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IEA RETD

Francisco Carranza Nissan Europe Bonn, 26 Oct 2012

AGENDA  Towards a Sustainable Future  Electric Vehicle Market  Electric Vehicle Charging  Electric Vehicles & Electricity Grid  Conclusions 2 .

5 billion by 2050 3 .Towards a Sustainable Future From 600 million vehicles worldwide today to 2.

Finland. Luxemburg and Sweden exceeding international pollution limits  Romania and Bulgaria highest pollution mortality rates in the world! Photo: Istock Road transport responsible for substantial share of PM.Towards a Sustainable Future 40 million people in the 115 largest cities in the EU are exposed to air exceeding WHO air quality guidelines (WHO) In Europe: Germany. Austria. Denmark. CO2 and NOx 4 .

000 units  Nissan LEAF production from 2013 in the UK (50.600+  Netherlands: 1.000+  Norway: 2.000+ sold in Europe in 2011.100+  Estimated electric vehicle market in 2012  30.000 units  Estimated electric vehicle market in 2013  100.200+  UK: 1.Electric Vehicle Market 13.100 units) equipped with quick charge technology  The top 5 major markets in the past year:  France: 3.000 units/year) 5 .  63% of total fleet (8.000+  Germany: 1.

990 EUR (+50 EUR/month) from 19. after 7k bonus) from 28.Electric Vehicle Market Electric Vehicle – Affordable (example in France.700 EUR (+79 EUR/month) from 6.500 EUR from 13.900 EUR (+82 EUR/month) from 20.450 EUR (+65 EUR/month) 6 .990 EUR from 25.000 EUR (+72 EUR/month) from 29.

5 l/100km)  945 EUR Using a petrol compact car (6.Electric Vehicle Market How many km your car can make with 1 EUR? Average price of fuel and electricity in France.488 EUR Using an EV compact car (13.2 l/100km)  1. Oct 2012 105hp petrol compact vehicle 90hp diesel compact vehicle 110hp Electric Compact Vehicle 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Estimated running cost of EV vs ICE (15.000km/year): Using a diesel compact car (4.7 kWh/100km)  206 EUR 7 .

000 sales as of August ‘12 13.5 NISSAN LEAF: WORLD’S BEST-SELLING EV More than 36.500 units 17.000 units SALES  8 EV models commercialised by 2016  Today 53. 1.500 units MILLION Alliance EVs 5.000 EVs sold (66% market) Winning more than 30 awards 8 .Electric Vehicle Market Renault Nissan Alliance projects the EV market will account for 10% of TIV by 2020. and is aiming to secure 20% of that market.

40~80% Major Road. Mall. Weekend trips Pathway Charging Charging situation Normal Charger Type AC3-6kw Normal/Middle/Fast ~AC22kw ~DC 50kw 30 min.Electric Vehicle Charging Customer behavior Frequency Plug and sleep Plug and work Daily Home/Office Charging Plug and shop Plug and eat Daily Destination Charging Plug and eat etc. Restaurant. ~1 hour 80% (fast to mid) 2 hours 25% (normal) Super Market. Highway Service Area.Fast food Charge time Charging Site 4-8 hours 100% Home/Office 9 . Parking Lot or Gas Station in City Fast DC 50kw AC 43kw 15~30 min. Gasoline Station.

Electric Vehicle & Electricity Grid Zero-emission vehicle engineering & manufacturing Collaborating with Governments/Cities Smart-grid research. Charging network Battery engineering & manufacturing New mobility proposal Battery secondary-use 4R business Power supply system “Vehicle to Home” Nissan-made Fast Charger 10 .

7k EUR) 6kW: AC 100V x 3kW x two-phase Efficiency: 90% Size: 65 cm x 35 cm x 78 cm Mass: 60 kg 11 .Electric Vehicle & Electricity Grid VEHICLE to HOME Power Supply System Using standard Chademo QC Help balancing supply/demand Opportunity to reduce the bill 24kWh enough for 2 days Example of Technical Specs: Supplier: Nichicon Sold from July (Japan) – 10k units Expected price: 480k JPY (4.

12 .Electric Vehicle & Electricity Grid NISSAN Battery Second Life Evaluate and test residential and commercial applications Balance grid demand/ supply Provide back-up power during outages Under development 50kWh battery storage prototype (30 average homes with electricity for one hour).

CONCLUSIONS  The automotive industry has entered the Electric Era  Two different sectors now have to cooperate: energy & cars  Cumulated EV sales in Europe: 50k in 2012. 150k in 2013 Investment needed in quick charge to reach 2015 targets  Quick WIN/WIN available: vehicle-to-home & battery reuse Energy/Automotive cooperation needed to move forward THE TIME IS NOW 13 .

THANKS 14 .

html 15 .nissan-global.com/leaf-electric-car/home-charging http://www.com/EN/NEWS/2012/_STORY/120530-01-e.nissanusa.nissan-global.nissan-zeroemission.Background  Electric Vehicles http://www.com/EN/ http://www.eu/  Vehicle to Home http://www.greenemotion-project.com/EN/NEWS/2012/_STORY/120118-01-e.html  Battery second life http://www.

cleanenergyministerial.org/our_work/electric_vehicles/index.Background http://www.html 16 .

Background EV Home Charging (easy and cheap energy) EV & FCEV Charging (convenient and fast) Zero Emissions Urban Areas (remove noise & air pollution) Zero Emissions Road Lanes (easier access for clean vehicles) Park & Ride (combine Renewables/ EV Car Sharing and Public Transport) Smart Community (EV battery acts as storage for solar & wind) 17 .