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Consider a chain having identical links (sticks) which can be bent at the hinges to give it
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**Amarnath Murthy, S.E.(E&T) , WLS, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd., Sabarmati,
**

Ahmedabad,- 380005 INDIA

{I} Smarandache Traceable Geometrical Partition

Consider a chain having identical links (sticks) which can be bent at the hinges to give it

different shapes.

Consider the following shapes (Annexnre-I) obtained with chains having one, two, three or

more number of links.

(I)

(2)

(3) ---

(4)

(Annexure-I)

L-

~ L--

-L-I

II

II

I

268

n

I

D

We notice that the shapes of the figures drawn satisfy the following rules:

1. The links are either horizontal or vertical.

2. No figure could be obtained by the other by rotation without lifting it from the

horizontal plane.

3. As the links are connected, there are only two ends and one can travel from one

end to the other traversing all the links. There are at the most two ends ( there can

be zero ends in case of a closed figure) to each figure. These are the nodes which

are connected to only one link.

Number of such partitions we define as Smarandache Traceable Geometric Partition function

STGP denoted by Sgp{n). The sequence thus obtained is called Smarandache Traceable

Geometric Partition Sequeuce (STGPS).

1 ,2,6, 15, ...

Open Problem

(1): To Derive a reduction formula for the above sequence.

BEND:

We define a bend as a point at which the angle between the two terminating sticks is 90°

Given below is the chart of number of partitions with various bends for 1,2, 3, 4 etc.

sticks .

0 1 2 3 4

No of sticks J,

1 1 0 0 0 0

2 1 1 0 0 0

3 1 2 3 0 0

4 1 3 7 3 1

By extending this table for more number of sticks one can look for patterns.

269

{2} Smarandache Comprehensive Geometric Partition:

Consider a set of identical sticks ( separate links of the chain in {I}) . If we also include the

figures in which

(a) There are more than two ends.

(b) One may not be able travel from one end covering all the sticks without traversing at

least one stick more than once.

in {I} then we get the following partitions. Annexure -II.

We call it Smaraudache Comprehensive Geometric Partition Function(SCGP) and the

sequence thus obtained SCGPS.

SCGPS _1,2,7,25 •••

In the above if we count number of partitions having two , three, four ends etc. separately we get

the following chart

No of sticks -+ 1 2 3 4

No of ends ,1..

0 0 0 0 1

1 0 J 0 0

2 1 2 6 14

3 0 0 1 9

4 0 0 0 1

This table can be extended for more number of sticks and the task ahead is to find patterns if any

and their inter-relations.

Open Problem (2) To Derive a reduction fonnula for SCGPS.

Further Scope: This idea of Geometric partitions can be generalized for other angle of bends

e.g. for 60° placement of the sticks/chain links.

270

Annexure -II.

(1) _

(2) Total = 2

(3) ---

L-

Total = 7

(4) ----

L--

-L -S LJ LJ

-1 II LI

n n 0

I I

y -r 1- +

F = 25

271

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