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ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR

Definition

The inability to function from day to day

Terminology

Today we do not use the term because of the biases associated with the term so we now use the phrase:
Personality Disorders

Classifications
Neurosis Psychosis

Neurosis
Maladjusted behavior but it is treatable and is curable It is the result of untreated stress Freud contended that it was the inability of the ego- through defense mechanism to solve the anxiety

Theorists views on how we deal with anxiety


Freud Adler Horney Rogers Maslow

Characteristics of Neurosis
Tics Inability to make decisions Concerned with health Irritable Phobias Difficulty sleeping worry

Classifications of Neurotic Disorders


Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Anxiety Disorders Psychosomatic Disorders Affective Disorders

Somatoform Disorders
The anxiety actually takes on physical symptoms Types

Hypochondria Conversion

disorder where there is real paralysis but there is no physical reason for it.

Dissociative Disorders
These individuals literally disassociate themselves from their identities Types

Amnesia
Fugue-

not only does an individual forget who they are they remove themselves from the environment in which the anxiety exists Multiple personality
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Anxiety Disorders
More commonly referred to today as OCD which is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Obsessive=repetitive thoughts Compulsive repetitive action

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Psychosomatic Disorders

The bodys autonomic nervous system creates actual illnesses because of the stress level
High

blood pressure Cadio problems

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Affective Disorders

Depression

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Phobias
Anxiety Disorder Strong sense of fear

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Psychosis
Severe Can be Treated but cannot be cured In many cases genetic

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Symtoms
Hallucinations Delusionary

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Classifications

Bipolar (Manic-Depressive) characterized by deep depression followed by manic behaviors which include intense anger and some type of extreme behavior such as compulsive buying

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Classifications continued

Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a severe and major psychotic disorder with significant impairment in mental functioning and loss of contact with reality.

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Classifications

Types of schizophrenia The catatonic type Marked by severe motor disturbance showing as stupor, rigidity, excitement and posturing The disorganized type Characterized by incoherence, disorganized behavior and flat inappropriate affect The paranoid type Includes systemized delusions or auditory hallucinations The undifferentiated type Noted for pronounced psychotic symptoms which may not fit in any other specific category or more than one The residual type Where the patient has had at least one period of persistent signs of illness, but without major psychotic features

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Classifications
Paranoid Disorder suspects, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting, harming, or deceiving him or her is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or trustworthiness of friends or associates is reluctant to confide in others because of unwarranted fear that the information will be used maliciously against him or her reads hidden demeaning or threatening meanings into benign remarks or events persistently bears grudges, i.e., is unforgiving of insults, injuries, or slights perceives attacks on his or her character or reputation that are not apparent to others and is quick to react angrily or to counterattack has recurrent suspicions, without justification, regarding fidelity of spouse or sexual partner

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Classifications

Senility Dementia is a breakdown of intellectual abilities, such as memory, concentration, and judgment. It results from a disease or a brain disorder. An emotional disturbance and a personality change often accompany it. Dementias are more common among the elderly, but can strike people in their forties. Some can even affect children. There are several medical problems that can result in dementia. Many of these conditions are treatable. Others can be only partially reversed.
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