al-Ømb kn\n-a-Ifn-eqsS Hcp bm{X

em kv{SmU
C‰en/ 1954/ ªm°v B‚v ssh‰v/ 115 an\p´v
kwhn: s^U-dntIm s^√n\n

Bcmepw {i≤n-°-s∏-Sm-Ø, A¬]w _p≤nam-μy-ap-ff sP¬tkm-an\ F∂ s]¨Ip-´n-bpsS
IY-bmWv em kv{SmU (tdmUv F∂mWv Cu
hm°n-\¿∞w) \nc-h[n AwK-ß-fp-ff \mY-\n√mØ Hcp ]´nWn IpSpw- _ - a m- W - h - f p- t S- X v .
IS¬°cbn- e qsS Xncbpw Im‰pw ]£n- I fpw
t\m°n \S-°p∂ \njvI-f-¶bmb sP¬tkman\sb tXSn Ip´n-Iƒ hcp-∂p. ho´n¬ Ahsf
hmßm≥ Hcm-sfØnbn´p≠v .Ah-fpsS tN®ntbbpw Abmƒ hmßn- s Im- ≠ p- t ]m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
Ahƒ acn-®p-t]m-bX
- n-\m¬ sP¬tkm-an-\sb ]Xn\m-bncw end°v AΩ-bn¬ \n∂v kw]mt\m F∂
apc-S-\mb a\p-jy≥ hne-bv°p- hm-ßp-∂p˛ {Kmaß-fn-eqsS bm{X sNbvXv ]cn-]m-Sn-I-f-h-X-cn-∏n®v
Pohn-°p∂ \mtSm-Sn-bm-W-bmƒ.
c≠m temI-bp-≤m-\-¥c C‰-en-bmWv ]›mØew. Zmcn-{Zyhpw sXmgn-en-√m-bvabpw \cIw
Xo¿Ø sXcphpIfn-eq-sS-bp-ff kw]m-t\m-hns‚bpw sP¬tkm-an-\-bp-sSbpw e£y-an-√mØ
bm{X-bmWv Cu kn\na.
1954¬ ]pd-Øn-d-ßnb em kv{SmU kwhn[m\w sNbvXn-cn°p-∂Xv s^U-dntIm s^√n\n
F∂ hnJymX kwhn- [ m- b - I - \ mWv . temI
kn\nabpsS \mgnI I√mbn hmgv Ø - s ∏- S p∂
"\ntbm dnb- e nkw' F∂ {]ÿm- \ - Ø ns‚
]XmIhm-lI
- c- ne-cn-sem-cm-fmbn sIm≠m-Ss- ∏-Sp∂
kwhn-[mbI\mWv s^√n\n. tdm_¿t´m tdmk√n-\n-bpsS "tdmw. Hm∏¨ kn‰n' (1945) hnt‰m-dnb
Unkn-°-bpsS" ss_ssk-°nƒ Xohvkv '(1948)
F∂n-h-tbm-sSm∏w "emkv{SmU'bpw tN¿∂mWv
\ntbm dnb-en-k-Øns‚ kuμ-cy-Ip-sØm-gp°v
Xpd∂p hn´Xv.
k¶Sw Xpfp- º p∂ hnS¿∂ IÆp- I fpw,
\njvIf- ¶
- a- mb apJ tNjvSI
- f- p-ap-ff F√m-hc- mepw
Ah-KW
- n-°s- ∏´, A]-I¿jX \nd™ Hcp km[phmWv sP¬tkm-an\. kw]mt\m Ahsf H´pw ]cnK-Wn-°p-t∂-bn-√. Hcp hf¿ØparK-tØm-Sp≈
s]cp-am-‰-am-W-h-tfm-Sv. tamt´m¿ ssk°nƒ cq]m¥- c s∏SpØn- b p- ≠ m- ° nb ap®{I h≠n- b nemWhcpsS bm{Xbpw Pohn-X-hpw. kw]m-t\m -Xs∂-bmWv B h≠n . Bfp-IqSp∂ CS-ß-fnsems° Xs‚ {]I-S\w ImWn®v ]Ww ]ncn-

hnP-b-Ip-am¿ ªmØq¿
P\p-hcn 2009

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al-Ømb kn\n-a-Ifn-eqsS Hcp bm{X
\¬Inb aT-Øn¬ \n∂v sh≈n Ae¶m-c-߃ sP¬tkm-an-\-sb-sIm≠v
tamjvSn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v kw]m-t\m. {Sw]‰n¬ Ahƒ hmbn® kwKoXw at\ml-c-sa∂v A`n-\-μn® Ahn-SsØ
I\ym-kv{XotbmSv bm{X ]d-bp-tºmƒ
Ip‰-t_m[w sIm≠v sP¬tkm-an-\bpsS IÆp-\n-d-bp-∂p-≠v. shdpØp
XpS-ßnb kw]m-t\m-hns\ Dt]-£n®v
Ftßm´v t]mh-W-sa-∂-hƒ°dn-bn-√.
XpS¿∂p≈ bm{X-°n-S-bn¬ hnP\-amb s]cp-h-gn-bn-sem-cn-SØv Im¿
t{_°v UuWmbn InS-°p∂ ]gb
k¿°kv ¢uWns\ Ch¿ I≠p ap´p∂p. Abmƒ Ct∏mgpw kw]m-t\mhns\
Ifnbm°n sNmSn-∏n°p- ∂ p. Ccphcpw XΩn-ep≈
a¬∏n-Sp-Ø-Øn\n-S-bn¬ Xe-bnSn®v ¢u¨
sIm√-s∏-Sp-∂p.
CXn\p km£nbmtI≠n h∂
sP¬tkm- a n- \
H∂pw an≠mtXbm-Ip-∂p. ihw
Hfn- ∏ n®v bm{X
XpS-cp∂
kw]mt\m
XpS¿∂v ]cn-]mSn- I - f - h - X - c n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ v . ac- ∏ m- h t]mse bm{¥n-I-ambn s]cp-am-dp∂
sP¬tkm-an\ " B Xam-i-°m-c\v thZ\n-®n-´p-≠mhpw' F∂v CS-°nsS ]d-bp∂p-≠v. B sIme-bpsS sR´-en¬
\n∂v ap‡-bm-hmØ sP¬tkm-an\sb XWp-Øp-d™ s]cp-h-gn-bn-ept]-£n®v kw]mt\m IS∂p If-bp-∂p.
t]mIp-∂-Xn\v apºv Ahƒ°v Gsd
CjvS-ap≈ {Sw]‰v Ahƒ-°cnIn-ebmƒ Dt]-£n°p∂p≠v.
h¿j-߃°p-tijw k¿°kv

kwL-tØm-sSm∏w Ducp Np‰n Abmƒ
\m´p-ºp-d-sØ-Øn-b-t∏mƒ sP¬tkman\ {Sw]-‰n¬ ]mSmdp≈
Km\w Hcp kv{Xo aqfp∂Xv tIƒ°p-∂p. Cu
]m´v Hcp ]mhw
s]¨Ip´n Chn- s Ssbms° {Sw]-‰n¬ ]mSn
Ae-™p-\-S-°m-dp-≠m-bncp- s ∂∂pw tcmKn- b mbn
Ahƒ acn®p t]msb∂pw
Ahƒ ]d-™v kw]mt\m
Adn-bp-∂p.
Xm≥ sNbvX {IqcX- BZy- a mbn Xncn- ® - d nbp∂ kw]mt\m ]›m-Ø-]n-°p∂p

sam∏w Ah-cpS ap®-{I-h-≠nbpw Hcp
IYm-]m-{X-ambn kn\n-ab
- n-ep-S\
- o-fa- p-≠v.

kao] Zriy-ßf- p-tSbpw temwKvtjm-´p-If- p-tSbpw AXn-at- \m-lc an{iW-Øn-eq-sSbpw I´p-Iƒ IqSmsX
Untkmƒhp-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn®v tjm´p-Iƒ tbmPn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-eq-tSbpw
]pXn-sbmcp Ah-X-cW ssien°v
s^√n\n Cu kn\n-a-bn¬ apXn-cp-∂p≠v.
G‰hpw anI® A\y`mjm
Nn{X-Øn-\p≈ A°m-Uan Ahm¿Uv
em kv{SmU°v e`n-®p. sh\nkv
^nenw s^Ãn- h - e n¬ tKmƒU≥
eb¨ ]pc-kvImcw Cu kn-\n-abpsS
kwhn-[m\ anI-hn-\mbv s^√n-\n°v
e`n-®p. \nc-h-[n-ta-f-I-fn¬ AwKo-Icn-°-s∏´ "em kv{SmU' s^√n-\nsb
hniz- h n- { ipX\mb kwhn- [ m- b - I \m°n am‰n.

IS¬°-c-bnse aW-en¬ apJ-a-a¿Øn
Gßn-°c- b
- p∂ kw]m-t\m-hn¬ kn\na
Ah-km-\n-°p-∂p.
\ΩpsS lrZ-b-Øn¬ B¿{Z-amsbmcp CSw t\Sp∂ sP¬tkm-an\
F∂ \njvI-f-¶-bmb s]¨Ip-´n-bpsS
thjw sNbvXn-cn-°p∂Xv s^√n-\nbpsS `mcy-bmb Kznen‰ amkn\ F∂
\Sn-bm-Wv. ]cp-°≥ hy‡n-Xz-ap≈
kw]mt\m Bbn A`n\-bn-°p∂Xv
hn{ipX \S- \ mb B‚Wn Izn≥ .
\nd™p \n¬°p∂ Cu c≠v t]¿°pP\p-hcn 2009

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