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FOR EDEXCEL

GCE Examinations Advanced Subsidiary

Core Mathematics C3
Paper B

MARKING GUIDE

This guide is intended to be as helpful as possible to teachers by providing concise solutions and indicating how marks could be awarded. There are obviously alternative methods that would also gain full marks. Method marks (M) are awarded for knowing and using a method. Accuracy marks (A) can only be awarded when a correct method has been used. (B) marks are independent of method marks.

Written by Shaun Armstrong

Solomon Press These sheets may be copied for use solely by the purchasers institute.

C3 Paper B Marking Guide


1. (a) (b) =
( x + 3)( x + 4) (2 x + 1)( x + 4)

x+3 2x + 1

M1 A2 ln
x 2 + 7 x + 12 2x2 + 9x + 4

ln (x2 + 7x + 12) ln (2x2 + 9x + 4) = 1, ln x=


x+3 2x + 1 3e 2e 1

=1

M1 A1 M1 A1 (7)

= 1,

x+3 2x + 1

=e 3 e = x(2e 1)

x + 3 = e(2x + 1),

2.

(a)

x = 3, y =
dy dx

20 = 2 5
1

B1
3 (3x + 11) 2 2
1

1 (3x + 11) 2 2

3=

M1 A1 A1

grad =

3 4 5 3 4 5

y 2 5 =

(x 3)

M1

4 5 y 40 = 3x 9 3x 4 5 y + 31 = 0 (b) normal: y 2 5 =4
5 3

A1 (x 3) y= 6 5 M1 M1 A1
(9)

at Q, x = 0 y 2 5 = 4 5 ,
3.

(a)

sin (A + B) sin A cos B + cos A sin B sin (A B) sin A cos B cos A sin B adding, sin (A + B) + sin (A B) 2 sin A cos B let P = A + B, Q = A B adding, subtracting, P + Q = 2A A = P Q = 2B B =
P+Q 2 P+Q 2 PQ 2 PQ 2

M1 A1 M1

sin P + sin Q 2 sin (b)

cos

A1 M1 A1 M1 A2 B1
(9)

2 sin 3x cos 2x = 0 sin 3x = 0 or cos 2x = 0 3x = 0, , 2 or 2x = , 2 x = 0,


4

3 2

2 3

3 4

4.

(a) (b)

(4, 0)
dy dx

5 2

x ln
1 8
1 2

3 2

x 4

+ x

5 2

1 x

1 2

x (5 ln

3 2

x 4

+ 2)

M1 A1 A1 M1 A1 A1

grad = 8, grad of normal = 1 8


y0=

(x 4)
1 2

at Q, x = 0, y = area =
1 2

x 4

4=1

(c)

1 2

x (5 ln
x 4

3 2

+ 2) = 0 M1 M1 A1
(10)

ln

2 = 5
2 5

x = 4e

Solomon Press
C3B MARKS page 2

5.

(a) (b) (c)

= 2[x2 + 2x] + 2 = 2[(x + 1)2 1] + 2 = 2(x + 1)2 translation by 1 unit in negative x direction stretch by scale factor of 2 in y direction (either first) y = 2(x + 1)2, x+1= x = 1
y 2 y 2 y 2

M1 A1 B3 M1 M1

= (x + 1)2

(domain +), f 1(x) = 1 + y = f(x)

x 2

, x

, x0

A2

(d)

y B3 y = f (x) O x B1 B1 M1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1
1 3
1

y = f 1(x) is reflection of y = f(x) in line y = x

B1
(13)

6.

(a) (b)

f(x) > 2 x = 0, y = e 2 P (0, e 2) y = 0, 0 = e3x + 1 2 3x + 1 = ln 2 (ln 2 1) Q ( 1 (ln 2 1), 0) x= 1 3 3 f (x) = 3e3x + 1 at P, grad = 3e y (e 2) = 3e(x 0) y = 3ex + e 2 at Q, grad = 6 tangent at Q: y 0 = 6(x (ln 2 1))

(c)

(d)

B1 M1

y = 6x 2 ln 2 + 2 intersect: 3ex + e 2 = 6x 2 ln 2 + 2 x(3e 6) = 4 e 2 ln 2 x=


4 e 2 ln 2 3e 6

M1 A1
(13)

= 0.0485 (3sf)

7.

(a) (b)

arccos = y

= cos

1 2

M1 A1

y=

x+2

B2 B3

y = arccos (x 1) 2 (c) O

let f(x) = arccos (x 1) x + 2 f(0) = 1.7, f(1) = 0.16 sign change, f(x) continuous root
x1 = 0.83944, x2 = 0.88598, x3 = 0.87233, x4 = 0.87632, x5 = 0.87515, x6 = 0.87549 = 0.875 (3dp)

M1 A1 A1 M1 A2 A1 Total

(d)

(14) (75)

Solomon Press
C3B MARKS page 3

Performance Record C3 Paper B

Question no. Topic(s)

5
functions

Total

rational differentiation trigonometry differentiation expressions, exponentials and logarithms

exponentials trigonometry, and numerical logarithms, methods differentiation

Marks Student

10

13

13

14

75

Solomon Press
C3B MARKS page 4