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The mouth is the beginning of the digestive tract; and, in fact, digestion starts here when taking the first bite of food. Chewing breaks the food into pieces that are more easily digested, while saliva mixes with food to begin the process of breaking it down into a form your body can absorb and use.

Located in your throat near your trachea (windpipe), the esophagus receives food from your mouth when you swallow. By means of a series of muscular contractions called peristalsis, the esophagus delivers food to your stomach.

The stomach is a hollow organ, or "container," that holds food while it is being mixed with enzymes that continue the process of breaking down food into a usable form. Cells in the lining of the stomach secrete a strong acid and powerful enzymes that are responsible for the breakdown process. When the contents of the stomach are sufficiently processed, they are released into the small intestine.

Small intestine
Made up of three segments — the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum — the small intestine is a 22-foot long muscular tube that breaks down food using enzymes released by the pancreas and bile from the liver. Peristalsis also is at work in this organ, moving food through and mixing it with digestive secretions from the pancreas and liver. .

The pancreas secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum, the first segment of the small intestine. These enzymes break down protein, fats, and carbohydrates. The pancreas also makes insulin, secreting it directly into the bloodstream. Insulin is the chief hormone for metabolizing sugar.

large intestine The large intestine is a 6-foot long muscular tube that connects the small intestine to the rectum. and to hold the stool until evacuation happens. sensors send a message to the brain." It takes the raw materials absorbed by the intestine and makes all the various chemicals the body needs to function. In addition. disposing its contents. It breaks down and secretes many drugs. Bile from the liver secreted into the small intestine also plays an important role in digesting fat. and then releases it into the duodenum to help absorb and digest fats. but its main function within the digestive system is to process the nutrients absorbed from the small intestine. to let the person know that there is stool to be evacuated. Rectum The rectum (Latin for "straight") is an 8-inch chamber that connects the colon to the anus. The liver also detoxifies potentially harmful chemicals. When anything (gas or stool) comes into the rectum. the sphincters relax and the rectum contracts.The large intestine is a highly specialized organ that is responsible for processing waste so that emptying the bowels is easy and convenient. the liver is the body’s chemical "factory. If they can.Liver The liver has multiple functions. The brain then decides if the rectal contents can be released or not. It is the rectum's job to receive stool from the colon. . Gallbladder The gallbladder stores and concentrates bile. If the contents cannot be disposed. the sphincter contracts and the rectum accommodates so that the sensation temporarily goes away.

Mouth Esophagus Stomach Small intestine Pancreas Liver Gallbladder large intestine . gas. The anus is surrounded by sphincter muscles that are important in allowing control of stool. or solid. The pelvic floor muscle creates an angle between the rectum and the anus that stops stool from coming out when it is not supposed to. It is a 2-inch long canal consisting of the pelvic floor muscles and the two anal sphincters (internal and external). The lining of the upper anus is specialized to detect rectal contents.Anus The anus is the last part of the digestive tract. It lets you know whether the contents are liquid.

Include foods rich in fiber. irritable bowel syndrome. the digestive tract. irregularity. the AGA and top nutrition associations around the world recommend eating 4 to 5 small meals per day without increasing overall caloric intake. 2. is much shorter in live humans because the muscles in the walls of the GI tract are in a state of sustained contraction. It starts from the lower (inferior) portion of the pharynx (laryngopharynx) and ends at the upper (superior) portion of the stomach. fattening foods. may improve intestinal function and overall digestive health and benefit health conditions such as gastroenteritis. Incorporate fermented dairy products into your diet. Fish contain omega-3 fatty acids that can improve digestive abnormalities by stabilizing cell walls. However. Cutting back on greasy. 4. Try some new summer seafood recipes. frequent meals.Rectum Anus DIGESTIVE HEALTH GUIDELINES 1. Consume fish 3 to 5 times per week. raw vegetables. Eat small. reducing inflammation and restoring balance. nuts. or the good bacteria that is found in dairy products like yogurt and cottage cheese. 3. Certain probiotics. and beans. 5. also called gastrointestinal (GI) tract or alimentary canal. . fried foods that are high in fat and hard to digest will reduce your stomach's workload. and inflammatory bowel disease The human digestive tract is about 30 feet (9 meters) long when taken from a cadaver. The esophagus is about 25 centimeters (10 inches) long. Fiber is important for the health of the digestive system and can be found in fruits. Reduce intake of fried. To achieve optimal digestion. whole grains and cereals.

describes bowel movements (stools) that are loose and watery. Constipation . Gastritis . Diverticulosis . or the use of certain medications such as aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs. . Some people have diarrhea often as part of irritable bowel syndrome or other chronic diseases of the large intestine.can be caused by irritation due to excessive alcohol use. chronic vomiting. Many people will have diarrhea once or twice each year.happens when pouches (diverticula ) form in the wall of the colon . stress. Evangelista G8-LDA Flow chart Trivia Digestive Disorders Diarrhea .areas that come into contact with stomach acids and enzymes. It is very common and usually not serious. If these pouches get inflamed or infected.occurs when bowel movements become difficult or less frequent. Diverticulitis can be very painful. It typically lasts two to three days and can be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) medicines.are holes or breaks in the protective lining of the duodenum (the upper part of the small intestine) or the stomach -. The normal length of time between bowel movements ranges widely from person to person.Ace Z. Peptic ulcers . it is called diverticulitis.