SUBMITTED TO MRS. SULOCHNA SYAL PROFESSOR OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

SUMITTED BY

SUSHMA SHARMA

SADAK AHMED

VIRENDER PAL

SHIVALI AGGARWAL

NITIKA

PRASHANT

APPROVED BY ……………………………….. MRS. SULOCHNA SYAL

Sulochna Syal who gave us the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic “Social and Personal Problems of Women Entrepreneurs”.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We would like to express my special thanks to my teacher Mrs. . which also helps us doing a lot of research and I came to know about so many things.

Sulochna Syal and all the members of our group understanding and emotional support. .DEDICATION This project of report is dedicated to our professor Mrs.

Prashants.Shivali” who carried out the project work under the supervision of Mrs. Virender Pal. Nitika. Sadak Ahmed. Sulochna Syal SIGNATURE NAME: HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT/SUPERVISOR STUDENTS NAME: SUSHMA SHARMA SADAK AHMED VIRENDER PAL NITIKA PRASHANT SHIVALI .CERTIFICATE It is certified that this project report ”Social and Personal of Women Entrepreneurs” is the bonafied work of “Sushma Sharma.

CONTENTS 1) 2) 3) 4) INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW OBJECTIVES TYPES OF ENTERPRENUERS RESEARCH DESIGN 4.3) SAMPLE DESIGN 5) 6) 7) ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION CONCLUSION SUGGESTIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY .2) INTERVIEW METHOD 4.1) QUESTIONNAIRE METHOD 4.

from taking part in economic decision making processes Women entrepreneurs were also questioned about the problems they faced when starting up an enterprise and problems they face in the day-to-day running of their businesses. their family background and their qualifications were raised in order to complete the picture. .in this case women entrepreneurs . In the daily running of the businesses.chapter 1 INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW The present report is an overview on the results of the survey that was carried out in the frame of the project “Women in Business “ The main aim of the survey was to find out what problems hinder women . as well as the reconciliation of work and family. More general questions about the size of their enterprises.in this case women entrepreneurs .from taking part in economic decision making processes Women entrepreneurs were also questioned about the problems they faced when starting up an enterprise and problems they face in the day-to-day running of their businesses. their family background and their qualifications were raised in order to complete the picture. whereas financial issues can be overcome with a loan from the bank or alternative finance sources (family or savings). There does not appear to be an easy solution to the reconciliation issue. The present report is an overview on the results of the survey that was carried out in the frame of the project “Women in Business “ The main aim of the survey was to find out what problems hinder women . The main problems she faced when creating her enterprise were financial questions and combining work and family. these problems appear to remain. liquidities and financial issues being a major concern. More general questions about the size of their enterprises.

CHAPTER 2 OBJECTIVES The main objective of the study has been to understand the socio-economic back-ground of women entrepreneurs. To study the reasons behind their decision to start business. To study that how to manage their personal and professional life. To study that how they face the challenges related to their business. and their problems in running their enterprises efficiently and profitably. To study that how they are fulfilling their daily needs. The main objectives of the survey as below:- 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) To study the personal and professional problems of women of day-to-day life. demands and requirements etc. .

4) Hospitals:. nurses and also female peons that how they perform their job to facilitate the hospital and patients. 3) Parlors:.During this survey our team goes to some beauty parlors to collect the data and asked them about their experience related to their daily job. They are the most hard-working women under the category of women entrepreneurs. 2) Roadside stands:- After shops and showrooms we all visited to road side stands. .In this research we also goes to hospitals to know the experience of female doctors .CHAPTER 3 Types of enterprises The enterprises visited by us are as following:1) Shops and showrooms:Under this survey we goes to shops and different showrooms in Shimla and Solan and asked women workers and owners about their experience related to their job and business.

of respondent × 100 .CHAPTER 4 Research design To complete this survey our team used two types of methods:- 1) Interview survey method. ii) Questionnaire method:.% Observed respondents/total no.In this method researcher collected information and data from the respondent by face-to-face interaction and wrote down the answers in a notebook and recorded their videos. 2) Questionnaire survey method.In this method researcher collected the information and data by questions from the respondent to complete the research. 3) SAMPLE DESIGN:. Formula :.Researcher collected data by random sampling method and the sample deign is 45 and analysis is done by percentage method and formula is as bellow:- 4. i) Interview survey method:. Under this method researcher gave a questionnaire format to every respondent and asked them to fill it according to their job experience.

Which of the following best describes your work? WOMEN ENTERPRENEURS 5 15 20 60 office employee shops and showroom roadside stand 2) What is the size of your business? 80 60 40 20 0 MICRO SMALL MEDIUM OTHERS SIZE OF BUSINESS Series 2 Series 3 .CHAPTER 5 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 1.

) What is your present labor situation? .) Which is the area of operations of your business? BUSINESS AREA 0 NATIONAL EU OTHERS 100 4)What is the sector of activities of your business? SECTOR OF ACTIVITIES 2 15 20 JEWELLERS SHOW ROOMS 7 2 6 48 COSMETICS AND TOYS VEGETABLES AND FRUITS CLOTHS 5.3.

Which of the following best describes your company situation? COMPANY SITUATAION 6 5 MY SELF FAMILY BUSINESS BOUGHT BUSINESS 89 10.LABOUR SITUATION 80 60 40 20 0 LABOUR SITUATION 9. When you started your business. what were the main obstacles/problems you faced? OBSTACLES AND PROBLEMS 16 9 9 31 3 32 NO OBSTACLES START UP FINANCE LACK OF INFORMATION AWARENESS .

HOW MANY HOURS PER WEEK DO YOU DEDICATE TO YOUR BUSINESS? . WHAT MADE YOU START YOUR OWN BUSSINESS ? REASON BEHIND STARTING BUSINESS 1.4 15 PROFIT MAKING DID NOT WANT TO WORK 80 OTHERS 15. If you were in a position to give advice to other women entrepreneurs in Shimla and Solan. what would be your recommendation for: B. A.11)Please state briefly how you have overcome any obstacles: OVERCOME OF OBSTACLES 55 FAMILY COMFIDENCE 60 SELF CONFIDENCE DAILY JOB 30 12.

ADVISE ABOUT WORK 3 NEVER THINKS ABSOLUTE FOR SUCCESS HOURS PER WEEK 02 18 PART TIME JOBS (40 HOURS) ROAD SIDE STAND ( 6070) HOURS SHOW ROOMS ( 70+) 80 97 A B 16. HOW WELL DOES WORKING IN SOLAN AND SHIMLA MEET YOUR EXPECTATION? EXPECTATION 20 27 POOR QUITE GOOD GOOD 53 .

.? EDUCAIONAL QUALIFICATION 10 30 40 20 NILL PRIMARY SECONDARY GRADUATE 22. WHAT IS YOUR AGE CATEGORY? AGE CATEGORY 2 15 35 27 21 UNDER 20 20 -29 30-39 40-49 23. DO YOU HAVE A CHILD? HAVING CHILD 10 YES NO 90 . WHAT IS YOUR EDUCAIONAL BACK GROUND.21.

BY INTERVIEW METHOD:- Under this method researcher studied 15 respondents and asked face-to-face questions from them. Bihar. Gujarat. U. 10% of these respondents are workers in offices (private or govt. From this 60% (of 90%) of respondents are road side stand owners and especially on Solan Mall and in Shimla Lower Bazaar . The questionnaire includes 23 questions but most of the respondents does not filled the tables related to comparison or with anything. in parlors and in hospitals. Rest 10%of the respondents are workers or private employees in shops and showrooms. 20% of the respondents are having their own big shops and showrooms and they are settled in their business.) . Problems faced by women enterpreneurs:When starting the business • • • • • Financial problems No family support No facility provided by government Low income Domestic work .P etc. By studying the responses researcher observed that approx. 90% of the respondents are shopkeepers and showroom owners. Under this method researcher asked questions from 30 respondents.BY QUESTIONNAIRE METHOD:-The researchers conducted the survey by questionnaire method. According to their responses researcher observed that from all of them approximately all are having their own shops and they migrated from Tibet and Nepal and from some other states of country like Chandigarh.

for their business . Day-to-day life problems:.In the day to day life there are many problems mainly face by roadside stand owner are:• • • Committee and police torched Low sale an income No particular place provided by committee and govt.Socio personal problems Managerial problems: Which are due to lack of knowledge.

support . inhibitions. poor response-all governed by cultural traditional.Lack of Education and knowledge . conservatism. .Financial problems The most formidable problem that women normally faced is the problem of entrepreneurship among them is resistance.CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSION We conduct a survey in Shimla and Solan and discuss the problem by taking interviews and questionnaire methods.No family support . shyness. The main problems faced by woman are:- .Torched by committee and police and .No govt. value system and social sanction. apathy.

. At the district level. marketing aid.. The procedures and formalities of bank should be simplified and the required documents should be minimized.CHAPTER 7 SUGGESTIONS . concessions. Margin money for women entrepreneurs should not be more than ten percent. technical know-how. conduct of market surveys to asses the feasibility counseling. Collateral security should be done away with in the case of women applicant of small-scale industry. follow up guidance etc. raw material assistance. a separate women’s organization can be formed so as to help women entrepreneurs in fulfilling their requirements of financial assistance. Moreover all the documents shall be in the regional language. •Finance should be made available to women entrepreneurs at a reduced rate of interest. obtaining subsides.

org 2) http://www.kauffman.com .org 3) http://www.BIBLIOGRPHY GOOGLE SEARCH:1) http://www.emeraldinsight.wikipedia.ilo.com INTERVIEWS AND QUESTIONNAIRE http://www.