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chemks2012 (IP: 62.49.22.

54)
Gold Member
69 posts
Posted Today, 04:07 AM
Dear all
We have an existing packed column with diameter of about 970 mm and two packed beds each 6 m
high. The packing used is 2” metal pall rings. It is debottlenecking project i.e. client is operating at
about 16.5 T/hr feed rate - i.e., 15 T/hr waste water containing ammonia + 10% caustic solution. The
feed flow rate of 16.5 T/hr contains 15% by wt ammonia. Caustic is added to maintain the pH of 11.5.
Ammonia is removed by steam supplied at 1.4 barg pressure at 3,200 kg/hr giving ammonia top
composition as 90% by wt to maintain the bottom concentration as 350 ppm [by wt]. Client has tried
increasing the feed rate from 15 T/hr to 18 T/hr but column behaves badly, ammonia concentration in
the bottoms increases, column temp increases etc.
I have looked at the original design datasheet [prepared back in 1993] of this column and it seems it was
designed for feed rate of 18 T/hr, steam supply at 1.4 barg & a flowrate of 4,500 kg/hr etc.
I have performed mass balance and now I know the top and bottom mass flowrates for water and NH3.
My queries are:
1) Before I do anything else, I want to check whether the column height is sufficient for the feed
rate of 15 T/hr and 18 T/hr. The original datasheet [prepared for the feed rate of 18 T/hr] has 9
NTU and HTU as 1.26mm [I think this unit should be in meter i.e. 1.2m?] and as mentioned
above 2 off beds, each 6 m high i.e. total height of column is 12 m. I understand that HETP =
NOG X HOG or HETP = NTU X HTU and therefore, HETP = 9 X 1.26 = 11.34m ~ 12 m.
Please let me know if my understanding is correct. If I want to check if this height is correct,
how do I check it i.e. how do I calculate NTU and HTU?
2) If the column is designed for higher flowrates why it is not possible to operate it at higher feed
rate?
3) I understand that the caustic is added to increase the ammonia solubility in the infeed waste
water and thus to give uniform ammonia concentration in the feed etc but let’s say if I increase
pH from 11.5 to 12.5, how will it make difference in terms of mass balance apart from increased
caustic flowrate? Is it not more of chemistry side?
Any help would be much appreciated.
Thanks
KS:

4 barg = 20. The he pH of 11.5. t is correct.00132 psia . ater and NH3. nia top ent has tried centration in it seems it was c. t higher feed eed waste y if I increase from increased 1.30532 psig = 35. for the feed 18 T/hr] has 9 mentioned hat HETP = m ~ 12 m.s each 6 m perating at olution.

189 inches = lb/hr = 3.18 feet ft3/hr = .069 lb/hr 38.Stripper Feed Rate = 15 Stripper Inside Diameter = 970 Overhead vapor Density = Overhead vapor flow rate = Stripper cross-sectional area = 7.95 Superficial velocity = ft/sec tonnes/hr = mm = lbs/ft3 kg/hr = ft2 33.

ft3/sec .

33470 0.8 1.9 1.088.6784 0.048909 0.082.16 K for saturated liquid.50090 0.086.157.817 19.162.164 20.64996 0.305 20.7 1.74017 0.160.305 20.69363 0.159.7443 1.049671 0.7429 1.497 59.048984 0.321 20.37133 0.7318 1.9 1.15 1.49735 0.101 20.446 20.579 1.132 20.49689 0.305 20.49644 0.050222 0.089.084.37479 0.0168 0.034 5.569 1.032 1.37293 0.049059 0.2 1.049135 0.9 193.7407 1.63661 0.477 Internal Entropy Cv Cp JouleEnthalpy Sound Energy Btu/lbm.3 1.88917 0.89101 0.049984 0.16 K for saturated liquid.571 1.9 1.37652 0.49781 0.0168 0.305 20.4 1.89169 0.70422 0.164.086.040 5.6 1.258 20.305 20.084.352 20.37328 0.37606 0.49929 0.305 20.89034 0.7450 1.049827 0.50147 0.70966 0.166.37226 0.5 1.588 1.2 1.050142 0.22 1.0 1.42 197.7414 1.37815 0.305 20.9 1.305 20.641 0.7464 1.038 5.165.88966 0.305 20.37259 0.581 1.50205 0.37194 0.880 19.049749 0.160.50392 0.41 196.305 20.72 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 20.63227 .049594 0.9 1.564 1.305 20.73249 0.3 1.49601 0.7386 1.166.7436 1.9 1.7393 1.48 197.195 20.33724 1.72 228.7364 1.305 20.305 20.036 5.050063 0.399 0.7400 1.158.050382 0.4 1. Entropy S = 0 at 273.305 20.0 1.4 1.01000 1.37749 0.157.227 20.289 20.167.33617 0.0021 -0.419 59.37562 0.305 20.305 20.567 1.585 1. ft/s Btu/lbm R R R F/psia 193.305 20.0021 -0.049516 0.64545 0.65916 0.0168 19.50458 0.47 196.7342 1.090.087.085.161.158.305 20.305 20.305 20.087.9 1.7335 1.50035 0.37048 0.575 1.305 20.4 1.7379 1.305 20.37401 0.4 1.038 20.586 1.006 20.049363 0.9 1.090.049905 0.164.566 1.7321 1.01040 0.49829 0.50527 0.0021 0.9 1.46 195.65453 0.0022 -0.415 20.084.089.4 1.0168 0.49558 0.9 1.087.570 1.4 1.39 194.00970 1.912 19.40 195.165.383 20.9 1.7328 1.584 1.9 1.848 19.975 20.50692 0.580 1.445 59.163.050302 0.305 20.68847 0.7385 0.157.591 -0.9 Auxiliary Data Reference States Internal energy U = 0 at 273.37021 1.3 1.050463 0.7 1.67348 0.37800 0.0168 0.090.37700 0.576 1.5 1.305 20.565 1.37104 0.Btu/lbm.7357 1.083.4 1.163.589 1.00990 1.583 1.305 Density lbm/ft3 59. 0.0 1.49879 0.0022 -0.49981 0.72085 0.069 20.7372 1.305 20.574 1.33176 0.083.33323 0.50671 0.69888 0.162.7471 0.01020 1.048835 Volume ft3/lbm 0.305 20.72661 0.049211 0.7422 1.4 1.50265 0.7350 1.66387 0.089.7152 0.578 1.37163 0.4 1.049440 0.088.050485 0.471 59.37439 0.305 20.8 1.4 1.Btu/lbmThomson (Btu/lbm) Spd.808 19.167.161.573 1.590 1.305 psia Temp oF Pressure psia 225 226 227 228 228.66864 0.50598 0.1 1.4 1.4 1.45 194.37520 0.4 1.049287 0.6 1.082.7457 1.159.8 1.50327 0.Isobaric Properties for Water Fluid Data Isobaric Data for P = 20.68339 0.37364 0.086.085.49517 5.37075 0.943 19.

11 psia Critical density (Dc) 20.Additional fluid properties o Critical pressure (Pc) C 3200.855 o C Debye .9743 Dipole moment 1.3443 Normal boiling point 99.1018 Critical temperature (Tc) Acentric factor 373.946 lbm/ft3 0.

0263 0.0267 0.0267 0.013 0.0129 0.0127 0.0126 0. W/m-K 0.0128 0.6815 0.0126 0.0127 0.0129 0.0265 0.0128 0.6815 0.0266 0.027 Phase liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .0264 0.0127 0.0264 0.013 0. Cond.0263 0.0262 0.2565 0.0262 0.0264 0.013 Therm.0126 0.013 0.6812 0.0129 0.0262 0.0268 0.2575 0.0265 0.013 0.0269 0.0128 0.0127 0.0268 0.0127 0.0265 0.0128 0.2603 0.0267 0.0262 0.2589 0.0126 0.0269 0.0128 0.0268 0.Viscosity cP 0.6813 0.0129 0.0266 0.6811 0.2617 0.