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Joseph A. Maxwell itative Research Qual ign Des An Interactive Approach 20000007 ao? 0000e000? "ae 900000009999" 900000009099 o00e? CRIA O he PE Se sey id by Leona @SAGE Los Angeles | London | New Delhi Singapore | Washington DG FORINFCRMATION ‘SAGE Publsaten, Io 2485 Teler Road Thousand Oaks, Calon 91320 E-ma ortersagepub.con ‘SAGE Publiatione Ls. 1 OWer's Yard 85 Gty Read London ECTY 18 Unit Kingdom ‘SAGE Publication india Pt td B11 1 Mchan Coopertiveindustial rea “Mattura Fad, New Delhi 110 04 Inia ‘SAGE Publications Asia-Pacific Pe. Ld. 3 Church Street 441008 Samsung Hub Singspore 049483 Aeminions Eaton Voki Knight Associate Editor Lauren Habib Editorial Asien: Kalle Kosala Production Eto: bby Larson Copy Ector: Cod Bowman Typesetter CAM Digtas, Lia Procteader: Wendy Jo Dymond Indexer: Mot Ha Cover Designer: Candice Harman Marteting Manager: Nico Elitt PernissionsEdtor Adele Hutctinson Copyright © 2013 by SAGE Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging-in Publication Data ‘Maxwell, Joseph Alex, 1941- Qualitative research design : an interactive approach | Joseph A. ‘Maxwell. —3rd ed. pcm ~ (Applied social research methods ; v. 41) Includes bibliographical references and index ISBN 978-1-4129-8119-4 (pbk) 1 Research~-Methodology. I. Title, Q180.55.MaM39 2013 001.4'2—de23 2012012021 ‘This book is printed on acid-free paper. 1213 14 15 16 10987654321 Contents Preface About the Author Chapter 1. A Model for Qualitative Research Design The Organization of This Book The Exercises in This Book Notes Chapter 2. Goals: Why Are You Doing This Study? Personal, Practical, and Intellectual Goals What Goals Can Qualitative Research Help You Achieve? Notes Chapter 3. Conceptual Framework: What Do You Think Is Going On? The Value (and Pitfalls) of Research Paradigms Experiential Knowledge Prior Theory and Research The Uses of Existing Theory Concepi Maps Other Uses of Existing Research Pilot and Exploratory Studies ‘Thought Experiments Notes Chapter 4. Research Questions: What Do You Want to Understand? ‘The Functions of Research Questions Research Questions and Other Kinds of Questions Research Hypotheses in Qualitative Designs General Questions and Particular Questions Instrumentalist Questions and Realist Questions Variance Questions and Process Questions Developing Research Questions Chapter 5. Methods: What Will You Actually Do? More and Less Structured Approaches Negotiating Research Relationships Site and Participant Selection Decisions About Data Collection The Relationship Between Research Questions and Data Collections Methods Using Multiple Data Collection Methods vii xi 24