..

© All Rights Reserved

11 views

..

© All Rights Reserved

- Partial Differential Equations Question Bank
- VKA
- Inverse Problem chapter-1
- catenary
- An Exact Solution of the Cylindrical Wave
- EE Final Upto 3rd Year Syllabus 13.07.12
- Home.docx
- cauchy
- Pde Solve Fdm
- Mathematics for Engineers and Scientists 3.pdf
- Chapter 2_2nd order differential equations.pdf
- Fred5
- D495
- Bessel's Functions
- It Curriculum Book
- CN3421 Lecture Note 1- Introduction
- Public Ac i One Prints
- FEM
- Ae722 Structured Grids
- StraussPDEch14s1p03

You are on page 1of 70

Constant Coeff

variable Coeff

Homog(find yp)

NON-HOMOG

(find yp)

Cauchy-Euler

Ch 6 Series Point x

Variational of Parameters

x0

Ordinary 6.1

n

x0

n =0

Singular 6.2

cn x

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

n =0

n +r c x n

Singular Points

Definition: IF: (i.e)

f (x )

Is

analytic

at

x0 x

0

f (x ) = c n (x x 0 )n

n =0

with

R>0

x x0 < R

Definition:

x0

Is

y ''+ P ( x ) y '+ Q ( x ) y = 0

IF:

(*)

x

0

P ( x ) and Q ( x )

are analytic at

A point that is not an ordinary point of the DE(*) is said to be singular point Special Case: Polynomial Coefficients

Example :

1) 2) ( x 2 25) y ''+ 2xy '+ y = 0 (x 2 -4) 2 y ''+ 3(x 2) y '+ 5 y = 0

a2 ( x ) y ''+ a1 ( x ) y '+ a0 ( x ) y = 0

a2 ( x ) = 0 x0 singular point a2 ( x )Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 0 x 0 ordinary point

december

3)

Definition:

x0

Is

y ''+ P ( x ) y '+ Q ( x ) y = 0

IF:

(*)

x

0

p ( x ) and q ( x )

are analytic at

where p ( x ) = ( x x 0 ) P ( x ) and q ( x ) = ( x x 0 ) 2Q ( x )

A singular point that is not a regular singular point of the DE(*) is said to be irregular singular point

Example :

2)

(x 2 - 4) 2 y ''+ 3( x 2) y '+ 5 y = 0

3)

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Frobenius Theorem

Theorem 6.2: IF x 0 is a regular singular point

a2 ( x ) y ''+ a1 ( x ) y '+ a0 ( x ) y = 0

1) There exists at least one solution in the form

(x x 0 ) n + r

2) The series will convereg at least on some interval 0 < x -x0 < R

Theorem 6.1:

a2 ( x ) y ''+ a1 ( x ) y '+ a0 ( x ) y = 0

IF

x0

is an

in the form

(x x 0 )n

with

x x0 < R

ordinary point

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

indicial equation is a quadratic equation in r that results from equating the total coefficient of the lowest power of x to zero

Example :

xy ''+ y = 0

r ( r 1) = 0 r1 = 1 > r2 = 0

(*)

y ''+ P ( x ) y '+ Q ( x ) y = 0

indicial equation

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

r ( r 1) + a0 r + b 0 = 0

y ''+ P ( x ) y '+ Q ( x ) y = 0 (*)

indicial equation

r ( r 1) + a0 r + b 0 = 0

Example :

indicial equation

Example :

r (3r 2) = 0

indicial equation

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

r (2r 1) = 0

Method of Solutions

Find the indicial equations and roots: r1 > r2

Case I:

y 1 = c n x n +r1 y 2 = c n x n +r 2

n =0 n =0

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Method of Solutions

r1 = r2

Case III:

y 1 = c n x n +r1

n =0

y 2 = y 1 ( x ) ln x + b n x n + r 1

n =0

Case II:

y 1 = c n x n +r1

n =0

y 2 = bn x n +r 2

n =0

y 2 = y 1 ( x ) ln x + b n x n + r 2

n =0

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Sec 6.1: Solution about Ordinary Points Sec 6.1.1: Review of Power Series Sec 6.1.2: Power Series Solutions Sec 6.2: Solution about Singular Points Sec 6.3: Special functions. Bessels equation

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Special Functions

Bessels equation of order v

x 2 y + xy + ( x 2 v 2 ) y = 0

Solution: c1 J v ( x ) + c2Yv ( x )

2 n+v

(1) n x Jv ( x) = n! (1 + v + n ) 2 n =0

()

(1 x 2 ) y 2 xy + n(n + 1) y = 0

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

12

Gamma function

( x ) = t x1e t dt

0

modified Bessel equation of order v c1Iv( x) + c2Kv(x) x 2 y + xy ( x 2 + v 2 ) y = 0 modified Bessel equation of the 1st kind modified Bessel equation of the 2nd kind

I v ( x ) = i v J v ( ix ) I v ( x ) I v ( x ) Kv ( x ) = sin v 2

c c y = xa c J ( bx ) c Y ( bx ) + 2 p 1 p

v = 1 , 3 , 5 , LL 2 2 2

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Bessels Equation

Solving for Bessels equation of order v x 2 y + xy + ( x 2 v 2 ) y = 0 Steps 1~3

y ( x ) = cn x n+r

n =0

c0 (r v ) x + c1 ((1 + r ) v ) x

2 2

r

r +1

+ [ck ((k + r ) 2 v 2 ) + ck 2 ]x r +k = 0

k =2

Step 4 r 2 v 2 = 0

ck = ck 2 v 2 (k + r )2

2 2 Step 5 c1 ( (1 + r ) v ) = 0

c1 = 0

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

ck =

ck 2 v 2 (k + r )2

14

Step 6 r = v

ck =

ck 2 k ( k + 2v )

r = v

ck =

ck 2 k ( k 2v )

c1 = 0, c3 = c5 = c7 = c9 = .. = 0

c0 c2 n = (1) 2 4 6LL 2n (2 + 2v)(4 + 2v)(6 + 2v)LL(2n + 2v)

n

when r = v

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

when r = v

( x ) = t x1e t dt

0

15

(1) = 0! = 1

(2) ( x + 1) = x ( x )

( 2 + v ) = (1 + v) (1 + v ) ( 3 + v ) = (2 + v) ( 2 + v )

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

( 1) n c0 c2 n = 2 n 2 n !(1 + v)(2 + v)(3 + v)LL (n + v)

16

when r = v

Set

c0 =

(1) n c2 n = 2 n+v 2 n !(1 + v)(2 + v)(3 + v)LL( n + v)(1 + v) (1) n = 2 n+v 2 n !(2 + v)(3 + v)LL(n + v)(2 + v) (1) n = 2 n+v 2 n !(3 + v)LL(n + v)(3 + v) M (1) n = 2 n+v 2 n !(n + v + 1)

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

1 2v (1 + v)

r = v

set c0 =

(1) n c2 n = 2 nv 2 n !(n v + 1)

n+ r c x n n =0

1 2 v (1 v)

17

When r = v When r = v

(1) n x Jv ( x) = n! (1 + v + n ) 2 n =0

()

2 n+v

(1) n x J v ( x ) = n ! (1 v + n ) 2 n =0

()

2 n v

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

We define Jv(x) by

(1) x J v ( x) = n =0 n!(1 + v + n) 2

n 2 n+v

and

(1) x J v ( x ) = n =0 n!(1 v + n) 2

2 n v

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

y = c1 J v ( x ) + c2Yv ( x )

Yv(x) is called the Bessel function of the second kind of order v. shows Y0(x) and Y1(x).

Bessels equation of order v Solution: c1 J v ( x ) + c2Yv ( x )

2 n+v

x 2 y + xy + ( x 2 v 2 ) y = 0 (1) n x Jv ( x) = n! (1 + v + n ) 2 n =0

()

cos v J v ( x ) J v ( x ) Yv ( x ) = sin v

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

6.3.1.4 Bessel function of the 1st kind (order m) (1) J0(0) = 1, Jm(0) = 0 for m 0

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Properties

(1) J ( x ) = ( 1) m J ( x) m m (2) (3)

J m ( x) = (1) J m ( x)

0 , m > 0 J m ( 0) = 1 , m = 0

d x v J ( x) = x v J ( x) v v +1 dx d x v J ( x) = x v J ( x) v 1 dx v

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

x0

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

2 2 2 2 (A) x y + xy + ( x v ) y = 0

Proof: Set t = x

dy dt dy dy = = dx dx dt dt

2 d 2 y dt d dy dy d y 2 d = Similarly, dx = dt dt = 2 dx dt dx dt 2 2 2 2 dy 2 2 2 2 2 d y 2 t 2 t t x y + xy + ( x v ) y = 2 ( v )y + + 2 2 dt dt 2 dy 2 d y 2 2 Bessel equation t t v ( )y = 0 =t + + 2 dt dt

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

(B) modified Bessel equation of order v x 2 y + xy ( x 2 + v 2 ) y = 0 c1Iv( x) + c2Kv(x) 2 2 2 2 x y + xy + (i x v ) y = 0 modified Bessel function of the first v I v ( x ) = i J v ( ix ) kind of order v

y = c1 J v ( ix ) + c 2 J ( ix ), where u m , m = 0,1, 2, L .

I ( x ) I v ( x ) , K m ( x ) = lim K v ( x ). 2 sin um

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Example

Consider the DE

x 2 y"+ xy'+( x 2 1/4) y = 0

y = c1 J1/2 ( x ) + c2 J 1/2 ( x )

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

J

1 2

W ith

1 2

n = 0

x 1 n ! (1 + n + ) 2 2

( 1)

2 n +

1 2

B y (1 + ) = ( ) a n d n = 0 : (1 +

1 ) = 2

, w e fin d

1 1 ) = 2 2 3 3 1 3! n = 1 : (1 + ) = = 2 2 2 23 M 1 (2 n - 1) ! ) = . n = n : (1 + n + 2 2 2 n +1 n ! ( 1) n So, J 1 (x) = (2 n - 1) ! n = 0 2 n ! 2 2 n +1 n ! 1 1 F r o m s in x = x x3 + x5 3! 5 !

x 2 L =

2 n +

1 2

n = 0

( 1)n x (2 n + 1) !

2 n +1

2 n +1

n = 0

( 1)n x (2 n + 1) !

so w e get J

december

1 Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 2

(x) =

s in x .

Jv(x)

v = 1 , 3 , 5 , LL 2 2 2

2 sin x x 2 cos x x

J1/ 2 ( x) = J 1/ 2 ( x) =

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

6.3.2.1 Legendres Equation (1 x 2 ) y 2 xy + n(n + 1) y = 0

y ( x ) = ck x k

k =0

n(n + 1) 2 (n 2)n(n + 1)(n + 3) 4 y1 ( x ) = c0 1 x + x 2! 4! (n 4)(n 2)n(n + 1)(n + 3)(n + 5) 6 x + LL 6! (n 1)(n + 2) 3 (n 3)(n 1)(n + 2)(n + 4) 5 y2 ( x ) = c0 x x + x 3! 5! (n 5)(n 3)(n 1)(n + 2)(n + 4)(n + 6) 7 x + LL 7! Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013

december

Classification of PDEs

First-Order PDEs Second Order PDEs

Elliptic Type Parabolic Type Hyperbolic Type

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Second-Order PDEs

Second-order PDE in two variables

Au xx + Bu xy + Cu yy + Du x + Eu y + Fu + G = 0

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Coordinate Transformation

Au xx + Bu xy + Cu yy + Du x + Eu y + Fu + G = 0

= ( x , y ) u( x , y ) u( , ) = ( x , y )

u x = u x + u x u x x x u u u = u + u u = y y y y y y 1 4 24 3

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Jacobian of transformation

Coordinate Transformation

Chain rule of transformation (secondderivatives) u = (u ) = (u + u )

xx x x

= ( u ) x x + u xx + ( u ) x x + u xx = [( u ) x + ( u ) x ] x + u xx + [( u ) x + ( u ) x ] x + u xx

2 2 = u x + 2 u x x + u x + u xx + u xx

u yy = u + 2 u y y + u + u yy + u yy Similarly Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013

2 y 2 y

december

Coordinate Transformation

Chain rule of transformation (mixed derivatives)

u xy = ( u x ) y = ( u ) y x + u xy + ( u ) y x + u xy = u x y + u ( x y + y x ) + u x y + u xy + u xy

Au xx + Bu xy + Cu yy + H = 0 Therefore,

2 2 2 2 = ( A x + B x y + C y + B x y + C y )u + ( A x )u

+ [ 2 A x x + B( x y + y x ) + 2C y y ]u + [( A xx + B xy + C yy )u + ( A xx + B xy + C yy )u + H ] =Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 Au + B u + C u + H = 0

december

Classification of PDEs

Discriminant in the transformed plane ( B ) 2 4 AC = [ 2 A x x + B( x y + y x ) + 2C y y ]2

2 2 2 2 4 ( A x + B x y + C y )( A x + B x y + C y )

= ( x y y x ) 2 ( B 2 4 AC ) = J 2 ( B 2 4 AC )

J 0: one-to-one mapping

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Any PDE can also be transformed into Canonical form (x,y) (,)

A xx + B xy + C yy + D x + E y + F = G A + B + C + D + E + F = G

2 2 A = A x + B x y + C y = 0 2 2 C = A + B + C x x y y =0 Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013

december

Characteristic equations: A = C = 0

2 x x A + B + C = 0 x = B y y y 2 x x x B + = = + A B C 0 y y y B 2 4 AC 2A B 2 4 AC 2A

dy dy A = C = 0 A B + C = 0 Characteristic equation Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 dx dx

december

2

Canonical Forms

Hyperbolic PDE: B2 4AC > 0, 2 real characteristics

A = C = 0 , B = 1 = h1 ( , , , , ), = + h A 1 B 0 C 1 ( , , , , ), , , = = = = 1 =

Parabolic PDE: B2 4AC= 0, 1 real characteristics = h 2 ( , , , , ), A = 1 , B = C = 0 Elliptic PDE: B2 4AC < 0, no real characteristics

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

+ = h3 ( , , , , ), A = 1, B = 0 , C = 1

(A) Mathematically well-posed

Governing equations - infinite many solutions Auxiliary (initial and boundary) conditions

(1) the solution exists (existence) (2) the solution is unique (uniqueness) (3) the solution depends continuously on the auxiliary data

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Initial conditions: starting point for propagation problems Boundary conditions: specified on domain boundaries to provide the interior solution in computational domain R R s n

(i) Dirichlet condition : u = f on R u u = f or = g on R (ii) Neumann condition : n s u (iii) Robin (mixed) condition : + ku = f on R n Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013

december

Conclusions

Linear second-order PDE in two independent variables (x,y), (x,t), etc.

2u u u 2u 2u +C 2 + D +E + Fu + G = 0 A 2 +B xy x y x y

A, B, C, , G are constant coefficients (may be generalized) B 2 4 AC < 0 : elliptic 2 Classification B 4 AC = 0 : parabolic (discriminant) B 2 4 AC > 0 : hyperbolic

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Characteristic Equation

Characteristic equation for second-order PDE

dy B B 2 4 AC dy dy A B + C = 0 = dx 2A dx dx

2

Hyperbolic : B 2 4 AC > 0, two real roots (characteristics) 2 Parabolic : B 4 AC = 0, one real root (characteristics) B 2 4 AC < 0, two complex roots (cannot identify Elliptic : the propagation directions)

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Classification of PDEs

Au xx + Bu xy + Cu yy + Du x + Eu y + Fu + G = 0

(1) Hyperbolic PDEs (Propagation)

(first - order) +u =0 Advection equation t x 2 2 2 Wave equation c = 0 (second order) 2 2 x t

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Classification of PDEs

Au xx + Bu xy + Cu yy + Du x + Eu y + Fu + G = 0

(2) Parabolic PDEs (Time- or space-marching)

2 = 2 Burgers equation + u t x x 2 Fourier equation = x 2 t

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Diffusion / dispersion

Examples of PDEs

General form of second-order PDEs (2 variables)

Au xx + Bu xy + Cu yy + Du x + Eu y + Fu + G = 0

(3) Elliptic PDEs (Diffusion, equilibrium problems) 2 2 + 2 =0 2 Laplace equation y x 2 2 Possions equation 2 + 2 = f ( x , y ) y x 2 2 2 Helmholtz equation c + + =0 Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 2 2 y december x

Classification of PDEs

Au xx + Bu xy + Cu yy + Du x + Eu y + Fu + G = 0

(4) Mixed-type PDEs Steady, compressible potential flow

2 2 2 (1 M ) 2 + 2 = 0 x y

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

First-order PDE

First-order PDE in (x,t)

Aut + Bu x + Cu = f

We will show how to solve this equation. The key is to determine a change of variable

= ( x, y )

= ( x, y )

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

EPD in (x,t)

Aut + Bu x = 0 u ( x, 0) = f ( x)

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

u ( x, t ) = f ( ) = f ( Ax Bt )

dx B = dt A

u = f( )=constant along the characteristic direction = constant Characteristic line

t

= 1 = 2 = 3

t = t3 t = t2 t = t1

d = 0

t = t0

u = f( ) = constant

First-order PDE

au x + bu y + cu = f

We assume that a, b, c, and f are functions in (x,y) . They are continuous in some region of the plane. a(x,y) and b(x,y) are not both zero for the same (x,y)

We will show how to solve this equation. The key is to determine a change of variable

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 = ( x, y ) december

= ( x, y )

First-order PDE

PDE

u ( x, y )

= ( x, y )

ODE w( , )

x

Example

= ( x, y )

w + hw = F

1st order linear ODE

Method:

d [ w( ) K ( )] d

Example

w +

c w = f a

both sides

First-order PDE

Characteristic equation

Example

au x + bu

solution

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

+ cu = 0

First-order PDE

Consider the linear first order partial differential equation in two independent variables:

au x + bu y + cu = f

dy b = 1. Find the characteristic equation: dx a 2. Find the general solution of the characteristic equation and put it in the form: (x, y) = c

3. Use the transformation:

=x

= ( x, y )

w + hw = F

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Example

x u x + yu

2

+ xyu = 1

a = x2,

b = y,

c = xy

dx x2 = dy y

1 2 3 4

ln( y ) + 1 = c x

transformation:

1 e 1 / w =

= x,

= ln( y ) +

1 x

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

w +

Find a solution satisfying

u( x, y) = sin(x)

on the line : x axis

2

-1

Characteristic curves:

3x + 2 y = k

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Example

u x + cos( x ) u y + u = xy

a = 1, b = cos( x ), c =1

6

characteristic curves:

1 2 3 4

dx = cos x dy

C=4

y sin x = c

= x, = y sin x

y

C=1

0

-2

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

w + w = [ + sin ]

-4

C=-4

-6 -6 -4 -2 0 x 2 4 6

System of Equations

Consider two coupled first-order PDEs

A11 u x + B11 u y + A12 v x + B12 v y = E 1 A21 u x + B 21 u y + A22 v x + B 22 v y = E 2

In matrix form

A11 A 21 A12 u x B11 + A22 v x B 21 B12 u y E 1 = B 22 v y E 2

r r u r r or A q x + B q y = E , q = v Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013

december

System of Equations

Characteristic equation det [C] = 0

A11 dy B11 dx det C = det A dy B dx = A21 dy B 21 dx + ( B11 B 22 B12 B 21 )dx 2 = Ady 2 + B dxdy + C dx 2 = 0

= ( A11 A22 A12 A21 )dy 2 + ( A12 B 21 + A21 B12 A11 B 22 A22 B11 )dxdy

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Characteristic directions along which (ux,uy,vx,vy) are not defined uniquely Multiple solutions possible, discontinuity may occur

Characteristic Equation

2

dy dy A + B + C = 0 Characteristic equation dx dx dy B B 2 4 AC = dx 2 A

Characteristic directions

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Discriminant DIS

Characteristic Equation

4 ( A11 A22 A12 A21 )( B11 B 22 B12 B 21 )

> 0 , 2 real roots, 2 characteristics directions; Hyperbolic B 2 4 AC = 0 , 1 real root, 1 characteristics direction; Parabolic < 0 , 2 complex roots, no real characteristics; Elliptic

DIS < 0 (elliptic), cannot identify characteristic directions along which discontinuity may occur across

Second-Order PDEs

Transformation of higher-order PDE to first-order PDEs

A xx + B xy + C yy + H = 0 r u = x u x = xx , u y = xy let ( i .e .,V = ) v = y v x = xy , v y = yy

Convert to first-order PDEs

Au x + Bu y + Cv y + H = 0 uy + vx = 0 A 0 u x B C u y H 0 1 v + 1 0 v = 0 y x Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013

december

r r r A qx + B qy = E

Second-Order PDEs

Transformation of second-order PDE to two first-order r r r PDEs Aqx + Bqy = E

Ady Bdx Cdx det C = det A dy B dx = dx dy = Ady 2 Bdxdy + Cdx 2 = 0 Characteristics equation and characteristic directions

dy B B 2 4 AC dy dy A B + C = 0 = dx 2A dx dx Hpberbolic : B 2 4 AC > 0; 2 characteristics 2 Parabolic : B 4 AC = 0; 1 characteristics Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 Elliptic : 2 B 4 AC < 0; no real characteristics december

2

Hyperbolic PDEs

Two real roots, two characteristic directions Two propagation (marching) directions Domain of dependence Domain of influence Domain of Domain of influence influence

finite c

Domain of dependence

Domain of dependence

Hyperbolic

dx = c Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 dt december

Parabolic

dx dt ( = 0) dt dx

Hyperbolic Equation

Hyperbolic equation propagation problem with no dissipation

tt = xx = 0

t

= f ( ) + g ( )

= x ct

Boundary conditions

Domain of Influence

P(x,t)

= x + ct

Boundary conditions

Domain of Dependence

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Initial conditions

One real (double) root, one characteristic direction (typically t = const) The solution is marching in time (or spatially) with given initial conditions The solution will be modified by the boundary conditions (timedependent, in general) during the propagation Irreversible: You can control your future, but not changing what already happened (history!) Domain of

Parabolic PDEs

influence

Domain of dependence

dx dt ( = 0) dt dx

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Parabolic

Elliptic PDEs

det [C] 0 in every direction The derivatives (ux,uy,vx,vy) can always be uniquely determined at every point in the solution domain No marching or propagation direction ! Boundary conditions needed on all boundaries The solution will be continuous (smooth) in the entire solution domain all boundary conditions must be satisfied simultaneously

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Domain of Dependence:

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

Elliptic PDEs

Domain of Dependence coincides with the domain of influence

or

n

or

or

or

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

T T 5 =0 t x

u u u +u =9 2 t x x

2

u u 4 2 =0 2 t x

2 2

u u + 2 = f ( x, y ) 2 x y

2 2

Diff_Eq_9_2012/2013 december

T T = 25 2 t x

2

- Partial Differential Equations Question BankUploaded byvignanaraj
- VKAUploaded bypragatiagrawal96
- Inverse Problem chapter-1Uploaded byIhsan Naufal Muafiry
- catenaryUploaded bySubhrajit Bhattacharya
- An Exact Solution of the Cylindrical WaveUploaded bykrejish
- EE Final Upto 3rd Year Syllabus 13.07.12Uploaded byIshtiaque Anwar
- Home.docxUploaded byHARISH LAL
- cauchyUploaded byflowh_
- Pde Solve FdmUploaded bySaikatBiswas
- Mathematics for Engineers and Scientists 3.pdfUploaded byShailin Sequeira
- Chapter 2_2nd order differential equations.pdfUploaded byAsad Hafudh
- Fred5Uploaded bySameer Shashwat
- D495Uploaded bySurendra Gehlot
- Bessel's FunctionsUploaded byAlexandroEscamilla
- It Curriculum BookUploaded bysrinureddy2014
- CN3421 Lecture Note 1- IntroductionUploaded byKiang Teng Lim
- Public Ac i One PrintsUploaded byMarcos Albarracin
- FEMUploaded byAkash Prabhakaran
- Ae722 Structured GridsUploaded byVivek Agrawal
- StraussPDEch14s1p03Uploaded byNaman Priyadarshi
- 1DUploaded byLuis Fuentes
- Wave EquationsUploaded byKaranbir Randhawa
- final paperUploaded byapi-321763066
- Solutions of the Exercises 3Uploaded byNaoufel Hatime
- Lecture6_notes_IntroToODEs.pdfUploaded byMarc Dayoub
- Notes on Mathematical Methods IUploaded byAnonymous BZZMtlh
- [9783110409475 - Mathematics for the Physical Sciences] 12 Non-Homogeneous Boundary Value Problems Greens FunctionsUploaded byGabriel Sandoval
- 10.1.1.224.9222.pdfUploaded byLopez Shian Ervin
- CHAG CE50P CO2 Power SeriesUploaded byMark Dones
- Gaden (2011) Modelling Anaerobic Digesters in Three Dimensions.pdfUploaded byJuan Jose Sossa

- Landing Gear SystemUploaded byCamelia Lupu
- Worldwide.espacenet.com PublicationDetailsUploaded byCamelia Lupu
- Part DesignUploaded byJerome
- Ground Proximity Warning SystemUploaded byCamelia Lupu
- Diff Equation 6 Sys 2011FALLUploaded byCamelia Lupu
- Diff Equation 8 PowerSeries 2012 FALLpowerSeriesUploaded byCamelia Lupu
- Diff Equation 7 Sys 2012 FALLUploaded byCamelia Lupu
- Diff Equation 12 2012 FourierSeriesUploaded byCamelia Lupu

- Humaart - TelferUploaded byJuan Dela Cruz
- AirwayUploaded byNuno Filipe Álvares
- Countries of the World (Gnv64)Uploaded byFlav Stefan
- Mechanical Testing StandardsUploaded bytbmari
- copyofessyllabusUploaded byapi-329950402
- Tribal Areas (1948-1961).pdfUploaded byamit_264
- PAN0093.pdfUploaded byveljim C.A
- arogyadhamaUploaded byhitesh_tilala
- 2006 EURASIP Compressing Similar ImagesUploaded byaitaoudia
- How to Build a Compiler - TutorfinalUploaded bymaxNo5
- 07 0221 Mobile TechnologiesUploaded bysaleemnasir2k7154
- WCS Versus WTIUploaded bybubbleburster
- SPE-77489-MSUploaded byRovshan1988
- Bio Microscopic Obs InternalUploaded byPatrycja Kurasińska
- Program of ActivitiesUploaded byOni Laurito Mapanoo
- SAP FICO Interview QuestionUploaded bylko
- Fullpaper Vol2 No1 Faridah SahariUploaded byijidecs admin
- JyothishaPrakaasham_KumbhaNandanaUploaded byAnonymous 5mSMeP2j
- Axial Piston Pump Lecture 8Uploaded byssbudz
- NIOS_AdminGuide_7.3Uploaded byveatla2745
- Bhakti - Sufi TraditionsUploaded byRamita Udayashankar
- di-gameUploaded byarifakazi
- Eco processing of textiles and testing of harmful substances, Published in Nature enviroment & Pollution Technology, Dec. 2004.Uploaded bylopa70
- doTERRA Australia Essential Oils Enrolment KitsUploaded byBuy doTERRA
- mtnlUploaded byBharat Singh Rathore
- Contour DetectionUploaded bygupta_akash30
- 1-MAD Lab ManualUploaded byjayaprasanna123
- American Wire Gauge ConductorUploaded bytanto_deep_15
- The Bowdoin Orient- Vol. 146, No. 8 - November 4, 2016Uploaded bybowdoinorient
- Astro-metrology of IndiaUploaded byThe Vedicsiddhanta