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Time allowed: 3 hours General Instructions: As given in CBSE Examination Papers Delhi–2011. Maximum marks: 70

**CBSE (Foreign) Set–I
**

1. Why is the potential inside a hollow spherical charged conductor constant and has the same value as on its surface? 2. A magnetic needle, free to rotate in a vertical plane, orients itself vertically at a certain place on the Earth. What are the values of (i) horizontal component of Earth’s magnetic field and (ii) angle of dip at this place? 3. The closed loop (PQRS) of wire is moved into a uniform magnetic field at right angles to the plane of the paper as shown in the figure. Predict the direction of the induced current in the loop. 4. Name the electromagnetic waves, which (i) maintain the Earth’s warmth and (ii) are used in aircraft navigation. × × × × × 5. How does focal length of a lens change when red light incident × P Q on it is replaced by violet light? Give reason for your answer. × × × × × 6. Write the relationship between the size of a nucleus and its mass × S R number (A). × × × × × × 7. Show on a graph the variation of the de Broglie wavelength (l) associated with an electron, with the square root of accelerating potential (V). 8. Define dipole moment of an electric dipole. Is it a scalar or a vector? 9. A conductor of length ‘l’ is connected to a dc source of potential ‘V’. If the length of the conductor is tripled by gradually stretching it, keeping ‘V’ constant, how will (i) drift speed of electrons and (ii) resistance of the conductor be affected? Justify your answer. 10. Two students ‘X’ and ‘Y’ perform an experiment on E K1 + – R potentiometer separately using the circuit given: Keeping other parameters unchanged, how will the position of the null point be affected it J A B (i) ‘X’ increases the value of resistance R in the set-up by keeping the key K1 closed and the e key K2 open? G (ii) ‘Y’ decreases the value of resistance S in the + – set-up, while the key K2 remain open and the key K1 closed? S Justify. K2

If the refractive index of glass is 3. Transmitting antenna m(t) Message signal X Y 16. Identify the boxes ‘X’ and ‘Y’ and write the their functions.063 J. (i) Calculate the magnitude of the magnetic field.Examination Papers ® 391 11. A 60° B C 17. Find out E =C´i . Show that it describes a circular path. Trace the path of a ray of light passing through a glass prism (ABC) as shown in the figure. OR How does a light emitting diode (LED) work? Give two advantages of LED’s over the conventional incandescent lamps. Calculate the quality factor of a series LCR circuit with L = 2-0 H. In a given sample. 15. Write two characteristic features to distinguish between n-type and p-type semiconductors. A cube with each side ‘a’ is kept in an electric field given by ® $. two radioisotopes. Explain briefly how electromagnetic waves are produced by an oscillating charge. It experiences a torque of 0. 18. 13. It is subjected to a uniform ® magnetic field B directed perpendicular to its velocity.9 J/T is place with its axis at 30° to a uniform magnetic field. C= 2 mF and R = 10 W. State Gauss’s law in electrostatic. (as is shown in the figure) where C is a positive dimensional constant. are initially present in the ratio of 1:4. Find the time after which the amounts of A and B become equal. (ii) In which orientation will the bar magnet be in stable equilibrium in the magnetic field? 19. A and B. The half lives of A and B are respectively 100 years and 50 years. How is the frequency of the em waves produced related to that of the oscillating charge? 14. A particle of charge ‘q’ and mass ‘m’ is moving with velocity V . Write the expression for its radius. Mention the significance of quality factor in LCR circuit. 12. A short bar magnet of magnetic moment 0. Figure shows a block diagram of a transmitter. find out of the value of the angle of emergence from the prism.

Determine the modulation index m. e 2 and internal resistance r1 and r2 respectively are connected in parallel as shown in the figure. 26. where K = –2U. Calculate the difference between the final energy stored in the combined system and the initial energy stored in the single capacitor.f. 25. e1. Draw a graph between the frequency of incident radiation (v) and the maximum kinetic energy of the electrons emitted from the surface of a photosensitive material. Write two characteristic features observed in photoelectric effect which support the photon picture of electromagnetic radiation. 21. Deduce the relation = + f f1 f 2 contact coaxially. The battery is then disconnected and the charged capacitor is connected to another uncharged capacitor of 100 pF. show that the total energy (E) of the electron in the stationary states can be expressed as the sum of kinetic energy (K) and potential energy (U).r1 Two cells of emfs e1 .Use Huygens’ geometrical construction to show the propagation of a plane wavefront from a rarer medium (i) to a denser medium (ii) undergoing refraction. the maximum amplitude is found to be 10V while the minimum amplitude is 2V. and (ii) the net charge inside the cube A capacitor of 200pF is charged by a 300V battery. 24. 27. State clearly how this graph can be used to determine (i) Planck’s constant and (ii) work function of the material.m. Hence derive Snell’s law of refraction. Draw a labelled diagram of a moving coil galvanometer and explain its working.r2 (iii) the potential difference between the points A and B. Write its units. 23. . (i) the electric flux through the cube.392 Xam idea Physics—XII y a a x z 20. I I Deduce the expressions for A B (i) the equivalent e. What is the function of radial magnetic field inside the coil? 1 1 1 for two thin lenses kept in Define power of a lens. Hence deduce the expression for the total energy in the nth energy level of hydrogen atom. (ii) the equivalent resistance of the combination. Give its physical significance. Using Bohr’s postulates for hydrogen atom. Define a wavelength. 22. of the combination. For an amplitude modulated wave. and e2. Define modulation index.

Describe briefly with the help of a circuit diagram how a zener diode works to obtain a constant dc voltage from the unregulated dc output of a rectifier.Examination Papers 393 OR (a) Use Huygens’ geometrical construction to show the behaviour of a plane wavefront. 29. (b) When monochromatic light is incident on a surface separating two media. Draw a labelled diagram and explain its working. the information about the current amplification factor ( bac) can be obtained. (b) A conducting rod held horizontally along East-West direction is dropped from rest from a certain height near the Earth’s surface. (a) State the principle on which AC generator works. how would this affect the size and intensity of the central diffraction band? Justify. OR (a) State the principle of a step-up transformer. with the help of a labelled diagram. (ii) reflecting by a concave mirror. how from the output characteristics. Show that the intensity at a point where the path difference is l 3 is I 0 / 4. Show. (a) Draw the circuit for studying the input and output characteristics of an n-p-n transistor in CE configuration. (b) Draw a plot of the transfer characteristic (V0 versus Vi) for a base-biased transistor in CE configuration. Show for which regions in the plot. (a) What is the effect on the interference fringes in a Young’s double slit experiment when (i) the separation between the two slits in decreased? (ii) the width of the source slit is increased? (iii) the monochromatic source is replaced by a source of white light? Justify your answer in each case. (i) passing through a biconvex lens. . giving the reasons for their occurrence in actual transformers. its working. Explain. (b) The intensity at the central maxima in Young’s double slit experimental set-up is I0. OR Why is a zener diode considered as a special purpose semiconductor diode? Draw the I–V characteristic of a zener diode and explain briefly how reverse current suddenly increases at the breakdown voltage. (b) When the width of the slit is made double. Explain clearly why the secondary maxima go on becoming weaker with increasing n. Why should there be an induced emf across the ends of the rod? Draw a plot showing the instantaneous variation of emf as a function of time from the instant it begins to fall. OR (a) Obtain the conditions for the bright and dark fringes in diffraction pattern due to a single narrow slit illuminated by a monochromatic source. (b) Describe briefly any two energy losses. why does the refracted light have the same frequency as that of the incident light? 28. the transistor can operate as a switch. 30.

A capacitor of 150 pF is charged by a 220 V battery. 7. Show on a graph variation of the de-Broglie wavelength (l) associated with the electron versus 1/ V . Find the time after which the amounts of A and B become equal. where V is the accelerating potential for the electron. Figure shows a block diagram of a detector for amplitude modulated signal. The closed loop (PQRS) of wire is moved out of a uniform magnetic field at right angles to the plane of the paper as shown in the figure. are initially present in the ratio of 4:1. 15. A and B. A P 45° B C 13. Mention the significance of quality factor in LCR circuit. Why is there no work done in moving a charge from one point to another on an equipotential surface? 10. The battery is then disconnected and the charged capacitor is connected to another uncharged capacitor of 50 pF. In a given sample. Calculate the torque acting on the needle.8 × 10–2 J T–1 is placed at 30° with the direction of uniform magnetic field of magnitude 3 × 10–2 T. A magnetised needle of magnetic moment 4. What is the angle of dip at a place where the horizontal and vertical components of the Earth’s magnetic field are equal? 2. Predict the direction of the induced current in the loop. The half lives of A and B are respectively 25 years. two radioactive nuclei. . Calculate the difference between the final energy stored in the combined system and the initial energy stored in the single capacitor. C = 1 mF and R = 20 W. Trace the path of ray (P) of light passing through the glass prism as shown in the figure. 26.0 H. The prism is made of glass with critical angle ic= 40°. 12. Calculate the quality factor of a series LCR circuit with L = 4. × × × × × × × × × P × × S × × × × × × × × × × × × × R × × × × × × × × Q × × × × × × × × 8. 14. Identify the boxes ‘X’ and ‘Y’ and write their functions.394 Xam idea Physics—XII CBSE (Foreign) Set–II Questions uncommon to Set–I 1.

Determine the modulation index m.Examination Papers 395 CBSE (Foreign) Set–III Questions uncommon to Set – I & II 1. What are isotopes? Give one example. trace the path of the ray P incident normal to the face AC. Calculate the quality factor of a series LCR circuit with L = 4. 14. The battery is then disconnected and the charged capacitor is connected to another uncharged capacitor of 100 pF. If the length of the conductor is doubled by gradually stretching it. Give its physical significance. A conductor of length ‘l’ is connected to a dc source of potential ‘V’. keeping ‘V’ constant. how will (i) drift speed of electrons and (ii) resistance of the conductor be affected? Justify your answer. A short bar magnet of magnetic moment 0. Write the relation between de-Broglie wavelength (l) associated with the electron and its kinetic energy E. Define modulation index. Calculate the difference between the final energy stored in the combined system and the initial energy stored in the single capacitor.0 H. Why do the equipotential due to a uniform electric field not intersect each other? 9. 2. A right angle prism is placed as shown in the figure.1 T. A P 45° B C 11. A capacitor of 400pF is charged by a 100V battery. the maximum amplitude is 4V. C = 4 mF and R = 20W.5 J/T is placed with its axis is 30° to a uniform magnetic of 0. 15. A small magnet is pivoted to move freely in the magnetic meridian. For an amplitude modulated wave. 21. Given that the prism is made of glass with critical angle 40°. Calculate (i) the magnitude of the torque experienced and (ii) the direction on which it acts. 5. Mention the significance of quality factor in LCR circuit. At what place on the surface of the Earth will the magnet be vertical? 7. . 27.

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