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MODELING OSMOSIS (LAB) PROBLEM: Which way will water flow when a raw egg is placed in 250ml of vinegar?

HYPOTHESIS: If a raw egg is placed in vinegar (water) and left for four days, then the water will flow into the egg from an area of high concentration through the membrane into an area of low concentration causing the egg to expand. THEORY: Osmosis is the diffusion of water from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration across a selectively permeable membrane. The water will go in to the egg because when the eggshell dissolves from the vinegar, it makes the egg unprotected. The water will diffuse in because there is high concentration outside the egg. The vinegar is 95% water and the egg is only 74% water so the water molecules will go in. PROCEDURE: 1. Measure circumference of a raw egg using string and a ruler in cm. 2. Place egg in beaker and fill with 150 mL of vinegar. 3. Record observations. 4. Measure circumference for 4 days and record observations. DATA/OBSERVATIONS: DAYS 1 3 CIRCUMFERENCE (cm) 14.5 16.00 LIQUID LEVEL (ml) 300 290 OBSERVATIONS *Displaced 50ml BUBBLES! *Felt like water balloon *Had foam on sides *Had shell on the top *Yellow colored *Level without was 200ml *No shell on egg *Yellow colored *Heavy *Foam in vinegar



TOTAL EXPANSION GROUP # = 2.7 cm AVERAGE EXPANSION CLASS = 2.6 cm AVERAGE EXPANSION (7th GRADE)= 2.7 cm 100% of the eggs tested expanded.



18 CIRCUMFERENCE cm 17 16 15 14 13 12 1 2 DAYS MEASURED 3 14.5 CIRCUMFERENCE cm 16 17.2


AVERAGE EXPANSION cm 2.72 2.7 2.68 2.66 2.64 2.62 2.6 2.58 2.56 2.54 2.7 2.7






CONCLUSION In this lab we were modeling osmosis. The water molecules flowed across the selectively permeable membrane from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration which expanded the egg 2.7 cm. Our group (Group 6 of Period 6) expanded 0.1 cm more than the average of period 6, who had 2.6, and was exactly the same as the average of the whole 7th grade. My hypothesis was correct. In conclusion, the water molecules from the vinegar flowed into the egg, causing it to expand.

ANALYSIS The eggshell (calcium carbonate) dissolved because vinegar is acidic, exposing the selectively permeable membrane. The difference in expansion between Period 7 Group 3s egg and Group 7s egg was 3.4 cm. Group 3s expansion rate was 1.125%, Group 7s was 275%. The groups might have had these different results because one of the eggs was smaller so that there was less concentration in the vinegar or one of the eggshells might have been thicker than the other. The cells need water for function. The lipids are tiny molecules that make up cell membranes. The heads are attracted to water and need it to survive.