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Housing Studies Three areas of study o Public policy and planning considerations o Urban context and civic design

n o Housing units

There is a correlation between size and quality. There is an issue of around 50,000 vacant properties. Qawra and Marsascala are the locations where there are the most vacant properties. The rental market. For a long time, post war. The legislation protected the tenant form altercating the premise. The market established the price as it does in all other products. The tenants were protected for a long time, up to 3 years ago tenants were having large houses for just 12 shillings. There was so much protection to the tenants the people who had spare property did not rent it as the tenants would not move out, and then their children will take over the house etc and the charge of the house cannot alter. This is a question of public policy. Up to a certain extent up 1944-1995 till there was the first rent legislation. The government tried to intervene in the market to free p the vacant properties that there were to rent them out. 1995 legislation, it is the market that decides, there was not enough there not enough protection to the landlords. Public policy is created by the government. If there is problems in the rental markets, we do not have problems, we have opportunities. It is a question of how the government acts in the market, regulatory, (laws) and also a direct intervention in the housing market by building housing, (slump clearance, housing estates, in the 70s and 80s we went through an extensive initiative building of housing estates, like in Msida Gzira and similar locations). How does MEPA affect the hosing environment? The type of housing zoning, the size of apartments, minimum bedroom apartment s 45meter square. 75meter squared to 2 bedroom. What would be the ideal housing in Malta? Location is very important. The outside environment does affect. Compact and pony. The urban context does have the local councils try to improveCottenera has been bombed, because a lot of property was damaged the community was dismantled, they went to lija, balzan, etc. the initiatives of local council to improve houses and front gardens. One of the arguments against housing of the 70s and 80s, you had no open spaces. Road, road, houses, and then becomes a problem of lifestyle no playing areas for children. And then children fine more excitement playing on electronic devices. It does impact the neighbourhood design. Housing units are becoming smaller, it is funny as this limitation of size in dwelling was introduced around 2005, it is only now that people are building in the minimum size regulations. What is driving the housing to smaller apartments? Lifestyle, space and hectic busy lives. the demographics of the nation, people are getting older, a pressure on old peoples homes. There are a disgrace, the cheapest one is around 25 daily. Are most of the housing elderly friendly? We have mobility issues. Should all houses be age friendly? This is were architects come inwhen it comes to alterations, existing buildings to provide an accessible solution which was present before, there is the problem. In housing there are adaptation which are occupational therapists. There is a tendency for architects to overlap with professionals and surveyors for adaptations of buildings. There is also the social fabric the sense of community. All the people live with the families before. Now people do not have time to take care of old people. So old peoples home is the solution many people are going for. Do we have a shelf of accommodation for old people? In a sense when old people used to live with the family there were shared spaces. The care was provided by family members. Now the care is given by paid people. Sheltered accommodation. Small housing unit bedroom and kitchen etc, 5 people and one person living there which responds to the needs of the 5 tenants. Should is be a question of public policy for sheltered accommodation? Should we introduce this sheltered housing in Malta?

Next time we will lok into public policy and how through the years has altered the built environment.

Housing Studies Three areas of study o Public policy and planning considerations o Urban context and civic design o Housing units

There is a correlation between size and quality. There is an issue of around 50,000 vacant properties. Qawra and Marsascala are the locations where there are the most vacant properties. The rental market. For a long time, post war. The legislation protected the tenant form altercating the premise. The market established the price as it does in all other products. The tenants were protected for a long time, up to 3 years ago tenants were having large houses for just 12 shillings. There was so much protection to the tenants the people who had spare property did not rent it as the tenants would not move out, and then their children will take over the house etc and the charge of the house cannot alter. This is a question of public policy. Up to a certain extent up 1944-1995 till there was the first rent legislation. The government tried to intervene in the market to free p the vacant properties that there were to rent them out. 1995 legislation, it is the market that decides, there was not enough there not enough protection to the landlords. Public policy is created by the government. If there is problems in the rental markets, we do not have problems, we have opportunities. It is a question of how the government acts in the market, regulatory, (laws) and also a direct intervention in the housing market by building housing, (slump clearance, housing estates, in the 70s and 80s we went through an extensive initiative building of housing estates, like in Msida Gzira and similar locations). How does MEPA affect the hosing environment? The type of housing zoning, the size of apartments, minimum bedroom apartment s 45meter square. 75meter squared to 2 bedroom. What would be the ideal housing in Malta? Location is very important. The outside environment does affect. Compact and pony. The urban context does have the local councils try to improveCottenera has been bombed, because a lot of property was damaged the community was dismantled, they went to lija, balzan, etc. the initiatives of local council to improve houses and front gardens. One of the arguments against housing of the 70s and 80s, you had no open spaces. Road, road, houses, and then becomes a problem of lifestyle no playing areas for children. And then children fine more excitement playing on electronic devices. It does impact the neighbourhood design. Housing units are becoming smaller, it is funny as this limitation of size in dwelling was introduced around 2005, it is only now that people are building in the minimum size regulations. What is driving the housing to smaller apartments? Lifestyle, space and hectic busy lives. the demographics of the nation, people are getting older, a pressure on old peoples homes. There are a disgrace, the cheapest one is around 25 daily. Are most of the housing elderly friendly? We have mobility issues. Should all houses be age friendly? This is were architects come inwhen it comes to alterations, existing buildings to provide an accessible solution which was present before, there is the problem. In housing there are adaptation which are occupational therapists. There is a tendency for architects to overlap with professionals and surveyors for adaptations of buildings. There is also the social fabric the sense of community. All the people live with the families before. Now people do not have time to take care of old people. So old peoples home is the solution many people are going for. Do we have a shelf of accommodation for old people? In a sense when old people used to live with the family there were shared spaces. The care was provided by family members. Now the care is given by

paid people. Sheltered accommodation. Small housing unit bedroom and kitchen etc, 5 people and one person living there which responds to the needs of the 5 tenants. Should is be a question of public policy for sheltered accommodation? Should we introduce this sheltered housing in Malta? Next time we will lok into public policy and how through the years has altered the built environment.

strategic problems 1990s

assignment: lifetime homes book. this is general overall housing another book: have we got policies for special housing for aging? what happened in 1990s. complex subject involving demand, quality price, location,density,efficient use of land and procurement of housing. what people are talking of housing issues today are the same issues that were present 23years ago. recent years -explosion in the use of land for housing vacant housing and underused buildings in older housing areas need to commute linger distances to work lack of local facilities in new housing areas. low density development=inefficient use of land loss of agricultural land coalescence of settlements and loss if character. how many people should we have per hector, the ideal value, 250 people per hector. is wrong that you have like Mosta and Naxxar which are interlinked

Supply and demand if housing

demand is complex:number of submarketx . we have alot of markets. estimated at 60000 units (51000 to 75000) SP speaks to e sure sufficient land is available policies directed to ensure enough dwelkings supply by size quality and location to stabilise houshe

decaying heritage

housing policies have not militated in favor if preservation of historic centres. people moving out of the old centres and going into new houses centre characterized by vacant /under-utilixes buildings traditional street patterns a d urban fabric

the general lack if action in the old centres had however meant that many traditions have not been lost level of exodus and neglect has now become serious-SP POLICIES

development planning act (1992)

strategic land-use place developed specifically to take into account grossing environmental awareness limit land avaikbake dir break Cesare development establish policies for the protection of natural and cultural heritage. he development panning act saw the need to j crease urban densities (resulting form 1990 housing surveys)

proposed strategic solutions

dwelling subsidies SET 3 ANX SET 4 search housing authority sites

rent privisio s

land prevalatko. in 1994 on could increase rents but there were no incentives to improve the conditjo of the house. this needed to change as there were a lot if decaying property in the market.

home ownership

low cost doesnp not mean substandard. why should the government spend on housing. there need to be more since ties for the government and private NGOs to invest in housing. one should build in already built up areas and not in peripherals which end up ta,king up resources. there were instances that 1 star and 2star hotels to be converted in to housing. policy housing 8,9,10

development in existing built up areas

policy set 1: encouragement will be given to continuing development including rehabilitation and redevelopment, within existing built-up areas as defined in e

structure plan as long as such development does nor infringe policies BEN1,2,3 problem identified as ,kiss if population in inner harbour area to newer areas whereas as economic,social etc etc

development in outer residential areas policiy set 7 in outer areas preference to development is given to schools, clinics, and other communal facilities. then the second preference is given to local employment facilities, then to local shops and then housing. the government will only give permission to build if it is convinced that there is no demand for it or the site is not appropriate to be used otherwise of higher priority.

policies of 1990/2000

local plans first published was marsaxlokk local plan in 1995 exercise completed in 2006 with south Malta and Gozo and Comino local plans. the local plans took 11 years to be completed. they had a tremendous impact on the built environment. the different local plans have their different policies and requirements etc.

New Lecture 4

We we're discussing having somewhere like birkirkara having a height policiy and aliens front you have 7-8 flora at the front and 5 at the inner core. House ownership scheme to allow housing for the mass. The government has direct intervention in the market through mela by adopting a plan. Impacts on the environment on he promenade and the the value goes up according to the number of floors allowed to build in the area Why in Marsascala higher in inner and lower heights at the promenade. In aliens it is the opposite. Discuss why: tower road was full of terrace houses. In qawra you have a transition and merging from low rise to high rise along the promenade. 2000's -need to review structure plan drawn up in 1990s -Nepal is obliged bylaw to review the structure plan to address issues that are relevant

-in the SP review new topics were I glided to address current issues such as coastal strategy and waste management Demographic topic paper -population will reach 434 000 by 2020 Average umber of people per household will decline from 3.12 ply to 2.66 pph -a higher proportion ill be residing in the CLMP area. The GHLP area will continue to depopulate -elderly population will increase for. 16%1995 to 25%2020 If we continue building houses and apartment, we have energy performing certificates in housing. How can we tackle the elderly problem. They have reduction of mobility. Who should address his problem? Should there a public policy to address housing for elderly housing. There is the prince of whales. The elderly bargain their property with a room in the housing estate accompanied with services. Housing topic paper 1 -between 1994-2000 MEPA granted permission - during review period --43400 units are needed --983000 are available --57100 units surplus supply exceeding demand --23000 permanently vacant dwellings not taken into account --figures before relaxation of building height limitation Residential property boost -low interest rates encourages real estate investment -investment registration scheme 2001-influx of monies formerly held abroad - purchase of 2nd home considered as an investment by many Maltese nationals -building height limitation relaxation - houses demolished to make way for flats. Eu membership 2004 -sharp rise in construction activity -house price increase in 2003 11.8% -house price increase in 2004 20.3% 2008 housing boom ends -effects of economic recession -supply outstripping demand -currently about 60000 vacant units - 2005: 9.8% prove increase - 2007: 1% prove increase

LECTURE 5
Housing lecture 5 Liftetime homes

Quality flexibility and choice. A new way of branding housing development. Design houses to make them future proof. The concept -was developed I the early 190s by a group of housing experts -the group was formed because if concerns about his inaccessible an inconvenient many homes were for large sections of the population -lifetime homes was developed to ensure that homes are accessible and inclusive. The benifits - lofetime homes can offer particular benifits to older people,disable people and anyone with a physical impairment whether they life in the property or want to visit relatives and friends - binging lifetime homes design into the general housing stock should, over time, allow older people to stay I. Their own homes or longer -caveat: lifetime homes are not a substitute or purpose-designed wheelchair standard housing. The benifits or the community -adopting this as a minimum standard for new housing will, over time, enable more people to live independently -promotes high quality inclusiclce design in therms of function and impact bit just for the short theme but over the lifetime if the development.. I.e. sustainable development - this will not only reduce personal costs for care and adaptation but also lower public expenditure for social and health care including prociding new old people's homes. The benifits for developer - the design feature of lifetime homes differentiat them from the normal housing stock -lifetime homes appeal to a broad spec turn if potential buyers and often feel more spacious - create a brand disrixtion form other housing stock and reflect quality thinking -creation of a product that is I grunt with the demographic of the country - reflect a social responsibility of developer - possibility of negotiating better terms for government incentives, lower planning fees and so on. Is there a market? -significant ages if baby boomer demographic represents a growing market for age feiendly lifetime housing -the number of persons with disability will inevitable rise as the population grows and ages - one in five Maltese currently have a disability of some type - research indicates a 60% The lifetime homes principles -the lifetime homes concept is base on 5 principles and 16 criterial Principle 1 inclusivity - an inclusive environment aims to assist use by everyone, regardless of age, Frederick of disability, it does not attempt to meet ever need, but by considering people's diversity it aims to beaks down unnecessary barriers as exclusions -has the ootetial to proved for the widest cross section of individuals within the general population - the high level if accessibility offers greater visibility so that an individual is not prevented from visiting a household due to inaccessibility Principle 2 accessibility -8!cluaive design aims to give the widest ranged people including Rhodes with physical and or sensory impairments, older people and children convenient ad I dependent access into the building environment Principle 3 adaptability -Meade that a building it product can be simply adapted to meet the people's changing needs over time or to suit the weds of different users -design features to assist adaptation for a household that has a family member with a temporary or

permanent disability f a progressive condition that is making movement around the home or between the floors difficult. Many apartments I the past were sold with the bathrooms not finished. The bathroom is one the main key elements in accessible design. Principle 4 sustainability -aimed at meeting current an future needs -re accessibility inflexibility and adaptability all help I ensure long term demand for and desireability if dwelling Principle 5 good values -lifetime homes are be intended to be complicated idle expensive or house-builders or for the people who live in them -the design criteria have even carefully considered so that they can be incorporated into a dwellings design and construction form the outset wig only a marginal cost effect.

Design criteria -lifetime housing has 16 design criteria 1-bathroom planned to give side access to WC and bath. Alway having toilet with Brits back to the shaft to maximize efficiency of the pipe work. 2-provision for a future stair lift 3-identified space for future platform lift to bedroom. This also affects how we design the roof slabs. We're re beams can incorporate I the future the support elements for the platform lift. 4-low window sills. Especially for the wheelchair bearers. 5-walls able to take adaptations. There is an increasing trend if using plasterboard,even in bathrooms, 6-identified space for temporary entrance level bed. This is for terraces houses. 7-living or family room at the entrance level 8-distance from the car parking space kept to a minimum. 9-easy route for a hoist from bedroom to bathroom. 10-sockets,controls, etc. at a cone miner height. 11-accessible am entrance level WC (opportunity for shower later in 3bed or larger homes) 12-width of doors an hair allow wheelchair access 13-turning circles for wheelchair in ground-floor living rooms 14-accessible threshold covered and lot 15-parking space capable of widening to 3300mm 16-level or gently sloping approach to the lifetime home. Parking Principle-provide or enable by cost effect adaptation parking that makes between Approach to dwelling or parking from parking -enable convenient movement between the vehicle and he dwelling for the widest range of people inlcuding those Approach to all entrances -enable as far as possible convenient movement along other approach routes to dwellings in addition to the principle approach from a vehicle required by the previous criterion for the widest range of people Entrances -enable ease if use of all entrances for the widest range f people. 900mm is the gold dimension. Not less than 800 mm. 15 mm threshold is a domain level. Ramp no stepper than 1:12 Communal stairs ad lifts -enable access to dwellings above the entrance elves to as many people as possible. Internal doorways and hallways -enable convenient movement in hallways and through doorways. It is normally the problem d the

doors as they are not wide enough Circulation space Entrance level living space -proved accessible socializing space for visitors less able to use stairs Potential for entrance level bedsapce -provide space for a member d the household to sleep Entrance level WX and shower drainage -accessible WC and potential showering facilities for any member WC and bathroom walls - ensure futur provision of grab rails if possible I assist il with independent use of WC and bathroom facilities. Stairs as potential through-floor loft Potential of fitting hoists and bedroom bathroom -assist with indecent Bathrooms -ease of access of its facilities Glazing an window handle high ta -enable people to have a reasonable line of sight form a seated pops iron in the living room and the use at least one window for ventilation in each room. Location of service controls -locate regularly used service controls or those needed in emergency. Knobs and turning mechanisms are not efficient for older people as they have movement impairment. Lift dimensions are 1.1 by 1.4 meters.