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What is Vastu? The science of Vedic architecture Vastu: Its ancient literature Main Elements / Fundamental Concepts Prana The five elements, 'panchabhuta' The eight directions and their significance The energy grid; Vastu Purusha Mandal The design process according to Vastu Site and structure planning, the process: Effect of orientation on health, scientific evidence Direction of sleeping How Toxic Is Your Home?

The eight directions and their significance

Mon, 03/ 08/ 2010

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According to Vaastu Shastra, the entire universe exists in endless space and has no direction whatsoever. However, on Earth our directions are defined with respect

to the Sun. Vastu Shastra identifies eight cardinal directions on which all are activities are based, each of which has a particular significance. India is the only country where the 4 sub -directions also have a special name assigned to them just like the main directions. This emphasises the importance directions played in ancient times. Orientation is very importan t in In the technology of Indian architecture. The basic rules of Vastu Shastra are based on the eight directions Four principle directions:

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North (Uttara, ruled by Lord Kuber, God of Wealth) South (Dakshina, ruled by Lord Yama, God of Death) East (Purva, ruled by Lord Indra, King of Gods, and Lord Aditya/Surya, God of Sun/Energy) West (Pashcima, ruled by Lord Varun, God of Rain/Water) East-North (Ishanya,ruled by Lord Ishanya, God of All Quarters) North-West (Vayavya, rule d by Lord Vayu, God of Winds) South-West (Nairutya, ruled by Pitru or Ancestors) South-East (Agneya, ruled by Lord Agni, God of Fire)

Four secondary directions:

The name of the direction itself suggests the nature of the direction. For example, East (purva) means preceding, West (Paschim) means after i.e. coming afterwards; North (Uttara) means where there is an answer to everything. South (Dakshin) means slowly weakening, North -East (Ishaanya) ' means God, place for water element. South -East (Aagneya) means the place for fire ele ment and North-West (Wayavya) means the place for Air element, and South -West (Nairutya) means the Nairuti (Demon) region of negative energies. If the living and working spaces are oriented according to these directions, they have a direct positive influence on the residents. According to Vaastu, all the eight directions are governed by different gods who have their own respective influences on human beings as described below.
Directi on Embodiment Presiding Deity Elemen t Ruling Planet Colors Trees Plants Shapes Best For

North/ Uttara

Prosperity and happiness, wealt h and career

Kuber (Lord of Wealt h)

Water (jal)

Budha/ Mercury

Light blue, light green, cream , beige, white

Pakad, Neem, Bilva, Shami, Kaith, Tulsi

Rectangl es

Treasury , study, library

Northeas t/ Ishanya

Knowled ge spiritual wealt h sou rce of power and

Ishvara (Lord of All Quarters, the

Water (jal)

Guru Jupiter

Bright yellow bright white

Basil, herbs

Regula r linear shape, squares

Temple/ meditati on room

healt h

Supreme Lord)

East/ Purva

Enlightenme nt, affluence fulfi lment, seeing the world

Aditya (god of energy/ Health) and Indra king of gods

Light, power

Ravi/ Sun

Orang e, yellow , bright white

Lavende r, Ros e, Bergamo t, Bamboo, Bargad

Star hexagon

Main entrance

Southeas t/ Agneya

Health, womens issues, source of heat and food energy generating

Agni(Lor d of Fire)


Shukra/ Venus

Warm colors , sky blue, yellow , silver white

Herbs, mint, basil, rose, annar

Half moon shape, elliptical


South/ Dakshina

Negativity problems suffering, lega l affairs and struggle

Yama (Lord of Dharma and Death) prevents the evil eye from taking control of our lives


Angarak a/ Mars

All earthy colors , brown pink, red, blue

Rose, Neem, Udumbu ra (goolar) Panas

Irregula r shapes, triangles


Southwes t/ Nairutya / Pitru

Fame, income, longevity, source of charact er

Nairuthi (lord of dissolutio n) ruled by Pittru or ancestors



All earthy colors , purple grey light green blue

Heavy leaf bearing trees like Ashoka

Square cubes stable forms

Master Bedroom

West/ Paschim

Poverty, lack of vita lity and

Varuna (god of rain/

Air moistu

Shani/ Saturn

Peach, dull white,

Bilva, Kair, Neelgiri,

Circular, elliptical

Living room




light green, blue

Madhuk a, Peepa l

Northwes t/ Vayavya

Communicati on, s ocial life, sou rce of change,

Vayu (Wind)


Chandra / Moon

Light blue, dull white, pista green

Bali patra

Square, rectangl es

Guest bedroom , Bathroo m


Balance, creativity, spiritual growth and desire

Brahma creator of the univers e


Ravi sun

White , bright yellow


All solid shapes, squares

Open space

North (Uttara)
Ruled by the god of wealth, Kubera which is beneficial for cash / treasury or valuable items. The door of the treasury should open towards North -East, East direction. The North is also the direction of the Pole star, the fixed point in the sky that denotes stability and security. Hence, this is the direction to transact all business and so the main door and Living room can be placed here. According to the scientific perspective north is a polarized centre of positive ions of electro - of magnetic force of the earth. The effect of ultra violet rays in the morning sun rays is good over here, so it is best to have maximum open space and slope, in this directi on.

North-East (Eeshanya)
This direction is considered to be the direction of the Supreme Being. Hence it is suggested that there be no dirt, garbage, heavy structure or toilets or bathrooms in this direction. It is very blight, worshiping and giving lot o f success. It is positive. The direction has the capacity of giving intelligence, knowledge, prosperity, wealth progeny, success, health and good life. A well, water reservoir in North east direction means guarantee of success.

East (Purva)
Ruled by the Sun God or Surya: The East, from where the Sun rises represents the essence of all beginnings. For every human -being day activities begin with sunrise. Sunrise means east, where the darkness disappears and light begins. Morning sunrays are fully be enriched with ultra-violet rays which are highly beneficial for human -body. East to direction is very advantageous prosperity oriented. It is thus recommended that the main doors and windows of a house face East. If there is any vastu defect in the East direction l ike kitchen, toilet, cut, elevation, staircase going upwards or downward steps, high rise walls and less open spaces then there is loss of health, loss of wealth hindrances in academic progress.

South-East (Aagneya)

The direction of Agni, the god of fire: This is the direction of heat and high levels of energy. It is advised that all cooking and Kitchen related activity be in this direction. Electrical instrument, main-switch, transformers, Electric sub - station electric motor, generator, UPS battery invent ers,

air conditioners, refrigerators, oven and all other fire base instrument should be placed in South east.

South (Dakshina)
The direction of Yama, the god of death: The South represents the past and our ancestry. Guest and children's bedrooms can be pl aced here. No open space like gardens, balconies, terraces should be in this direction. It is not advisable to have septic tank and kitchen in this direction either. South direction weakens human life, hence all the auspicious tasks are forbidden in the so uth. In all the south direction yields nothing but mourning, depression and pain.

South-West (Nairutya)
The direction of Nairuthi or dissolution: The North East direction is the direction of god whereas the direction South West is that of demons. Two heterogeneous things are continuously challenging each other right from the beginning of the universe like Go d - demon, good or - bad, woman- man, day - night, success - failure, fame - disgrace etc. This region gives confidence, leadership, dominating attitude to the in charge of house. Master bedrooms in South West with head towards south while sleeping maintai n proper blood-pressure cardiac performance as well as proper digestion which lead to healthy and strong mind.

West (Paschima)
Governed by the god of water, Varuna: As the sun dims we are reminded of endings, the unknown and darkness. The West should be a voided for sleeping. However, Bathrooms, Toilets, Staircases, Store rooms can be placed here. Trees can be planted here. A person with west entrance to vastu has very less success in spite of a huge effort. If there are too many windows or doors and sunray s are entering the Vastu, then use of thick cotton curtains with red colour is necessary. This ensures that the Infra red rays are absorbed in the curtain and the Vastu is protected. Otherwise the atmosphere in the Vastu becomes dry, lifeless & without any excitement, which is very harmful to the human being.

North-West (Vaayavya)
The direction of the wind God, Vaayu: The atmosphere in an airy and ventilated house remains clean and fresh. Otherwise the Vastu becomes stuffy & the atmosphere becomes very gloo my. This makes life unbearable. The North West direction has a lot of effect on interpersonal relationships, friendliness & co-ordination. According to Vaastushastra it is better to have preferences for bedroom of elder son or guest room, study room, dinni ng hall, toilet, storage place for domestic animals, septic tank and staircase, in this direction.

Centre (Brahmasthan)
Many structures in nature have a silent core of intelligence, and the activity of the structure is arranged around this core. We see thi s in the structure of galaxies, solar systems, cells, and atoms. This core is called a Brahmasthan, or place where wholeness resides. As in the structures of nature there should also be a Brahmasthan in a Vastu building. The bindu obtained in the centre is the life - breath of the earth 2:14 Vastu Sutra Upanishad

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