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DEFINITE ARTICLE: THE

The definite article the is the most frequent word in English. We use the definite article in front of a noun when we believe the hearer/reader knows exactly what we are referring to. • because there is only one: The Pope is visiting Russia. The moon is very bright tonight. The Shah of Iran was deposed in !"!. This is why we use the definite article with a superlative ad#ective: $e is he alles !oy in the class. %t is he oldes !"#ld#n$ in the town. • because there is only one #n ha pla%e or in those surroundings: We live in a small village next to the church. 'the church in our village( 'the car that belongs to our family(

& &

)ad* can % borrow the car+ When we stayed at my grandmother,s house we went to the beach every day. -oo. at the boy in the blue shirt over there.

'the beach near my & grandmother,s house( 'the boy % am pointing at(

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• because we have already men #oned it: / woman who fell 0 metres from $igh 1ea. was lifted to safety by a helicopter. The woman fell while climbing. The rescue is the latest in a series of incidents on $igh 1ea.. %n 2anuary last year two men wal.ing on he peak were .illed in a fall. We also use the definite article: • to say something about all he h#n$s referred to by a noun: The wolf is not really a dangerous animal '& Wolves are not really dangerous animals( The .angaroo is found only in /ustralia '& 3angaroos are found only in /ustralia( The heart pumps blood around the body. '& $earts pump blood around bodies( We use the definite article in this way to tal. about m"s#%al #ns r"men s: 2oe plays the piano really well.'& 4eorge can play any piano( 5he is learning the guitar.'& 5he is learning to play any guitar( • to refer to a sys em or ser&#%e:

e on he ra#n.ations: the 5eamen.ingdom of .s $otel: ?orel.s 9nion • ho els* p"!s and res a"ran s@: the Rit>: the Rit> $otel: the 3ing.g. 6ou should tell he pol#%e.s for a group to help he d#sa!led.s Restaurant* etc. he r#%h should pay more taxes.etherlands: the 1hilippines • $eo$raph#%al fea "res* such as mountain ranges* groups of islands* rivers* seas* oceans and canals: the $imalayas: the <anaries: the /tlantic: the /tlantic =cean: the /ma>on: the 1anama <anal. % thin.e rich* poor* elderly* unemployed to tal. • With ad'e% #&es li.e kingdom* states or republic: the 9nited 3ingdom: the .s $ead: the )A#B Cu @.ote: We do not use the definite article if the name of the hotel or restaurant is the name of the owner* e. about $ro"ps of people: -ife can be very hard for he poor.nown !"#ld#n$s or works of ar : the Empire 5tate 8uilding: the Ta# ?ahal: the ?ona -isa: the 5unflowers • or$an#sa #ons: the 9nited . 8ut we do use the definite article with: • %o"n r#es whose names include words li. 1aris is the capital of 7rance.sons .espeare wrote $amlet.s Republic of <hina.s: 8rown.s: ?orel. • fam#l#es: the =bamas: the 2ac. The def#n# e ar #%le w# h names: We do not normally use the definite article with names: William 5ha. • %o"n r#es which have pl"ral no"ns as their names: the . • newspapers: The Times: The Washington 1ost • well .*8rown.epal: the 9nited 5tates: the 1eople. %ran is in /sia. 5he wor.$ow long does it ta. % heard it on he rad#o.

G. E. We use the indefinite article* aDan* with %o"n no"ns when the hearer/reader does no know exactly which one we are referring to: 1olice are searching for a E yearFold girl. '& uncount noun( 1olice have been searching for a E yearFold girl who has been missing since 7riday.ind: . We do no use an indefinite article with pl"ral no"ns and "n%o"n no"ns: 5he was wearing blue shoes. We use aDan with a singular noun to say something about all h#n$s of that .INDEFINITE ARTICLE: A AND AN . K.H metres tall with short blonde hair. 5he was last seen wearing a blue #ac. We also use it to show the person or thing is one of a $ro"p: 5he is a pupil at -ondon Road 5chool.et* a blue and white blouse and dar. 2enny 8rown* a pupil at -ondon Road 5chool* is described as . blue #eans and blue shoes. '& plural noun( 5he has short blonde hair.H metres tall with short blonde hair.et* a blue and white blouse and dar. 4eorge is a s "den . /nyone who has information should contact the local police on 0I00JE!"I . We use aDan to say what someone is or what 'o! they do: ?y brother is a do% or. blue #eans and blue shoes. 5he was last seen wearing a blue #ac. J. 2enny 8rown* a pupil at -ondon Road 5chool* is described as . 1olice have been searching for a E yearFold girl who has been missing since 7riday. /nyone who has information should contact the local police on 0I00JE!"I .

'& /ll dogs li.es to eat meat. '& /ll men need friends( / dog li./ man needs friends.e to eat meat( .