Replaces the brochure 1/04 • 5/2007

TIES AND CONNECTOR PIN Benefits of ties and connector pins • • • • • reliable and well-known connector for sandwich element shells with over 40 years of use experience easy to install between insulation pieces stainless material inside insulation layer sizes according to insulation thicknesses beam tie for low elements and openings Peikko benefits • reliable: passed demanding test program • competitive price and delivery time • economical and easy to use in designing. manufacturing and installation of the elements .

.1 Welding joints 4.. DIMENSIONS AND MATERIALS .......2................3 PPI connector pin 2...........1 PD diagonal tie 2...... 5 2.. DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEM .1 Selecting the type of tie 5................... MANUFACTURING ......2 Positioning of the ties 8 8 8 5.................. 8 5.........2 Installation of connector pin 10 10 3 www. 7 4....3 Quality control 7 7 7 4..2 Design rules information 9 9 9 5.2 Connector pin application 5..........peikko...... 7 3.3 Capacities of PPI connector pins 7 7 7 5.. 10 6....com .. INSTALLATION ..........1 Limitations for application 5....4 Materials 5 5 6 6 3.......1....... DESIGN ..........1.2.......1 Installation of ties 6........2 Tolerances 3........2 Anchoring the cross joint 4...CONTENTS 1..3 Example 10 6.... CAPACITIES ..1 Manufacturing method and markings 3.......1 Design principles 5........... 4 2....2 PPA beam tie 2...

The external layer is hung by connecting reinforcement from the internal layer. PD diagonal ties and PPA beam ties in wall element. PD diagonal ties are designed to join sandwich panel’s concrete layers together from full height of the panel. Compression capacity is greater. where the layers work together. where the internal layer is the supporting structure. Sandwich panels can be divided in to two groups according to their structural composition: • Panels. Figure 1. The connector pins can be used for example in polyurethane or polystyrene insulated sandwich panels.g. panels where footing carries the exterior concrete layer and in edges of the panels as an additional tie. 4 . PPI connector pins are used to connect the concrete layers of the sandwich panel together. door and window beams and also in low foundation elements. • Panels. DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEM Ties are connecting reinforcement which allows you to join sandwich panel’s concrete layers together. The pins will not improve the compressive capacity of the load bearing concrete layer.TIES AND CONNECTOR PIN 1. PPA beam ties can be used in low structures e.

Dimensions of the beam tie [mm]. Dimensions of the PD diagonal tie [mm]. EXTERNAL BAR INTERNAL BAR top 300 300 bottom H PPA beam tie DI AG ON AL H (bars’ c/c) 150 180 200 210 220 240 260 280 advisable insulation thickness 90 120 140 150 160 180 200 220 PPA 150 L = 2400 PPA 180 PPA 200 PPA 210 INTERNAL BAR PPA 220 PPA 240 PPA 260 PPA 280 EXTERNAL BAR PD tie PD 150 PD 180 PD 200 PD 210 PD 220 PD 240 H (bars’ c/c) 150 180 200 210 220 240 advisable insulation thickness 90 120 140 150 160 180 L 2400 (floor height 2800) 250 5 www. Tie’s Hmin is 120 mm and Hmax is 320 mm. H PD tie’s standard length is 2400 mm. PD ties can be manufactured in multiples of 300 mm.2.2 PPA beam tie Table 2.peikko. DIMENSIONS AND MATERIALS 2.com .1 PD diagonal tie Table 1. 2.

material standard strength SFS 1257 fyk ≥ 500 N/mm2 σ0.4301 Ø 5 mm 1. 6 .4301 Ø 5 mm B600KX PDM PD 4 H PDR PPA advisable insulation thickness straight 170 190 210 230 250 280 80 100 120 140 160 190 45° angle 80 100 120 1. Dimensions of PPI connector pin and advisable insulation thicknesses [mm].3 PPI connector pin Table 3. Standards and strenghts of the materials.TIES AND CONNECTOR PIN 2.2 ≥ 600 N/mm2 σ0. Materials. 62 tie internal bar Ø 5 mm B500K Ø 5 mm B500K Ø 5 mm B600KX Ø 5 mm B600KX external bar Ø 5 mm B500K Ø 5 mm B600KX Ø 5 mm B600KX Ø 5 mm B600KX diagonal Ø 5 mm 1.4301 B500K PPI connector pin PPI 170 PPI 190 PPI 210 PPI 230 PPI 250 PPI 280 H The material of PPI connector pin is Ø 4 mm B600KX. Table 5.2 ≥ 500 N/mm2 B600KX SFS 1259 SFS-EN 10088-3 The minimum length of connector pin is insulation thickness +90mm.4 Materials Table 4. 2.4301 Ø 5 mm 1.

The ribbed bars in ties have the manufacturer’s marking of 6 + 6 + 2.7 7 .com . Capacities of PPI connector pins [kN].9 7 www.6 4.1 Manufacturing method and markings Ties are produced by using automatic resistance welding and are cut mechanically to length.2 Anchoring the cross joint Table 7 . The connector pins are cut and bent mechanically.3 Quality control The welding joint is tested according to SFS 1201 standard.8 Capacity value NRcd 3. The quality control involved in producing the steel parts conforms to the requirements set by the Finnish Building Code. The mark is repeated every half a meter.8 5. Package size 500 pcs.0 3. the emblem of Peikko Group. The anchor depth of bars 15 mm 25 mm (+5) (±5) Characteristic tensile capacity NRck 4.0 3.5 1. The welding joint between diagonal and bar [kN]. Each pile of ties is marked with the mark of Inspecta. Peikko Finland Oy is under the Inspecta Certification for quality control. Characteristic tensile capacity NRsk 7 . PD diagonal ties and PPI connector pins have certified product declarations confirmed by the Concrete Association of Finland. concrete K25 K10 Characteristic tensile capacity NRck 7 .3. CAPACITIES 4. Capacity of the cross joint anchoring [kN].0 Capacity value NRsd 5.2 Tolerances Tie length Tie width Diagonal or cross bar distance Diagonal’s straightness between bars Connector pin length ± 10 mm ± 5 mm ± 5 mm ± 2 mm ± 5 mm Capacity value NRcd 3. Stainless external bar in PD ties is marked with yellow paint marks at both ends of the bar. MANUFACTURING 3.6 4. Connector pin packages are marked with type of the pin and the emblem of Peikko Group.3 Capacities of PPI connector pins Table 8. 3. the type and quantity of the product and manufacturing date. 4.1 Welding joints Table 6.peikko.

5. Placing the ties near the element edge will reduce element edges from bending. which means that the anchoring depth of the bar is 25 mm. The outermost tie’s distance from the element’s edge has to be between 100 – 300 mm. The designer has to take care of the concrete cover thickness. In narrow spaces (300 – 600 mm) two ties are used. The thickness of concrete cover must be adequate according to environmental exposure class and intented operating life.1 Selecting the type of tie In load bearing wall elements the internal layer is the compressed load bearing structure.1.1. 5.3 Requirements for concrete and reinforcement The concrete strength of the element has to be at least K15 (Finnish Building Code) before removing the element from the mould. In hung and light loaded wall elements it’s enough that the external layer is hung from the internal layer. The element is lifted up from both layers.2 Positioning of the ties In load bearing wall elements where the layers work together the PD diagonal ties c/c is ≤ 600 mm. The c/c of the tie’s bars is selected according to insulation thickness and required anchoring depth. for example with Peikko® PNLF lifting anchor. You have to pay attention to the effect that openings cause. Tie’s distance from upper and bottom edge has to be ≤ 200 mm. Recommended width for the tie is insulation thickness +60 mm. Otherwise the concrete has to correspond to local building codes concerning wall elements. Required edge and central distances have to be followed.1. DESIGN 5.TIES AND CONNECTOR PIN 5. Then there is no need for the layers to work together. The layers working together in spaces below 300 mm usually cannot be used. Because the internal layer is thin therefore its stability limits its capacity. Distances between diagonals in PD are designed for c/c 150 meshes. 8 . The smallest c/c of the ties is 100 mm. With stiff PD ties the layers can be made to work together and the compression capacity of the element is increased. In the hung external layers usually the c/c of the ties is the same as the insulation width. This way the ties never change the position of the mesh.1 Design principles 5.

H >5 0 Table 9. Anchoring depth is ensured by installing the pin through insulation up to the limiter in the pin.1 Limitations for application Connector pin requires 50 mm anchoring length.5.peikko. Installation of the connector pin with installing jig. 5. Diagonal pin can be replaced with PPA beam tie. Diagonal use requires special length pin and installing jig so that sufficient anchorage can be achieved.com . Connector pin can also be used in diagonal direction. Insulation [mm] 80 Connector pin PPI 230 PPI 250 PPI 280 40 100 E 120 Insulation [mm] 80 100 120 140 160 190 50 Connector pin PPI 170 PPI 190 PPI 210 PPI 230 PPI 250 PPI 280 45° 9 www. One pin is located at every corner.2 Design rules information Connector pins are installed to the whole sandwich panel with maximum distance of 500 mm.2. To prevent the warping of the exterior concrete layer the first pins must be located less than 150 mm from the edge of the panel.2 Connector pin application 5. Measurements of the pin in perpendicular use.2. Table 10.

96 kN The required amount of diagonals in sandwich panel 40.60 kN x cos 45° = 3. external layer 85 mm.2 Installation of connector pin Gd • Size of the sandwich panel 5000 mm x 2800 mm. The erection of elements has to be done according to designs. 10 . 6. the capacity in the direction of load NRsdy = 5. INSTALLATION 6. This way it can be ensured that the proper anchoring of the tie occurs in the lower layer. Designed anchoring length (usually 25 mm) of the tie has to stay above the insulation. Pin in diagonal direction is installed with installing jig which ensures the right installation angle. Stainless steel bar marked with yellow paint is meant for the external layer of the sandwich panel. Usually the c/c distance of the ties is the same as the width of insulation piece. Figure 3. Peikko-Ties dimensioning program.20 kN The capacity value of welding joint between diagonal and bar in the direction of diagonal NRsd = 5. The free program is available to download from www. During installation the pin is moved back and forth so that concrete will compact around the pin. Direction of forces. The required amount of ties according to calculation is three pieces.60 kN x cos 45° = 3.800 m) x 25 kN/m3 = 40. The insulation panel is installed tightly against the tie so that there is no air gap around the tie. NRsdy Rs d N 6.1 Installation of ties The ties are installed into fresh concrete in turns with insulation panels. insulation 160 mm and internal layer 150 mm For the type of tie is chosen PD220-2400 by the insulation thickness The anchoring depth of bar is 25 mm The dimensioning load of external layer Gd = 1. Ties are not allowed to be inserted through the insulation. External panel is hanging from the load bearing internal panel.20 kN / 3.35 x (0. Figure 2.000 m x 2.com.085 m x 5. The recommended centre distance between ties is 600 mm.3 Example The required ties for the sandwich panels are calculated by following method.96 kN = 11 pcs Connector pin is pushed straight through the insulation to the right level. The loop of the pin is checked so that reinforcement bar will be hooked.96 kN The anchoring capacity of diagonal with anchoring depth 25 mm NRcdy = 5.60 kN. • • • • • • One PD220-2400 tie has 4 pieces of diagonals. Ties can be measured also with Peikko-Ties dimensioning program.peikko.TIES AND CONNECTOR PIN 5. Other factors such as deformation caused by temperature differences and moisture will be determining.


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