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:

Math 175, Spring 2008

H. Jordon

Exam 3

104 points possible. 100 points maximum. Throughout this exam, R denotes the set of real numbers.

1. (12 pts.) Answer each of the following by CIRCLING True or False. No explanation necessary.

(a) True or False: Let A and B be two bases for R

n

. For any vector v in R

n

, [v]

B

=

B

−1

A[v]

A

.

(b) True or False: Let T : R

n

→R

m

be a linear transformation with standard matrix A. A

vector v is in the range of T if and only if the equation Ax = v is consistent.

(c) True or False: Let A be an m × n matrix. Then dimCol A + dimNull A = n and

dimRow A + dimNull A

T

= m.

(d) True or False: If A is a 3 ×3 matrix, then det(5A) = 5 det A.

2. (14 pts.) Let A =

_

_

−3 6 −1 1 −7

1 −2 2 3 −1

2 −4 5 8 −4

_

_

with reduced row echelon form

_

_

1 −2 0 −1 3

0 0 1 −2 2

0 0 0 0 0

_

_

.

Without doing any calculations, answer the following questions.

(a) Determine the rank of A.

(b) Determine the dimension and ﬁnd a basis for Col A.

(c) Determine the dimension and ﬁnd a basis for Null A.

(d) Determine the dimension and ﬁnd a basis for Row A.

3. (21 pts.) Let A be an 5 × 4 matrix such that the columns of A are linearly independent.

Answer each of the following questions.

(a) The null space of A is a subspace of R

k

for what value of k?

(b) The column space of A is a subspace of R

p

for what value of p?

(c) How many pivots are in the reduced row echelon form of A? How do you know this?

(d) What is the dimension of the null space of A? Why?

(e) What is the dimension of the column space of A? Why?

(f) Is it possible to obtain a basis for R

5

by using some of the columns of A? Why or why

not?

(g) Is it possible to obtain a basis for R

4

by using some of the rows of A? Why or why not?

4. (16 pts.) Let A

n

denote the following n ×n matrix.

A

n

=

_

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

_

1 1 1 1 · · · 1

1 2 2 2 · · · 2

1 2 3 3 · · · 3

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

1 2 3 4 · · · n

_

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

_

(a) Determine A

3

, A

4

, and A

5

. Use elementary row operations and properties of determinants

to compute the determinants of these matrices.

(b) Base on your work in part (a), use elementary row operations and properties of determi-

nants to compute det A

n

, the determinant of the matrix A

n

for an integer n ≥ 3.

5. (16 pts.) Let B = {b

1

, b

2

, b

3

} be a basis for R

3

. Let T : R

3

→ R

3

be a linear operator such

that T(b

1

) = 2b

1

−b

2

+b

3

, T(b

2

) = 3b

2

+b

3

, and T(b

3

) = −3b

1

+ 2b

3

.

(a) Determine [T]

B

, the B-matrix representation of T.

(b) Suppose b

1

=

_

_

1

−3

4

_

_

, b

2

=

_

_

2

−5

6

_

_

, and b

3

=

_

_

−1

0

1

_

_

. Determine the standard

matrix of T.

(c) From your work above, determine an explicit formula for T

_

_

_

_

x

1

x

2

x

3

_

_

_

_

.

6. (15 pts.) Determine whether or not the following sets are subspaces. If so, ﬁnd a basis for

each subspace. Be careful! Spanning sets are not always bases.

(a) W =

_

¸

¸

_

¸

¸

_

_

¸

¸

_

a −2b + 5c

2a + 5b −8c

−a −4b + 7c

3a +b +c

_

¸

¸

_

∈ R

4

: a, b and c are scalars

_

¸

¸

_

¸

¸

_

(b) V =

_

¸

¸

_

¸

¸

_

_

¸

¸

_

v

1

v

2

v

3

v

4

_

¸

¸

_

∈ R

4

:

v

1

+ 4v

3

− 2v

4

= 0

−v

1

+ v

2

− 7v

3

+ 7v

4

= 0

2v

1

+ 3v

2

− v

3

+ 11v

4

= 0

_

¸

¸

_

¸

¸

_

.

(c) U =

_

_

_

_

_

u

1

u

2

u

3

_

_

: u

3

= u

1

u

2

_

_

_

7. (10 pts.) Let A = {u

1

, u

2

, u

3

, u

4

} be a basis for R

4

.

(a) Prove that B = {u

1

+u

2

, u

2

+u

3

, u

3

+u

4

, u

4

} is a basis for R

4

.

(b) If v is a vector in R

4

and [v]

A

=

_

¸

¸

_

a

1

a

2

a

3

a

4

_

¸

¸

_

, compute [v]

B

. (Hint: Try setting up some

equations, i.e., let [v]

B

=

_

¸

¸

_

x

1

x

2

x

3

x

4

_

¸

¸

_

and solving for x

i

.)

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