Focal point of spherical mirror http://physica.ac.kr/phtml/optics/geometric/aberration/aberration.kr/phtml/optics/geometric/mirror/mirror.

School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University . but passes by instead in nearby space. The optical or symmetry axis of the reflector segment does not pass through the reflector segment itself. without shadowing.Paraboloidal Mirrors Paraboloidal Mirrors A circular off-axis portion of a paraboloidal reflector mounted on a base. These mounted reflectors are convenient for a variety of applications in which diffraction-limited performance is not essential. as shown in the diagram below. The user has unrestricted access to the focal point and a sizable region surrounding it.

44:1. School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University . It is designed to be mounted at 45° and to deflect a beam by 90°. the mirror appears circular from the direction of the beam.Elliptical Mirrrors Elliptical Mirrors A front-surface mirror cut in an elliptical shape with an aspect ratio of 1. At 45°.

Micro Mirrors(1) Optical Switches School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

Micro Mirrors(2) DMD (Digital Micromirror Devices) Texas Instrument Projection TV https://www.com/watch?v=IlDG3PKTc7s&list=PLEFBB7D7FAE0D61AE LCD Projector School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .youtube.

gnu. http://physica.ac.Law : Verified by physical or mathematical methods . principle .kr/phtml/optics/light/refract/refract.Principle : Can not verified perfectly.Snell’s Law (1) Snell’s Law n sin  n ' sin ' critical angle (n>n’) n' sinC  (sinC '  90o ) n  total internal reflection Note : Law vs.html School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University 15 .

Air Water n n 1 2 임계각: School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University . no light can pass through and all of the light is reflected.What is Total Reflection ? If the light travels from a medium with a higher to one with a lower refractive index and the incident angle is greater than the critical angle.

Optical Fibers n 2 Cladding n 1 0 2    a n 1 a a   c core c 2 1/ 2 Acceptance angle :  a  sin  1 ( n12  n 2 )  c  cos  1 ( n 2 / n 1 ) Critical angle : School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

com/replay/2014/nwdesk/articl e/3423514_13490.imbc.Refractive Index & Optical Path Refractive Index n C V C : Velocity of light in vacuum. V : velocity of light in medium Optical Path  B A n ds optical path for the light going straight (length L) in a medium (RI = n)= nL http://imnews.html 18 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

What is Refraction ? The change in direction of a wave due to a change in its speed. Total time of light traveling from A to C Fermat’s principle Law of refraction (Snell’s law) 19 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

naver.com/ogs6403?Redirect= Log&logNo=40066136302&jumpingVid= D828F0C6AE1ADF901A3098A0F2C124DDF BBE School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University 20 .Young's experiment 1st experiment to show the wave characteristic of light http://blog.

Wave front (파면) : . .html Principle of Wave propagation (Huygens' principle) .kr/phtml/optics/light/huygens/huygens.Usually perpendicular to the direction of ray http://physica.gnu.A surface passing through all points in the light that have the same travel time.Every point to which a luminous disturbance reaches becomes a source of a spherical wave.gnu.The wavefronts of light from point source are concentric circle.ac. .kr/phtml/optics/light/ray/ray. and the sum of these secondary waves determines the form of the wave at any subsequent time (파의 각 지점이 새로운 파원이 된다.Huygens’s Principle Point Source .It has only position.html 21 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .ac.Elementary infinitesimal region of space which emit light .) http://physica. not size.

The point at wavefornt generate spherical wave but the intensity is maximized at the normal direction to the wavefront (propagation direction) and opposite direction is 0.Relative intensity of wave http://physica.gnu.kr/phtml/optics/light/huygens/huygens.ac. .Huygens–Fresnel-Kirchhoff principle Modified Huygens’ principle (Huygens–Fresnel-Kirchhoff principle) .The intensity of light from each point of previous wavefront is a function of θ .html School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University 22 .

23 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .Snell’s Law (2) A light wave traveling in a medium with a greater refractive index ( n1> n2) suffers reflection and refraction at the boundary.

What is Dispersion ? The refractive index is affected by wavelength of light 24 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

Vacuum Wavelength Range for the Various Colors 25 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

The refractive index is related to the how much the light is slowed. Dense is higher then n is higher Wavelength is higher then n is lower 26 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .Refractive Index .The light is slowed in the material due to the interaction between molecules .

Definition of optical properties iv. Abbe constant or Abbe number v-value (or #) or V-value (or #) Dispersive indices Cauchy’s equation simply 27 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

f 28 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .Design of Optical Glass Glass Type (specified by nd. vd) abc( : ) def nd = 1.abc vd = de.

Principle of Rainbow 29 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

5) Prism ⅰ. Spectrum analyze…) ( Refractive index is a function of wavelength) ⅱ. Polarizers or interferometer 30 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University . Reorientation or deviation of image ⅲ.Prism (chapter 5. Dispersive device (ex.

Penta Prism  Prism • Adventage: Effectively increase optical path in small space • Disadvantage : After image due to the reflection of surface chromatic aberration  Role of Mirror in optical system • Deviation • Folding an optical path • Changing Parity 31 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

90˚deviation Prism 32 School of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Ang University .

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