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SUB: MATH Time Allowed: 3 hours

TOPIC: [Maximum Marks: 80]

Question numbers 1 to 10 carry one mark each.
1. Find the value of k so that the following system of equations has on solution: 3x − y − 5 = 0; 6x − 2y − k = 0

Ans. 3x − y = 5 (1) 6x − 2y = k (2) Multiplying (1) by (2) we get 6x − 2y = 10 (3) Now equation will have no solution if k ≠ 10. 2. The nth term of an A.P. is 6n + 2. Find its common difference

Ans. Let tn = 6n + 2 then tn+1 = 6(x + 1) + 2 = 6n + 8 d = (6n + 8) − (6n + 2) =6 3. In Fig 1 AD = 4 cm, BD = 3 cm and CB = 12 cm find cotθ.
A

C

θ B Fig. 1

D

Ans. AB2 = BD2 + AD2 = 32 + 42 = 9 + 16 = 25 ⇒ AB = 5

CB 12 = cotθ = AB 5 .

4.

Write the zeroes of the polynomial x2 − x − 6.

Ans. x2 − x − 6 = 0 ⇒ x2 − 3x + 2x − 6 = 0 x(x − 3) + 2(x − 3) = 0 (x + 2) (x − 3) = 0 ⇒ x + 2 = 0, x − 3 = 0 ⇒ x = −2, x = 3.
p If q is rational number (q ≠ 0), what is condition on q so that the
p decimal representation of q is terminating?

5.

p Ans. If q is a rational number which is terminating then q must be of the form

2n5m where n and m are non negative integers.

6.

From a well shuffled pack of cards, a card is drawn at random. Find the probability of getting a black queen.

Ans. Number of black queen = 2 Total number of cards = 52 ∴ 7.
2 1 = Probability of getting black queen = 52 26 .

Which measure of central tendency is given by the x−coordinate of the point of intersection of the “more than ogive” and less than ogive”?

Ans. Measure of central tendency given is median. 8.
5 In Fig. 4, O is the centre of a circle. The area of sector OAPB is 18 of

the area of the circle. Find x.

O x A P B

x Ans. Area of sector OAPB = 2π × total area of circle

where x is in radian Let A be total area of the circle then

5 ×A Area of sector OAPB = 18 5 x ×A= ×A 2π 18 x 5 10π x= = ⇒ 2π 18 18

9.

In Fig. 3, PQ = 24 cm, QR = 26 cm, ∠PAR = 90o, PA = 6 cm and AR = 8 cm. Find ∠QPR.
Q A 90o P

Fig. 3

R

Ans. PR2 = AP2 + AR2 = 62 + 82 = 36 + 64 = 100 PR = 10 Since PQ2 + PR2 = QR2 242 + 102 = (26)2 576 + 100 = 676 676 = 676 ⇒ ∆PQR is right angled triangle ⇒ ∠QPR = 90o. 10. In Fig. 2, P and Q are points on the sides AB and AC respectively of ∆ABC such that AP = 3.5 cm, PB = 7 cm, AQ = 3 cm and QC = 6 cm. If PQ = 4.5 cm find BC,

A Q C Fig. 2
AQ AP 1 AQ AP 1 1 PQ = = = = = = QC PB 2 Ans. Since ⇒ AC AB 1 + 2 3 CB ’ (PQ is parallel to BC) Q

P B

Also BC = 3.PQ = 3 × 4.5 = 13.5 cm

SECTION−B
Question numbers 11 to 15 carry 2 marks each.
11. For what value of p, are points (2, 1), (p, −1) and (−1, 3) collinear?

Ans. Since the given points are collinear, the area of the triangle formed by them must be 0.
1 [x (y − y ) + x 2 (y 3 − y1 ) + x 3 (y1 − y 2 )] = 0 Hence ∆ ≡ 2 1 2 3 1 [2(− 4) + p(2) + (− 1)(2)] = 0 ⇒ 2 1 [− 8 + 2p − 2] = 0 ⇒ 2

p = 5.

12.

Without using trigonometrical tables, evaluate the following :
sin 18 o + 3 tan 10 o tan 30 o tan 40 o tan 50 o tan 80 o ο . cos 72 sin 18 o + 3 [tan10o tan30otan40otan50otan80o] sin 72 o

[

]

Ans.

sin 18 o + 3 o o = cos 90 − 18 [tan(90 − 80) tan30otan(90 − 50) tan50o tan80o]

(

)

=

sin 18 o + 3 cot 80 o tan 30 o cot 50 o tan 50 o tan 80 o sin 18 o

[

]

= 13.

1 + 3.

1 3

= 1+1 = 2

Find the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial 6x2 − 3 − 7x and verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients of the polynomial.

Ans. 6x2 − 3 − 7x = 6x2 − 9x + 2x − 3 = 3x (2x − 3) + 1 (2x − 3) = (3x + 1) (2x − 3)
1 3 Hence zeroes of the quadratic polynomials are 3 and 2 1 3 − + Sum of the zeroes of quadratic polynomial = 3 2 7 (1) = 6 −

⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 3⎞ ⎜− ⎟×⎜ ⎟ Product of zeroes of quadratic polynomial = ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠
1 =−2

(2)

⎛ coefficient of x ⎞ ⎛ 7⎞ 7 ⎜ ⎜ coefficient of x 2 ⎟ ⎟ = −⎜ − 6 ⎟ = 6 ⎝ ⎠ ⎠ Sum of zeroes = − ⎝ ⎛ coefficient of x 0 ⎞ 3 1 ⎜ − =− ⎜ coefficient of x 2 ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ = 6 and product of zeroes = ⎝ 2.

14.

Adie is thrown once. Find the probability of getting (i) an even prime number (ii) a multiple of 3. even prime is 2
1

Ans. (i) (ii)

Probability = 6 Multiple of 3 = 3, 6
2 1 = Probability = 6 3

15. ABC is an isosceles triangle, in which AB = AC, circumscribed about a circle. Show that BC is bisected at the point of contact

OR
In Fig. 5, a circle is inscribed in a quadrilateral ABCD in which ∠B = 90o. If AD = 23 cm, AB = 29 cm and DS = 5 cm, find the radius (r) of the circle.
A R r D S C Fig. 5 O r P B Q

Ans. Since AB = AC, ∴ ∠ABD = ∠ACD = 2 (let) ∠ODB = ∠ODC = 90o, as the line BC is tangent to the circle.
A

O θ θ D θ θ C

B

∠OBD = ∠OCD = θ, as line BO and CO are the angle bisectors Now consider ∆BOD and ∆COD ∠ODB = ∠OCD = θ and ∠ODB = ∠OCD = 90o and side OD is common Hence ∆OBD ≈ ∆OCD ∴ BD = DC or D is the mid point of BC.

OR
A R r D S C O r P B Q

Since DR = DS ∴ DR = 5 cm ∴ AR = AD − DR = 23 − 5 = 18 cm AR = AQ ∴ BQ = AB − AQ = 29 − 18 = 11 cm Now OQ = BQ = BP = OP (Q OPBQ is square) ∴ radius = 11 cm.

SECTION−C
Question numbers 16 to 25 carry 3 marks each.
16. Prove that :
cot A − cos A cos ecA − 1 = cot A + cos A cos ecA + 1

OR
Prove that
(1 + cot A − cos ecA)(1 + tan A + sec A) = 2

cos A − cos A cot A − cos A sin A = cot A + cos A cos A + cos A sin A Ans. L.H.S. = cos A(1 − sin A ) = cos A(1 + sin A )

1 −1 sin A 1 +1 = sin A dividing Nr and Dr by sinA cos ecA − 1 = = cos ecA + 1 R.H.S

OR
L.H.S = (1 + cotA − cosecA) (1 + tanA + secA)
1 ⎞⎛ sin A 1 ⎞ ⎛ cos A − + ⎜1 + ⎟⎜1 + ⎟ = ⎝ sin A sin A ⎠⎝ cos A cos A ⎠

(sin A + cos A − 1)(cos A + sin A + 1)
sin A cos A

= =

(sin A + cos A )2 − 1
sin A cos A

sin 2 A + cos 2 A + 2 sin A cos A − 1 = sin A cos A 2 sin A cos A = sin A cos A

= 2 = R.H.S. 17. Find the 10th term from the end of the A.P. 8, 10, 12, …., 126.

Ans.. Given A.P. can be written as 126, 124, 122, …., 12, 10, 8 a = 126, d = 124 − 126 = −2 10th term = a + (n − 1)d = 126 + (10 − 1) (−2) = 126 − 18 = 108 Represent the following system of linear equations graphically. From the graph, find the points where the lines intersect y-axis. 3x + y-5 = 0; 2x – y –5 =0 Ans. Given line 3x + y − 5 = 0 y = 5 − 3x (1) y = 5 − 3x x 5 0 2 1 −1 2 −4 3 −7 4 18.

Second line 2x − y − 5 = 0 y=2x−5 y = 2x − 5 −5 −3 x 0 1 (1) and (2) can be represents
6 5 4 3 2 1 X′ –6 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 –1 –2 –3 –4 –5

(2) −1 2
Y

1 3

−3 4

(0, 5)

line 2x − y − 5 = 0

(5/3, 0)

(5/2, 0) 3 4 5 6

X

1

2

3x + y − 5 = 0

(0, −5) Y′

Here line 2x− y − 5 = 0 cuts y axis at (0, −5) line 3x + y − 5 = 0 cut y axis at (0, 5) 19. Find the roots of the following equation:
1 1 11 − = ; x ≠ − 4,7 x + 4 x − 7 30 1 1 11 − = ; x ≠ −4, 7 x + 4 x − 7 30

Ans.

(x − 7 ) − (x + 4) = 11 (x + 4)(x − 7 ) 30
⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒
11 − 11 = (x + 4)(x − 7 ) 30

(x + 4) (x − 7) = −30 x2 − 3x + 2 = 0 (x − 1) (x − 2) = 0 x = 1 and x = 2.

Both x = 1 and x = 2 are satisfying the given equation hence the solution of the equation.

20.

Show that 2 − 3 is an irrational number.
p 3 = q where p, q are integers and q ≠ 0

Ans. Let 2 − 3 is rational then 2 − and also p and q have no common factor. ⇒
3 = 2− 3= p q

2q − p q

3 is rational ⇒ This is a contradiction

Hence 2 − 3 is irrational. 21. In figure 6, find the perimeter of shaded region where ADC, AEB and BFC are semi-circles on diameters AC, AB and BC respectively.
D E A B 2.8cm Figure 6
1.4cm

C F

OR
Find the area of the shaded region in figure 7, where ABCD is a square side 14
A B

C Figure 7

D

Ans. Perimeter of shaded region in AEBFCDA = ar (AEB) + ar (BFC ) ar (CDA) Where AB, BC and AC are diameter of the different circles and we know
π × diameter semi-perimeter of a circle is 2 π × 2 .8 π × 1 .4 π ( 2 .8 + 1 .4 ) + + ∴ perimeter required = 2 2 2 π = 2 . (2.8 + 1.4 + 2.8 + 1.4) π = 2 × (8.4) π( AB ) π( BC ) π( AC ) + + 2 2 2

= π × 4.2
22 = 7 ×4.2

= 22 ×0.6 =13.2 ans.

OR
AD = 21 × diameter of the given circles = 14 ∴ diameter of any given circle = 2 = 7 = D (let) Now, area of shaded region = Area of square − 4 × Area of any circle drawn inside
πD 2 = (14)2 − 4 × 4
14

= 142 − π × 72 = (2 × 7)2 − π × 72 = 72 (22 − π)
22 ⎞ ⎛ ⎜4 − ⎟ 7 ⎠ = 49 × ⎝

⎛ 28 − 22 ⎞ 49 × ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 7 ⎠ =

= 7 × 6 = 42 sq. units. 22. If the distances of P(x, y) from the points A(3, 6) and B(-3, 4) are equal. Prove that 3x + y = 5

Ans. Applying distance formula,
PA = ( x − 3) 2 + ( y − 6) 2
PB = ( x + 3) 2 + ( y − 4) 2

PA = PB
( x − 3) + ( y − 6) = ( x + 3) + ( y − 4) ∴ On squaring both sides, (x – 3)2 + (y – 6)2 = (x + 3)2 + (y – 4)2 ⇒ x2 – 6x + 9 + y2 – 12y + 36 = x2 + 6x + 9 + y2 –8y + 16 12x + 4y – 20 =0 ⇒ 3x + y = 5 proved
2 2 2 2

23.

If the diagonals of a quadrilateral divide each other proportionally, prove that it is a trapezium.

OR
(Two ∆’s ABC and DBC are on the same base BC and on the same side of BC in which ∠A= ∠D=900. If CA and BD meet each other at E, show that AE. EC = BE. ED. Ans.
A F E B G

D

C

Let ABCD be any quadrilateral . Now, AC and BD are its diagonal, which are cutting each other at some point E. (1) Construction: FG is drawn parallel to DC passing through E.
BE AE BE = Now EC ED (given ) =

BG

In triangle BDC, ED GC { Using Thale’s theorem) As FG | | DC ⇒ EG | | DC Now, in triangle CBA,

(2)

AE BG EC may be equal to GC using equation (i) and (ii) AE BG = so, EC GC ⇒ EG | | AB

but i.e. FG | | AB But FG is drawn parallel to DC So, AB | | DC (as, if two lines are parallel to any third given line, then they are parallel to each other) ⇒ ABCD is a trapezium.

OR
In this figure ABCD are concyclic ∠BAC = ∠BDC = 90o ∠AEB = ∠DEC
A
90o

D
90o

E C

B

∴ ∴

∆AEB and ∆DEC are similar AE . EC = BE . ED.
AE BE = ED EC

24. Construct a ∆ ABC in which AB = 6.5 cm., ∠ B = 600 and BC = 5.5 cm. Also construct a triangle AB′C′ similar to ∆ ABC, whose each side
3 is 2 times the corresponding side of the ∆ABC. E

C′ C 5.5 60o B 6.5 A D B′ B 60o A C

Ans. Extend AB to D so that AB = BD and extend AC to E so that AC = CE Now bisect BD at B′ and CE at C′ join B′C′ Now required triangle is AB′C′. 25. Ans.
Line; 3x + 4y-9=0 λ A(1, 3) M 1 B(2, 7)

Determine the ratio in which the line 3x + 4y – 9=0 divides the line segment joining the points (1, 3) and (2, 7)

Let the line 3x + 4y−9=0 divides the line segments joining A(1, 3) & B(2, 7) in ratio λ : 1 at point M
λ A(1,3) M 1 B(2,7)

∴ Since M lies on the line 3x + 4y –9=0 So co−ordinate of M satisfies 3x + 4y –9=0 ⇒ ⇒ 6λ + 3 + 28λ + 12 − 9λ −9=0 25λ + 6=0
−6 λ = 25

⎛ 2λ + 1 7 λ + 3 ⎞ , ⎜ ⎟ Co−ordinate of M≡ ⎝ λ + 1 λ + 1 ⎠

⎛ 2λ + 1 ⎞ ⎛ 7 λ + 3 ⎞ 3⎜ ⎟ + 4⎜ ⎟−9 = 0 ⎝ λ +1 ⎠ ⎝ λ +1 ⎠

⇒ Line 3x + 4y – 9=0 Divides line joining the points A & B in 6 : 25 externally.

SECTION−D
Question numbers 26 to 30 carry 6 marks each.

26.

A statue 1.46 m tall, stands on the top of a pedestal. From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of the statue is 600 and from the same point the angle of elevation of the top of the pedestal is 450. Find the height of the pedestal (use 3 = 1.73 )

Ans. Let PQ = h, then PS = h RQ =1.46
PR In ∆PRS, tan60 = PS h + 1.46 3= h 3h = h + 1.46 1.46 1.46 h= 3 − 1 = 1.73 − 1 1.46 = 0.73 146 h = 73
o

(

)

h = 2. 27. In a class test, the sum of the marks obtained by P in Mathematics and Science is 28. Had he got 3 more marks in Mathematics and 4 marks less in Science, the product of marks obtained in the two subjects would have been 180. Find the marks obtained in the two subjects separately

OR
The sum of the areas of two squares is 640 m2. If the difference in their perimeters be 64m, find the sides of the two squares. Ans. Let the marks obtained in mathematics be M and marks obtained in Science be S. Now, M + S = 28 (given) M = 28 − S (i) Now, it is also given that (M+3) × (S-4)=180 (ii) Now, using equation (i) in equation (ii), we have ((28-S)+3) × (S-4)=180 (31-S) ×(S-4)=180 31S – 31 ×4 – S2+4S = 180 ⇒ S2 – 35S +304=0

S2 – 16S –19S +304=0 S(S – 16) – 19(S – 16) = 0 ⇒ S = 16 or 19 So, (i) , M =12 or 9 ∴ Marks obtained may be (12, 16) or (9, 19) in mathematics and science respectively.

OR
Let a be m length of the side of m first square and b be the length of m side of the second square. Now a2 + b2 = 640 (i) (given) Let a be m length of the side of m bigger square. 4a – 4b = 64 a – b = 160 ⇒ b = a – 16 (ii) putting m V value of b in terms of a from equation (ii), in equation (i), we get a2 + (a – 16)2 = 640 a2 + a2 – 32a + 256 = 640 2a2 –32a –384 = 0 a2 – 16a – 192 = 0 a2 – 24a + 8a –192 =0 ⇒ a(a – 24) + 8(a – 24) = 0 (a – 24) ( a + 8)=0 a = 24 or a = - 8, (not allowed) ∴ a =24 and then b = 24-16 =8 so given length of the sides of the two squares are 24 and 8 100 surnames were randomly picked up from a local telephone directory and the distribution of number of letters of the English alphabet in the surnames was obtained as follows: No. of letters 1− 4 4− 7 7−10 10−13 13−16 16−19 Number of 6 30 40 16 4 4 surnames Determine the median and mean number of letters is the surnames. Also find the modal size of surname. No. of letter 1-4 4-7 7-10 Number of surnames (fi) 6 30 40 xi 2.5 5.5 8.5 fixi 15 165 340

28.

Ans.

10-13 13-16 16−19 Total Mean No. of letters 1-4 4-7 7-10 10-13 13-16 16−19

16 4 4 Σfi = 100

11.5 14.5 17.5

184 58 70 Σfixi = 832

(x ) = ∑ f i x i
∑ fi

=

832 = 8.32 100

frequency 6 30 40 16 4 4

Cumulative frequency 6 36 76 92 96 100

n 100 = = 50 n = 100 ⇒ 2 2

l=7 cf = 36 f = 40 h=3

⎛n ⎞ ⎜ − cf ⎟ 2 ⎟×h l+⎜ ⎜ f ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ Median = ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ 100 ⎞ − 36 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟×3 7+⎜ 2 ⎜ 40 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ = ⎝ ⎠

= 8.05. No. of letters frequency 6 1-4 30 4-7 40 7-10 16 10-13 4 13-16 4 16−19 Model class = 7 − 10 l=7 h=3 f1 = 40 f0 = 30 f2 = 16

⎛ f1 − f 0 ⎞ ⎟ l+⎜ ⎜ ⎟×h Mode = ⎝ 2f1 − f 0 − f 2 ⎠
40 − 30 ⎛ ⎞ 7+⎜ ⎟×3 ⎝ 2 × 40 − 30 − 16 ⎠ =

= 7.88. 29. Prove that the ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of squares of their corresponding sides. Using the above result, prove the following: In a ∆ ABC, XY is parallel to BC and it divides ∆ABC into two parts
BX = of equal area. Prove that AB
2 −1 2

Ans. Let ∆ ABC similar to ∆DEF ∆ABC ~ DEF ∠ 1 = ∠3 ∠ AGB = ∠DHE = 900 each ∴ By AA property ∆ ABG ~ ∆DEH
B
AG AB = ∴ DH DE

A

1 G

2

C

D

(1)

E

3 H

4

F

1 BC × AG Ar (∆ABC ) 2 BC AB = = × Ar ( ∆DEF ) 1 EF DF EF × DH from (1) Now 2 2 Ar (∆ABC ) BC BC BC × = Now Q Ar (∆DEF ) = EF EF EF 2

=

AB 2 AC 2 = DE 2 DF 2

Q

∆ABC ~ ∆ DEF

Second part
Ar AXY 1 = Ar ABC 2 (given )

A X Y

∴ above)

AX 1 = 2 2 (Proved AB

B

C


1 1 1 AX AX AB − AX − AX = ⇒ =− ⇒ 1− = 1− = = AB AB AB AB 2 2 2 BX = AB 2 −1 2

2 −1 2

30.

A bucket made up of a metal sheet is in the form of a frustum of a cone of height 16 cm with diameters of its lower and upper ends as 16 cm and 40 cm respectively. Find the volume of the bucket. Also find the cost of the bucket if the cost of metal sheet used is Rs 20 per 100 cm2. (use π = 3.14)

OR
A farmer connects a pipe of internal diameter 20 cm from a canal into a cylindrical tank in his field which is 10 m in diameter and 2 m deep. If water flows through the pipe at the rate of 6 km/h., in how much time will the tank be filled? 30. Let OM = h ∆OND ~ ∆OMB ∴ ⇒ ⇒
DN LN 20 16 + h = ⇒ = BM OM 8 h

20h = 128 + 8h h = 10.67 cm

r1 C 40 cm N D

16 cm l1 A M 16 cm B

r2

h l2

O
1 2 πr h Volume of cone = 3 1 π 20 2 × 26.67 − 8 2 × 10.67 Volume of bucket = 3

[

]

= 10451.09 cm3 Curved surface of bucket = πrl Area of base = πr2 ∴ total surface of bucket = πrl + πr2 ∴ Curved surface of bucket = π × 20 × (l1) − π × 8 × (l2)
2 2 where l1 = 20 + 26.67 = 33.34a

l2 = 8 2 + 10.67 2 = 13.34a = 20 × 3.14 × 33.34 − 8 × 3.14 × 13.34 = 1758.65 Base area of bucket = π × 82 = 200.96 Total surface of bucket = 1758.65 + 200.96 = 1959.61 cm2 and
20 × 1959.61 = 391.92 Cost of metal = 100

OR
Volume of tank = πr2h = π × 52 × 2 = 50π m3 The volume of tater collected in the tank in 1 hr. = 6 × 1000 × π (0.1)2 = 60 π m3 ∴
50 π 5 = hr. Total time taken = 60π 6

= 50 min.