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DATO' SERI ABDULLAH HAJI AHMAD BADAWI PRIME MINISTER OF MALAYSIA
Malaysia has been a successful developing country and is forging ahead to become a developed nation in its own mould. In order to be more successful, our nation has to be managed effectively and its weaknesses and shortcomings have to be overcome. A major challenge it has to address in this endeavor is the strengthening of ethics and integrity. The government has implemented the Prime Minister's Directive No. I of 1998 which aims to enhance the integrity of the management in government administration. This has been done namely through the setting up of the Integrity Management Committee in all ministries, departments and agencies of the Federal Government as well as the State Governments. However, there is no mechanism thus far to involve other sectors, such as the private sector, political parties, non-government organizations, religious groups, the media, women, youth and students in an integrated and coordinated movement to enhance integrity. It is in this regard that the government has formulated the National Integrity Plan (NIP) which will act as a master plan to guide all of the above sectors. The formulation of the NIP is predicated upon the spirit and principles of the Federal Constitution, the philosophy and principles of the Rukun Negara as well as the aspirations of Vision 2020. The overall objective of the NIP is to fulfill the fourth challenge of Vision 2020, namely, "to establish a fully moral and ethical society whose citizens are strong in religious and spiritual values and imbued with the highest ethical standards." The NIP is an integrity plan that has evolved from the aspirations of our people and our country. It has been formulated in accordance with our own mould with Malaysians of
The effort to enhance integrity will involve participation at the grassroots right up to the highest level of the society. the integrity movement is comprehensive covering all levels or sectors of the government and society. Strengthen the family institution. The components and sectors involved are: the family. and Improve the quality of life and people's well-being. sports and recreation. malpractices and abuse of power. involving representatives from almost all sectors of the society. health. All these will enable Malaysia to forge ahead towards becoming a developed nation in its own mould. and coordinated by 11M. politics and administration. They also have to cooperate and coordinate their efforts in order to implement its various programmes. In order to achieve Target 2008. is a movement that has increasingly captured the imagination of all Malaysians. Increase efficiency of the public delivery system and overcome bureaucratic red tape. community. Thus the NIP reflects the hopes and aspirations of both the leadership and the people. art. economy. In order to achieve its objectives. The launching of the NIP and the Institute will be a catalyst for the attainment of the objective of enhancing integrity. The plan takes into account the views and suggestions presented at a series of national seminars. as well as to emerge as a nation of excellence. the government is setting up the Integrity Institute of Malaysia (11M) as a mechanism to promote and coordinate the implementation of the NIP. The enhancement of integrity based on the NIP. For the first five years (2004-2008). glory and distinction.all ethnic and religious groups as its stakeholders. It will be a source of strength for Malaysia to effectively manage its success and overcome its weaknesses. mass media. civil society (involving NGOs). the NIP has identified five priorities known as Target 2008. The government is confident that the Institute will carry out its duties effectively. literature and heritage). which are as follows: Effectively reduce corruption. it will generate its own dynamism and vitality. socio-culture (education. With the launching of the NIP. religion. In this manner. As the approach involves the synergy of institutions 'from below' with those 'from above'. the NIP has identified a set of priorities and targets. Enhance corporate governance and business ethics. the approach and overall strategy of the NIP is to mobilize all sectors of the society to support and uphold the aspirations of the NIP. .
At the same time. and the rest of society. respectively in 2002. are reported to have reached 94% and 92%. Enrolment in primary education has reached 97. 4. growth and competitiveness as reflected in the above figures can be attributed to the presence of noble values. Malaysia must effectively manage its successes. The progress Malaysia has achieved is due to proper planning by the government and its agencies.3 years. the people's awareness and concern for ethics and integrity and their demand for the elimination of corruption.3 billion). These are the New Economic Policy . as well as the strong and continuing support of the private sector. Life expectancy for male and female has increased to 70. 6. To achieve these.6 per 1000 in 200 I to 6. trade unions. The infrastructure facilities. youth. They demand that integrity must not be compromised while concerted efforts must be undertaken to enhance the integrity of the government. it has been guided by three Long Term Perspective Plans.8 percent. private sector. In order to become a successful nation and to further strengthen its achievements towards excellence.6. media. NGOs. as well as the contributions by all concerned to ensure the country's continuing success and the well being of our people. cultural.0% in 2004. It now aims to become a fully developed nation in its own mould by 2020. students and the general public.5% to RM229.Towards A Developed Society In Our Own Mould Managing Success 1.2 for 2002. Malaysia has implemented eleven Five Year Development Plans since 1951. our successes can be sustained and the people's well-being enhanced. It also needs progress in social. while the infant mortality rate had gone down from 6. while literacy rate for 2002 was 94%. and the third world mentality can be eradicated.3 billion (US$60.5% . abuse of power and incompetence has increased. 3. intellectual and spiritual fields. political parties. glory and distinction. 2. Malaysia's development.4 and 75. such as the supply of electricity and water. Policies at the national level that address political. This growth is expected to increase to 5. economic and social issues have been introduced and implemented. administrative. Malaysian Government's Commitment 5. the first world infrastructure facilities already in place in Malaysia would not be wasted or misused. integrity and accountability. Only with these values and norms in place. the enhancement of ethics and integrity to ensure that they become part of the society's culture is absolutely necessary. At the same time. and since 1971. The transformation towards a developed nation is not solely based on economic and technological progress. respectively. Malaysia has achieved successes in many fields. Malaysia's GDP for the year 2003 increased by 4. The Malaysian government is fully committed to national development. As a developing country.
passed the Prevention of Corruption Act. the National Development Policy (1991-2000).aims at developing a new consensus toward integrating various ethnic groups. this Act was revised in 1971 and subsequently repealed and replaced with the Prevention of Corruption Act 1997. Since independence. The integration. 7. . the government has introduced various programmes aimed at enhancing good moral values and integrity in the public service. and being free of corruption and abuse of power.'Client's Charter' (Piagam Pelanggan) and 'ISO 9000'. maintaining the integrity of government administration and promoting awareness among members of the public of the dangers of corruption and abuse of power. The Auditor General's Department has been set up to audit Public Accounts and to ensure that public expenditure. The direction and principles of the three perspective plans mentioned above are guided by the spirit and principles of the nation as enshrined in the Federal Constitution. Rukun Negara and Vision 2020 form the cornerstor for the implementation of all the national policies and strategies. and building a society that is just. 10. Enhamcing Ethics and Integrity in the Public Sector 8. it also outlines the challenges that need to be addressed in order to realise that goal. through Parliament. The Malaysian Administrative. In 1967. internalisati and upholding good moral values. contains the national aspiration to become a fully developed nation within our own mould. the Government. Cekap dan Amanah) 'Integration of Islamic Values'(Penerapan Nilai-nilai Islam). Ethical practices and integrity ml therefore be reflected in all undertakings. greater attention has been given to the concepts of 'Clean. the Anti-Corruption Agency has played a significant role in comba~ng corruption. liberal and progressive. democratic. Rukun Negara and Vision 2020. The Rukun Negara . the Anti-Corruption Agency was set up whose main purpose was to eliminate corruption. In order to ensure the prevention of corruption. After taking into consideration the developments taking place in the country and elsewhere. The Federal Constitution has outlined a social contract that provides the foundation forl social harmony. 1961 to replace the Prevention of Corruption Ordinance 1950. r~¥enue and assets are properly managed and accounted for according to the law and established procedures. as well as development for our country and people of various ethnic groups and religions.(1971-1990). Since its f~rmation. 'Code of Work Ethics' (Kod Etika Kerja). The government is aware that the public sector is the most import2 instrument in management and administration. Efficient and Trustworthy' (Bersih. as well as in the delivery services and national development. and the Vision Development Policy (2001 2010). Since the 1980s. should continuously be strengthened. The principles and spirit of to Federal Constitution. in particular.a national philosophy and ideology launched in 1970 . 'Excellent Work Culture' (Budaya Kerja Cemerlang). The government has also set up the Public Complaints Bureau (PCB) as one of the mechanisms through which members of the public could lodge complaints on malpractices and abuse of power in the public service. Vision 2020. and prevent the abuse of power and malpractices. which was launched in 1991. 9.
Enhancing Ethics and Integruty in the Private Sector 17. As a guide to best practices. State and district levels to ensure the inculcation and integration of these values in the public sector. There are eight terms of reference for the Integrity Management Committee. whose core business is the integrity of government management. 16. the need for integrity is addressed at all levels of the Government machinery . disciplined and to fully adhere to the best practices. competent and effective public service.from the top right down to the grassroots. 14. trustworthiness. The Committee is currently chaired by the Prime Minister. 12. The Government has also identified a set of secondary values. state and district levels. transparency. Noble Values and Ethics. and gratitude. 13. the Government has created a Special Cabinet on Government Management Integrity. The main concerned of the private sector with regard to integrity is corporate governance. wisdom. 11. The openness of the Malaysian economy and the sustained prosperity it has enjoyed for several decades has enabled foreign companies to operate in this country. In addition.. several events inside and outside the country that have taken place in recent years have thrown into sharp . Internal Control. The government has also set up the Integrity Management Committee at the federal. especially in financial management. there are the Code of Ethics for Judges (1994) and the Code of Ethics for Members of the Administration (1997). fairness. the Committee also aims to overcome prob1ems and weaknesses. Recognition. In order to strengthen governance of the public sector. At the same time. i. corruption and abuse of power. The objective of the Integrity Management Committee is to ensure that the Government administrative machinery . The Committee is a mechanism that has a structure with periodic reporting. meant to strengthen management integrity of the administrative system of the Government of Malaysia. These are core values' that guide every organisation and every member in the public service. values developed from below which are appropriate and relevant to the organisation's operations. Code of Ethics. It is the responsibility of the Integrity Management Committee at the Federal.basing itself on noble values continues to be competent. The private sector is the prime mover of economic growth in Malaysia. However. it has also made possible for the Malaysian private sector to go global in their business operations. These are: Legislations. honesty. In this way. as well as problems of breach of discipline. Investigative and Punitive Action. as well as Rehabilitatidn.Modernisation and Management Planning Unit (MAMPU) has been established for the purpose of initiating changes in government administration to ensure the creation of a modern. System and Work Procedure.e. 15. At the same time. the Government has identified a set of core values which members of the public sector should internalise and put into practice viz.
The latter outlines how members of the private sector should conduct themselves and perform their responsibilities towards investors and other stakeholders. other crimes such as corporate frauds have tarnished the credibility and integrity of the private sector among investors and the public. While MSEB does not make it mandatory for listed companies on the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE) to comply with the principles and best practices of MCCG. the company must provide . The above problems underscore one key point. However. and to promote integrity among them. there is no such mechanism in the private sector. Every company is required to include in its annual report a statement concerning corporate governance. Efforts at curbing corruption in the private sector are still inadequate. Although the private sector initially did not give much attention to the MCCG.e. i. a code on corporate governance known as the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG) was published in the year 2000. in order to promote integrity and sustain economic prosperity. It also shows the importance of monitoring and enforcement by regulatory bodies. an international convention called "The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Anti-Bribery Convention" was signed by 35 countries in 1999 to control and prevent multinational companies from giving bribes. many signatories to the convention have not instituted effective legal action against companies and their officials for giving and receiving bribes. 20. it is essential to enhance the integrity of this sector. At the same time. As a result of this initiative. such as the Malaysian Companies Commission and the Securities Commission. the Ministry of Finance took a positive step following the financial crisis in 1997. both forms of corruption . In cases where the code is not observed. One of the problems affecting the integrity of the private sector is corruption. In view of its seriousness. 21. However. It is obligatory for them to produce reports on various matters as stipulated in the Listing Requirements. Whilst the Integrity Management Committee serves as the mechanism to address problems of ethics and integrity in the public sector. 19. 22. it began to change after January 200 I when the Malaysian Securities Exchange Berhad (MSEB) enforced the Revamped Listing Requirements and implemented the Code. Various scandals and malpractices involving both foreign and local companies have time and again demonstrated the need to uphold good governance. 23. Thus far. the importance of adopting good management practices in every sphere of the corporate sector. 18. to indicate how the principles contained in MCCG are being applied and how far the code is being observed.relief the importance of adhering to good corporate governance. This convention makes it illegal for companies to indulge in bribery. Generally the private sector is seen as the "giver" while public officials the "receiver".giving and receiving . For this reason. by setting up a High Level Finance Committee a year later. these companies are required to be transparent by making disclosures as required by Listing Requirements.also take place in the private sector.
Professional bodies such as the Malaysian Bar Council. Rukuniaga Malaysia outlines six principle~ for conducting business viz. and determination to succeed in business. Many companies have adopted Rukuniaga Malaysia as a guide for their business operations. The plan provides the financial sector with directions for a ten . What is clear from the above is that efforts at enhancing ethics and integrity have not been carried out in an integrated manner. a set of business ethics known as Rukuniaga Malaysia was introduced and implemented by the Ministry of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs in 2002. being humane to all people.year period up to the year 20 I O. the Malaysian Board of Architects. Neither they have been comprehensive as their implementation has not been coordinated with the necessary synergy of all sectors. There are also other civil society organisations that monitor adherence to ethical values such as human rights. as well as the electoral process and democracy in Malaysia. Hence. honesty in doing business. the Malaysian Board of Engineer!i. have formulated and practiced their own code of ethics. responsibility to clients. students pursuing professional courses such as medicine. Enhancing Ethics and Integrity in Other Sectors 26. to coordinate the movement for the enhancement of integrity. Consumer associations. resilient and dynamic financial system that upholds best practices capable of meeting the ever growing sophisticated needs of clients and businesses. the companies have to enhance their transparency and accountability. This system should be in tandem with developments in technology as well as able to meet the challenges of globalisfltion and liberalisation. engineering and law at institutions of higher learning. . good governance and transparency. 24. associations of care providers as well as environmental organisations have also drawn up their code of ethics. In fact. In addition. In the financial sector. the Malaysian Medical Association. society and environment. 27. are also required to attend ethics courses as part of the requirements to obtain professional qualifications and to practice it in their professions. there is a need to establish a comprehensive mechanism covering all sectors. and the Association of Chartered Accountants. fairness to clients.explanations for alternative practices that they have put in place. 25. A number of professional bodies and NGOs have also drawn up their code of ethics to ensure the enhancement of ethics and integrity in their respective organisations. In this way. All these indicate that there is an increasing awareness and commitment towards ethics and integrity among various sectors of the Malaysian society. The Need for a Comprehensive Mechanism 28. teachers' associations. The plan's objective is to bring about a competitive. Central Bank of Malaysia (Bank Negara Malaysia) in March 200 I published a Master Plan for A Secure Future.
29. the Rukun Negara as well as several preceding strategic policies aspired to achieve. which aims at building a united. Together with the formulation of the National Integrity Plan is the establishment of the Integrity Institute of Malaysia (11M). The movement to enhance integrity at all levels of the Malaysian society is guided by the NIP with the 11M performing the coordinating function. It aims to cultivate and strengthen a way of life for members of the society and the nation that upholds high moral ideals and ethical standards. Concept 4. In short. media. the NIP is an extension and application of philosophy. It also takes into account new developments and challenges around us. just. 3. the experiences of other countries as well as the impact of globalisation. The plan also incorporates the philosophy and principles of Rukun Negara. democratic. It also takes cognizance of the developments taking place at the international level. This movement shall continue to become a source of inspiration and strength to bring Malaysia to greater heights. 30. namely the Government. The National Integrity Plan (NIP) is predicated upon the spirit and principles of the Federal Constitution which sees Malaysia's ethnic and religious diversity as an asset that should be taken advantage of. At the same time. As a plan that evolves out of the people's aspirations and dedicated to improve their well-being. the NIP also embodies the philosophy and challenges of Vision 2020 that aims at transforming Malaysia into a fully developed nation in its own mould by the year 2020. women. thus becoming a nation of integrity. All sectors. religious institutions. 2. political parties. the NIP reflects the specific attributes of our country and people. The National Integrity Plan (NIP) Philosophy of the NIP 1. NGOs. The NIP is a master plan that aims to provide directions and guidance to the society and the nation at large. a comprehensive plan known as the National Integrity Plan (NIP) has been formulated with the express purpose of enhancing ethics and integrity so that it will become a way of life among the people. principles and objectives that Federal Constitution. and progressive society. For this reason. Conclusion 31. youth. liberal. private sector. . The Institute serves as the coordinating mecrhanism for the implementation of the NIP. trade unions. students and other groups must deepen their understanding of integrity and commitment to it.
Legislature and Judiciary. strata and regions. Strengthening the moral foundations of the community and the country. to become a fully developed country and "to establish a fully moral and ethical society whose citizens are strong in religious and spiritual values and imbued with the highest ethical standards ". the Executive. Raising Malaysia's competitiveness and resilience in meeting the challenges of the twenty first century. commitment. that is. The synergy arising from such implementation by all these components and sectors will automatically contribute towards the enhancement of integrity of the whole society and the nation. Overall Objective 7. as well as to perform their respective functions in an efficient. The NIP also requires all the components and institutions in society to devise and implement their own programmes for enhancing integrity. Encouraging a sense of responsibility among members of the community and promoting the development of civil society that respects and upholds the principles of integrity. viz. . The specific objectives of the NIP are as follows: o Giving direction and guidance to various sectors so that they will work together to build a united. Raising the level of awareness. harmonious. Cooperation of all these forces serves as a source of strength to bring about changes or further improvements to the society and its institutions. The upholding and implementation of the philosophy. especially the challenges of globalisation. just and effective manner. The NIP is a concept initiated and inspired by the top leadership and is wholeheartedly supported by the people of various ethnic groups. to enhance integrity. The approach adopted by the NIP is to coordinate the various components and sectors in their efforts to enhance integrity. moral and ethical society. o o o o 9. 8. to respect and defend the principle of the separation of powers. 6. principles and objectives of the NIP by various sectors will constitute a formidable force to change the face of Malaysia. and improving the well-being of the people. The overall objective of the NIP is to realise the aspirations of Vision 2020. transparent.5. This force will enable our country to effectively manage the challenges of the twenty first century and ultimately contribute towards the realisation of becoming a developed nation in our own mould. The NIP requires the whole set up of governance institutions of the state. and cooperation among all sectors in their efforts at enhancing integrity so that integrity becomes a way of life and practiced in all fields.
members of NGOs and others. namely: o Reports by various stakeholders presented at the Convention on Integrity held periodically at regional and national levels. This assessment will use measures that suited to the Malaysian society. It involves three ways. in order to ensure that its implementation will become a catalyst for enhancing integrity among leaders. o o Second Method 4. TARGET 2008 5. youths. businessmen. women. as well as meeting international standards. Feedback from questionnaires administered upon the participants of the convention.Target 2008 Initial Phase Of the NIP 1. students. The NIP will use two methods in assessing the effectiveness of strategies and programmes to enhance integrity First Method 3. Assessment of Effectiveness 2. politicians. The second is the quantitative method to assess the achievements. The 1st phase covers the period of 2004 to 2008. Representatives from all sectors whose views were referred to during the preparation of the NIP will be collated during the convention. five priority targets have been identified. The first method will be based on views of stakeholders. The enhancement of integrity in various sectors will be measured statistically and bench marked based on selected criteria.These targets known to as Target 2008 are: . For the first five years (2004-2008). The NIP will be implemented in a systematic and planned manner involving the cooperation ohll sectors and institutions in the country. The NIP sets its objective in phases of five years. administrators. An annual monitoring1and benchmarking of the NIP's implementation will be undertaken. and Surveys on ethics and integrity undertaken periodically using random samples drawn from all sectors in various parts of the country. people of different faiths.
Target 1 : Effectively reduce corruption.5 by 2008 (10 being the best and 1. Target 4 : Strengthen the family institution. The number of public complaints made to the ACA and the Public Complaints Bureau.0 the worst). The score of 5. as follows: o The international rating based on the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) developed by Transparency International. the Auditor-General's reports and other feedback from clients of government departments and agencies as well as other sources. In order to achieve this target.Corruption Agency (ACA) in investigating and resolving cases related to corruption. o o Target 2: Improve efficiency in the public service delivery system and overcome bureaucratic red tape 7.5 (1. as well as the ranking of Malaysia improved from 37th to at least 30th position.0 being the worst). and Other benchmarks used by international and national agencies which measure administrative efficiency of the Government. by ensuring the score falls below 2. The national indicator measuring the success of efforts by the Anti. Achievement of Target 3 will be measured based on the following: . and Other indicators to be developed from time to time . Target 3 : Enhance corporaie governance and business ethics. The achievement of Target 2 will be measured as follows: o Improvement in the public perception index of service providers in the Government sector.2 for Malaysia in the year 2003 will be improved to at least 6. Measurement of Targets Target I: Effectively reduce corruption. the NIP will use both international and national benchmarking. Target 2 : Increase efficiency in the public service delivery system and overcome bureaucratic red tape. malpractices and abuse of power 6. malpractices and abuse of power.0 being the best and 5. o o Target 3: Enhance corporate government and business ethics 8. and Target 5 : Improve the quality of life and people's well-being.
Reduction in cases of child abuse and neglect. Reduction in cases of violation of the Consumer Protection Act 1999.o Increase in compliance of the conditions sets by Malaysia Securities Exchange Berhad (MSEB) by companies. o o . o o o o o Target 4: Strengthen the family institution 9. o o o o Target 5: Improve the quality of life and people's well-being 10. Reduction in social problems such as drug addiction. Adherence to Rukuniaga Malaysia by the business sector. Reduction in road accidents. Increase in assistance given to single parent families. Achievement of Target 5 will be measured based on the following: o Reduction in the incidence of crimes in the society. Such reduction reflects better driving ethics and improvement in the enforcement of traffic laws and regulations. Reduction in family conflicts arising from disputes over inheritance and child custody rights. Increase in the number of open tenders undertaken in a transparent manner and reduction in the number of negotiated tenders. and Other benchmarkings used by national and international agencies. As a measure to reflect the resilience of the family institution and the happy and peaceful life of the family. especially serious crimes. and Reduction in neglect of the elderly. Reduction in domestic violence. illicit sexual relations that result in the spread of HIV and AIDS. crimes against property and sexual crimes. The reduction of these problems reflects a healthy and moral way of life. the following indicators will be taken into account: o o Reduction in divorce rates. Such reduction is a measure of safety in the community. Reduction in cases of corporate fraud. wherever relevant. as well as the incidence of couples staying together outside of wedlock.
These programmes have to be reviewed periodically so as to improve . find the composite of indicators . narratives and perceptions of members of the society. and guided by the principles and objectives of the National Integrity Plan (NIP). it will give a more comprehensive picture covering the various important dimensions of our society and nation. the efforts to enhance integrity will produce a dynamism and momentum of its own.the NIP. The overall approach of the NIP is the mobilization of all components and sectors of the Government and society to uphold the NIP's objectives and targets as well as to encourage cooperation and coordination among these components and sectors. However. comparison and monitoring is available.o Reduction in the incidence of misconduct or delinquency among students.the stakeholders' views. It can also highlight various issues of concern which need to be given further attention. all the above indicators have been selected for the simple reason that data for analysis. However. Every component or sector should formulate and implement its own strategies and programmes consistent with. o Composite of Indicators 11. In this manner. Admittedly all these indicators are not fully sufficient to measure Malaysia's progress in all aspects of integrity. 12. This reflects the effectiveness of civics education as well as enforcement of discipline among students. its happening can be discerned from the actions. The efforts to enhance integrity have to be holistic and continuous in nature. The use of the two approaches .will give a more accurate and comprehensive picture of the effectiveness of the efforts to enhance integrity. by constructing a composite of these indicators. Those institutions involved in data collection must continuously improve their efforts to obtain better quality results. The enhancement of integrity is something subjective and difficult to measure. and Reduction in environmental degradation. 2. Overall Approach In Enhancing Integrity Overall Approach 1. those below should give support. While the leadership should be exemplary and provide guidance. Such reduction reflects improvement in public awareness for sustainable development. The approach also calls for the synergy of those "from below" with those "fror1!t above". Conclusion 13. Furthermore. feedback as well as check-and-balance on the leadership.
such as the Companies Commission of Malaysia (CCM). . community. 6. In cases where the mechanism is absent. for more effective monitoring and coordination. The public sector has already instituted such a mechanism in the form of the Integrity Management Committee. the Securities Commission (SC) and Central Bank of Malaysia (Bank Negara Malaysia). Components Involved 3. there are bodies such as the chambers of commerce and associations representing employers' interests. The components or institutions involved in the movement to enhance integrity are as follows (see Diagram 2): o o o o Family Community Civil Society (NGOs) Socio-culture (education. so that integrity eventually becomes part and parcel of our everyday lives. the relevant bodies that initiate such programmes need to take the task of monitoring and coordination as their own responsibility. such as the family. 111 the private sector. have a role to ensure compliance of the relevant laws and regulations covering the respective sectors. media. need to monitor their implementation.their effectiveness and overcome weaknesses. However. and Administration o o o o Implementation Mechanism 4. Undoubtedly. As for the other components. and the socio-cultural sector. This mechanism has to be strengthened with the renewed commitment of the leadership at all levels in order to make it more effective. literature and heritage) Religion Economy Politics. which can serve as the mechanism. The implementation and coordination of programmes on integrity for each component or institution is the responsibility of the agencies already in place there. arts. efforts must be initiated to develop such a mechanism. civil society. such as the Registrar of Societies. regulating agencies. there are various bodies including NGOs which can initiate integrity-related programmes. 5. Regulatory bodies. health. sports and recreation.
For farmers and fishermen. there are already many organisatie representing their interests. 9. we have the farme organisations and fishermen's associations. 13. all at the natio' level. understanding. They should be empowered through involvement in decision making at various levels to enhance the sense of ownership and to overcome any feeling of marginalisation. There are also many religious organisations at the national and local. They also need to play their roles in strengthening unity and friendship. and t National Council for Women Organisation (NCWO). 8. Conventions on integrity should be organised on a regular basis. Organisations such as Congress of Union and Employees of Put and Civil Services (CUEPACS) and Malaysian Trades Union Congress (MTUC) represent workers in the public and the private sect. This allow all sectors to meet. respectively. 10. 11. These conventions can be organ at different levels culminating with the national convention. urban and rural dwellers. Our attitude towards them has to be correct and positive whilst any attempt at labeling should be avoided. The interest of students.serves as the convenor of the convention in collaboration with the . The Integrity Institute of Malaysia (11M) -launched simultaneously with the launching of the National Integrity Plan . Th ethnicbased organisations should implement their own integrity-related programmes that emphasized inter-ethnic unity. as well as the lower income groups need special attention in the effort to enhance integrity. youths and women.7. ethnic groups. deliberate. youths. These include the National Student Representative Council. religious groups. the National Youth. We need to be mindful of the sensitivity these various groups to what they may perceive as 'outside' meddling interference. tendency to operate along ethnic lines needs to harmonised with objective of building a united and harmonious national community. Conclusion 12. However. Consultative Council. particularly the minorities. Ethnic groups also have their own organisations that represent them rights and interests of these groups should be respected. The integrity-related programmes for each group can be implemented and coordinated through their existing bodies. share experiences as well as disc the effectiveness of their integrity-related programmes whilst renewing t commitment to the integrity agenda. operating at both the natio and local levels. These groups need to guide their members to uphold and propagate' noble values of their respective religions. To ensure success of the efforts at enhancing integrity. the implementation monitoring and coordination of the integrity-related programmes she done "from below" through self-initiative and empowerment bureaucratic approach to monitoring and coordination has to be avoid as this may stifle local initiatives. cooperation while simultaneously promoting the fine values of their e ethnic groups. women. As for students. and promoting mutual respect between followers of different religions.
Effective communication. Such leadership must have firm political will. Sound Policies and Clear Targets 4. reasonable and implementable targets. Moving Forward (Factor Towards Success) Achievement of Targets 1. as well as people-friendly. the Government expects several important targets of the NIP to be achieved. as well as the evaluation of their effectiveness. and clear targets. Effective legal framework and independent judiciary. During this period. Continuous education. be exemplary. Sound policies. prudent. Cooperation between politics and the administration machinery. . and Readiness of individuals to change (see Diagram 4). efficiency and trustworthiness. Leadership by Example 3. Conducive cultural environment. inter alia. various programmes and activities proposed in the Strategies and Action Plan of the NIP will be implemented. it must hold fast to the principles of honesty. The National Integrity Plan (NIP) is implemented in phases with the period 2004-2008 as the first phase. The Institute also serves as the conduit to channel recommendations made at these conventions to the Government and other relevant parties. vision. With the implementation and monitoring of these programmes and activities.various sectors concerned. and mobilise them towards realising the NIP's objectives. The key success factors. Clear targets. The attainment of the various objectives outlined in the NIP's Strategies and Action Plan depends on the dynamism and sustainability of the movement to enhance integrity as well as whether it gets the support of the grass roots so that it becomes a people's movement. Leaders must formulate sound policies and put forward clear. Policy formulation and target setting have to take into account the views and suggestions from all levels of society. Leadership is the key factor in the successful implementation of the NIP. Adequacy and efficacy of resources. The consultative approach used in formulating the NIP has to be continued. The leadership endowed with such qualities will be able to inspire the people. Keys Success Factors 2. are as follows: Leadership by example.
The achievement of the NIP's objectives also depends upon the continuous inculcation of noble values and norms among various levels and sectors of the society. Such enthusiasm and practice will flourish all the more when the leadership keeps to their promises. Such enthusiasm for ethics and integrity becomes more enhance when cases that have attracted public attention are resolved expeditiously. Close coordination between these two significant sectors and similar signals coming from them are important in confidence . clear and focused communication that is easily understood by the people.building among Malaysians and the international community that things are changing for the better in the country. Conducive Culture Environment 7. but also responsive to contemporary challenges. .Continuous Education 5. including the NIP. malpractices and abuse of power are effective and undertaken without fear or favour. eventually becoming part and parcel of the individual's way of life and the society's culture. One important factor that may case the failure of any social change. It is important to have in place an effective legal framework that is not only effective. A conducive environment means the existence of a culture in which people almost everywhere are enthusiastic about. these noble values will become internalised and practiced until they become second nature. In this manner. Effective Communication 6. ethics and integrity. Close mutual support and cooperation between the administrative and the political machinery is an essential ingredient for the success of the NIP. Hence. without fear or favour. is the failure in communication. These two elements will contribute towards realising the NIP's objectives. an independent judiciary that ensures justice is dispensed speedily and fairly. They also will flourish when measures to root out corruption. In addition. Effective Legal Framework and Independent Judiciary 9. it is absolutely essential to have effective. Cooperation between Politics and Administrative Machinery 8. arid uphold. is also highly critical in instilling confidence among the people.
Conclusion 12. Their awareness of the need to overcome their weaknesses will strengthen their resolve to change themselves as well as their commitment towards strengthening and promoting ethics and integrity. Readiness of Individuals to Change 11. and emerge as a nation of excellence. The various key success factors outlined above are still insufficient. The launching of the National Integrity Plan (NIP) and the establishment of the Integrity Institute of Malaysia (11M) have become the most important catalyst towards realising the objectives of enhancing integrity. awareness and knowledge of noble values. . It is also essential to have adequate. All these will enable Malaysia to steadily move forward in her efforts to become a developed nation in its own mould. Adequate financial resources and modern technology are also necessary. The movement to enhance integrity has increasingly captured the imagination of various levels of the Malaysian society. This movement is turning into a social force for the effective management of the country's success and overcoming of its weaknesses. The role of the individual is critic~ for human development. that have been inculcated through education and effective communication will contribute towards efforts to enhance integrity. glory and distinction. trained and efficient manpower as well.Adequacy and Efficacy of Resources 10. The individual's understanding.
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