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________ Lab Date _______ Instructor ___________________

1.1 Your Name _________________________ Partner(s) _________________________ _________________________

ME315 Heat and Mass Transfer Summary Report

**Experiment 1 Combined Radiation and Free Convection
**

Instructor’s Comments:

DeWitt et.125" thick (13. * Symbols used here are those used in the reference cited above .2.32 cm thick) and having a mass m of 152 g. Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer. The other plate is polished. but will be heated from above by a radiant lamp switched on at t = 0. which is a perfect absorber (no reflection) and emits according to the Stefan Boltzmann law. various aspects of radiation and free convection heat transfer will be determined. write a general energy balance equation (unsteady state) for the plate.25 " ! 5. G. D. Incropera. Preparation:* 1. Introduction: Two thin aluminum flat plates. Express the radiation in terms of the emission E and the incident radiant flux G. The upper surface of one plate is painted black. Wiley.1. yielding quite different radiant properties.8 K/s just after the lamp is switched on. Sections 1. (b) Consider the initial situation in which both the plate and the laboratory are at an ambient temperature of 27oC. what is the value of (W) for the plate? Also.P. From these measurements.. it is reasonable to assume the plate's temperature to be uniform. E. Before the lamp is switched on. and 1. (a) Using symbols. To do well in executing this experiment and the associated Summary Report.3.3. you must perform a correct energy balance for a suitably selected control volume.34 cm ! 13. the plate will achieve steady state. This surface can be considered to be well approximated by the ideal blackbody. Each plate will be at room temperature initially.P.. and G (W/m2)? (c) Consider a test in which the plate temperature is observed to rise at a rate of 0. and q"conv just after the lamp is switched on (at t = 0+).2. Under the conditions existing in this experiment.34 cm ! 0. A thermocouple embedded in each plate will be used to measure the plate's temperature. al. will be placed horizontally on flat sections of foam insulation. E.ME315L FA2011 1. what are the corresponding values of q"conv.2. each having dimensions 5. Objectives: The purpose of this experiment is to study combined radiation and free convection heat transfer during heat-up of a horizontal flat plate which has its lower surface well insulated. 1. If the lamp is left on long enough during heat-up.2 ME 315 Laboratory Experiment 1 Combined Radiation and Free Convection Reference: F. 2006. Consider the black plate (" = # = 1). 1. Determine the values (and units) of . 6th Ed.25" ! 0.2.

AND TURN IT BACK DOWN TO ZERO AGAIN TO TURN IT OFF.34 K/s. (5) Discuss sources of errors and how they affect your results. Summary Report: For the Summary Report. (c) Before the lamp is switched on. . DO NOT TOUCH THE HOUSING OF THE RADIANT LAMP SINCE IT WILL BECOME VERY HOT. E.3 (d) Consider the test described in part (c) when. time for both plates. the plate temperature T is observed to be 57oC and dT/dt is observed to be 0. but is not essential. Laboratory Procedure: Follow the procedure indicated in the Introduction. ALSO. Express E in terms of " and express absorption in terms of #. If it is observed that dT/dt = 0. write a general energy balance equation (unsteady state) for the plate. INSTEAD. use the measurements to assess various aspects addressed in the preparation work. G. (b) Estimate the value of " based on information in Table A. and any other issues which you think are significant. and #? (d) Consider the value of G to be the same as in Part 1 when the lamp is switched on.11 of the text. It is desirable to achieve steady state. what are the values of Use the "-value from part (b) to calculate E. The choice depends on whether sufficient time is available. q"conv. (3) Plot each of the terms in the energy balance equation as a function of time for both plates. 2.15 K/s just after the lamp is switched on (t = 0+). Consider the polished plate when subjected to the lamp's radiation in the same manner as described above. . (4) Explain the physical significance of each of the plots and the individual terms in those plots. TO EXTEND THE LIFE OF THE RADIANT LAMP.ME315L FA2011 1. what is the value of #? Assume that the "-value from parts (b) and (c) still applies. What are the values of E (W/m2) and qconv (W) at this instant? Assume that G remains constant once the lamp is switched on. (a) Using symbols. TURN THE POWERSTAT DIAL FROM ZERO UP TO A MAXIMUM OF 90 VOLTS TO TURN IT ON. (2) Plot temperature vs. at some time t. The following should be included in your report: (1) Determine G and # for the polished plate from the measurements. DO NOT SWITCH IT ON AND OFF.

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