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# a.

Effective Plate Width (se)
The effective plate width for a continuous stiffener subjected to longitudinal and transverse stress and shear is calculated as follows:

CEK-A

1

Note: Known values Calculated values Final results Known values: 4000 l 1000 s 20 t 1025.00 rw 9.81 g 15.00 d 300.00 fy 200.00 E Where: plate length or stiffener length plate width, stiffener spacing. plate thickness water density gravity acceleration hydrostatic pressure depth characteristic yield strength Young modulus of elasticity

2

3
Loadings: 180.00 MPa sx,Sd 50.00 MPa sy,Sd pSd 150828.75 Pa=N/m^2 pSd 0.15 MPa Where: axial stress in plate and stiffener with compressive stresses as positive transverse stress in plate and stiffener design lateral force, for this case is the hydrostatic pressure at d

mm mm mm kg/m^3 m/s^2 m MPa Gpa

The reduction factor due to lateral load, kp: CEK-A 0.24 MPa; it means pSd Thus kp 1.000 [] Since, µ (1) (2) (3) 0.405 1.000 0.198 0.180 [], and [] [] []

Reduced plate slenderness: Where: 1.017 [] reduced plate slenderness in longitudinal direction 2.130 [] reduced plate slenderness in transverse direction 0.673, then: Cxs= Since 0.771 [] > where: Cxs is reduction factor due to stresses in the longitudinal direction 1.750 [], then kp= 1.00052 []

Note: s/t Therefore: ci 50.00 [] 0.583 []

<=

CEK-A otherwise, since hα

2.130 [], then parameter k: can be found as follows: 0.180 [] Conclusion: Thus, the plate buckling resistance

is

95.33

MPa

Now, we can calculate the reduction factor due to stresses in transverse direction, Cys = Finally: the effective plate width, Se, is 756.41 mm

0.981 []

Hint: See Section 7.3 DNV-RP-C201

27 MPa tcrg 60. NSd 7600 mm^2.00 1.59 [].49 [].15 mm mm MPa [] girder length flange width flange thickness LG. 13. stiffener spacing.t = Therefore. where kG is buckling factor for plate with the stiffeners removed.00 Gpa axial stress in plate and stiffener with compressive stresses as positive sx.Sd 180.99 MPa web height web thickness design shear stress resulting material factor The cross sectional area of stiffener is As and the full plate cross section area s.968 MN Note: Known values from previous page Known values Calculated values Final results Hint: See Section 7. then kl= 5. Web height: 400mm Thickness: 10mm Known values from previous page 4000 mm plate length or stiffener length l 1000 mm plate width. s 20 mm plate thickness t Young modulus of elasticity E 200. Since tSd <= then: = 0.00 MPa Since kl >= s. the equivalent axial force.b. 20000 mm^2 4.00 MPa Known values: LG 3000 mm wfl 180 mm tfl 20 mm hw tw tSd gM 400 10 0. then kg= Since kg > Thus: tcrl 404. where kl is buckling factor for plate between stiffeners.2 DNV-RP-C201 . Equivalent axial (NSd) and lateral (qSd) loads The equivalent axial force should be taken as: Stiffener cross section: Flange width 180mm.

48 ces 344.48 Ies 622003068 Wes 1804044 mm^4 mm^4 mm^4 mm^4 mm mm mm mm^4 mm mm mm^4 mm^3 Note: Where: flange cross section moment of inertia web cross section moment of inertia plate cross section moment of inertia. plate cross section moment of inertia. the equivalent lateral line load. counted from base web COG.0723 MPa Finally. use Se.78 dp -85. flange COG.78 dw 124.3 [] 50.Sd larger design stress in the transverse direction. = 8. counted from base COG of stiffener + plate.9 for simple supported stiffeners (sniped stiffeners) Where: sy1.3 for continuous stiffeners or.11 N/mm Known values: mc 13. use s. moment of inertia of stiffener with effective plate width section modulus for stiffener with effective plate at flange tip Then.52 dw-es 106.The equivalent lateral line load should be taken as: Wes and Is are determined by cross section analysis Cross Section Analysis Flange width 180mm. distance of zfl and COGes distance of dw and COGes distance of dp and COGpes distance from COGes to the outer fiber Section properties: Ifl 120000 Iw 53333333 Ip 666667 Ipes 504271 dfl 334.52 dpes -103.Sd mc =13. Web height: 400mm Thickness: 10mm Known values from previous page 20 mm plate thickness t 1000 mm plate width. use Se.22 COG dfl-es 316.24 [] C0 0.78 mm^2 mm^2 mm^2 mm^2 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm Where: flange cross section area web cross section area plate cross section area.41 mm the effective plate width pSd fy 0.00 [] Y p0 0. use s.00 MPa Section properties: Afl 3600 Aw 4000 Ap 20000 Apes 15128 zfl 430 zw 220 zp 10 95. qSd qsd 223.Sd 50.00 MPa sy2. use s. counted from base plate COG.00 MPa sy1.Sd smaller design stress in the transverse direction. distance of zfl and COG distance of dw and COG distance of dp and COG moment of inertia of stiffener with full plate width effective plate COG.1508 MPa 300.001446 [] 1. the factor kc an C0 is determined as follows: kc 62. counted from base COG of stiffener + plate. plate cross section area. with tensile stresses taken as negative sy2. stiffener spacing. with tensile stresses taken as negative .22 Is 665128696 zpes 10 COGes 113. s Se 756. use Se.

Torsional buckling strength of stiffeners The torsional buckling strength may be calculated as: For L.00 [] 1.0 [] .93 MPa tSd 0 MPa design shear stress wfl 180 mm flange width = b Where: tfl sj.75 [] s 20 mm plate thickness t 200 Gpa Young modulus of elasticity E sx.1.Sd 50 MPa transverse stress in plate and stiffener sj.00 MPa fEpt 400.60 MPa fEpy 72.5.12 [] C b Reduced equivalent slenderness = 1.825 [] Hint: See Section 7. l Thus: c 1000 mm plate width.2 DNV-RP-C201 0. stiffener spacing.and T-stiffeners fET : fET-1 fET-2 For flatbar stiffeners fET : Known values from previous page 4000 mm plate length or stiffener length.Sd is design von Mises's 20 mm flange thickness hw 400 mm web height equivalent stress tw 10 mm web thickness fy 300 MPa characteristic yield strength Euler buckling strength fEpx 289.Sd 180 MPa axial stress in plate and stiffener Thus: sy.17 MPa 1.00 MPa Therefore: fep h Euler buckling strength for plate due to longitudinal stresses Euler buckling strength for plate due to transverse stresses Euler buckling shear strength for plate 144.Sd 160.c. 1.

3 [] Poisson's ratio G 76923.Characteristic buckling strength where: fr=fy for check at plate side.4*l 0.994 0.0 303.Known values from previous page n 0.2 Thus: Iz 9720000 mm^4 (moment of inertia of the stiffeners neutral axis normal to the plane of the plate) 0.8 0.2.2 1519.48 300.00 c.444 m 0.8*l 0.Wes) for check at plate side for check at stiffener side .077 MPa shear modulus Aw 4000 mm^2 web cross section area Afl 3600 mm^2 flange cross section area b=wfl 180 mm flange width = b ef 0 mm flange eccentricity Torsional elastic buckling strength (fET) lT fET-1 fET-2 fET 0.0 1519.054 fT (MPa) 208.138 -0.8 303. fr=fy for check at stiffener side if fr=fT for check at stiffener side if W=min(Wep.

158 [] -0.15 4000 1000 15128 0.28 mm mm mm^3 mm^3 mm^3 MPa mm mm MPa see Figure 7-3 see Figure 7-3 effective elastic section modulus on plate side effective elastic section modulus on stiffener side elastic section modulus lateral pressure giving yield in outer-fibre at support. COG of stiffener + plate.00 MPa characteristic yield strength fy gM l s Apes pSd 1.22 zt 354.Known values from previous page 95.005 [] m fk characteristic buckling strength 300 MPa The characteristic buckling strength for check at stiffener side fr 208 MPa characteristic strength 0. buckling length effective radius of gyration Euler buckling strength The characteristic buckling strength for check at plate side fr 300 MPa characteristic strength 0.15 [] mm mm mm^2 MPa resulting material factor plate length or stiffener length plate width.190 [] -0.34 lk 3120.57 202.22 mm COG Ies 622003068 mm^4 moment of inertia of stiffener with effective plate width 300. stiffener spacing. design lateral pressure Calculated values zp 85.78 Wep 7299016 Wes 1753195 1753195 W pf 0.77 fE 8334.016 [] m fk characteristic buckling strength 208 MPa . use s.

15 [] resulting material factor s 1000 mm plate width.54 MPa 2371.c.00 MPa characteristic yield strength gM 1.61 MPa design resistance shear stress critical shear stress 150.00 Gpa Young modulus of elasticity l 4000 mm span length tcrl 404.6 DNV-RP-C201 .58 MPa Ip 733945 mm^4 Therefore: tRdy tRdl tRds Thus: tRd 150.61 MPa 351.3.27 MPa critical shear stress Calculated values tcrs 2727. stiffener spacing.81 MPa Hint: See Section 7. E 200. Shear Stress Resistance The resistance towards shear stresses τRd is found as the minimum of τRdy. t 20 mm plate thickness Is 665128696 mm^4 moment of inertia of stiffener with full plate width. τRdl and τRds according to the following: Known values from previous page where: fy 300.

15 [] resulting material factor Afl Thus: Ae 3600 mm^2 22728 mm^2 Aw Where Ae is effective area of stiffener and plate 4000 mm^2 Apes 15128 mm^2 Thus: NE lk 3121 mm 202.48 MPa 457.mm 1904.mm 317.mm 0.3 DNV-RP-C201 MPa mm^3 MPa mm^3 characteristic buckling strength effective elastic section modulus on plate side characteristic buckling strength effective elastic section modulus on stiffener side Thus: Ms1.93 MN 4.c. .61 MPa 0.mm Mst. The following resistance parameters are used in the interaction equations: Known values from previous page fy 300 MPa characteristic yield strength gM 1.423 MN E 200.Sd M2.Rd 5.Rd Because: tSd tRd Then: u 457.83 MN.09 MN.Rd Ms2.Rd Mp.Sd 297.4*l fr=fy lT=0.12 MN 300.110 N/mm 4000 mm Then: M1.mm 148.Rd Thus: Nkp.7.93 MN Hint: See Section 7.8*l fr=fT Thus: NRd 5.77 mm 189.36 MN.4.00 MPa 150.00 Gpa For plate: fk 300 Wep 7299016 For stiffener: fk 208 Wes 1753195 For: Then: lT=0.00 [] Since: qsd l 223.00 MPa 208.740 MN.Rd Thus: Nks.36 MN.mm Where: qSd is the equivalent lateral line load.480 MN.

1. Interaction formulas For continuous stiffeners the following four interaction equations need to be fulfilled Lateral pressure on plate side: Known values from previous page NSd 4.170 -0.874 -0.968 MN the equivalent axial force Assume: z* 0 mm the distance from the neutral axis of the effective sectionto the working point of the axial force Thus: NOK! OK OK OK 1 2 Finally: EQ.1 EQ.3 EQ.504 0.4 Conclusion The plate panel cannot resist buckling.1 DNV-RP-C201 .918 > <= <= <= 1 1 1 1 3 4 The reason: We can see that the equivalen axial force is larger than the stiffener buckling load capacity.2 EQ.7. Hint: See Section 7.e.