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Anchoring systems for geotechnical engineering

D e s i g n ,

B u i l d ,

M a i n t a i n

C IX 0

Introduction
The Freyssinet Group
Freyssinet brings together an unrivalled range of expertise in the specialist civil engineering sector. It implements solutions with high added value in two major fields: construction and repairs. Freyssinet is involved in numerous projects across five continents, making it the world leader in its specialist areas of:
a a a a a a

Ground anchors were one of the first applications of Freyssinet's technologies. In 1939, Eugne Freyssinet used prestressed anchors, together with flat jacks, to stabilise the Beni Bahdel dam in Algeria.

Prestressing Construction methods  Cable-stayed structures  Structural accessories  Repairs Structural reinforcement and maintenance 
Strengthening of the Beni Bahdel dam, Algeria - 1939

Ever since, technological developments have pushed back the boundaries in this field. The realm of possibilities has increased significantly, enabling both designers and builders to safely and effectively overcome the technical challenges inherent in the environment. Conscious of the trends shaping demand and the market, Freyssinet has considerably expanded its geotechnical engineering range over the past few years. With more than 70 years' experience in soil structure, together with an accredited production force that complies with international standards, Freyssinet designs, manufactures and supports companies on-site. We can draw on our expertise at every stage in the process to deliver superior performance and future-proof our work. Freyssinet can provide its expertise and skills to drive your current and future projects:
a Products are developed and then manufactured in modern workshops by

Freyssinet is highly involved in sustainable development issues and has set up a number of initiatives, particularly to reduce the environmental impact of its projects and enhance its social responsibility policy. Freyssinet is a subsidiary of the Soletanche Freyssinet Group, a world leader in the soils, structures and nuclear sectors.

Cover photo: Rosa Parks station - Paris, France

Contents
Areas of application Freyssinet steel tendons Stages in the implementation process Ground anchors Soil nails and rock bolts Micropiles Port tie rods Freyssinet strand anchors Freyssibar anchors Freyssi500-E, Freyssi670-E and Freyssi500 systems FreyssiSD system FreyssiCell system Injection systems Associated services References Production and quality p3 p4 p5 p6 p6 p7 p7 p8 p10 p12 p14 p15 p16 p17 p18 p19

skilled workers. Quality is the keyword at every stage in the manufacturing process, and all products undergo exhaustive tests to guarantee best-in-class performance. engineering special foundations and carrying out strengthening work to ensure structural stability and reinforce the ground. installation methods and specialised technologies. Because each customer is unique, our group of experts provides you with exactly the right solutions for your requirements.

a Freyssinet offers anchoring solutions and associated services to companies

a Freyssinet can advise companies and project managers on structural design,

A key player in geotechnics, we pursue an active research and development policy, and our main aim is to gain a clear insight into each customer's requirements in a bid to deliver the best-fit solutions.

Rosa Parks station, Paris, France - 2012

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Areas of application
Anchors are used in all areas of construction.
The anchor ensures that the ground remains stable and allows for deep, wide excavations. It is often temporary, because the long-term stability of the ground is maintained by the structure built in the excavation (car parks, basements, etc.)

Excavation

Slope stabilization

Installing anchors at an angle prevents landslides and improves ground resistance.

Dams

Vertical anchors are generally prestressed and improve dams' rollover resistance, while reducing water seepage along the line of contact with the rock.

Quay walls

Port tie rods keep a quay wall stable by transferring the forces to a rear sheet pile wall. This principle is also used for backfill held in place by prefabricated walls (access ramps, etc.)

Underground

Anchoring techniques strengthen retention of the galleries by balancing the forces of the ground. This type of application is found in mines and tunnels.

Anchoring structures

Vertical anchors provide an effective link between the foundation and the ground, while curbing the effects of fatigue when prestressed. Anchors can be used for towers, radio masts, wind turbines, etc.

Foundations

Anchors enable structures to be built on land with a low bearing capacity or unstable land. The vertical loads of the structure are transmitted to the deeper, stable areas.

Hydrostatic uplift loads

Corrosion-resistant anchors are used to hold structures in place that are subject to significant water uplift pressure and therefore enable structures to be built in wet areas by compensating for the principle of Archimedes.

There are several families of anchors for these different applications:


a Ground anchors
C IX 0 - 12/13

a Soil nails and rock bolts a Port tie rods

a Micropiles

Freyssinet steel tendons


Freyssinet has a wide range of tendons for designing anchors geared towards each application.
Applications Ground anchors Soil nails and rock bolts Micropiles Port tie rods X Strand X Freyssibar X X Freyssi500 / Freyssi500-E X X X X Freyssi670-E X X X X Freyssi SD X X X

Tendons specifications
Steel tendon Prestressing strand
p 8-9

Diam. (mm) Nom. T12.5 T12.9 T15.3 T15.7 Ext. 12.5 12.9 15.3 15.7 28.8 34.5 38.6 43.4 53.2 23.8 27.3 30.6 33.0 38.3 46.8 61.5 67.8 22.1 27.6 30.9 35.4 43.9 54.3 67.9 25 32 32 38 51 51 76 76 76

Min. cross-section mm 93 100 140 150 552 804 1,018 1,257 1,964 375 491 616 707 962 1,452 2,597 3,167 314 491 616 804 1,257 1,963 3,167 250 350 430 590 740 940 1,650 2,080 2,460

Min. weight kg/m 0.73 0.78 1.10 1.18 4.56 6.66 8.45 10.41 16.02 2.94 3.85 4.83 5.55 7.55 11.40 20.38 24.86 2.47 3.85 4.83 6.31 9.87 15.40 24.86 2.00 2.70 3.40 4.70 5.90 7.40 12.90 16.30 19.30

Ultimate strength N/mm 1,860

Ultimate load kN 173 186 260 279 568 828

Yield strength N/mm 1,650

Yield load kN 152 164 229 246 461 672

Average Young modulus N/mm 195,000

p 10-11

26.5 32 36 40 50 22 25 28 30

Freyssibar

1,030

1,048 1,295 2,022 300 393 493 566 770 1,162 2,078 2,534 173 270 339 442 691 1,078

835

850 1,049 1,640 251 329 413 474 645 973 1,740 2,122 157 246 308 402 629 982

170,000

Freyssi 670-E

p 12-13

35 43 57.5 63.5

800

670

210,000

Freyssi 500 / Freyssi 500E

p 12-13

20 25 28 32 40 50 63.5

550

500

210,000

700

2,217 200 280 360 500

550

1,758 150 230 280 400

p 14

R25N R32N R32S

Freyssi SD

R38N R51L R51N T76L T76N T76S

600 to 850

550 800 1,200 1,600 1,900

500 to 680

450 630 1,000 1,200 1,500

190,000

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Stages in the implementation process


Freyssinet offers best-fit solutions at every stage of the project. The constraints inherent in implementation are an integral part of product and system design.
Anchors are made using bars or strands, on which accessories are mounted (sheaths for the free length, injection pipe for grouting, centring devices, etc.). The corrosion protection systems are produced in the factory to ensure maximum quality and effectiveness. Appropriate packaging protects the products and ensures their safety during transport. The bore hole (diameter generally between 50 and 200 mm) is performed using tools and drilling fluid suitable for the ground. All angles are possible and are determined by the stresses of the structure and the ground. The bore hole must enable the anchor to be inserted in the ground. It has a major impact on the final strength of the grouting. The composition of the anchors must take account of the drilling method, the diameter and the angle (solution for centring the tendon in the hole, location of the injection system in relation to the tendon, etc.). The anchor is inserted in the bore hole using the appropriate equipment, such as lifting beams, uncoilers and cranes, or in some cases manually. Once the anchor is in place, the grouting compound, generally a high dose cement grout, is injected into the bore hole using an injection pipe. There are several injection methods to suit the different types of ground encountered (see page 16). Tensile testing is essential. Some tests are carried out at the start of the project on disposable anchors to confirm that the design assumptions for the preliminary sizing of the bonding are adequate. Other nondestructive tests are carried out on the anchors incorporated in the structure. Specialist Freyssinet technicians work on-site to carry out these operations in line with the applicable standards for the type of anchor and the country. Compliance with these standards is vital to the success of a project (see page 17).

Prefabrication and transport

Drilling

Installation in the drill hole and injection

Tests

Tensioning

On prestressed anchors (ground anchors or rock bolts), tensioning is carried out 1 to 7 days after injection, depending on the type of ground and the grouting compound used. A jack is used to apply the tension. During this operation, a test traction is applied to each anchor to confirm the satisfactory performance of the bonding. Special equipment and specialist technicians are needed to carry out this sensitive operation.

Final protection

The final protection of the anchor head is provided by filling the empty spaces around the tendon with appropriate products (grease, wax and cement grout). The metal parts are also treated against corrosion according to the environment and in line with applicable standards.

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Ground anchors
Ground anchors are used for tensile stress. They transmit the forces from a structure (wall, foundation, etc.) to the ground in which they are anchored. They are generally prestressed.

Two operating principles


Retaining
The ground anchor can be used to stabilise a retaining wall by transferring the forces caused by the natural thrust of the ground and the working loads beyond the slip circle. Forces are transmitted to the ground via the bond length. It is generally prestressed to control the movement of the wall during the various construction phases.
External loads

Anchoring structures
The purpose of the ground anchor is to generate a force across a structure, either to compensate for an uplift force or compress the foundation on the ground. It must mobilise a volume of ground with a sufficient weight to offset the required force. Free length The bond length is designed to transmit the forces to the ground, and the free length is defined according to the required volume of ground. The prestressing force plays a vitally important role in reducing or preventing vertical movement. In case of repeated forces, it eliminates the risks of fatigue on the bonding. Free length

Uplift load

Free length

Bond length Slip circle Retaining wall

Mobilised volume

Bond length

The different parts of the ground anchor


Prestressing force This may be lower than the working force of the ground anchor. It is defined according to the acceptable movement of the structure. Anchor head This alone provides the mechanical link between the anchor body and the structure. Special attention must be paid to its strength and durability.

This is between the head of the ground anchor and the start of the bond length. It allows for elongation of the cable during tensioning and transmission of the forces to the bond length. Bond length This transmits the force to the ground at the depth defined by the project designer. The force is transmitted by the anchoring, which is created by injecting cement grout into the ground.

Soil nails & rock bolts

Most of the time, these anchors are created using bars inserted in a bore hole and held in place using grouting or a mechanical anchor. Their purpose is to improve the resistance of the ground.

Soft ground: soil nails


Soil nails are 20 to 50 mm diameter bars, inserted in 70 to 150 mm bore holes. They are generally over 6.00 m long and may be as much as 20 m. They are bonded along their entire length by cement grouting. They are said to be "passive" and are subjected to tensile, bending and shear stresses by the movement of the ground.
In mines - The bolts reinforce the roof of the cavity to recreate a beam effect with the natural earth.

Rock: rock bolts


Rock bolts are 15 to 32 mm diameter bars, inserted in 30 to 60 mm bore holes. They are generally between 3.00 and 6.00 m long. They may be bonded along their entire length by cement grouting or anchored at various points at the base of the hole using resin or a mechanical anchorage.
On cliffs - The bolts stabilise the blocks to limit erosion. They can also be used to anchor the stone and rockfall mesh.

In tunnels - The bolts reinforce the natural earth on the roof to create an arched effect.

Anchors with continuous grouting are said to be "passive" and are subjected to tensile and shear stresses by the movement of the ground. Bolts with grouting at various points (resin or plug) are often prestressed by tightening with a wrench or a jack.
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Micropiles
Micropiles are used to strengthen existing foundations or create a deep foundation for new structures.
Structure loads Foundation

A foundation element
Micropiles are a foundation element by transferring the loads exerted by a structure to a foundation in supporting ground. They mainly work by friction to take up the compression and/ or tensile forces. As with other anchors, it is the combination of the bore hole diameter, the injection method and the characteristics of the ground that are used to define the bearing capacity.

Component parts of the micropile


Micropiles may comprise one or more reinforcements:
a A single bar a A bundle of several bars (generally three) a A bar contained in a metal tube Single bar micropile Multi-bar micropile Bar + tube micropile

In all cases, bars can be joined using couplers and will be fitted with spring baskets. An injection pipe suitable for the required injection method will be installed along the reinforcement. It is connected to the foundation using an assembly of plates and nuts or lock nuts, carefully positioned according to the direction of the forces.

Head subjected to compression Head subjected to traction

Port tie rods


Diffusion of the loads Quay wall

Head subjected to traction/compression

A sea or river quay generally consists of backfill contained between the quay wall and a rear sheet pile wall. The stability of the whole structure is provided by the tie rod.

A structural element
The port tie rod links a quay wall (diaphragm wall, sheet pile wall, etc.) to a rear structure (pile, sheet pile wall, etc.). The forces exerted on the quay wall by the natural thrust of the ground and the working loads are transmitted to the tie rod which, subjected to tensile stress, transfers these forces to the rear structure, which is itself subject to thrust due to the working loads. The tie rod therefore contains the forces in a block of ground defined by the wall and the rear structure. The tension on the tie rod comes from the backfill and the application of the working loads. The movements of the ground result in bending and shear stresses on the tie rod, which often require the installation of hinged anchors. These tie rods can be made up of passive bars (in this case, fairly low steel grades are used to limit the elongation) or strands (in this case they will be prestressed).

Rear structure

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Freyssinet strand anchors


Categories
Ground anchors are defined by their protection class and their injection type for bonding. They may be temporary (short service life), semi-permanent (medium service life) or permanent (long service life), which defines their corrosion protection level. The position of the strands in relation to one another is defined by the type of spacer used and allows the injection system and the protective sheath (if applicable) to be positioned.
Injection method Gravity Global reinjection Selective reinjection
Types of ground anchor

Protection class Temporary A0 A0 B0 Semi-permanent A1 A1 B1 Permanent A2 A2 B2

Temporary and semi-permanent strand anchors - The two types of ground anchors are distinguished by whether or not there is grease on
the strands.

A0 and A1 ground anchors

B0 and B1 ground anchors

Other types
Removable ground anchors Contact Freyssinet

Details See technical data sheet Free length Greased (A1) or ungreased (A0) strands, individually sheathed. Bond length Bare strands with spacers, optional injection pipe(s) available. Anchor foot Strands assembled by fixing strip. Optional reinforced foot available.
Tirant dancrage cble temporaire type A
Tte dancrage CE Fiable

Details See technical data sheet Free length Greased (B1) or ungreased (B0) strands, individually sheathed, with spacers for threading the tube manchettes on site. Bond length Bare strands with spacers, optional injection pipe(s) available. Anchor foot Strands assembled by fixing strip. Optional reinforced foot available.
Tirant dancrage cble temporaire type B
Tte dancrage CE Injection haute pression Fiable

Sometimes the steel tendon have to be removed at the end of the project. This anchor allows a total extraction of the strands.

Murs de soutnement, stabilisation de pente, ancrage


Fiche technique n: FT Fr C IX 1 1 3

Murs de soutnement, stabilisation de pente, ancrage


Fiche technique n: FT Fr C IX 1 1 4

Le systme
Le tirant dancrage est constitu dune partie contenue dans un trou de forage (corps de tirant) et dune partie externe (tte dancrage) qui assure le raccordement la structure. Le corps de tirant est scell au sol grce linjection dun coulis de ciment. Le coulis est inject au moyen dun ou plusieurs tubes dinjection ajouter parmi les torons. Surlongueur (Slg) Tte dancrage

Cble de prcontrainte
Le tirant cble Freyssinet est constitu dun faisceau de torons de prcontrainte.
Rsistance lastique (N/mm) Rsistance Section la rupture transversale (N/mm) (mm) Poids du toron (kg/m) Charge de rupture Fpk (kN) Charge limite dlasticit Fp0,1% (kN) Module dYoung (kN/mm)

Le systme
Le tirant dancrage est constitu dune partie contenue dans un trou de forage (corps de tirant) et dune partie externe (tte dancrage) qui assure le raccordement la structure. Le corps de tirant est scell au sol grce linjection dun coulis de ciment. Le coulis est inject au moyen dun tube manchettes plastique. Tte dancrage Surlongueur (Slg)

Cble de prcontrainte
Le tirant cble Freyssinet est constitu dun faisceau de torons de prcontrainte.
Rsistance lastique (N/mm) Rsistance Section la rupture transversale (N/mm) (mm) Poids du toron (kg/m) Charge de rupture Fpk (kN) Charge limite dlasticit Fp0,1% (kN) Module dYoung (kN/mm)

Type

Type

2T15.3 3T15.3 4T15.3 5T15.3 6T15.3 7T15.3

2x0,6" 3x0,6" 4x0,6" 5x0,6" 6x0,6" 7x0,6" 8x0,6" 9x0,6" 10x0,6" 11x0,6" 12x0,6" 13x0,6" 2x0,62" 3x0,62" 4x0,62" 5x0,62" 6x0,62" 7x0,62" 8x0,62" 9x0,62" 10x0,62" 11x0,62" 12x0,62" 13x0,62" 1,640 1,860 1,640 1,860

280 420 560 700 840 980 1,120 1,260 1,400 1,540 1,680 1,820 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350 1,500 1,650 1,800 1,950

2,18 3,27 4,36 5,45 6,54 7,63 8,72 9,81 10,9 11,99 13,08 14,17 2,36 3,54 4,72 5,90 7,08 8,26 9,44 10,62 11,80 12,98 14,16 15,34

520 780 1,040 1,300 1,560 1,820 2,080 2,340 2,600 2,860 3,120 3,380 558 837 1,116 1,395 1,674 1,953 2,232 2,511 2,790 3,069 3,348 3,627

458 687 916 1,145 1,374 1,603 1,832 2,061 2,290 2,519 2,748 2,977 738 984 1,230 1,476 1,722 1,968 2,214 2,460 2,706 2,952 3,198 ~196 492 ~196

2T15.3 3T15.3 4T15.3 5T15.3 6T15.3 7T15.3

2x0,6" 3x0,6" 4x0,6" 5x0,6" 6x0,6" 7x0,6" 8x0,6" 9x0,6" 10x0,6" 11x0,6" 12x0,6" 13x0,6" 2x0,62" 3x0,62" 4x0,62" 5x0,62" 6x0,62" 7x0,62" 8x0,62" 9x0,62" 10x0,62" 11x0,62" 12x0,62" 13x0,62" 1,640 1,860 1,640 1,860

280 420 560 700 840 980 1,120 1,260 1,400 1,540 1,680 1,820 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350 1,500 1,650 1,800 1,950

2,18 3,27 4,36 5,45 6,54 7,63 8,72 9,81 10,9 11,99 13,08 14,17 2,36 3,54 4,72 5,90 7,08 8,26 9,44 10,62 11,80 12,98 14,16 15,34

520 780 1,040 1,300 1,560 1,820 2,080 2,340 2,600 2,860 3,120 3,380 558 837 1,116 1,395 1,674 1,953 2,232 2,511 2,790 3,069 3,348 3,627

458 687 916 1,145 1,374 1,603 1,832 2,061 2,290 2,519 2,748 2,977 492 738 984 1,230 1,476 1,722 1,968 2,214 2,460 2,706 2,952 3,198 ~196 ~196

Torons gains

8T15.3 9T15.3 10T15.3 11T15.3 12T15.3 13T15.3 2T15.7

Torons gains

8T15.3 9T15.3 10T15.3 11T15.3 12T15.3 13T15.3 2T15.7 3T15.7 4T15.7

Longueur libre (Lgl)

3T15.7 4T15.7 5T15.7 6T15.7 7T15.7 8T15.7 9T15.7 10T15.7 11T15.7 12T15.7 13T15.7

carteurs sur toute la longueur Tube dinjection manchettes

5T15.7 6T15.7 7T15.7 8T15.7 9T15.7 10T15.7 11T15.7 12T15.7 13T15.7

Tube dinjection (en option)

Des cbles de prcontrainte plus rsistants sont disponibles sur demande. La charge de service dpend de la norme applicable.

Des cbles de prcontrainte plus rsistants sont disponibles sur demande. La charge de service dpend de la norme applicable.

SBMA0 and SBMA1 ground anchors Contact Freyssinet Creation of several separate anchor zones on the same ground anchor

Longueur scelle (Lgs)

Distanceur corbeille (tous les 2m)

Longueur scelle (Lgs)

Torons nus

Longueur libre (Lgl)

Torons nus

Distanceur corbeille (tous les 2m)

Pied dancrage Paroi moule avec tirants dancrage

Pied dancrage Stabilisation de pente sous les fondations dun pont


FT Fr C IX 1 1 3 - v1 - 09/12 FT Fr C IX 1 1 4 - v1 - 09/12

Anchor heads
P0 temporary head This consists of an unpainted bearing plate, a block and jaws. It does not have any specific protection. P1 semi-permanent head This consists of an unpainted bearing plate, a block and jaws. A protective cap filled with grease or wax and a joint behind the plate provide semipermanent protection. P2 standard permanent head This consists of a painted bearing plate, a block and jaws. A wax-filled protective cap and trumpet tube provide permanent protection against corrosion. P2R retensionable permanent head This consists of the same components as the P2 head, but the block is replaced with a threaded block.

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Capacity of the anchor strand anchors


Nom. Weight cross-section of the strand MPa mm kg/m 4T15.3 4x06 560 4.40 7T15.3 7x06 980 7.70 1,650 / 1,860 9T15.3 9x06 1,260 9.90 13T15.3 13x06 1,820 14.30 4T15.7 4x062 600 4.72 7T15.7 7x062 1,050 8.26 1,650 / 1,860 9T15.7 9x062 1,350 10.62 13T15.7 13x062 1,950 15.34 Standard units (intermediate units are made by leaving one or more strand slots empty) Unit Steel grade Elastic limit kN 916 1,603 2,061 2,977 984 1,722 2,214 3,198 Ultimate strength kN 1,040 1,820 2,340 3,380 1,116 1,953 2,511 3,627

The most commonly used prestressing strands are 15.3 (06) and T15.7 (062), 1,860 MPa grade. However, other strands can be used (for example T12.5 (05) or T12.9 (052)). The standard range is available with 2 to 13 strands, but larger capacity strand anchors can easily be produced on request. The service load is calculated using the safety cfficients on the yield load or the ultimate load, specific to the applicable standard.

Permanent strand anchors - The principle of all permanent ground anchors is to create a sealed barrier between the strands and the ground using a sheath filled with cement
grout. The cement therefore has the dual function of transmitting the forces from the cable to the sheath and then to the grouting, and protecting the strands against corrosion in the bond length.

A2 ground anchors

B2 ground anchors

Other types
Double sheathed strand anchors Contact Freyssinet Electrically insulated strand anchors Contact Freyssinet

Details See technical data sheet Free length Greased, individually sheathed strands contained in a corrugated plastic sheath. Bond length Bare strands with spacers, with a filling pipe in the corrugated sheath. Anchor foot Strands assembled by fixing strip. Optional reinforced foot available.
Tirant dancrage cble permanent type A2
Tte dancrage CE Fiable Durable

Details See technical data sheet Free length Greased, individually sheathed strands contained in a metal tube. Bond length Bare strands with spacers contained in a metal tube. Anchor foot Strands assembled by fixing strip. Optional reinforced foot available.
Tirant dancrage cble permanent type B2
Tte dancrage CE Injection haute pression Fiable

SBMA2 strand anchors Contact Freyssinet

Creation of several separate anchor zones on the same ground anchor

Murs de soutnement, stabilisation de pente, ancrage


Fiche technique n: FT Fr C IX 1 1 1

Murs de soutnement, stabilisation de pente, ancrage


Fiche technique n: FT Fr C IX 1 1 2

Le systme
Le tirant dancrage est constitu dune partie contenue dans un trou de forage (corps de tirant) et dune partie externe (tte dancrage) qui assure le raccordement la structure. Le corps de tirant est scell au sol grce linjection dun coulis de ciment. Le coulis est inject au moyen dun systme dinjection additionnel mont sur la gaine annele. Surlongueur (Slg) Tte dancrage

Cble de prcontrainte
Le tirant cble Freyssinet est constitu dun faisceau de torons de prcontrainte.
Rsistance lastique (N/mm) Rsistance Section la rupture transversale (N/mm) (mm) Poids du toron (kg/m) Charge de rupture Fpk (kN) Charge limite dlasticit Fp0,1% (kN) Module dYoung (kN/mm)

Le systme
Le tirant dancrage est constitu dune partie contenue dans un trou de forage (corps de tirant) et dune partie externe (tte dancrage) qui assure le raccordement la structure. Le corps de tirant est scell au sol grce linjection dun coulis de ciment. Le coulis est inject au moyen dun tube manchettes mtallique. Surlongueur (Slg) Tte dancrage

Cble de prcontrainte
Le tirant cble Freyssinet est constitu dun faisceau de torons de prcontrainte.
Rsistance lastique (N/mm) Rsistance la rupture (N/mm) Section transversale (mm) Poids du toron (kg/m) Charge de rupture Fpk (kN) Charge limite dlasticit Fp0,1% (kN) Module dYoung (kN/mm)

Type

Type

2T15.3 3T15.3 4T15.3 5T15.3 6T15.3 7T15.3

2x0,6" 3x0,6" 4x0,6" 5x0,6" 6x0,6" 7x0,6" 8x0,6" 9x0,6" 10x0,6" 11x0,6" 12x0,6" 13x0,6" 2x0,62" 3x0,62" 4x0,62" 5x0,62" 6x0,62" 7x0,62" 8x0,62" 9x0,62" 10x0,62" 11x0,62" 12x0,62" 13x0,62" 1,640 1,860 1,640 1,860

280 420 560 700 840 980 1,120 1,260 1,400 1,540 1,680 1,820 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350 1,500 1,650 1,800 1,950

2,18 3,27 4,36 5,45 6,54 7,63 8,72 9,81 10,9 11,99 13,08 14,17 2,36 3,54 4,72 5,90 7,08 8,26 9,44 10,62 11,80 12,98 14,16 15,34

520 780 1,040 1,300 1,560 1,820 2,080 2,340 2,600 2,860 3,120 3,380 558 837 1,116 1,395 1,674 1,953 2,232 2,511 2,790 3,069 3,348 3,627

458 687 916 1,145 1,374 1,603 1,832 2,061 2,290 2,519 2,748 2,977 492 984 1,230 1,476 1,722 1,968 2,214 2,460 2,706 2,952 3,198 ~196 738 ~196

2T15.3 3T15.3 4T15.3 5T15.3 6T15.3 7T15.3

2x0,6" 3x0,6" 4x0,6" 5x0,6" 6x0,6" 7x0,6" 8x0,6" 9x0,6" 10x0,6" 11x0,6" 12x0,6" 13x0,6" 2x0,62" 3x0,62" 4x0,62" 5x0,62" 6x0,62" 7x0,62" 8x0,62" 9x0,62" 10x0,62" 11x0,62" 12x0,62" 13x0,62" 1,640 1,860 1,640 1,860

280 420 560 700 840 980 1,120 1,260 1,400 1,540 1,680 1,820 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350 1,500 1,650 1,800 1,950

2,18 3,27 4,36 5,45 6,54 7,63 8,72 9,81 10,9 11,99 13,08 14,17 2,36 3,54 4,72 5,90 7,08 8,26 9,44 10,62 11,80 12,98 14,16 15,34

520 780 1,040 1,300 1,560 1,820 2,080 2,340 2,600 2,860 3,120 3,380 558 837 1,116 1,395 1,674 1,953 2,232 2,511 2,790 3,069 3,348 3,627

458 687 916 1,145 1,374 1,603 1,832 2,061 2,290 2,519 2,748 2,977 492 738 984 1,230 1,476 1,722 1,968 2,214 2,460 2,706 2,952 3,198 ~196 ~196

Torons graisss et gains

8T15.3 9T15.3 10T15.3 11T15.3 12T15.3 13T15.3 2T15.7 3T15.7 4T15.7 5T15.7 6T15.7 7T15.7 8T15.7 9T15.7 10T15.7 11T15.7

Torons graisss et gains

8T15.3 9T15.3 10T15.3 11T15.3 12T15.3

Longueur libre (Lgl)

Longueur libre (Lgl)

Gaine en plastique nervure

Tube en acier (non fourni)

13T15.3 2T15.7 3T15.7 4T15.7 5T15.7 6T15.7 7T15.7 8T15.7 9T15.7 10T15.7 11T15.7

Tube de remplissage Distanceur corbeille (tous les 2m) Torons nus

12T15.7 13T15.7

Des cbles de prcontrainte plus rsistants sont disponibles sur demande. La charge de service dpend de la norme applicable.

Tube de remplissage (en option) Distanceur corbeille (tous les 2m) Torons nus

12T15.7 13T15.7

Des cbles de prcontrainte plus rsistants sont disponibles sur demande. La charge de service dpend de la norme applicable.

Longueur scelle (Lgs)

Longueur scelle (Lgs)

Manchette dinjection

Pied dancrage Stabilisation de pente sous les fondations dun pont

FT Fr C IX 1 1 1 - v1 - 09/12

Solutions for changing the angle


Bearing chair This is adapted to the angle of the ground anchor and is positioned between the structure and the bearing plate. Recess The recess must be made before the wall is concreted.

FT Fr C IX 1 1 2 - v1 - 09/12

Mur de soutnement ancr

C IX 0 - 12/13

Freyssibar anchors
Temporary and semi-permanent Freyssibar anchors - T  he two types of Freyssibar anchors are distinguished by Freyssibar anchor body
whether or not there is grease on the bar. These anchors have the advantage of being very simple to install. Coupling on the free length Coupler covered with a wax-filled (P1) or empty (P0) tube.

Free length Greased (P1) or ungreased (P0) bar covered with a plastic sheath.

Bond length Unpainted bar with spring baskets.

Fitting the injection system

The grout injection system is fitted beside the bar in all cases. All types of injection pipe can be used.

Cross-section of the free length of the anchor with an injection pipe

Cross-section of the bond length of the anchor with an injection pipe

Anchor heads
P0 temporary head This consists of an unpainted bearing plate and a block. It does not have any specific protection. P2 standard permanent head This consists of a painted bearing plate and a nut. A protective cap and a trumpet tube behind the plate, both filled with wax, provide permanent protection. P2R retensionable permanent head This has the same components as the standard head, apart from the cap, which is higher in order to support an overlength bar behind the nut. A jack can subsequently be mounted for tension adjustments or retensioning.

P1 semi-permanent head This consists of an unpainted bearing plate and a nut. A protective cap filled with grease and a joint behind the plate provide semi-permanent protection.

10

C IX 0 - 12/13

Permanent Freyssibar anchors - T  he Freyssibar permanent anchor is very easy to install and offers superior corrosion protection, Freyssibar anchor body
since it is applied in the factory. It consists of a cement grout coating the bar completely, contained in a corrugated plastic sheath.

Coupling on the free length Coupler covered with a wax-filled tube.

Free length The protection is applied in the same way as on the bond length. The corrugated sheath is covered with a smooth sheath to maintain capacity during elongtion movement.

Bond length Bar covered with a corrugated plastic sheath, injected with cement grout.

Fitting the injection system

The grout injection system is fitted beside the bar in all cases. All types of injection pipe can be used.

Cross-section of the free length of the anchor with an injection pipe

Cross-section of the bond length of the anchor with an injection pipe

Solutions for changing the angle


Bearing chair This is adapted to the angle of the tie rod and is positioned between the structure and the bearing plate. Recess The recess must be made before the wall is concreted.

Unit 26.5 32 36 40 50 Freyssibar range

Steel grade MPa

Nom. cross-section mm 552 804 1,018 1,257 1,964

Weight kg/m 4.56 6.66 8.45 10.41 16.02

Yield load kN 461 672 850 1,049 1,640

Ultimate load kN 568 828 1,048 1,295 2,022

835 / 1,030

C IX 0 - 12/13

11

Freyssi500-E, Freyssi670-E and


Three types of bar
These Freyssinet bars are for similar uses and vary according the steel grade and production site. Please contact us to determine the range best suited to your project specifications.

Accessories
Threaded components
There is a range of screw-on accessoriesfor each type of bar:

Freyssi500-E

Nominal diameter mm 16 20 25

Grade MPa/MPa

Weight Cross-section kg/m 1.58 2.47 mm 201 314 491 616 804 1,257 1,963 3,167

Yield load kN 101 157 246 308 402 629 982 1,758

Ultimate load kN 111 173 270 339 442 691 1,078 2,217 Ultimate load kN 300 393 493 566 770 1,162 2,078 2,534 Ultimate load kN 97 173 270 339 442 560 691 1,080 2,217

a Hexagonal nut

Left-hand thread

28 32 40 50 63.5 Nominal diameter mm 22 25 28

St 500/550 (grade 75)

3.85 4.83 6.31 9.87 15.40

a Spherical nut

St 550/700 (grade 80)

24.86

Freyssi670-E

Grade MPa/MPa

Weight Cross-section kg/m 2.94 3.85 4.83 mm 375 491 616 707 962 1,452 2,597 3,167

Yield load kN 251 329 413 474 645 973 1,740 2,122

a Coupler

a Anchor foot

Right-hand thread

30 35 43 57.5 63.5 Nominal diameter mm 15 20 25 28 32

St 670/800 (grade 97)

5.55 7.55 11.40 20.38 24.86

a Lock nut

Freyssi500

Grade MPa/MPa

Weight Cross-section kg/m 1.47 2.47 4.10 mm 177 314 491 616 804 1,018 1,257 1,963 3,167

Yield load kN 88 157 245 308 402 509 628 982 1,742

Plastic accessories
There is a range of plastic accessoriesfor each type of bar:
a Spring

St 500/550 (grade 75)

4.83 6.65 8.41 10.34 16.28

Right-hand thread

36 40 50 63.5 St 550/700 (grade 80)

baskets

26.20

a Injection pipes

Advantages
All these bars have the following advantages:
a a

Rugged thread  Weldable 

a a

 Self-cleaning continuous thread  Bendable (allows many defaults of installation)

a Sheaths

12

C IX 0 - 12/13

Freyssi500 systems
Assemblies
The accessories can be used to build assemblies that are suited to numerous applications.

Anchor head
This consists of a nut and a plate. It can be fitted with a protective cap or a trumpet tube to provide corrosion protection.

Head for permanent ground anchor

Head for soil nail and bolt

Embedded anchor
Embedded anchors can be used to create a simple, effective connection with a concrete structure (foundation slab, anchor block). It consists of a plate, a nut and a lock nut or an anchor component.
Traction/compression anchor with plate (low reinforcement in the concrete) Traction/compression anchor with anchor foot (specific reinforcement needed)

Coupling
A coupler is used for connecting two bars. In some cases, lock nuts are used to lock the coupler on the bar or reduce slipping of the thread when the reinforcement is subjected to stress.

Coupling with lock nut

Sheathing
The Freyssi500, Freyssi500-E and Freyssi670-E systems are used to create ground anchors; the bars are covered with a smooth sheath or a corrugated sheath injected with cement grout. The sheathing principle is the same as for Freyssibar temporary or permanent anchors (see pages 10 & 11).
Smooth sheath for free length Double corrosion protection

C IX 0 - 12/13

Preparation of Freyssi500 soil nails - Martinique, France

13

FreyssiSD system
Principle
This system is used to create anchors in soft or unstable ground. Drilling, positioning of the reinforcement and injection are carried out in a single operation, thereby avoiding the difficult task of drilling a casing hole. A disposable drill bit is screwed onto the first bar. The bar is then connected directly to the drill shank (if necessary using an injection swivel). Drilling starts with simultaneous injection via the central hole in the bar. As the drill bit features a hole, the cement grout spreads into the ground as the drill moves forward. When the first bar is fully inserted in the ground, injection and drilling are stopped, and the bar is unscrewed from the drill shank. The second bar can then be coupled to the first bar and the machine, and the operation can be resumed.
Rotary injection adapter FreyssiSD bar Coupler Drill bit

Excessive cement grout

Components
R thread R25 N R32 N R32 S R38 N R51 L R51 N

Simultaneous injection and drilling

T thread T76 L T76 N T76 S

Threaded hollow bars (all lengths) Hollow bars have a continuous external thread with an R (rope thread) or T (trapezoidal thread) profile.

Couplers The bars are assembled together using couplers. A specially designed stopping system ensures that the coupler is correctly positioned on the bars to be coupled.

Nuts and plates The plates and nuts are used to create the anchor head. There are straight nuts and spherical nuts, each with their appropriate plates.

Drill bits A wide range of drill bits is available to suit all ground conditions and for various drill hole diameters. Please contact our Freyssinet specialists to help you choose the most suitable drill bit(s).

Drill adaptor tools All drill connectors are available (injection swivels, sleeves, etc.). They have the anchor thread on one end and the thread of the drill shank on the other.

14

C IX 0 - 12/13

FreyssiCell system
Principle
FreyssiCell load cells have been developed for the instrumentation of ground anchors and prestressing anchors. They measure the force present in the tendon during the works and throughout the structure's service life. The FreyssiCell system has a centralised metering unit which enables all the ground anchors fitted with cells in a structure to be monitored from a single workstation. Other data acquisition systems can be connected to the cells on request.
Reading box Connecting cable

Freyssicell

Connection to the components

Assembly
The cell is placed between the anchor plate and the bearing surface. Specially adapted plates are used to distribute the force. A locating washer ensures all the parts are correctly aligned.
Upper plate

FreyssiCell Locating washer Lower plate

Range
The standard range covers all reinforcements (cable or bar) Specific models can be designed on request.
45
Model FreyssiCell500 FreyssiCell750 FreyssiCell1000 FreyssiCell1700 FreyssiCell2200 FreyssiCell2700 FreyssiCell3100
C IX 0 - 12/13

Nominal force kN 500 750 1,000 1,700 2,200 2,700 3,100

1 mm 155 155 155 220 260 300 340

2 mm 82 82 82 100 144 144 160

D1 mm 95 95 95 155 190 230 230

Operating range Cable Freyssibar 1 to 3C15 2 to 3C15 2 to 4C15 5 to 7C15 8 to 9C15 10 to 13C15 10 to 13C15 26.5 32 36 40 - 50

D1

35

15

Injection systems
The choice of injection method is vital, since it determines the strength of the anchorage in the ground and therefore its performance. It is determined by the geotechnical engineering office.
Type of ground Sand and gravel Marl and limestone Clay Silt Soft rock Increase in the IRS/IGU capacity 1.3 - 1.8 1.9 - 2.0 2.6 3.2 2.1 2.6 ~ 1.3

Injection methods
The main criterion characterising injection is the control of the grouting injection zone. The cement grout is defined and provided by the installer, depending of the project specifications. There are three injectionmethods:
a Gravity injection a Global reinjection (IGN) a Selective reinjection (IRS)

This table is for information purposes only and provides an idea of the increase in strength of the grouting between an IRS injection and an IGU injection

Gravity injection
This method involves filling the bore hole with cement grout via the bottom. A filling pipe is installed along the anchor. Once the anchor has been inserted in the bore hole, the cement grout is injected via the tube until it reappears at the surface. In some cases, there is no injection pipe and the bore hole is filled with cement grout before the anchor is inserted. The injection pressure corresponds to the pressure needed to form the column of grout. This simple yet effective method provides acceptable anchorage strength in rock and compact sand, but is often inadequate in loose soil and clay. When the ground is fractured, the anchor can be fitted with a geotextile cover to prevent grout loss.

Global reinjection (IGU)


The aim is to inject cement grout into the anchor zone at a higher pressure than with gravity injection. The anchor is fitted with a reinjection pipe featuring sleeves and is closed at the end. Gravity injection is carried out first. When the grout starts to set (10 to 24 hours after gravity injection), further injection is carried out via the reinjection pipe. The pressure of the grout "cracks" the cement grout that was injected in the first phase and increases the pressure in the required zone. The reinjection pipe has at least one sleeve per metre. The pressure of the grout at the end of injection is generally between 10 bar and half the pressure limit for the ground. This method is highly effective for ground anchors grouted in sand or compact ground and for passive anchors in all types of ground. In some cases, it is used in fractured rock for reinjection into areas where grout has been lost.

Selective reinjection (IRS)


This method ensures perfect control over the injection volume and pressure in each grouting zone. A sleeved reinjection pipe enabling a double packer to be inserted is installed along the anchor. After an initial gravity injection phase, reinjection is carried out using the double packer inserted in the sleeved reinjection pipe. The injection can thus be precisely controlled at each sleeve. The pressure at the end of injection is generally higher than the pressure limit for the ground and may not exceed 40 bar.

16

C IX 0 - 12/13

Associated services
On-site services
Teams of specialist technicians can work onsite to carry out all the operations associated with installing anchors, in accordance with the applicable standard. They are particularly trained to master creep movement and all other specific operations.
Conformity tests Inspection tests Tensioning Head protection Consulting and expertise Compression tests Controlled speed testing Controlled displacement testing Strand and bar ground anchors X X X X X Micropiles X X Soil nails and bolts X X X X X X X

Tensioning of srand anchor, Rosa Parks OA9, Paris

Micropile tests, Mlia tower, La Dfense

Soil nail tests, Mlia tower, La Dfense

Equipment
Specially designed equipment for installing ground anchors is available. It enables Freyssinet systems to be installed reliably and safely.

Uncoiler
The uncoiler is essential for installing cable anchor tie rods safely. It also protects the anchor body from dirt and any damage to the sheaths, and improves installation rates.

Strand anchor uncoiler

Frames
Frames are used to transport and store coiled strand anchors safely and protect from dirt.

Frame for storage and transport

Jacks for tests and tensioning


Whether for bars or cables, jacks are specially designed for Freyssinet systems. They are therefore an integral part of the anchorage system used.

Tensioning jack
C IX 0 - 12/13

17

References

SBMA removable strand anchors - Phase II refurbishment of the Caritas Medical Centre - Hong Kong

Freyssibar micropiles - Saint Rgis Hotel - Argentina

Tensioning strand anchors International Convention Centre, Madrid - Spain

Preparation of a Freyssibar permanent anchor - Canadian Embassy, Rabat - Morocco

Freyssi500 soil nails - Morne Calebasse - France

Permanent strand anchors - Rosa Parksstation - France

Self-drilling anchors, Batopilas Bridge - Mexico

Temporary strand anchors - Bangalore Metro - India

Freyssinet technical data sheets


Tirant dancrage cble temporaire type A
Tte dancrage CE Fiable

Tirant dancrage cble temporaire type B


Tte dancrage CE Injection haute pression Fiable

Tirant dancrage cble permanent type A2


Tte dancrage CE Fiable Durable

Tirant dancrage cble permanent type B2


Tte dancrage CE Injection haute pression Fiable

Temporary Freyssib ar anchor


Reliable Easy installation

Murs de soutnement, stabilisation de pente, ancrage


Fiche technique n: FT Fr C IX 1 1 3

Murs de soutnement, stabilisation de pente, ancrage


Fiche technique n: FT Fr C IX 1 1 4

Fiche technique n: FT

Murs de soutnement, stabilisation de pente, ancrage


Fr C IX 1 1 1

Fiche technique n: FT

Murs de soutnement, stabilisation de pente, ancrage


Fr C IX 1 1 2

Technical data sheet

Retaining walls, slope stabilization, anchoring


reference n: FT En C IX 1 2 2

All technical data sheets are available from Freyssinet.


26.5

Le systme
Le tirant dancrage est constitu dune partie contenue dans un trou de forage (corps de tirant) et dune partie externe (tte dancrage) qui assure le raccordement la structure. Le corps de tirant est scell au sol grce linjection dun coulis de ciment. Le coulis est inject au moyen dun ou plusieurs tubes dinjection ajouter parmi les torons. Tte dancrage

Cble de prcontrainte
Le tirant cble Freyssinet est constitu dun faisceau de torons de prcontrainte.
Poids du toron (kg/m) Charge de rupture Fpk (kN) Charge limite dlasticit Fp0,1% (kN)

Le systme
Le tirant dancrage est constitu dune partie contenue dans un trou de forage (corps de tirant) et dune partie externe (tte dancrage) qui assure le raccordement la structure. Le corps de tirant est scell au sol grce linjection dun coulis de ciment. Le coulis est inject Module au moyen dun tube manchettes dYoung plastique. (kN/mm) Tte dancrage Surlongueur (Slg)

Cble de prcontrainte
Le tirant cble Freyssinet est constitu dun faisceau de torons de prcontrainte.
Poids du toron (kg/m) Charge de rupture Fpk (kN) Charge limite dlasticit Fp0,1% (kN)

Le systme
Le tirant dancrage est constitu dune partie contenue dans un trou de forage (corps de tirant) et dune partie externe (tte dancrage) qui assure le raccordement la structure. Le corps de tirant est scell au sol grce linjection dun coulis de ciment. Le coulis est inject au Module moyen dun systme dinjection additionnel dYoung mont sur la gaine annele. (kN/mm) Surlongueur (Slg) Tte dancrage

Cble de prcontrainte
Le tirant cble Freyssinet est constitu dun faisceau de torons de prcontrainte.
Poids du toron (kg/m) Charge de rupture Fpk (kN) Charge limite dlasticit Fp0,1% (kN)

Le systme
Le tirant dancrage est constitu dune partie contenue dans un trou de forage (corps de tirant) et dune partie externe (tte dancrage) qui assure le raccordement la structure. Le corps de tirant est scell au sol grce linjection dun coulis de ciment. Le coulis est inject Module au moyen dun tube manchettes dYoung mtallique. (kN/mm) Surlongueur (Slg) Tte dancrage

Cble de prcontrainte
Le tirant cble Freyssinet est constitu dun faisceau
Section transversale (mm)

The system
de torons de prcontrainte.
Poids du toron (kg/m) Charge de rupture Fpk (kN) Charge limite dlasticit Fp0,1% (kN)

Type

2T15.3 3T15.3 4T15.3 5T15.3 6T15.3 7T15.3 8T15.3 9T15.3 10T15.3 11T15.3 12T15.3 13T15.3

Rsistance Rsistance Section lastique la rupture transversale (N/mm) (N/mm) (mm)

Type

2x0,6" 3x0,6" 4x0,6" 5x0,6" 6x0,6" 7x0,6" 8x0,6" 9x0,6" 10x0,6" 11x0,6" 12x0,6" 13x0,6" 2x0,62" 3x0,62" 1,640 1,860

2T15.3 3T15.3 4T15.3 5T15.3 6T15.3 7T15.3 8T15.3 9T15.3 10T15.3 11T15.3 12T15.3

Rsistance Rsistance Section lastique la rupture transversale (N/mm) (N/mm) (mm)

Type

Surlongueur (Slg)

280 420 560 700 840 980 1,120 1,260 1,400 1,540 1,680 1,820 300 450 600 750 900 1,640 1,860 1,050 1,200 1,350 1,500 1,650 1,800

2x0,6" 3x0,6" 4x0,6" 5x0,6" 6x0,6" 7x0,6" 8x0,6" 9x0,6" 10x0,6" 11x0,6" 12x0,6" 13x0,6" 2x0,62" 3x0,62" 1,640 1,860

2T15.3 3T15.3 4T15.3 5T15.3 6T15.3

Rsistance Rsistance Section lastique la rupture transversale (N/mm) (N/mm) (mm)

Type

Rsistance Rsistance lastique la rupture (N/mm) (N/mm)

2,18 3,27 4,36 5,45 6,54 7,63 8,72 9,81 10,9 11,99 13,08 14,17 2,36 3,54 4,72 5,90 7,08 8,26 9,44 10,62 11,80 12,98 14,16

520 780 1,040 1,300 1,560 1,820 2,080 2,340 2,600 2,860 3,120 3,380 558 837 1,116 1,395 1,674 1,953 2,232 2,511 2,790 3,069 3,348

458 687 916 1,145 1,374 1,603 1,832 2,061 2,290 2,519 2,748 2,977 492 738 984 1,230 1,476 1,722 1,968 2,214 2,460 2,706 2,952

280 420 560 700 840 980 1,120 1,260 1,400 1,540 1,680 1,820 300 450 600 750 900 1,640 1,860 1,050 1,200 1,350 1,500 1,650 1,800

2x0,6" 3x0,6" 4x0,6" 5x0,6" 6x0,6" 7x0,6" 8x0,6" 9x0,6" 10x0,6" 11x0,6" 12x0,6" 13x0,6" 2x0,62" 3x0,62" 1,640 1,860

2T15.3 3T15.3 4T15.3 5T15.3 6T15.3

2,18 3,27 4,36 5,45 6,54 7,63 8,72 9,81 10,9 11,99 13,08 14,17 2,36 3,54 4,72 5,90 7,08 8,26 9,44 10,62 11,80 12,98 14,16

520 780 1,040 1,300 1,560 1,820 2,080 2,340 2,600 2,860 3,120 3,380 558 837 1,116 1,395 1,674 1,953 2,232 2,511 2,790 3,069 3,348

458 687 916 1,145 1,374 1,603 1,832 2,061 2,290 2,519 2,748

280 420 560 700 840 980 1,120 1,260 1,400 1,540 1,680 1,820 300 450 600 750 900 1,640 1,860 1,050 1,200 1,350 1,500 1,650 1,800

2x0,6" 3x0,6" 4x0,6" 5x0,6" 6x0,6" 7x0,6" 8x0,6" 9x0,6" 10x0,6" 11x0,6" 12x0,6" 13x0,6" 2x0,62" 3x0,62" 1,640 1,860

2,18 3,27 4,36 5,45 6,54 7,63 8,72 9,81 10,9 11,99 13,08 14,17 2,36 3,54 4,72 5,90 7,08 8,26 9,44 10,62 11,80 12,98 14,16

520 780 1,040 1,300 1,560 1,820 2,080 2,340 2,600 2,860 3,120 3,380 558 837 1,116 1,395 1,674 1,953 2,232 2,511 2,790 3,069 3,348

458 687 916 1,145 1,374 1,603 1,832 2,061 2,290 2,519 2,748 2,977 492 738 984 1,230 1,476 1,722 1,968 2,214 2,460 2,706 2,952

280 420 560 700 840 980 1,120 1,260 1,400 1,540 1,680 1,820 300 450 600 750 900 1,640 1,860 1,050 1,200 1,350 1,500 1,650 1,800

2,18 3,27 4,36 5,45 6,54 7,63 8,72 9,81 10,9 11,99 13,08 14,17 2,36 3,54 4,72 5,90 7,08 8,26 9,44 10,62 11,80 12,98 14,16

Temporary Freyssibar anchors are used for short service lives and soils with a low aggressive nature. The anchor comprises a post-tensioning bar and accessories contained in a bore hole (anchor body) and an external part (anchor head) that connects to the structure. The anchor body is bonded to the ground by injecting a cement-based grout. Module The grout is injected dYoung through an additional injection system. (kN/mm)

Prestressing bar
The main element of this anchor is a post-tensioning characteristics comply bar, called a Freyssibar, with European standard whose mechanical EN 10138 Prestressing steels.
Characteristics Steel grade Nominal Linear mass Characteristics value of maximum force: Fpk Characteristics value of 0.1% proof force: Fp0.1% Thread pitch Average Youngs modulus Minimum elongation at break Unit Nominal diameter (mm) 36

MPa mm2 kg/m kN kN mm GPa %

1,030 552 4.56 568 461 6 170 3.5

32

520 780 1,040 1,300 1,560 1,820 2,080 2,340 2,600 2,860 3,120 3,380 558 837 1,116 1,395 1,674 1,953 2,232 2,511 2,790 3,069 3,348

1,030 804 6.66 828 672 6 170 3.5

458 687

1,030 1,018 8.45 1,048 850 6 170 3.5

40

1,030 1,257 10.41 1,295 1,049 8 170 3.5

50

1,030 1,964 16.02 2,022 1,640 8 170 3.5

Over length (Slg)

Torons gains

Torons gains

Torons graisss et gains

7T15.3 8T15.3 9T15.3 10T15.3 11T15.3 12T15.3 13T15.3

Torons graisss et gains

7T15.3 8T15.3 9T15.3 10T15.3 11T15.3 12T15.3 13T15.3 2T15.7 3T15.7 4T15.7 5T15.7 6T15.7 7T15.7 8T15.7 9T15.7 10T15.7 11T15.7 12T15.7 13T15.7

916 1,145 1,374 1,603 1,832 2,061 2,290 2,519 2,748 2,977 492 738 984 1,230 1,476 1,722 1,968 2,214 2,460 2,706 2,952

Anchor head

~196

~196

~196

~196

Freyssibar

Longueur libre (Lgl)

13T15.3 2T15.7 3T15.7 4T15.7 5T15.7 6T15.7 7T15.7 8T15.7 9T15.7 10T15.7 11T15.7 12T15.7 13T15.7

Longueur libre (Lgl)

3T15.7 4T15.7 5T15.7 6T15.7 7T15.7

2,977 492 738 984 1,230 1,476 1,722 1,968 2,214 2,460 2,706 2,952

Longueur libre (Lgl)

3T15.7 4T15.7 5T15.7 6T15.7 7T15.7 8T15.7 9T15.7 10T15.7 11T15.7 12T15.7 13T15.7

4x0,62" 5x0,62" 6x0,62" 7x0,62" 8x0,62" 9x0,62" 10x0,62" 11x0,62" 12x0,62" 13x0,62"

Free length (Lgl)

carteurs sur toute la longueur Tube dinjection manchettes

4x0,62" 5x0,62" 6x0,62" 7x0,62" 8x0,62" 9x0,62" 10x0,62" 11x0,62" 12x0,62" 13x0,62"

4x0,62" 5x0,62" 6x0,62" 7x0,62" 8x0,62" 9x0,62" 10x0,62" 11x0,62" 12x0,62" 13x0,62"

Longueur libre (Lgl)

2T15.7

Gaine en plastique nervure

2T15.7

Tube en acier (non fourni)

Anchor body
Bare Freyssibar

4x0,62" 5x0,62" 6x0,62" 7x0,62" 8x0,62" 9x0,62" 10x0,62" 11x0,62" 12x0,62" 13x0,62"

Tube dinjection (en option)

8T15.7 9T15.7 10T15.7 11T15.7 12T15.7 13T15.7

~196

~196

~196

~196

Tube de remplissage Distanceur corbeille (tous les 2m) Torons nus

Tube de remplissage (en option) Distanceur corbeille (tous les 2m) Torons nus

Plastic duct

The bond length comprises a bare Freyssibar, equipped with one spring basket every 2 meters, that ensures a minimum grout Spring coating of 10 mm around basket the bar. The injection of the bore hole can be done through one or several injection pipes installed beside the Freyssibar. Injection pipe(s),
optional

1,950 15,34 Des cbles de prcontrainte 3,627 3,198 plus rsistants sont disponibles la norme applicable. sur demande. La charge de service dpend

de

1,950 15,34 Des cbles de prcontrainte 3,627 3,198 plus rsistants sont disponibles la norme applicable. sur demande. La charge de service dpend

de

1,950 15,34 Des cbles de prcontrainte 3,627 3,198 plus rsistants sont disponibles la norme applicable. sur demande. La charge de service dpend

de

1,950 15,34 Des cbles de prcontrainte 3,627 3,198 plus rsistants sont disponibles la norme applicable. sur demande. La charge de service dpend

de

Spring basket (every 2 meters)

Injection pipes (optional)

Cross-section of the bond

length

Torons nus Longueur scelle (Lgs)

Longueur scelle (Lgs)

Torons nus Longueur scelle (Lgs) Longueur scelle (Lgs)

Permanent Freyssib ar anchor


Distanceur corbeille (tous les 2m)
Reliable Easy installation Pied dancrage Maximum corrosion protection

Freyssi500-E
Distanceur corbeille (tous les 2m)
Continuous thread Rugged Pied dancrage Weldable

Freyssi670-E
Continuous thread Pied dancrage Rugged Weldable High strength

Freyssi SD anchor
Manchette dinjection
High drilling rates Easy installation in difficult conditions High bond capacity

Bond length (Lgs)

Cellule dynamom trique FreyssiCell


Plastic duct with or without greasing between the bar and the duct

Along the free length, the Freyssibar is covered by a plastic duct. Anchors with a medium service life can be achieved by greasing the bar in the sheath along the free length.

Cross-section of the free

length

Technical data sheet


Paroi moule avec tirants dancrage

Retaining walls, slope stabilization, anchoring


reference n: FT En C IX 1 2 1

Anchors, reinforcement, fixing


Technical Stabilisation de pente data sheet reference n: FT En C IX sous les fondations dun 21 pont

Anchors, reinforcement, fixing


Technical Stabilisation de pente data sheet reference n: FT En C IX sous les fondations dun 22 pont
- 09/12

Mur de soutnement

Technical data sheet


ancr

Nails, micropiles, anchor tie rods


reference n: FT En C IX 2 3
- 09/12

Facilit dinstallation Fiabilit des mesure Lecture aise Durabilit

Bare bar Over the bond length (mm) Over the free length (mm)

Fiche 28.8 technique34.5 rfrence 38.6 : FT Fr C X43.4 XX


40 50 50 63

Nominal diameter (mm) Tirants dancrages, prcontrainte 26.5 32 36 40

50 53.2 63

- 09/12

FT Fr C IX 1 1 1 - v1

The anchor body is bonded to the ground by injecting a cement-based grout. The grout is injected through an additional injection system. Over length (Slg) Anchor head

The permanent Freyssibar anchor tensioning bar and accessories comprises a postcontained in a bore hole (anchor body) and an external part (anchor head) that connects to the structure.

FT Fr C IX 1 1 3 - v1

several areas of activity. The main element of this anchor is a post-tensioning The combination of mechanical accessories characteristics comply bar, called a Freyssibar, enables many solutions like anchorages with European standard whose mechanical (nut + plate) or coupling EN 10138 Prestressing (coupler with or without lock nut). steels.
Characteristics Steel grade Nominal Linear mass Characteristics value of maximum force: Fpk Characteristics value of 0.1% proof force: Fp0.1% Thread pitch Average Youngs modulus Minimum elongation at break Unit 26.5 Nominal diameter (mm) 36

MPa mm2 kg/m kN kN mm GPa %

1,030 552 4.56 568 461 6 170 3.5

32

1,030 804 6.66 828 672 6 170 3.5

1,030 1,018 8.45 1,048 850 6 170 3.5

40

1,030 1,257 10.41 1,295 1,049 8 170 3.5

1,030

Freyssibar

system is perfectly anchoring solutions in natural soils, like nails, anchor tie rods and micropiles. Spring baskets and injection 1,640 pipes are generally used for this application. 8
2,022 ground anchors, 16.02 suited to creating 170 3.5

1,964 Installed in

Applications: Geotechnics
a bore hole, the Freyssi500-E

50

Other accessories facilitating the installation, like spring sheathing, injection baskets, systems are also available.

in several areas of activity. The bar Freyssi500-E is a hot laminated bar. The combination of mechanical accessories It includes ribs forming which enables the screwability enables many a thread on the whole solutions like anchorages of the accessories at length, (nut + plate) or coupling like reinforcement bars. any point. The bar Freyssi500-E (coupler with or without lock nut). is weldable The left hand thread is characteristic of the Other accessories facilitating bar Freyssi500-E. the installation, like sheathing, injection

FT Fr C IX 1 1 4 - v1

The Freyssi500-E system consists of a range of bars and adapted accessories, allowing its use in

The Freyssi670-E system consists of a range of bars and adapted accessories, allowing its use

Freyssi500-E
Nominal diameter (mm) 16 20 25 28 32 40 50 63.5 Grade (MPa/MPa) St 500/550 (grade 75) St 500/550 (grade 75) St 500/550 (grade 75) St 500/550 (grade 75) St 500/550 (grade 75) St 500/550 (grade 75) St 500/550 (grade 75) St 550/700 (grade 80) Weight (kg/m) 1.58 2.47 3.85 4.83 6.31 9.87 15.40 24.86 Cross section (mm) 201 314 491 616 804 1,257 1,963 3,167 Nominal X (mm) 15.6 19.3 24.2 27.1 31.0 38.9 48.7 62.2 Nominal Y (mm) 17.7 22.1 27.6 30.9 35.4 43.9 54.3 67.9

Installed in a bore hole, the Freyssi670-E system is perfectly to creating anchoring solutions in natural soils, like ground anchors, soil nails, anchor tie rods and micropiles. Cross section of Spring baskets and injection pipes are generally used for this the Freyssi500-E application.
Y Xsuited Yield load (kN) 101 157 246 308 402 629 982 1,758 Ultimate load (kN) 111 173 270 339 442 691 1,078 2,217 Min Agt elongation (%) 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 Min A10d elongation (%) 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

Applications: Geotechnics

systems are also available.

spring baskets,

The bar Freyssi670-E enables drilling to be carried is a hot laminated bar. out, and installation It includes ribs forming the screwability of the of the bar and a thread on the whole grouting in a single accessories at any point. length. which enables operation, which avoids The bar Freyssi670-E The right hand thread the use of is weldable like reinforcement casing. is characteristic of the Freyssi670-E bar. bars. The high strength of the Freyssi670-E system Simultaneous drilling enables to create reinforced areas. and injection offers connection or anchoring bond capacity, excellent in small compared to the traditional

The Freyssi SD anchor system is used for anchors installed in loose or collapsing soil. This system

The hollow bars are fully threaded with a Elles permettent de left hand R profile or leffort prsent dans mesurer 4 and 6 meters long. a T profile. They are larmature en cours The steel quality, the de chantier et penavailable indant toute la dure de vie 1. 2 3. internal diameter and load and the ultimate de louvrage. external diameter define load. The steel tube the Le systme FreyssiCell yield hardness is between comprend un boitier 185 and 240 HB. de lecture centralis,
qui permet la surveillance de plusieurs tirants instruments partir dun seul poste. Le systme FreyssiCell comprend tous les lments ncessaires son installation sur les ancrages et son utilisation ultrieure : Boitier de lecture centralis

ALes cellules dynamomtriques loppes pour linstrumentation FreyssiCell ont t dvedes tirants dancrage armatures de prcontrainte. et des

method.

installation

Available components

of the system are: Hollow bars fully threaded Couplers

Drill bits

Nuts and anchor plates

Freyssi670-E
Nominal diameter (mm) 35 43 57.5 63.5 Grade (MPa/MPa) St 670/800 (grade 97) St 670/800 (grade 97) St 670/800 (grade 97) St 670/800 (grade 97) Weight (kg/m) 7.55 11.40 20.38 24.86 Cross section (mm) 962 1,452 2,597 3,167

Anchor body
Free length (Lgl) Corrugated sheathing injected with cement grout + smooth sheathing The bond length comprises a Freyssibar Freyssibar contained in a watertight corrugated plastic sheath, into which the cement grout is injected. While the anchor is being tensioned, the load is transferred from the Freyssibar Spring to the grout, then to the basket external duct (through the ribs of the sheath) and finally to the ground. Since the cement grout is injected at the factory, the corrosion protection offers an Corrugated plastic optimal service life. sheath injected
a cement grout

Cross section of the Freyssi670-E


Nominal Y (mm) 38.3 46.8 61.5 67.8 Yield load (kN) 645 973 1,740 2,122 Ultimate load (kN) 770 1,162 2,078 2,534 Elongation mini Agt (%) 5 5 5 5

Installation

adaptes Le cblage de raccordement Le boitier de lecture

Les plaques de rpartition

Les cellules dynamomtriques


Cble de raccordement

Nominal X (mm) 34.2 42.3 55.9 62.1

Injected corrugated sheathing Spring basket (every 2 meters)

with External bonding cement

Ground anchors

Smooth sheath around the corrugated sheath

Injection pipes (optional)

Cross-section of the bond

length

of the Freyssi500-E The bars of the Freyssi500-E system are manufactured in 12, 15 and 18 meters long. They can be cut at any required length. They are delivered in bundles of approximately 2.5 tons weight.

Technical characteristics

Ground anchors

Technical characteristics of the The bars of the Freyssi670-EFreyssi670-E system are manufactured They can be cut at any in 12, 15 and 18 meters required length. long. They are delivered in bundles of approximately 2.5tons weight.

A drill bit is screwed on the first bar. Then the bar is directly connected to the shank of the Elongation drilling machine (with a mini A10d grout injection box if necessary). The drilling operation (%) starts together with the injection of the grout in the bar. The cement grout diffuses 7 in the ground through the injection hole of the drill bit. the first bar is fully When inserted in the ground, 7 the injection is stopped as well as the drilling, and the bar is unscrewed 7 from the shank. A second bar is connected both to the first one and to the shank, then 7 the process of drilling and grouting starts again until the anchor is fully threaded in the soil. Grouting is sometimes performed after drilling. case, the bore hole In this is generally flushed by air blown into the bar and the drill bit during drilling.

Montage
La cellule dynamomtrique et sa plaque de rpartition interposes entre la sont pice de diffusionde leffort de prcontrainte la structure (chaise dappui biaise, par exemple) et le dispositif dancrage du tirant (crou pour Freyssibar ou bloc dancrage pour torons).
Type R25-13 R32-18 R32-13 R38-18 R51-36 R51-28 T76-51 T76-45 T76-35 Outer diameter for calculation (mm) 23.7 30.5 30.0 36.6 49.9 48.6 73.0 72.7 72.1 Inner diameter (mm) 13.0 18.5 12.5 18.0 36.0 28.0 51.0 45.0 35.0 Cross section (mm) 290 430 550 770 900 1,170 1,990 2,350 2,860 Ultimate load (kN) 200 280 360 500 550 800 1,200 1,600 1,900

Cellule dynamomtrique et plaque de rpartition

Yield load (kN) 150 230 280 400 450 630 1,000 1,200 1,500

Ultimate strength (N/mm) 689 651 654 649 611 683 603 680 664

Yield strength (N/mm) 517 534 509 519 500 538 502 510 524

Elongation at 5% 8.8 % 12.0 % 12.6 % 15.3 % 12.5 % 8.8 % 8.5 % 10.0 % 9.8 %

Young modulus (kN/mm) 170 183 200 203 180 183 190 211 180

Plaque suprieure
Weight (kg/m) 2.50

Cellules

FreyssiCell 4.50
6.30 7.40 9.60 Rondelle de centrage 16.50 19.50 24.00

3.50

45

Pice de diffusion

Bond length (Lgs)

Along the free length, the Freyssibar is protected exactly like the bond length. Additionally, a smooth sheathing covers the corrugated sheathing, ensuring the free longitudinal movement of the anchor.

2
D1

Stock of bars

Soil nails

Stock of bars

Couplers
Soil nails The couplers enable an easy and safe connection
D
L (mm) 35 170 65 2.95 Nominal diameter 43 200 80 5.42 (mm) 57.5 63.5 300 114 15.89

Couplers
The couplers enable an easy and safe connection of the bars together.

of the bars together.

1
Modle FreyssiCell500 FreyssiCell750 FreyssiCell1000 FreyssiCell1700 FreyssiCell2200 FreyssiCell2700 FreyssiCell3100 Effort nominal (kN) 500 750 1000 1700 2200 2700 3100 1 (mm) 155 155 155 220 260 300 340 1 (mm) 82 82 82 100 144 144 160 D1 (mm) 95 95 95 155 190 230 230

Corrugated plastic sheath injected with a cement grout

35

External bonding cement

Cross-section of the free Anchor foot


Bare bar Over the bond length (mm) Over the free length (mm) 26.5 60 75

length
Nominal bar diameter (mm) 32 36 40 60 65 80 75 75 90

D
16 L (mm) D (mm) 90 32 0.39 20 105 36 0.52

25 40 0.60

Nominal diameter 28 125 45 0.84 32 140 52 1.32

(mm) 40 160 65 2.34 50 200 80 4.49 63.5 260 102 9.43


- 03/13

D (mm)

250 102 10.31

Weight (kg)

115

50 80
- 03/13

Micropiles Anchor outer diameter (mm)

Weight (kg)

Installing a micropile Micropiles


- 03/13

Soldier-pile wall

Systme FreyssiCell adapt

sur tirant 4C15 Freyssinet

90

1 3C15 2 3C15 2 4C15 5 7C15 8 9C15 10 13C15 10 13C15

Plage dutilisation Cble Freyssibar 26,5 32 36 40 - 50

FT En C IX 1 2 2 - v1 FT Fr C X X X-v1 - 10/13

FT Fr C IX 1 1 2 - v1

Prestressing bar

Reinforcement

- 09/12

The system

The system

The system

Reinforcement

The system

Hollow bars

Le systme

Connexion des composants

FT En C IX 1 2 1 - v1

FT En C IX 2 1 - v2

FT En C IX 2 2 - v2

18

FT En C IX 2 3 - v1

- 03/13

- 03/13

External anchor diameter (mm)

C IX 0 - 12/13

Production and quality


Approvals
All sensitive components (jaws, blocks, Freyssibar nuts & couplers, and prestressing steel) are covered by a technical approval and feature the CE marking. Approvals are issued after extensive testing and bear testament to the quality of our products.

Production and inspection


Like all products designed and made by Freyssinet, the components and finished products are subject to strict inspections based on the most stringent international standards. Freyssinet manages production and carries out quality control within its industrial subsidiary FPC (Freyssinet Products Company) based in France.

Production of permanent Freyssibar anchors

Logistics
Centralised manufacturing and development of the components ensures total product expertise. The wide range of prefabrication and assembly sites provides the speed of response necessary for the successful completion of projects. Appropriate packaging is selected according to the destination of the products and the mode of transport used. Freyssinet can handle road, sea and air transport to provide superior service to sites worldwide.

3D inspection of a threaded block

Manufacturing of jaws

Logistics center

FreyssiSD stock

Traceability
All sensitive parts of the anchors (tendons, anchors, corrosion protection, etc.) are fully traceable.

C IX 0 - 12/13

19

Over 60 locations worldwide


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www.freyssinet.com

2013 Soletanche Freyssinet - The text, photos and other information contained in this catalogue are the property of the Soletanche Freyssinet Group. All reproduction, display or other use without the prior consent of Soletanche Freyssinet is prohibited. Soletanche Freyssinet promotes the use of paper pulp from sustainably managed forests. The paper used in this catalogue is certified in accordance with the stringent rules of the PEFC (Program for the Endorsement of Forest Certification).

Publication: 12/2013 - C IX 0 - Printed in France