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PRACTISE QUESTIONS

ELECTROCHEMISTRY
1

For the Galvanic cell,

Ag | AgCl(s) | KCl (0.2 M) || KBr (0.001 M) | AgBr(s) | Ag
Calculate the emf generated and assign correct polarity to each electrode for a spontaneous
process after taking into account the cell at 25°C

Given Ksp(AgCl) = 2.8 × 10–10, Ksp (AgBr) = 3.3 × 10–13
1.

AgCl
Ag+ + Cl–
Ksp(AgCl)
[Ag+] [Cl–]
∴[Ag+]LHS =

K sp [ AgCl]
[Cl − ]

=

2.8 ×10 −10
= 1.4 × 10 −9 M
0 .2

AgBr
Ag++ Br–
Ksp(AgBr) =[Ag+] [Br–]
[Ag+]RHS =

K sp ( AgBr )
[Br − ]

=

3.3 × 10 −13
= 3.3 × 10 −10 M
0.001

Cell Reaction
E0
E 0Ag / Ag + = xV
Ag → Ag++ e–
LHS
+
E0Ag + / Ag = −E0Ag / Ag + = −xV
Ag + e– → Ag
RHS
–––––––––––––––––––––––
Ag+(RHS) → Ag+(LHS)
E0cell= 0.00 V

Cell
LHS
RHS

Net

[ Ag+ ]LHS
K=
[ Ag+ ]RHS
Ecell = E0cell –

0.0591
0.0591
1.4 × 10 −9
log K = 0 −
log
= – 0.0371 V
n
1
3.3 × 10 −10

To make Ecell positive, LHS cell should be cathode (+ve half cell)
2.

Assume that impure copper contains only iron, silver, and gold as impurities. After passage
of 140 A, for 482.5 s, the mass of the anode decreased by 22.260 g and the cathode
increased in mass by 22.011 g. Estimate the % iron and % copper originally present.

2.

The increase in mass of the cathode is solely due to copper. Hence, there is, 22.011 g of
copper (equivalent to 0.3464 mol) and therefore a total of 0.249 g of iron, gold and silver.
Only the iron and copper are oxidized. The gold and silver fall to the bottom in the anode
mud. Since each of the active metals requires 2 mol electrons per mol metal,
 140 C  1mol e -  1mol M2 + 
 = 0.3500 moles of M2+


there must be(482.5s) 
 s  96500 C  2 mol 
The no. of moles of iron is therefore 0.0036, and the mass of iron is 0.20g. The metal is
98.88% copper and 0.90% iron.

3. When a rod of metallic lead was added to a 0.01 M solution of [Co(en) 3]3+, it was found that 68%
of the cobalt complex was reduced to [Co(en)3] 2+ by lead.
i) Find the value of K for Pb + 2[Co(en)3]3+
Pb2+ + 2[Co(en)3] 2+
ii) What is the value of Eo [Co(en)3]3+|[Co(en)3] 2+
Given: Eo (Pb2+|Pb) = - 0.126 V

For KCl solution Specific conductance = 1 × cell constant resistance .771V Cd | Cd2+ (10.778] 4. a) Write down the half cell reaction involved in the following electrode. [Pb2+] = 0.76 > log0.173 > 0. Ecell > 0 ∴ E0cell > 0. CaCl2 (M) [Fe2 + ] b) What is the maximum value of ratio for which the following will act as [Fe+ ] electrochemical cell? E0 Cd / Cd2 + = 0. Fe3+ (Pt) [log 6 = 0. [Fe3 + ] [Fe3+ ] ∴ 5.0034 [Pb ][Co( en) ] K= 2 + −1 3 3 + −1 3 2+ [Co( en) ] On putting the various known values . we get K = 0.02 M solution of potassium chloride (specific conductance = 0.402) = 1.6 + 2log[ or..2768 S m-1 ) and measuring the resistance at 298K which was found to be 457. CaC2O 4(s) . E0 Fe2+ / Fe3 + = −0.) or.3 ohms. Pb | PbC2O 4(s) .059 [Cd2+ ][Fe2+ ]2 log 2 [Fe2+ ]2 Here E0cell = (0.6[Fe2+ ]2 log 2 [Fe3+ ]2  [Fe2+ ]  39. [Fe2+ ] should be less than 1× 1020 [Fe3 + ] A conductance cell was calibrated by filling it with a 0.3.0154 ii) ∆G10 = -nFE°cell = -2. The measured resistance was 1050 ohm. The cell was then filled with calcium chloride containing 0.6M) || Fe2+ . [Co(en)3]2+ = 0. 5.0032.173V ∴1. E°cell = -0.059 0.402V.18V 4.99 log < 20 (approx.059 [Cd2+ ][Fe2+ ]2 log 2 [Fe3 + ]2 to act as electrochemical cell. From here we get.303 RT log K. a) The half cell reaction is Pb(s) + CaC2O(s) ‡ˆ ˆˆ ˆ†ˆˆ PbC2O4(s) + Ca2+ + 2e− 3+ 2+ 2+ b) The cell reaction is Cd(s) + 2Fe → Cd + 2Fe Ecell = E0cell − 0.0536 V From which we can calculate E [Co(en)33+/[Co(en)32+] = −0. Calculate the molar conductance of CaCl2 solution.771 + 0. i) [Co(en)3]3+ = 0.555g CaCl2 per litre.0068 .   [Fe3 + ]   [Fe2+ ] [Fe2+ ] log < 19.

23V Adding equation (i) and (ii).555 mole dm-3 = 111 = 5 × 10 −3 mole dm-3 = 5 mole m−3 specific conductance Q Molar conductance= concentration 0. So. the reaction is thermodynamically favourable or spontaneous. 6. we get Fe (s) + 2H+ + 1 O2 (g) → 2 Fe+ (aq) + H2O (l).67V ∴ ∆G0 is negative.6 m−1 For CaCl2 solution Specific conductance = Conductance × Cell constant 0.7 KJ mol−1 0 0 And EZn+2 / Zn = −0.67V 0 Q ∆G0 = −nFECell ∴ E0Cell = positive = 1.3 ∴ cell constant = 0. 1 m−1 1050 κ = 0. of CaCl2 solution 0. The reactions are (i) Fe (s) → Fe+2 (aq) + 2e–. Given that enthalpy of the reaction is − 216.2768 × 457. 7. E0Cell = 1. 0 EFe = 0. The emf of the cell reaction.2768 ohm-1m−1 = …(1) …(2) Putting the value of cell constant from equation (1) in equation (2) ∴ specific conductance of CaCl2 solution. (ii) 2H+ + 1 O2 (g) + 2e− → 2 H2O (l).3 m-1 = 126.34V.0241 S m 2 mol-1 = 126.23 V Find whether the formation of Fe2+ (aq) is thermodynamically favorable or not.44V / Fe+2 (aq) E0 = +1. Iron is corroded by atmospheric oxygen under acidic condition to product Fe2+ (aq) ions initially. For the cell reaction +2 +2 Zn(s) + Cu(aq) → Zn(aq) + Cu(s) . 7. +2 +2 Zn(s) + Cu(aq) → Zn(aq) + Cu(s) Calculate the entropy change.76V and ECu+2 / Cu = + 0.1206 2 -1 ∧m = S m mol 5 = 0.44 V and for the reaction H2O ( l ) → 2H+ (g) + 1 O2 ( g) + 2e − 2 E0 = −1.6 m-1 × 6. . The standard reduction potential E0Fe2+/Fe = −0.1206 ohm-1m−1 Q conc.1 ohm −1 × cell constant 457.

8 × 10−4 volt / degree . Hg2Cl2(s) . 9. The net cell reaction 1 1 Pb + Agcl(s) → Ag + PbCl2 2 2 −1× 96500 × 0.1 M NaOH solution using a hydrogen electrode as the indicator electrode and saturated calomel electrode (SCE) as the reference electrode.14 cal/degree = 4. 8.1M) is being titrated potentiometrically against 0. 1 1 HPbCl2 − HPb − HAgCl 2 2 1 1 −12494 = 0 − × 86000 − × 0 − HAgCl 2 2 HAgCl = −43000 + 12494 = – 30506 cal/mole ∆H = HAs + 9.2422 + 0.H+ (pH = ?) || KCl satd.76 + 0.5 M) | AgCl (s) | Ag is 0. Pt Ecell = ESCE(redn) − EHydrogen(redn) = 0. = T 298 At 25°C.5 M) || HCl (0. What would be the EMF of the cell initially and after the addition of 20 mL of alkali at 25°C? Given Reduction potential of SCE = 0.1 = − 212.0591 pH at 25°C .76 J K−1 mol−1. if the heat of formation of lead chloride is – 86000 cal.HCl (0. ∆H0 − ∆G0 −216.34 = 1. solution. the emf of the cell Pb | PbCl2.2422 − 0.7 − ( −212.95]. H2 (1atm).3) = − 14.8 × 10 −4 ) = – 4.2422V.0 Q E0cell = E0Zn(s) / Zn+2 + ECu +2 (aq) ( aq) / Cu(s) = 0.500 × 1.2 = – 11260 cal ∆S = − d( ∆G) dE = nF dT dT 96500 ( −1. [log 9 = 0. 25 mL of a solution of HCl (0.49 ∆G = −nFE = 4.49 volts and its temperature coefficient dE = −1.0591 log [ [H+ ] = 0.2 ∆H of the reaction ∆H = ∆G + T∆S = – 11200 + 298 × (–4. The galvanic cell formed in this case is as follows: Pt.3 KJ Q ∆S0 = 8.1V ∴ ∆G0 = − nF E0cell = − 2 × 96.14) = – 12494 cal This heat of reaction is the algebraic sum of the heats of formation of the components. Hg(l) . Calculate dT a) the entropy change when 1 gm mol of silver is deposited and b) the heat of formation of AgCl.

Write down half cell reaction and calculate standard reduction potential for the half cell: Pt | 50 mL 0. 10.26 × 10 −4 ∧m = = 1.0×10–4.95 45 45 = 0.0×10–4S m2mol–1.92 × 76.133.34 × 10−4 Sm2mol−1 respectively and the specific conductance of a saturated solution of AgCl after substracting the specific conductance of water is 2.0×10–4 and 426.Initial pH of the 0.5 M ∴ pH = − log = 1. 421. HNO3 .80V 11.5 millimole [HCl = ∴ Ecell 0.2422 + 0. HNO3 and HCl are respectively.5 0.26 × 10−4 Sm2mol−1 K C K 2.1) = 1 ∴ Ecell = 0. The molar conductance at infinite dilution of AgNO3.82 × 10 −4 = 1. HCl − ∧ m. 0 ∧m (AgCl) = ∧0 Ag+ + ∧ 0 − = (61.5 millimole Amount of NaOH added = 20 × 0.0591× 1.95 = 0.82 × 10–4 S m–1.74 × 10–10 M2 The given half cell is: Pt | 0.65 × 10−5 )2 = 2.28 × 10−4 K ∴C = ≈ 0 = = 1. From Kohlrausch’s law 0 0 0 0 ∧m = ∧ m.32 × 10–2 mol m–3 = 1.5 M KCl solution.32 × 10–5)2 = 1.0591 = 0.5 M KCl saturated with AgCl and also in contact with AgCl(s) The half-cell reaction reduction: .1 M solution of AgNO 3 is added to precipitate out some AgCl.34)10 −4 Sm2 mol−1 Cl = 138. E 0Ag+ .3574V 10. AgNO3 + ∧ m.72 × 10 −10 mol2dm6 11.28 × 10 −4 Sm −1 . the ∧m0 values for Ag+ and Cl− ions are 61.32 × 10–5 mol dm–3 −4 138 × 10 C is the concentration of saturated solution of AgCl and hence its solubility Ksp = [Ag+] [Cl–] = C2 = (1. At 25°C .1 HCl: pH = − log[H+ ] = − log(0.2422 + 0. Calculate K sp of AgCl at 25°C . in which few drops of 0. At 25°C the specific conductance of a saturated solution of AgCl after substracting the specific conductance of water is 1.5 − 2 = 0.65 × 10 −2 mol m −3 ∧m ∧m 138.65 × 10 −5 mol dm −3 ∴ K sp = (1.3013V pH after addition of 20 mL alkali: Amount of HCl initially present = 25 × 0. AgCl = (133 + 426 – 421)10–4 = 138 × 10–4 S m2 mol–1 ∧ m0 ≈ ∧ m = κ C ∴C = κ(Sm −1 ) 0 ∧m (Sm 2mol −1 ) = 1.1 = 2 millimole Amount of HCl left unreached = 2.1 = 2. Ag = 0.92 × 10 −4 and 76.

26 × 107 13.0 sq. = 1 2 × 25  4 ÷  specific = 0.02 ohm–1 cm–1 conduc tance ×1000 6.1 M) | Ag Ecell = 0.7966 0. Ag. Ecell = E0cell − 0 E0cell = ERP Fe3 + / Fe RP(I3 / I ) 0.059 log Ksp = .0 cm apart and of area of cross-section 4.23 logK c = = 7. 12. Cl −E Ag − + E 0AgCl. Cl− = 0.059 logK c 2 2 × 0.26 × 107 ).54 V respectively for Fe3 + / Fe2+ and I3− / I− couples. Cl− 0.80 E 0AgCl.5 N solution of a salt placed between two platinum electrode 2. The standard reduction potentials in acid conditions are 0. Ag.54 = 0. Solution: 0.23 = ∴ K c = 6. Calculate the equivalent conductance of solution. 0.AgCl(s) + e Ag(s) + Cl– Calculation of E0 AgCl(s) + e Ag(s) + Cl– (reduction) Ag(s) Ag+ + e (oxidation) –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– AgCl(s) Ag+ + Cl– (cell reaction which is solubility equilibrium controlled by Ksp) 0 0 E 0cell = Ereduction (RHE where reduction occur) – Ereduction (LHE where oxidation occurs) 0 0 = E AgCl. Specific conductance (κ) = Conductance × Cell constant = 1  l × R  a ÷  ∧c = 14.224 V 12.7966 = 6.23V 2+ As.5 = 40 ohm–1 cm2 eq–1 Find the solubility product of a saturated solution of Ag2CrO4 in water at 298K if the emf of the cell: Ag | Ag+ (sat Ag2CrO4 solution) || Ag+ (0.059 log 1 [Ag+ ]RHS .164V Ecell = E0cell – [Ag+ ]LHS 0. Ag − 0. Calculate the equilibrium constant for the reaction 2Fe3+ + 3I− ‡ˆ ˆˆ ˆ†ˆˆ 2Fe2+ + I3− .02 × 1000 = C (equiv L−1 ) 0.059 0. cm has a resistance of 25 ohms.1 M) | Ag is 0. (antilog 7.77 and 0. Ag.164 at 298K For cell Ag | Ag+ (saturated solution of Ag2CrO4) || Ag+ (0.77 − 0.059 logK c ⇒ E0cell = logK c 2 2 − E0 − − = 0. For the chemical change 2Fe3+ + 3I− ‡ˆ ˆˆ ˆ†ˆˆ 2Fe2+ + I3− At equilibrium Ecell = 0 0.59 Thus. 14.

Pt 1 At L. W × 1000 = 1. of I2 liberated = m equiv.115 Determine the value of n 15.0592 log[H+ ]2 1 .66 × 10 −4    2   ∴ Ksp = 2.0242A 15. The half cell reaction is A(x+n)+ + ne– → Ax+ Its Nernst equation E = E° – 0.2 0. 16.(ii) n 51. 25°) and are interconnected through a salt-bridge.059 log 1 0. EH / H = EH0 / H − + 0 = EH / H + 0.66 × 10–4]2 1.164 = E0Ag / Ag+ + E0Ag+ / 4 − [Ag+ ]LHS 0. of electrons lost per molecule = 1 ∴ Molarity of Na2S2O3 solution = Normality meq. of Na2S2O3 = 21.98 ≈ 2 16.⇒ 0.0831 M solution of sodium thiosulphate following the reaction: I2 + 2S2O32– → 2I– + S4O62–.1 ∴ [Ag+]LHS = 1. Two weak acid solutions HA and HA each with same concentration and having pKa values 3 and 5 are placed in contact with hydrogenelectrode (1 atm.f.059 [reduced form] log n [oxidised form] Substituting the given values.m. A constant current was flown for 2 hour through a solution of KI.H. H2(1 atm) | HA2 || HA1 | H2 (1 atm). of cell.287 × 10–12 mol3 liltre–3 15.4 0.807 Thus. we get 24. At the end of experiment liberated iodine consumed 21. The half cell potential of a half cell Ax+.S.75 × 0.8 log – ----------.75 mL of 0.807 E i ×t i × 2 × 60 × 60 W = = 1.059 48.8 Cell potential /V 0. A(x+n)+/Pt were found to be as follows Percent of reduced form 24.87 × 10–3 = 96500 96500 E ∴ i = 0.059 log --------.0592 (pH)2 + + 2 0.4 48.115 = E° Substracting equation (i) from (ii) and solving for n n≈ 1. The cell is represented as Pt.6 n 0. Find e.101 = E° – 0.66 × 10–4M Ksp for Ag2CrO4 2Ag+ + CrO42– Ksp = [Ag+]2 [CrO42–] = [1. What was the average rate of current flow in ampere? 15: 2S2O32– → S4O62– + 2e n-factor of sodium thiosulphate = no.(i) 75.101 0.0831 = 1.

78 + 0.0592 log [H+ ]2 1 0. Pt || MnO4– (H+) | Mn+2.8M H+ and which has been treated with 90% of the Fe 2+ necessary to reduce all the MnO4– to Mn2+.78 – 0. The standard reduction potential for the half-cell NO3− (aq) + 2H+(aq) + e– → NO2(g) + H2O is 0.0592 [5 − 3] 2 (for /H II) = 0.51 V Let us consider Galvanic cell is H+ (1M) | H2(1atm).88969 volt In neutral solution [H+] = 10–7 M 1 0.0592 17.H.0592 × 1  pK a2 − pK a1  2  Ecell = 0.0592 log 64 = 0. The half cell is NO3− (aq) = 2H+ (aq) + e– → NO2(g) + H2=O 0 Given ENO − 3 ∴ ENO − 3 = 0.S.8288 = – 0. Pt Anode half cell : 2H+ (1M) → H2 (1atm) + 2e– Cathode half cell: MnO4– + 8H+ + 5e– → Mn+2 + 4H2O .0592 log1014 1 0. 18.0592 1 log + 1 [H ]1 = EH0 + / H − = EH / H − 0. EH H /H 0.0592 1 0.0592 ∴ Eel = E0el – log [H+ ]2 1 0 = Eel − 0.0592 1 log 2 – 1 (8) / NO2 = 0. 17.0592 log26 = 0. Calculate the potential of an indicator electrode versus the standard hydrogen electrode which originally 0.0592 1 log 1 (10−7 )2 = 0.78 – 0.0592 log(64)−1 1 = 0.78 – = 0.e.0592 × log1014 = 1 0.78 – 0 = ENO − / NO 3 2 - 1 log [H+ ]2 0. c] 0 0 ∴ Ecell = EH / H (for II) + EH + = + 0.78 + 0.0488 volt 18.1M MnO4– and 0.78 / NO2 – 1 0.At R. MnO4– + 8H+ + 5e– → Mn2+ + 4H2O E° = 1.0592(pH)1 For acid HA HA 0 + 1 H+ + A1− 1 [H+] = K a × c ∴ (pH)1 = Similarly (pH)2 = 1 1 pKa1 − 2 2 log C 1 1 pKa2 − logc 2 2 [Since concentration of both acids HA1 and HA2 are same i.78 volt i) Calculate the reduction potential in 8 M H + ii) What will be the reduction potential of the half cell in a neutral solution? Assume all other species to be at unit concentration.

03 V and temperature coefficient of e.36 × 109) = 1.03] = -13842 J/mol = –13.m.8 − 100 × 8 ÷  100    +2 reaction with Fe (0. A test for complete removal of Cu 2+ ions from a solution of Cu 2+(aq) is to add NH3(aq).1   0.842 KJ/mol 20.51 – 0 0. Then sufficient quantity of NH 3(aq) is added to the electrolyzed solution maintaining [NH3] = 0.0591 log (5.5546 gms 96500 2 × 96500 [Cu2+] = . Calculate the heat of reaction for the change taking place inside the cell.8 0 0.4×10-4 V per degree  dT P   dE    − E   dT P  As ∆H = nF T = 2×96500 [298×(-1. would a blue colour be shown by the electrolyzed solution on addition of NH3? Cu2+ + 4NH3 [Cu(NH3)4]2+ Kf = [Cu(NH3 )4 ]2+ [Cu2 + ][NH3 ]4 Blue colour will be noticed upto [Cu(NH3)4]2+= 1 × 10–5 Thus at this stage 1.4×10-4 V) per degree. 20. potential of an indicator electrode versus the SHE is 1.1. 63.1× 90   Alter Complete  0. 19. electrode potential of indicator electrode [Mn2 + ] EMnO− / Mn+2 = Eo − +2 − 0.1 × 1013 and thus confirms the presence of Cu2+ in solution.1149 = 1.03 V T = 273+25 = 298 K n=2  dE    = .09) log 5 (0.08) So.1)4 E.395 V because ESHE = 0 19.51 – 0.5 × 1350 Cu deposited (w) = = = 1.0591 (0.5 × 3.1×1013 × (0. If [Cu(NH3)4]2+ is detectable upto its concentration as low as 1 × 10–5.0591 log MnO / Mn 4 4 5 [MnO-4 ] [H+ ]8 = 1.f of cell Zns|ZnSO4|| CuSO4|Cus at 25°C is 0. F= 96500 C E = 0.08)8 0.1 0.67 × 10 −9 0.09) 0.0591 9 log 5 1.f is (–1.01) (0.5 ampere for 1350 seconds.Initial Conc.i. The e.01) (0. A blue colour signifies the formation of complex [Cu(NH3)4]2+ having Kf = 1. 250 ml of 0.51 – 5 = 1.1M CuSO4(aq) is electrolyzed by passing a current of 3.1× 90 100 (0.m.51 – = 1.1 ÷  0.0 ×10 −5 = 9.1 M.t.1 × 10–15M 1.395 V Thus.: 0.4×10-4)-0.

059 log [ Ag+ ] 1 0.5 = 1. HA is a weak acid.77 .8 ∴ Ka = 2.1 = 0.5 × 10–4 When 40 ml and NaOH is added.5875 – 1. 0 [ E Ag / Ag = 0. The EMF of the cell Pt |H2 (1 atm).8 M) | Ag is 0.059 1 log 0.5 × 250 Thus solution will show blue colour. [H + ] 0.9V.8.994 V 1× 0.799 – 1 [ Ag+ ] E = E° – [Ag+] = 9.05 × 40 ) pH = pKa + log ( 0.503 = 0. log 2=0. as it will provide appreciable Cu2+ to form complex. 21. + 21.301] + 22.05 g was dissolved in a small quantity of nitric acid to produce aqueous solution of Pb2+ and Ag+ (which is present as impurity).5 + 0.30120 = 3.5875 gms 1000 Weight of Cu2+ left in solution = 1. 23.62 × 10–6 × 1000 = 2.059 1.5546 = 0.4336 cm-1 .0296% 22.05 × 40 ) pH = 4 – log 2. 30 ml) || Ag+ (0.1 M.1× 63. the [H+] is given by ( 0.05 M NaOH (40 ml) is added to the cathode compartment. conductance = cell constant × conductance Cell constant = sp.503 V at 25°C.0224×64 = 1.1 Weight of Cu2+ = 250 × 0.62 × 10–6 M 300 Moles of Ag+ = 9.89 × 10–6 Mass of Ag = 2. log 6.0224 ohm−1cm−1 .059 log 1/ 2 Since E = E0C – E0A – 1 PH2 [ Ag + ] [ ] 0. Calculate the EMF when 0.07 × 10–3 63.9 [H+] = 1.799 V. a pure silver electrode was immersed in the solution and the potential difference between this electrode and a standard hydrogen electrode o was found to be 0. What is the cell constant? We known that sp. 1 0.11 × 10–4 g ∴ Percentage of Ag = 0. Neglect amount of Ag+ converted to Ag.0329 gms [Cu2+] left = 0.25 × 10–4 0. What was the % of Ag in the lead metal? Given E( Ag / Ag ) =0.8 23.0329 × 1000 = 2. HA (0. The resistance of a cell containing the solution was found to be 64. Specific conductance of a decinormal solution of KCl is 0.1× 30 − 0.77 – 0 – 0.Millimoles of Cu2+ present (initial) = 250 × 0. A sample of lead weighing 1.25 × 10 −4 log E = 0.9 = 0. conduc tan ce conduc tan ce = sp conductance × resistance = 0. The volume of the solution was increased to 300 ml by adding water.89 × 10–6 × 108 = 3.3=0.77V .059 Ka × c log 1 1× 0.

46 volt applying next equation ° ECell = Ecell Cu+2  0. The cell can be represented as Cu/Cu+2||Ag+|Ag The cell reaction is Cu+2Ag+ → Cu2+ + 2Ag E°cell = oxi potential of anode + red potential of cathode = -0.0591 log10 (ion) n o Putting the values of Ered = 0. 25. For what concentration of Ag+ will the emf of the cell at 250 C be zero.154×10-9 M . 24.4640 × 10 −17 15   4.1 M Ered =0.24. Construct a galvanic cell using these electrodes so that its standard emf is positive. n = 2 and [Cu2+] = 0.0591  Ag+    Cu2 +    = 4. Calculate the electrode potential of a copper electrode dipped in a 0.1) 2 = 0.02955 = 0.02 M? ° ° Given ECu+2 / Cu = 0.31045 volt 25.80 volt respectively.0591  = log  2 2 +  Ag    Cu+2    = 2 × 0.0591 log(0.34 and 0. 34+0.6345 log 2 0.34V.462 = 15.0591  − log  2 2  Ag+    When Ecell = 0 Cu+2  0.80 = 0.34 + 0.34 volt and E Ag+ / Ag = 0.3102 × 1015 2  Ag+    2 0.80 volt the standard emf will be positive if Cu/Cu2+ is anode and Ag+/Ag is cathode.3102 × 10 E°cell [Ag+] = 2.34 volts at 298 K. The standard reduction potential of Cu+2 | Cu and Ag+ | Ag electrodes are 0.1 M solution of copper sulphate at 250 C the standard electrode potential of Cu+2 | Cu system is 0.02  Ag+  = = 0. o We known that Ered = Ered + 0. If concentration of Cu+2 is 0.38 + 0.02955×(-1) = 0.34 – 0.

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