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TGE Gas Engineering GmbH

New Technology for LNG Vaporisation
Volker Brondke – Senior Process Engineer Andreas Hambuecker – Engineering Manager H Harry Isalski I l ki – UK Branch B h Managing M i Director Di

Gastech 2009 T d 26 Tuesday 26th hM May
Storage / Terminals Gas Processing Package Plants

Introduction
• The current technologies for LNG vaporisation in an LNG Import Terminal • Influences on selection of vaporiser type: – Environmental issues: vapour emissions, chemicals for water treatment & power usage – CAPEX for available vapourisation technologies – OPEX (utilities/auxiliaries) – Plot Pl S Space requirtements i – Delivery times – Freezing of heating medium & operational flexibility • The TGE solution and its benefits.

The Import Terminal
BOG COMPRESSION BOG ABSORPTION & HP PUMPING

ORV

ORV

SCV

SHIP UNLOADING
FUTURE

FUTURE

GAS METERING & EXPORT

TRUCK LOADING

FUTURE HP PUMPS

VAPORISERS Kettle-type Vaporiser Kettle ORV SCV Shell & Tube Ambient Air 17/08/2009 4 .

Arrangement of a Typical ORV 17/08/2009 5 .

Construction Aspects of ORV Concrete Plot Space 17/08/2009 6 .

• Deterioration D of f zinc coating system b by h heavy metal l impurities and erosion by particles. f ti • Limitation of use in case of cold water. • Land-based location due to uniform water distribution requirements • A minimum water quantity of approx. • The need for de-chlorination before water discharge. . 60% of design water t for f film fil formation.Aspects of ORV Operation • The need for chlorination of the water to prevent marine growth.

Arrangement of a Typical SCV Emissions Plot Space 17/08/2009 8 .

Bath Usually used as a back-up. Similar types available in conventional water bath form.Aspects of SCV Operation • • • • • • Used when seawater is cold High running costs. Requires Chemicals for Bath. Used in smaller applications for industrial g gases. NOx . costs Emissions of CO2. . etc.

compact good for FSRU applications. relatively compact. . Higher CAPEX and OPEX OPEX. Ambient Medium Heating systems Seawater based Seawater-based • Indirect Seawater Heating systems – Closed intermediate circuit. p . water glycol. – Relatively y large g plot. • Kettle Kettle-type type Vaporisers. using propane as the intermediate fluid. high CAPEX.Other. e. significant g propane p p inventory.g.

occupy large plot. plot • In-direct Air Heating systems – Use air to heat intermediate fluid w which. .v vaporises p LNG. produces clean water. – Require large plot. high CAPEX . Ambient Medium Heating systems Air based Air-based • Direct Air Heating g systems y – Ambient Air Vaporisers (finned tubes) – Fan-assisted Ambient Air Vaporisers. can have fog issues. low OPEX.Other. high OPEX – Applicable for smaller terminals. – Can be complex.

d d proven pump. • Modular. • Utilises l standard.The TGE Concept • U Uses Seawater S • Has pressurised propane circuit. . h heat exchangers h and controls. • Competitive C titi CAPEX operating ti costs. t • Simplifies overall terminal design. M d l • Small foot-print.

The TGE Concept -Process Flowscheme .

type • Utilises a significant amount of direct heat transfer with a novel concept (Patent Pending) • Standard low head propane pump.The TGE Concept .Description • Compact Heat Exchangers. p p . laser welded plate type. • Simple control system for easy start start-up up & operation. • Relatively y low inventory y of propane.

Injection Heater Mechanism .

Injection Heater Assembly .

Injection Heater Assembly .

Injection Heater Assembly .

Propane vapour Injection scheme into liquid LPG terminal in Spain. j . p . 2002 17/08/2009 19 . a TGE Project.

Welded Plate Exchanger Construction .

Propane Feed Propane Outlet LNG Feed .W ld d Plate Welded Pl t Exchanger E h C Construction t ti NG Product e g LNG Vaporizer e.g.

girth weld = Single g Plates Plate Pack . port hole weld 2.W ld d Plate Welded Pl t Exchanger E h C Construction t ti Number of single plates welded together by 1.

No experience at high pressures.Aluminium type Aluminium Not considered adequately robust for temperature swings. low design pressure. More prone to blockage. Plate Exchangers. Plate fin type. Plate-fin. incl. Not suitable. changes . too many gaskets. t b High cost. Not adequately robust for temperature changes. Corrosion is an issue. ) Considered expensive.Wh use welded Why w ld d plate l t exchangers? h ? Consideration was given to several types of exchangers. spiral plate. Etched p plate ( (Heatric). Spiral S i l wound d tube. stainless steel.

Wh use welded Why w ld d plate l t exchangers? h ? Plate & Shell design g advantages g include Effectiveness = more heat transfer per m2 Compactness = more heat transfer per m3 of skid occupancy Weight is much lower Reduced inventory of hydrocarbons Strong mechanical integrity Leads to shorter skid build time and unit construction .

Modular 17/08/2009 25 .

Modular 17/08/2009 26 .

Modular 17/08/2009 27 .

Modular 17/08/2009 28 .

Modular 17/08/2009 29 .

h .The TGE Concept . • High h mechanical h l resilience l of f the h heat h exchangers.Advantages • Eliminates need for electro-clorination and dechlorination. • Can C be b located l d on a floating fl facility. f l • Simpler maintenance. • Reduced R d d cost of f water exit system. • Can be designed for smaller water flows than an ORV (may ( require local l l acceptance) ) • Shorter construction time due to modular concept. h t i ti • Greater tolerance to water impurities. • Better B tt t turn-down d characteristics.

The TGE Concept . Potential P t ti l savings i will ill i include: l d Reduced cost in exit water system.Conclusions This unit is relatively CAPEX cost neutral compared with other schemes. . f l . Wider operating envelope for seawater temperatures. impurities and turndown. electrochlorination & dechlorination. Has definite d f advantages d for f floating fl facilities. reduced water flows in some cases. Each E h site will ll h have d different ff needs d must b be examined d to show applicability of the TGE solution.

Thank you for your kind attention! Q estions? Questions? .