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Oxidation-Reduction Reaction: an oxidation-reduction or redox reaction refers to a reaction where electrons are transferred between reactants; Oxidation refers

rs to the loss of electrons. Reduction refers to the gaining of electrons. An Oxidizing Agent is an element which causes oxidation (and is reduced as a result) by remo ing electrons from another s!ecies. A Reducing Agent is an element which causes reduction (and is oxidized as a result) by gi ing electrons to another s!ecies. Oxidation Number: "onoatomic ions: actual charge of the atom that results from the loss or gain of electrons Atoms (not in ionic form): o charge tthat the atom would de elo! if combined with other atoms by electron transfer o hy!othetical charge assigned to the atom using a set of rules #xam!les: #lement "g & ' ' $om!ound%&on "g((O))* &* (a*'*O) (a*'-O. Oxidation 'tate +* , +* +/0 +/0 ,0 ,

Objectives: 1.To recognize the visible indications of a redox reaction 2.To assign oxidation states to different elements in a compound 3.To identify the reducing and oxidizing agents of a reaction .To balance redox reactions using a change!in!oxidation! state method

Activity Series:

METHODOLOGY
1our test tubes were #ach test tube labelled A0 20 $0 and 3 was obser ed for e olution of gas and other isible reactions.

4he ff. were mixed in test tube A: / dro!s ,.5" $u((O) )* "g ribbon

4he ff. were mixed in test tube 2: * dro!s ,.5" 6*$r*O8 . dro!s ." 7*'O - dro!s )9 fresh 7*O*

4he ff. were mixed in test tube $: * dro!s ,.5" &* in 6& * dro!s ,.5" (a*'*O)

4he ff. were mixed in test tube 3: * dro!s ,.5" 6"nO . dro!s ." 7*'O . dro!s ,.5" (a*$*O-

RES LTS

Test Tube

!a"anced E#uation

Observations

Li#uid$ b"ue to ye""o% &co"or"ess'


A

$u((O))*+ "g "g((O) )* + $u

So"id$ Si"very %(ite ribbon to b"ac)&reddis( bro%n' s*ec)s

6*$r*O8 + - 7*'O- + ) 7*O* E++ervescence 6*'O- + $r*('O-)) + ) O* + 8 7*O *(a*'*O) + &* (a*'-O. + * (a& Ye""o%&reddis( bro%n' to co"or"ess

*6"nO- + : 7*'O- + / (a*$*O- -ur*"e to * "n'O- + 5, $O* + : 7*O + co"or"ess /(a*'O- + 6*'O-

D.S, SS.ON

lost e-; oxidized; R.A.

+* +/ -*

+*

+/ -*

$u ( (O) ) * + "g "g ( (O) )* + $u

gained e-; reduced; O.A.

"g is more reacti e and more li;ely to be oxidized than $u.

+5 +. -*

+5+. -*

+5 -5

lost eoxidized R.A.

6* $r* O8 + - 7*'O- + ) 7*O*

gained ereduced; O.A.

+5+.-*

+) +. -*

+5-*

6*'O- + $r* ('O-)) + ) O* + 8 7*O

lost e-; oxidized; R.A.

+5 +* -*

+5+*./-*

+5 -5

* (a*'*O) + &* (a*'-O. + * (a&

gained e-; reduced; O.A.

+5 +8 -*

+5+.-*

+5 +) -*

lost e-; oxidized; R.A.

* 6"n O- + : 7*'O- + / (a*$*Ogained e-; reduced; O.A. +*+.-* +- -* +5 -* +5+.-* +5+.-*

* "n'O- + 5, $O* + : 7*O + / (a*'O- + 6*'O-

Sources$ (tt*$//ibc(em0com/.!/ibnotes/brie+/red-s"0(tm