Vehicle Registration Plates of Thailand

Ian Fuller - Wednesday, 09 September 2009 Page 1

An illustrated guide to the current (post 1997) vehicle registration plates (license plates) of Thailand.
Ian Fuller, September 2009.
Version 0.2
Private and Company-Owned Vehicles
1. Passenger Car
• Not more than 7 passengers.
• White plate with black lettering.
• Two Thai letters followed by 1 – 4 Western numerals.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate.
• Special backgrounds available for some provinces.
• Owners may bid on auspicious numbers.
Illustrations

Figure 1 - Passenger Plate
2. Greater Than 7 Passenger Microbus and Passenger Van
• White plate with blue lettering.
• Two Thai letters followed by 1 – 4 Western numerals.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate.
• No special backgrounds available.
Vehicle Registration Plates of Thailand

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Illustrations

Figure 2 – Greater than 7 Passenger Microbus / Passenger Van Plate

Figure 3 - Truck with a Microbus / Passenger Van Plate
3. Van and Pick-up Truck
• White plate with green lettering.
• Two Thai letters followed by 1 – 4 Western numerals.
Vehicle Registration Plates of Thailand

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• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate.
• No special backgrounds available.
Note: Many light trucks have Passenger (Type 1) plates.
Illustrations

Figure 4 - Van & Pick-up Truck Plate
4. Motor Tricycle (Tuk-Tuk – Private Use)
• White plates with red lettering.
• Two Thai letters followed by 1 – 4 Western numerals.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate.
• No special backgrounds available.
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Illustrations

Figure 5 - Private Use Tuk-Tuk
5. Interprovincial Taxi
• None registered in Bangkok as of 31 December, 2008.
Note: I don’t know these plates.
6. Urban Taxi
• Yellow plates with black lettering.
• Two Thai letters followed by 1 – 4 Western numerals.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate.
• No special backgrounds available.
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Illustrations

Figure 6 - Urban Taxi Chonburi (Pattaya)
7. Fixed Route Taxi / Song Theaw
• Yellow plates with blue lettering.
• Two Thai letters followed by 1 – 4 Western numerals.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate.
• No special backgrounds available.
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Illustrations

Figure 7 - Fixed Route Taxi - Song Theaw
8. Motor Tricycle Taxi (Tuk-Tuk)
• Yellow plate with green lettering.
• Two Thai letters followed by 1 – 4 Western numerals.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate.
• No special backgrounds available.
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Ian Fuller - Wednesday, 09 September 2009 Page 7

Illustrations

Figure 8 - Tuk-tuk
9. Hotel / Airport Taxi
• Green plate with white lettering.
• Two Thai letters followed by 1 – 4 Western numerals.
o Hotel taxis have prefixes .·, .+
o Airport taxis have prefixes .·, .+
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate.
• No special backgrounds available.
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Ian Fuller - Wednesday, 09 September 2009 Page 8

Illustrations

Figure 9 - Airport Taxi

Figure 10 - Hotel Taxi
10. Tour Taxi
• Green plate with white lettering.
• Two Thai letters followed by 1 – 4 Western numerals.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate.
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• No special backgrounds available.
Illustrations

Figure 11 - Tour Taxi?
11. Rental Car
• Prefix .·, .+
Note: All the rental cars I have seen have Passenger (Type 1) plates. According to the
Department of Land transport (DLT) there are only 98 vehicles registered in this class in Bangkok.
12. Motorcycle
• White plates with black lettering.
• Rear plate only.
• Plate is square.
• Motor scooters have smaller plates but in the same format.
• Three Thai letters, the name of the province at the centre and three Western numerals
below it.
• Some plates have a red band across the middle with two Thai characters.
Note: What do the two characters in the red band signify?
Vehicle Registration Plates of Thailand

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Illustrations

Figure 12 - Motorcycle Plate

Figure 13 - Motorcycle Plate with a Central Red Band
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Figure 1 - Motorcycle Plates Showing the Smaller Plate Used on a Scooter
13. Road Construction Tractor
• Orange plates with black lettering.
14. Road Roller
• Orange plates with black lettering.
• Two Thai letters followed by 1-4 Western numerals.
o First prefix letter is ..
15. Farm Vehicle
• Colours?
• Two Thai letters followed by 1-4 Western numerals.
o First prefix letter is ..
16. Automobile Trailer
• Colours?
17. Motorcycle Taxi
• Yellow plates with black lettering.
• Many motorcycle taxis have private motorcycle plates.
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Illustrations

Figure 2 - Bangkok Motorcycle Taxi Plate
18. Fixed Route Bus
• Yellow plates with black lettering.
• A two numeral prefix, a hyphen (-) and a four numeral serial, all Western numerals.
• Prefixes 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 have been observed in Bangkok.
• THAILAND in small capitals centred at the top of the plate.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate in Thai letters.
• Two (or three) digit code for the province at the top-right corner of the plate. See
Appendix 1 for the codes.
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Illustrations

Figure 14 - Bangkok Fixed Route Bus Plate

Figure 3 - Samut Sakhon Fixed Route Bus Plate
19. Non-Fixed Route Bus
• White plates with black lettering.
• A two numeral prefix, a hyphen (-) and a four numeral serial, all Western numerals.
• Prefixes 40 and 41 have been observed.
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• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate in Thai letters.
• Two (or three) digit code for the province at the bottom-right corner of the plate. See
Appendix 1 for the codes.
Illustrations

Figure 4 - Non-Fixed Route Bus Plate
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Figure 5 - Non Fixed Route Bus Plate
20. Private Bus
• Yellow plates with black lettering.
• A two numeral prefix, a hyphen (-) and a four numeral serial, all Western numerals.
• Prefixes 30 and 31 have been observed in Bangkok.
• THAILAND in small capitals centred at the top of the plate.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate in Thai letters.
• Two (or three) digit code for the province at the top-right corner of the plate. See
Appendix 1 for the codes.
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Illustrations

Figure 6 - Private Bus Plate
21. Non-Fixed Route Truck (Public Use?)
• Yellow plates with black lettering.
• A two numeral prefix, a hyphen (-) and a four numeral serial, all Western numerals.
• Prefixes 70-78 have been observed nationwide.
• THAILAND in small capitals centred at the top of the plate.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate in Thai letters.
• Two (or three) digit code for the province at the top-right corner of the plate. See
Appendix 1 for the codes.
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Illustrations

Figure 15 - 77-5804
22. Private Truck
• White plates with black lettering.
• A two numeral prefix, a hyphen (-) and a four numeral serial, all Western numerals.
• Prefixes 80-98 have been observed nationwide.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate in Thai letters.
• Two (or three) digit code for the province at the bottom-right corner of the plate. See
Appendix 1 for the codes.
• Note how the layout differs from the black-on-yellow plates.
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Illustrations

Figure 16 – Private Truck 96-7103

Figure 17 - Private Truck 94-5551. Perhaps leased by the Bangkok Matropolitan Authority
23. Small Rural Bus
• Yellow plates with black lettering.
• A two numeral prefix, a hyphen (-) and a four numeral serial, all Western numerals.
• Prefix 20 has been observed in Chonburi.
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• THAILAND in small capitals centred at the top of the plate.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate in Thai letters.
• Two (or three) digit code for the province at the top-right corner of the plate. See
Appendix 1 for the codes.
Illustrations

Figure 7 - Small Rural Bus Plate in Bang-Saen, Chonburi
24. Temporary Use
• Red plates with black lettering.
• One Thai letter followed by 4 Western numerals.
• Province name centred at the bottom of the plate in Thai letters.
• Issued to passenger vehicles by a dealer prior to issue of their permanent plates.
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Illustrations

Figure 8 - Temporary Use Plate on a Private Car

Figure 9 - Temporary Use Plate on a Taxi
25. Temporary Use Plates – Trucks and Buses
• Red plates with white lettering.
• Five Western numerals (with leading zeroes).
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• Are the first two numbers the province code (Appendix 1)?
• Thai text centred at the bottom of the plate. It is not the province name but the
restriction ‘used for sales and repair purposes only’.
Illustrations

Figure 10 - Temporary Bus Plate
Government Vehicles
1. Royal Thai Police
• Red plates with white lettering.
• The Thai Police emblem followed by five Western numerals, with leading zeroes.
• Many Police vehicles in Bangkok have normal passenger (Type 1) plates.
Note: Fire tenders used to have Police plates. The plates were removed in 2008-2009. This is due
to a re-organization of the fire services to report to the relevant local authority. Most fire tenders
now have no plates, but some have truck plates.
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Illustrations

Figure 18 – Royal Thai Police Motorcycle Plate 57274

Figure 11 - Bus from the Royal Thai Police Cadet Academy
2. Military
• Black plates with white lettering or white plates with red lettering.
• An emblem for the branch of service (Army, Navy, Air Force) followed by five Thai
numerals with leading zeroes.
Note: As far as I can tell military vehicles are numbered in a unified series.
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Illustrations

Figure 12 - Royal Thai Army Truck - White Plate with Red Lettering
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Figure 13 - Royal Thai Navy Bus - Black Plate with White Lettering
3. Bureau of the Royal Household
• Vehicles used by members of the Royal Family have white plates with black lettering.
• Other vehicles have black plates with white lettering.
• All have the three Thai letters () followed by a 1 – 4 digit serial number in Western
numerals.
• Vehicles with pre-1997 Passenger format plates with prefix 1 are also associated with
the BRH.
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Illustrations

Figure 14 - Bureau of the Royal Household Plate

Figure 15 - "Rented Vehicle Jeep Use" Plate with same Prefix as BRH
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Note: The plate above is a mystery. What is the significance of the legend “Rented Vehicle Jeep
Use”? Is it connected with the BRH?
4. Foreign Embassy Vehicles
• White plates with black lettering.
• Two digits denoting the country below the Thai letter (·), a dash and a four digit serial
number with leading zeroes.
• Serial 0001 is for the Ambassador.
• Serials 1000 and up are for service vehicles.
• See Appendix 2 for a list of country codes.
Illustrations

Figure 16 – Thailand Diplomatic Plate - Singapore Ambassador to Thailand
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Figure 17 Thailand Diplomatic Plate - German Embassy Vehicle
5. International Organization Vehicles
• Blue plates with white lettering.
• Two digits denoting the organization below the Thai letter (insert here), a dash and a
four digit serial number.
• Serial 0001 is for the head of the organization in Thailand.
• Serials 1000 and up are for service vehicles.
• See Appendix 3 for a list of known organization codes.
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Illustrations

Figure 18 - Thailand International Organization Plate – USAID

Figure 19 - Thailand International Organization Plate - UNICF

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Appendices
1. Thai Provinces and Codes
As used on truck and bus license plates.
Code Name (English) Name (Thai)
Bangkok
....«u.··+.
Central Region

Chai Nat
-a·«
Sing Buri
«.·:.
. Lop Buri
+u:.
s Ang Thong
».«».
+ Saraburi
«..:.
Ayutthaya
u..·+.+.»ara
s Pathum Thani
v«.r·
. Nonthaburi
··«:.
s Samut Prakan
«.«.v...
Eastern Region

. Nakhon Nayok
·+.·a.
. Prachin Buri
v.··:.
.. Chachoengsao
«..-..«.
.s Chon Buri
-+:.
.+ Rayong
..a».
. Chanthaburi
··«:.
.s Trat
..a
.. Sa Kaeo
«..a..
Lower North-Eastern Region

s Chaiyaphum
-a..
s Yasothon
a¹«r.
s. Ubon Ratchathani
»:+.-r·
ss Si Sa Ket
+.«...·
s+ Buri Ram
:...a
s Nakhon Ratchasima
·+..-«.
ss Surin
«.·«.
s. Amnat Charoen
»··.·.a
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Code Name (English) Name (Thai)

Upper North-Eastern Region

+ Nong Bua Lam Phu
··».:.+.
+ Nong Khai
··».+a
+ Loei
.+a
+. Udon Thani
»a.r·
+s Nakhon Phanom
·+.u·.
++ Sakon Nakhon
«.+·+.
+ Khon Kaen
·»·a.·
+s Kalasin
.u«·r
+. Maha Sarakham
.·«.+.
+s Roi Et
.»a.»a
++ Mukdahan
..a·.
Upper Northern Region

Chiang Rai
.-a..a
Mae Hong Son
a.a».«»·
. Chiang Mai
.-a.!·.
s Phayao
u..a
+ Nan
··
Lamphun
+u·
s Lampang
+v.
. Phrae
au.
s Uttaradit
»..a.a
Lower Northern Region

s Sukhothai
«¹·«a
s. Tak
..
ss Phitsanulok
u·a¹+.
s+ Kamphaeng Phet
.au..u-.
s Phichit
u·..
ss Phetchabun
.u-.:.a
s. Nakhon Sawan
·+.«...+
ss Uthai Thani
»«ar·
Western Region

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Code Name (English) Name (Thai)
. Suphanburi
«u..a:.
. Kanchanaburi
.a··:.
.. Nakhon Pathom
·+.v·.
.s Ratchaburi
.-:.
.+ Samut Sakhon
«.«.«+.
. Samut Songkhram
«.«.«.+..
.s Phetchaburi
.u-.:.
.. Prachuap Khiri Khan
v..·.:+. ··r
Upper Southern Region

s Chumpon
-.u.
s Ranong
..·».
s. Surat Thani
«.·¸.r·
ss Phang Nga
u..
s+ Nakhon Si Thammarat
·+.+.r....-
s Krabi
...:
ss Phuket
....
Lower Southern Region

+ Phattalung
u«+.
+ Trang
...
+. Songkhla
«.·+
+s Satun
«.+
++ Pattani
vˆ..·
+ Yala
a.+
+s Narathiwat
·.r.«
2. Diplomatic Vehicle Codes
Code Country
01 ?
02 ?
03 Argentina
04 Australia
05 Austria
06 Bangladesh
07 Belgium
08 ?
09 Brazil
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Code Country
10 Bulgaria
11 Myanmar / Burma
12 Brunei
13 Canada
14 Chile
15 PR China
16 Colombia
17 ?
18 ?
19 Czech Republic
20 Denmark
21 European Union
22 Egypt
23 ?
24 ?
25 Finland
26 ?
27 France
28 ?
29 Germany
30 ?
31 ?
32 Greece
33 ?
34 ?
35 Vatican City
36 Hungary
37 India
38 Indonesia
39 Iran
40 Iraq
41 Israel
42 Italy
43 Ivory Coast?
44 Japan
45 Cambodia
46 Korea, South
47 Korea, North
48 Laos
49 ?
50 ?
51 ?
52 ?
53 Malaysia
54 ?
55 ?
56 Nepal
57 The Netherlands
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Code Country
58 New Zealand
59 ?
60 Nigeria?
61 Norway
62 Pakistan
63 ?
64 Peru
65 Philippines
66 Poland
67 Portugal
68 Romania
69 Saudi Arabia
70 ?
71 ?
72 Singapore
73 Spain
74 Sri Lanka
75 Sweden
76 Switzerland
77 ?
78 ?
79 ?
80 Turkey
81 ?
82 Russian Federation
83 ?
84 United Kingdom
85 ?
86 United States of America
87 ?
88 ?
89 Vietnam
90 Yugoslavia
91 ?
92 ?
93 ?
94 ?
95 ?
96 ?
97 ?
98 ?
99 ?
3. International Organization Codes
Code Organization
02 United Nations
10 SE Asia Ministers of Education Secretariat
14 UNICF
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Code Organization
25 International Red Cross
86 US Agency for International Development
References
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vehicle_registration_plates_of_Thailand
• http://driving.information.in.th/license-plates.html
• Notes on the following Flickr posts:
o http://www.flickr.com/photos/ianfuller/3815558290/
o http://www.flickr.com/photos/ianfuller/3884230232/