# Possible Questions on Piaget and His Theory 1. Two identical beakers A and B are presented to the child.

The teacher pours the liquid from B to C, which is taller and thinner than both A and B. The teacher asks which beaker has the most amount of water. The child points at beaker C. In what cognitive developmental stage the child is? A. Formal Operational Stage C. PreOperational Stage B. Concrete Operational Stage D. Sensorimotor Stage 2. Liz's mother has two crackers, both equal in size. She broke one of the crackers into four pieces. Liz's wants more crackers so she chose the cracker which was divided to four pieces. What does Liz's choice illustrate? A. Assimilation C. Accommodation B. Centration D. Conservation 3. Which level of cognitive development will properties of mathematical operations can be taught? A. PreOperational Stage C. Formal Operational Stage B. SensoriMotor Stage D. Concrete Operational Stage Correct Answers: 1. C- The child manifests centration which is one of the characteristics of preoperational children. 2. D- Liz has not yet develop conservation, or the ability to know that certain properties like the mass do not change even if there is a change in appearance. 3. D- At this stage, children know the concept of reversibility. Principles And Strategies Of Teaching ( Overview)/ Sample LET Questions The Teaching Profession: An Overview "If your plan is for one year.....plant rice; if your plan is for ten years....plant a tree; but if your plan is for eternity...EDUCATE children." (Confucius) A. Basic Concepts STRATEGY OF TEACHING---refers to the science of developing a plan to attain goal and to guard against undesirable results. It means the art of using psychological plan in order to increase the probabilities and favorable consequences of success and to lessen the chances of failure. METHOD OF TEACHING-----refers to the series of related and progressive acts performed by a teacher and the students to attain the specific objectives of the lesson. It is a plan involving sequence of steps to achieve a given goal or objective. TECHNIQUE OF TEACHING--refers to the personalized style of carrying out a particular step of a given method. It is a skill employed by the teacher in carrying on the procedures or act of teaching. DEVICE----is a teaching aid or tool to facilitate instruction. Examples: pictures, flash cards, etc. Direction: Choose the best answer from the choices given.

________ is the lowest level of affective behavior. 3. To show how blood circulates in the heart. Art over academics C. then it shows “porma” over substance. Ideas that which exist in the mind are the only reality. Idealism RATIONALIZATION: D-idealism because it stresses the existence of ideas independent from the material world. B. B. Model C. When a teacher is fair. 2. phallic stage Latent stage D. LINK C. A. understand Apply D. A. remember RATIONALIZATION: D-mnemonics like “My Dear Aunt Sally” to mean multiplication. Realia 4. Coherence B. A. these instances are under Freud’s phallic stage in the Psychosexual Development Theory. Feasible D. These instances are under_. He enjoys seeing him while biking and imitates the actions of Gerald while he rides his own bike. Expert Power PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION TEST (SAMPLE LET ITEMS WITH RATIONALIZATIONS) 1. With the use of mnemonics. valuing. A. art over science Substance over “porma” D. Mock-up D. characterization RATIONALIZATION: C-the arrangement of Krathwohls’ affective domain is responding. Who is the proponent of Social Learning Theory which applies in the situation? Bandura C. “What do you want to become when you grow up?” This question is an indication of what kind of philosophy? A. addition and subtraction help students remember information easily According to Krathwohls’ affective domain of objectives. “porma” over substance RATIONALIZATION: D.1. Realia is used whenever it is A. Affordable B. A. she is exercising her _________power.” A child submitted a poor written report but packaged with brightly colored paper. Symmetry D. 4. Progressivism C. B. An activity to help students activate prior knowledge before beginning a new topic. Available C. B. Reward Power B. Replica B. the students are able to _____information. Plausible 3. Bruner Kohlberg D. Existentialism B. caring and approachable. A. This showcases_______. Pre-genital stage RATIONALIZATION: C-when a boy is closer to the mother (Oedipus complex) and a girl is closer to her father (Electra complex). responding Organization D. Analyze C. Legitimate power D. division. CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT Yuan always waits at his neighbor Gerald every morning. Conciseness 2. B. One on one teaching 5. Clarity C. Valuing C. 5. A. A. Skinner RATIONALIZATION: A.When a student focuses more on designs and embellishments rather than of content of a report. A boy is closer to his mother and a girl is close to her father. Referent power C. Naturalism D. SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF EDUCATION Teacher Abi asks one of her students. organization and characterization. which of the following devices will be the best choice A. 2x4x8 teaching D. 1. . Oedipal complex C. SQ3R B. The characteristic of instructional plans allow the parts to have a smooth flow of transition.Albert Bandura developed the Social Learning Theory and advocated that “children learn from what they see in the environment.

A.2. B. Other applications of simulation are the following: simulated flight for aviation students. The school is using what kind of technique? Symposium C. Teacher Jessy has not only explained the concept of Philosophy of Education but also imparted this to her students. role play Field study D. field study RATIONALIZATION: B. A.demonstration includes Teacher-Directed Demo. A. Empiricist Realist D. When a teacher emphasizes that man’s sense should be trusted because they are the only way to acquire knowledge. the teacher acts as a clarifier especially when students are in doubt how to go about the problem. acquiring the instrument of understanding. Which among the following devices can be a scaled replica of a certain object? Mock ups C. maps RATIONALIZATION: B. simulation RATIONALIZATION: C-role playing allows the child to shows his own personal emotions and therefore is a good option when focusing on attitudinal change. assigning student to be the mayor of the day. What kind of philosophy does he practice? Idealism C. Perennialism RATIONALIZATION: C-realism concerns with what is real. B. Humanism Essentialism D. A. A. B. A. Which of the following would be the best choice if a teacher would like to focus on attitudinal change? Dramatization C. globes Models D. Student-Directed Demo. 5. reporting Demonstration D. Panel discussion Simulation D. memory skills and ability to think. learning to be RATIONALIZATION: B. Which pillar of learning aimed in the acquisition of the instrument of understanding in order to develop the students’ learn-to-learn skills? Learning to do C. Dramatization RATIONALIZATION: B-simulation is an activity that simulates “almost real-life situation”. freedom and responsibility. B. This method relies heavily upon showing the learners a model performance. Teacher Jakob always presents principles and values so as to encourage his students to examine them and decide for themselves whether to accept them or not. they must be transferred or demonstrated. During problem solving method.models like Heart Models are scaled replicas. B. 2. the teacher can be regarded as____. 5. B. 4. For ideas to be realized. A. 3. APPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENT PHILOSOPHIES IN EDUCATION NATURALISM o Naturalism stands for a democratic and universal way-everyone must be educated in the same manner o Education is in accordance to human development and growth o Emphasis is given more on the physical development-informal exercise-and hygiene of the person rather of the 3 R’s . Naturalist C. Activity C. judge RATIONALIZATION: B-during problem solving activities. the teacher’s primary role is: Director C. 1. PRINCIPLES AND STRATEGIES OF TEACHING The school conducted a general student election for the Supreme Student Council. Teacher-Student Directed Demo and Resource Person-Directed Demo. B. Realism Idealism D. lecturer Clarifier D. 4. actual. In his class. Pragmatist RATIONALIZATION: C-empiricism upholds that the only source of knowledge is the senses and sense-based experience. Existentialism RATIONALIZATION: D-Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes subjectivity. This demonstrates what kind of philosophy? Naturalism C. The election is patterned after the COMELEC system. B. A. B. A. 3.learning to know implies learning how to earn by developing one’s concentration. learning to live together Learning to know D.

o Aims to unfold the child’s potential not to prepare him for a definite vocation or social position -but to prepare him to adapt to the changing times and needs o Consequently. history. drills. experimentation and demonstration o Character development is through training in the rules of conduct EXIXTENTIALISM o Subject matter is personal choice o Learning is based on the willingness of the student to choose and give meaning to the subject o Emphasis is given on the students rather than on the curriculum content o Students should not be treated as objects to be measured and standardized o Methods are geared on giving opportunities for the students for self-actualization and self-direction o Character development is through the responsibility of every individual in making a decision ESSENTIALISM o Schooling is practical for this will prepare students to become competent and valuable members of the society o Focuses on the basics-reading. This includes the activities pertinent to the human mind such as introspection and intuition and the use of logic o Its aim is to discover the full potentials in child and cultivates it in order to prepare him for a better position in the society and for him to serve the society better o Emphasis is given on subjects—philosophy. speaking and the ability to compute (arithmetic) o Subjects that are given emphasis include geography. recitation. project making and problem solving. o Aims for the education of the rational person—to develop man’s power of thought—the central aim of this philosophy PROGRESSIVISM o Focuses on the child as a whole rather than of the content or the teacher o Curriculum content comes from the questions and interests of the students o Emphasis is given on the validation of ideas by the students through active experimentation . instincts and experience. the ultimate truths for matter is nothing but just a mere representation of ideas. language. IDEALISM o Ideas are the only true reality. literature. reading. aesthetics and religious principles. one’s conduct is governed by impulse. mathematics. o It puts the child at the center of educational process and prepares him to experience life as it is. This includes history. o Curriculum must be based on recurrent themes of human life for it views education as a recurring process based on eternal truths o The teacher must have the mastery of the subject matter and authority in exercising it. o Emphasis is given on knowledge obtained by speculation and reasoning for its central tenet is that ideas are the only things worth knowing for o Focus is on conscious reasoning of the mind in order to attain truth. frequent testing and evaluation PRAGMATISM o Involves students to work in groups o Methods of teaching include experimentation. discussion and Socratic dialogue o Character development is through emulation of examples and heroes REALISM o The most effective way to find about reality is to study it through organized. humanities and science. discipline and respect to authorities o Students should be taught to think logically and systematically-grasping not just the parts but the whole o Methods of teaching center on giving regular assignments. mathematics. perseverance. grammar. logic. o Stresses on the application of what have learned rather that the transfer of the organized body of knowledge PERENNIALISM o Some of the ideas in the past are still being taught because they are significant o Curriculum should contain cognitive subjects that cultivate rationality. separate and systematically arranged matter—emphasis is on subject matter concerning Science and Mathematics o Methods used in teaching include recitation. writing. religion and history—that will develop and enhance the mind of the child o Methods used in teaching include lecture. morality. art and hygiene o Stresses the values of hard work. literature.

physical exercises and play activities HUMANISM o Education is a process and should not be taken abruptly. learning through memorization. geography and history o Method of teaching gives emphasis on the content regarding on nature studies. It focuses on student experience and taking social actions on real problems o Method of teaching include the problem-oriented type (students are encouraged to critically examine cultural heritage). physical education. The unfolding of human character proceeds with unfolding of nature o The learner should be in control of his destiny o Concern is more on methods which include theme writing rather than oral discussions. dialogues. the use of fear and punishment and the four walled philosophy of education CONSTRUCTIVISM o A philosophy of learning which asserts that reality does not exist outside of human conceptions. playing o Asserts the importance of playing in the curriculum o Emphasizes motivations and the use of praise and rewards o Curriculum includes subjects concerning literary appreciation. group discussions. o Learning is the process of adjusting one’s mental modes to accommodate new experience. social training in manners and development MAJOR: ENGLISH . interactions and community-based learning o The classroom will serve as a laboratory in experimenting school practices “bringing the world into the classroom” BEHAVIORISM o Asserts that human beings are shaped entirely by their external environment o The only reality is the physical world NATIONALISM o The most important development was the creation of common language o Stresses on the teaching of the principles of democracy. and duties of citizenship o Stimulates the development of the state which includes the control and support of public school system o Curriculum includes the teaching of grammar.o Methods of teaching include discussions. It is the individual who constructs reality by reflecting on his own experience and gives meaning to it. interaction (teacher with students) and group dynamics o Opposes the extreme reliance on bookish method of instruction. RECONSTRUCTIVISM o Schools should originate policies and progress that will bring social reforms and orders o Teachers should be an instrument to encourage and lead students in the program or social reforms o Curriculum emphasizes on social reforms as the aim of education. inquiry. drills and exercises.