You are on page 1of 3

Mangifera indica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2014) Mango

Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Rosids Order: Sapindales Family: Anacardiaceae Genus: Mangifera Species: M. indica Binomial name Mangifera indica
L.

Mangifera indica is a species of mango in the Anacardiaceae family. It is found in the wild in India and cultivated varieties have been introduced to other warm regions of the world. It is the largest fruit-tree in the world, capable of a height of one-hundred feet and an average circumference of twelve to fourteen feet, sometimes reaching twenty.[1] The species appears to have been domesticated about 4,000 years ago.[citation needed] The species was brought to East Asia around 400-500 BCE from India; next, in the 15th century to the Philippines; and then, in the 16th century to Africa and Brazil by the Portuguese.[2] The species was described for science by Linnaeus in 1753.[3]

This reaction is more likely to occur in people who have been exposed to other plants from the Anacardiaceae family. it is believed to have been tasted by Alexander (3rd century BCE) and Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang (7th century CE). It finds mention in the songs of 4th century CE Sanskrit poet Kalidasa. moist Brazilian tropics Mangiferin (a pharmacologically active flavonoid. and from old leaves (94 g/kg).[4] Contents      1 Chemical constituents 2 Traditional medicine 3 References 4 Further reading 5 External links Chemical constituents Mango.[5] Allergenic urushiols are present in the fruit peel and can trigger contact dermatitis in sensitised individuals. Later in 16th century Mughal Emperor.Creole mangos from Oaxaca. Pakistan and the Philippines. Bihar at a place now known as Lakhi Bagh. México Mango is the national fruit of India. such as poison oak and poison ivy.000 mango trees in Darbhanga. which are widespread in the United States. bark (107 g/kg). a natural xanthone C-glycoside) is extracted from Mango at high concentrations from the young leaves (172 g/kg). Prior to that. Akbar planted 100.[6] .

anti-emetic and cardiac herb.. It is antidiuretic. Retrieved 22 January 2014. "Mangifera indica information from ARS/GRIN".T.180. De Brito E. (1846).S.. Gepts.).[7] References 1.. Seeley. Retrieved October 8. Barreto J. doi:10. both as food and medicine. National Genetic Resources Program. 6. University of California.. "National Fruit". Beltsville.S. Trevisan M. Owen R. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56 (14): 5599–5610. National R&D Facility For Rasayana http://en. kernel. (2008). clearing digestion and acidity due to pitta (heat).). leaves.Traditional medicine In ayurveda.)". "Characterization and quantitation of polyphenolic compounds in bark. Dept. ARS.1021/jf800738r. of Crop & Ecosystem Sciences. 4. Würtele G.C.org/wiki/Mangifera_indica . 2.. 7. The Missionary guide-book. Taxonomy for Plants. The evolution of crop plants. 5. Pfundstein B. PMID 18558692. Govt. of Plant Sciences. p.E. and peel of mango (Mangifera indica L. P. 1997). Mangifera indica". Hull W. varied medicinal properties are attributed to different parts of the mango tree. Davis. "PLB143: Crop of the Day: Mango. sometimes with other mild sours and shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) and guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia). GRIN (May 5. In this oriental system of traditional medicines. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. 2009.. Retrieved October 8. Sect. 3.wikipedia. 2009. Spiegelhalder B. Erben G.v. (n. and Seeley.d. Burnside. of India Official website.. anti-diarrheal.. Maryland: USDA.W. Urushiol CASRN: 53237-59-5 TOXNET (Toxicology Data Network) NLM (NIH). it is used in a Rasayana formula (q.