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frica Su%%it the%es titled&
“INVESTING IN PEOPLE, PROSPERITY AND PEACE” !'( “PEACE AND SECURITY”
Brussels ) Belgiu% *nd !pril *+,#
"he the%es& “Investing in People, Prosperity and Peace” and
“Peace and security” feed unto each other. However- not to tire the listeners- having listened to %any spea.ers already- let %e go straight to “Peace and Security” and- then- conclude with a s%all piece on “People, Prosperity and Peace”. Since ,/0+- when 1 was old enough to follow events being in the 2unior Secondary School- 1 have been able to distil the following factors that affect peace and security in !frica&
3i4 3ii4 ideological disorientation of so%e of the political actors5 gross and cri%inal indiscipline of %any !frican actors who %isbehave with i%punity5 this especially applies to soldiers and other para$%ilitary groups5
3iii4 e6ternal %eddling based on greed- ignorance and arrogance5 and 3iv4 the under$develop%ent of %any !frican econo%ies that does not allow the funding 3ade7uate or otherwise4 of !frican ar%ies and security forces- where upon the said forces have to depend on erratic e6ternal funding.
You can see one or the other of these four factors right fro% the %urder of Patrice 8u%u%ba in ,/0+- to the genocide and %ass .illings in Rwanda and Burundi over the decades- to the chaos that has e6isted in Eastern 9ongo that is- fortunately- being wound up recently- to the
hae%orrhage of hu%an life in etc. etc.
ganda between ,/00 and ,/:0- to the
current crisis in South Sudan- to the Biafran war in 'igeria in the ,/;+s-
$ <actor nu%ber one is the pseudo ideology of sectarianis% based on tribe- religion and gender chauvinis%. 1n ganda- we have been able to e6pose the ban.ruptcy of sectarianis%. 1t is the ideology of parasites and political opportunists who disregard the interests of the people and push their own selfish interests. =hat are the interests of the !frican people> 'u%ber one is peace- security and dignity. 'o !frican should live in insecure conditions. Everybody should live in dignity and peace e6cept if he?she brea.s the law and is sent to @ail by a co%petent court. Even then- although deprived of freedo%- he?she should be treated hu%anely. $ Secondly- !frican people- since ti%e i%%e%orial- live in sy%biotic or co%ple%entary societies- with one tribe specialiAing in so%e products or services while the other tribe specialiAes in another set of products and services. "he tribes- then- e6change products and services- in the past using barter trade (okuchurika) and- %ore recently- using cash. sually- there is less
co%ple%entarity a%ong the different tribes or castes. 1n %odern ti%es- the rural areas produce what the urban areas need and the rural people would buy fro% the towns what the rural areas need. By aggregating the peoples of ganda- the peoples of East !fricaganda or any of the the peoples of 9entral !frica- producers in
other of the countries in the area have a bigger %ar.et that can absorb their products- sti%ulate e6pansion of production- thereby creating %ore wealth and %ore e%ploy%ent.
!nybody that- therefore- pro%otes ani%osity on a sectarian basis- a%ong the !frican people is an ene%y of those very people. 1t is parasites that do that because genuine producers in agriculture- industry and services cannot do that. "hey cannot act against their own interests. ! few years ago- a hotel owner in Ka%pala co%plained to %e about the %isbehavior of cattle .eepers- far away in the Bueen EliAabeth 'ational Par.- who were graAing their cattle in the 'ational Par.. =hy> 1t was because of the negative publicity around that issue- which was driving away tourists- so%e of who% were using his hotel- far away in Ka%pala. "hese are the legiti%ate interests of the !frican people- both in the past
and now. 1n whose interests- then- do the pro%oters of sectarianis% act> 1n the interests of those very parasites. 9olonial ar%ies and their neo$colonial re%nants have e6celled in brutaliAing the !frican people C e6tra$@udicial .illings- rape- defile%entlooting of the scanty properties of the people- poaching of the ani%als in the 'ational Par.s- illegal %ining- etc. 'obody would punish the% by holding the% accountable. Dur Move%ent- the 'RM- has been able to build an effective force by dealing with ideology and discipline. Dur ideology is patriotis% within ganda- Pan$!fricanis% in !fricawor.ing for socio$econo%ic transfor%ation and also wor.ing for de%ocracy. !ny soldier who %isbehaves is punished. Since ,/:0- the nu%ber of soldiers sentenced to death for ho%icide is ,#;- out of which *E have- actually- been e6ecuted. "hat is why our ar%y can be deployed in So%alia and do a good @ob. E6ternal %eddling to wor. for selfish interests or si%ply out of ignorance is another cause of proble%s. "he .illing of 8u%u%ba by e6ternal forces- wor.ing with local traitors- plunged 9ongo into al%ost F+ years of chaos. "he genocide in Rwanda was pro%oted fro% outside
using local traitors. "he %ass .illings in foreign interests.
ganda- costing :++-+++ lives
in *+ years- were done by people li.e 1di !%in and other local agents of
"he failure to %anage the econo%y also cripples the capacity of the State in ter%s of building the !r%ed <orces and sustaining the%. 1t is possible to build a capable !r%ed <orce if you .now what is re7uired. 1n the end- developing the !frican econo%ies will also enable us to create sustainable peace. "his brings %e to the other the%e& “Investing in People, Prosperity and Peace and Security” . Dur e6perience is thatapart fro% investing in people through education and health- we %ustespecially- invest in infrastructure 3electricity- roads- the railways- 19"piped water- etc4. "hese three 3ideological disorientation- under$ develop%ent of the hu%an resource and the under$develop%ent of the infrastructure4- are part of the ,+ strategic bottlenec.s that we have identified in ganda as being responsible for !fricaGs stagnation- even after independence in the ,/0+s. 1 do not have ti%e to list the others or discuss the%. 1nfrastructure develop%ent in !frica %ust- therefore- be
part of the %ain declaration. You cannot tal. of HProsperityI in !frican without tal.ing about infrastructure. 1 than. you.
2nd April, 201