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in, (M) 9437034172/9583492387 (summary) Veda is world & its representation in words. Brāhmaṇa is one who knows Brahma = universe. In Veda of word form, Brāhmaṇa is explanatory text. Collection of Mantras seen by various Ṛṣis is Samhitā. Its explanation part is called Brāhmaṇa, divided into 3 parts- Brāhmaṇa, Āraṇyaka, Upaniṣad. This is parallel to structure of world-Original source + 3 Dhāmas-Universe, Galaxy, Solar system. There is another 1+3 division of Vedas-root Atharva + Ṛk-Yaju-Sāma, all indicated by a branch of Palāsa having 3 leaves, a symbol of Brahmā. Ārya-samāja views only Samhitā as Veda, thinking that Brāhmaṇa is only its explanation. But no text is complete without explanation and it has to be integral part. Veda indicates parallel of world & word, and link of world at 3 levels-cosmic, physical, inner- needs understanding of all sciences at level not achieved so far in modern science. Possibly separate existence of 3 systems needs that links remain beyond experiment. That level was achieved before mantras were seen and stopped after decline of science in Mahābhārata period. First texts were written in time of Svāyambhuva Manu (29102 BC), called Human Brahmā, and those texts are of Brahma Sampradāya. Later on, in time of Vaivasvata Manu (13902 BC), some revisions specially in Śukla Yajurveda were done. These texts were of Āditya sampradāya, revived by Yājñavalkya, slightly before Mahābhārata. Brāhmaṇa texts explain link of rituals with actual processes in cosmic, physical, inner worlds. Āraṇyaka is practical method, Upaniṣad is settled principles. One example is given which states that number of cells in human brain is equal to number of stars in galaxy or number of galaxies in visible universe. All these are 100 billion, so visible world Gaṇeśa is called Kharva (100 billion). 1. Veda as Word & World-Real world and its processes are expressed point wise in words called Vāk-Artha-Pratipattiवागर्ाािवव संपृक्तौ वागर्ा प्रििपत्तये। जगिः िपिरौ वन्दे पावािीपरमेश्वरौ॥ (रघुवंश १/१) Manu-smṛti (1/21) also tells that words were formed by Brahmā as per their acts (artha)सवेषाा॑ िु स नामािन कमाािि च पृर्क् पृर्क् । वेद शब्देभ्य एवादौ पृर्क् सा॑स्र्ाश्च िनमामे। Its root is in Ṛgvedaहररः सृजानः पथ्यामृिस्येयर्ति वाचमररिेव नावम्। देवो देवानां गुह्यािस नामाऽऽिवष्कृ िोिि बर्तहिष प्रवाचे॥ (ऋक् ९/९५/२) = Hari is translated as Harita-soma by Sāyaṇa-This is energy radiated from sun creating green leaves with chlorophyll. That is start of life. Names are for discrete objects. To express a
eternal. (3) Āraṇyaka-application-Arā ends of solar system. all-powerful. sonorous chanting of Sāma from udgītha (start) to nidhāna.१) = Śabda (sound or Vedas) is Nirañjana (non. half hundred arā (edges). Devī is three-veda. श्वेिाश्विर उपिनषद् १/११) .attached). Person thorough in word form reaches supreme Brahma. By this we express a continuous thought in ocean of knowledge like a man crosses ocean with ship.thought. another is beyond that (world). there are 4 stages of Vedas-(1) Samhitā-collection of mantras. (4) Earth is Pada (feet) where we are based. ऄनाददिनधनं ब्रह्म शब्दित्त्वं िनरञ्जनम् । िववत्तािेऽर्ाभावेन प्रदिया जगिो यिः ॥ (वाक्यपदीय. karma. By that. talk among whole world and destroyer of sorrows. 3 covers (3 closed dhāmas). (4) Upaniṣad = to sit down. influencing Bhava (Śiva). ब्रह्मकाण्ड. (2) Brahmāṇḍa = Galaxy with 1011 stars-Parameṣṭhī = largest brick or cave. 16 ends. 20 pratyarā (branch spokes). िमेकनेमम ित्रवृिं षोडशान्िं शिाधाारं मवशिि प्रमयरािभः। ऄष्टकै ः षिभभर्तवश्वरूपैकपाशं ित्रमागं भेदं िद्विनिमत्तैक मोहम्॥ (श्वेिाश्विर उपिनषद् १/४) Wheel of world has one nemi (axle). The whole world is running with the artha (meaning. ṛta is related matters. (2) Brāhmaṇa = explanationBrahmāṇḍa. or form) of this śabda only. by 6 octets world is bound. jñāna. द्वे ब्रह्मिी वेददिव्ये शब्द-ब्रह्म परं च यि्। शाब्दे ब्रह्मिि िनष्िािः परं ब्रह्मािधगच्छिि॥ (मैत्रायिीउपिनषद्६/२२) = Two forms of Brahma are known-one is word. (3) Solar system. 2. These 3 paths are explained in Āraṇyaka. Branches of world & Veda-There are 4 dhāmas in space-(1) Collection of 1011 galaxies in visible universe-Svayambhū. Satya is pointed truth. Correspondingly. बृहस्पिे प्रर्मं वाचो ऄग्रं यि् प्रैरि नामधेयं दधानाः। यदेषां श्रेष्ठं यदररप्रमासीि् प्रेिा िदेषां गुहािवः॥ (ऋक् १०/७१/१) = Bṛhaspati (authorized by Brahmā) gave names to all objects. 3 paths to be free of moha of 2 sources-Bhakti. As indicated in first quote of Kālidāsa. Yajur. we have to include Ṛta. thoughts within guha (cave of mind) was best expressed. settled principle. Veda as world is male & its word representation is femaleशब्दािममकां सुिवमलर्गयाजुषां िनधानमुद्गीर् रम्य पदपाठविां च साम्नाम्। देवी त्रयी भगविी भव भावनाय वािाा च सवाजगिां परमार्तिहन्त्री॥ (दुगाासप्तशिी४/१०) = Devī (goddess) is in word form consisting of pure Ŗk. पञ्चपादं िपिरं द्वादशाकृ मि ददवः अहः परे ऄधे पुरीिषिम्। ऄर्ेमे ऄन्य उ परे िवचक्षिं षडर अहरर्तपिम्॥ (ऋक् १/१६४/१२.
१२) Śākhā of Vedas are as follows-Ṛk-21. २५१/११. So. Motion or change in 10 dimensional world will be of 10x10 types. सवं हेदं ब्रह्मिा हैव सृष्टम् ॥ (िैित्तरीय ब्राह्मि ३/१२/८/१) = All forms are from Ŗk. . the complete is created by Brahma (Atharva). lokas) with 6 edges (seasons). . as in examples belowऄरण्यिमयान्न पुनरे याि्-आमयुपिनषि् (ब्रह्मसूत्र ३/४/४०-शाङ्कर भाष्य) नान् िु िवद्या ऄिवद्या च। स यदेव िवद्यया करोिि. श्रद्धया उपिनषदो िदेव वीयावत्तरं भविि। (छान्दोर्गय उपिनषद् १/१/१०) िस्योपिनषदहररिि. सवाा गिियााजुषी हैव शश्वि् । सवं िेजं सामरूप्यं ह शश्वि्. all field of influence is Sāma. Others describe its 7 cycles (Chhanda. Yajur-101. स्वगास्योपिनषच्छमः॥ (महाभारि. all motion from Yajuş (or Yajur). It resides in Pura (structure) of size of half Parā (0. . Upaniṣad always means settled principle. Yajurveda of motion has 101 branches. . दानस्योपिनषत्तपः॥ िपसोपिनषत्त्यागः. one is static or eternal source. . .5 x 1017 yojana circumference) which is outer side filled with water (purīṣiṇam). Old version was made by Svāyambhuva Manu (26000 years before Kali in 3102 BC-Brahmāṇḍa purāṇa 1/2/7). मोक्ष पवा. (१/१/१). Atharva -50 or 9. Since he ) . branches in word form are almost same text with local variations. yugas. िस्योपिनषदहिमिि। (बृहदारण्यक उपिनषद् ६/५) िस्य वा एिस्याग्नेिवव उपिनषि्. Practically. १२ १३ ( Viśva are divided into 3 & 7 parts-making it 21 = Ṛk śākhās describing form. मयागस्योपिनषि् सुखम्। सुखस्योपिनष स्वगाः. समयस्योपिनषद्दमः। दमस्योपिनषद्दानं. Sāma is motion & its effect having 10x10x10 =1000 types. ऄर्ादेशा उपिनषदाम्। (शिपर् ब्राह्मि १०/४/५/१) ऄर् खिववयं सवास्यै वाच उपिनषि् (ऐिरे य अरण्यक ३/२/५) ित्र िवददिे सांख्ये औपिनषदे ब्राह्मिि िवषयः। (गीिा २/३१. Branches of K ṛṣṇa yajurveda were spread all over the world. śukla yajurveda branches were only in India when Vedas vanished elsewhere (Charaṇa-vyūha of Śaunaka). . नीलकण्ठ भाष्य) वेदस्योपिनषि् समयम्. Sāma -1000 (or 13). 12 Ākṛti (months) in bright zone (Divah).Prajāpati (creator) in form of Samvatsara (solar system) has 5 feet (5 seasons) as pitara (creative forms). Atharva is foundation or fixed reference ऋर्गभ्यो जािां सवाशो मूर्तत्तमाहः. शािन्ि पवा.
Indra. these branches are called Brahma sampradāya. Even in Samhitā part. Brāhmaṇa as Veda-Ārya-samaj does not count Brāhmaṇa part as Veda. Ślokas (praise or description of beings). Sūtra (aphorims). Anu-vyākhyāna (supplementary explanations). Varuṇa. Yajurveda. Sāmaveda. Even among branches considered main. Later on. This was called Āditya sampradāya. Vyākhyāna (lecture). 256). 3 or 7 vyāhṛti (names of lokas) can be understood only from Bhāgavata (& other) purāṇas. Vedic texts indicate that all collection of mantras and their explanations are Vedas. but some are arbitrarily called Vedas and others as branch only. Upanişads (principles). All these are His breath only. śānti parva chapters 255. These include many texts related to Brāhmaṇa alsoएवं वा ऄरे ऽस्य महिो भूिस्य िनःश्विसिमेिद्यदृर्गवेदो यजुवेदः सामवेदोऽर्वाािङ्गरस आििहास पुराि िवद्या उपिनषदः श्लोकाः सूत्राण्यनुव्याख्यानािन व्याख्यानािन ऄस्यैवैिािन िनःश्विसिािन । (बृहदारण्यक उपिनषद् २/४/१०) = From the breath of that Great Being are Ŗgveda.was the first of 7 human Brahmās (Mahābhārata. Dvāpara (4800 + 3600 + 2400 = 10800) ended in 3102 BC. not even from triple Brāhmaṇa texts. In 1718. and Devī-Bhāgavata purāṇa etc- . all branches are equivalent. 3. It may be noted that Gāyatrī mantra is considered primary qualification for study of Vedas and this mantra only is taught in Yajñopavīta or Vedārambha samskāra. so Yājñavalkya revived it slightly before Mahābhārata (3139 BC) and wrote Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa to explain the science of Vedas. 10% mantras are rejected outright as Ārya-samaj does not accept existence of dead Pitars. Purāṇa (sequence and cause of creation). Śrī Baladeva Vidyābhūṣaṇa of Chaitanya sect wrote a commentary Govinda-Bhāṣya on Brahma-sūtra where he quoted in introduction the famous verse of Garuḍapurāṇa about purpose of Bhāgavata purāṇaThis properly explains the background of Bhāgavata purāṇa as explained in Bhāgavata itself. Aryamā. Atharva-āngirasa. Vivasvān (sun. Itihāsa (history). Remaining verses are twisted to translate each word as Parameśvara only. Tretā. as in the first verse of Āryābhivinaya stotra (collection of 100 Ṛk verses by Dayananda) all the 6 forms or parts of space are called Parameśvara-Mitra. It appears that many parts were lost in glacial floods of 10000 BC. Bṛhaspati & Urukramaशं नो िमत्रः शं वरुिः शं नो भवमययामा। शं न आन्रो बृहस्पििः शं नो िवष्िुरुरुिमः॥ (ऋर्गवेद १/९०/९. Āditya) revived Vedas and his son Vaivasvata Manu was in 13902 BC after whom Satya. Vidyā (techniques). its importance (māhātmya) in Padma-purāṇa. This is famous story that he vomited older Kṛṣṇa yajurveda received from his Guru and by worship of sun obtained new version. specially Yajurveda. वाजसनेिय यजु ३६/९) However.
Vedas are true simultaneously in 3 world systems image of each other(a) Cosmic = ādhidaivika. without concept of sciences. (b) Physical on earth = ādhibhautika. Probably. result of interlink since start of creation. Āyurveda. Then we have to define technical words by comparing various meanings in Vedic literature (including Purāṇa etc) and in current languages of India in unbroken tradition of Vedic Sanskrit. Till today. Yajña. and other physical sciences. physiology. so that world systems survive independently. cause of change. (c) Expansion of Gāyatrī-mantra which is origin of Vedas. its effect on earth. it is necessary for independent existence of 3 worlds that they remain separated by Māyā so much that their link cannot be seen. Thus. Brahma to Stamba-14 levels. Veda-mantra has no meaning. Language structure-To understand scientific meaning.(a) Meaning of Brahma-sūtras written as summary of unification of Vedic thought by VedaVyāsa himself. Adhividyā-perception of other objects. (c) Within human body = ādhyātmika. there link will always remain beyond experimental science. structure & minerals. man. we have to be aware of ancient & modern sciences as needed for the context. separated by Māyā. plants. The generalized meaning is definition. called Jyotiṣa-eye of vedas. astronomy. Adhiprajā-Living beings. Nirukta etc are guide. In a sentence. Science in Vedas. Ādhyātmika meaning depends on knowing anatomy. Gītā and some phrases of Brāhmaṇa. Ādhibhautika meaning depends upon knowledge of geography of earth. There is another classification of 5 which has 2 extra formsपञ्चस्विधकरिेषु। ऄिधलोक-मिधज्यौििष-मिधिवद्य-मिधप्रजा-मध्याममम्॥ (िैित्तरीय उपिनषद् १/३/१) Adhiloka =Cosmic structures. When there is doubt. but has not been perceived by experiments of science. 18 levels of ātmā as world or individual. each . (b) Removal of contradictions appearing in Mahābhārata. written earlier by Veda-Vyāsa. their image as man. Adhyātma-Within human body. Yoga. This key verse was removed from Garuḍa purāṇa in 1780 by Eric Pargiter & William Jones for their arbitrary distortion of Veda-purāṇas. Adhijyautiṣa-cosmology. ऄध्याय ८) ऄध्यामममिधभूिमिधदैवं च (ित्त्व समास ७) This unification or link between 3 worlds is logical. 5. Ādhidaivika meaning is based on knowledge of cosmology & astronomy. ऄक्षरं ब्रह्म परमं स्वभावोऽध्यामम उच्यिे। भूिभावोद्भवकरो िवसगाः कमासंिििः॥३॥ ऄिधभूिं क्षरो भावः पुरुषश्चािधदैविम्। ऄिधयिोऽहमेवात्र देहद े ह े भृिां वर॥४॥ (गीिा. Possibly. we do not have clear idea of interlink between cosmic system with earth and man. 4. (d) Explanation of Vedas.
we get Lomagartta = muhūrtta x 15-7 = about 75000 part of 1 second. One example is given below which indicates accurate number of galaxies. and in human body particles are cellएभ्यो लोमगत्तेभ्य ऊध्वाािन ज्योिींष्यान्। िद्यािन ज्योिींिषः एिािन िािन नक्षत्रािि। यावन्मयेिािन नक्षत्रािि िावन्िो लोमगत्तााः। (शिपर् ब्राह्मि १०/४/४/२) पुरुषो वै सम्वमसरः॥१॥ दश वै सहस्राण्यष्टौ च शिािन सम्वमसरस्य मुहूत्तााः। यावन्िो मुहूत्ताास्िाविन्ि पञ्चदशकृ मवः िक्षप्रािि। याविन्ि िक्षप्रािि. (2) Each object of physical world is named as per its functions. Bible calls man as image of God (Genesis 1/27). stars in our galaxy and cells in human body. That needs 6 Darśana. so that same meaning is understood in each era. so this unit is called Lomagartta. galaxy & universe are given more accurately in Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa. galaxy is particle. After 7 divisions. but their link is not clear in modern science so far. To make Vedas in words as replica of real world we have to create a complicated structure of language(1) Complete world can be viewed in 5 dimensions of mechanical world and 5 levels of Chetanā. For universe. Puru ṣa is 10 . its gartta (pit) is a cell. That is provided by Sanskrit since time of Brahmā (29102 BC).word is defined by remaining words.Many definitions and explanations from Brāhmaṇa texts are quoted above. यावन्िो िह लोके मूर्तिमन्िो भाविवशेषास्िावन्िः पुरुषे. Loma is hair on skin. Then we can find units of measure by comparing current measures & definitions given there. िावन्ि एिे स्िोकाः वषािन्ि। (शिपर् ब्राह्मि १२/३/२/५) This divides muhūrtta (15 part of day of 12 hours = 48 minutes) successively by 15 at each stage. geography. There are about 1012 lomagarttas in 1 samvatsara (year)-that is equal to number of cells in a man. 6. यावन्िः पुरुषे िावन्िो लोके ॥ (चरक संिहिा. शारीरस्र्ानम् ५/२) Equal number of particles in man. Link between name & function is based on generalized definition to include new objects. For galaxy. branches of science. यजु १७/७९) (4) There should be a continuity of language. These numbers were known only after 1985. language. and 6 darśa-vāk (scripts). Parallel measure of man & world. Charaka samhitā. śārīra sthāna tells the sameपुरुषोऽयं लोक सिम्मि आमयुवाच भगवान् पुनवासुः अत्रेयः. (3) Meanings of words are extended in 7 samsthās-script. िाविन्ि पञ्चदशकृ मवः एिहीिि। यावन्मयेिहीिि िाविन्ि पञ्चदशकृ मव आदानीिन। यावन्िीदानीिन िावन्िः पञ्चदशकृ मवः प्रािाः। यावन्िः प्रािाः िावन्िो ऽनाः। यावन्िोऽनाः िावन्िो िनमेषाः। यावन्िो िनमेषाः िावन्िो लोमगत्तााः। यावन्िो लोमगत्तााः िाविन्ि स्वेदायनािन। याविन्ि स्वेदायनािन. history. inner world and spaceआिीमािन चमवारर पदजािान्यनुिान्िािन। नामाख्यािे चोपसगा-िनपािाश्च (िनरुक्त १/१२) सवेषां िु स नामािन कमाािि च पृर्क् पृर्क् । वेद शब्देभ्य एवादौ पृर्क् संस्र्ाश्च िनमामे॥(मनु स्मृिि १/२१) यास्सप्त संस्र्ा या एवैिास्सप्त होत्राः प्राचीवाषट् कु वािन्ि िा एव िाः। (जैिमनीय ब्राह्मि उपिनषद् १/२१/४) छन्दांिस वाऽऄस्य सप्त धाम िप्रयािि । सप्त योनीररिि िचििरे िदाह । (शिपर् ब्राह्मि ९/२/३/४४. stars are particles.
१/५५/३. addressed as Dvija (Brāhmaņa). Planet earth-Its measure should start from human size. २/७/३. Thus. In this time light ray travels 270 meters which is distance covered by a rain-drop in air. x 107 = 224 Man Earth x 107 = 224 Solar system x 107 = 224 x 107 = 224 Galaxy Universe आयमेव (पृिर्वी) गायत्री-जैिमनीय उपिनषद् ब्राह्मि. (4) Whatever is the size of earth by diameter and circumference. all three numbers are equalGalaxies in space = stars in galaxy = cells in human brain = 1011. which is implied but not stated. its Koṭi of world is solar system which is its sky and is 107 times bigger. so Koṭi = 107 . but is taken in same ratio of Koṭi = 107 . ७/३/११) गायत्र्या वै देवा आमान् लोकान् व्याप्नुवन् (िाण्य महा ब्राह्मि.000 parts of 1 second. १६/१४/४) Measure of ‘Go’ is Gāyatrī chhanda. There are 3 earths in each level. which has 1011 cells in brain. Each closed compact body is earth. its sky has same ratio as man is related to earth (107 times)ििस्रो भूमीधाारयन् त्रीरुिद्यून्त्रीिि व्रिा िवदर्े ऄन्िरे षाम्। ऋिेनाददमया मिह वो मिहमवं िदयामन् वरुि िमत्र चारु॥ (ऋक् २/२७/८. For each earth. its sky is universe. Stated by Maitreya to Parāśara.४) = (3) The zone lighted by sun and moon is Pŗthivī (earth) and in all the earths-ocean. For the largest earth galaxy. िैित्तरीय संिहिा २/१/१३/५) Three earths are defined according to extent of zones lighted by sunरिवचन्रमसोयाावन्मयूखैरवभास्यिे ।स समुर सररच्छैला पृिर्वी िाविी स्मृिा ।३। यावमप्रमािा पृिर्वी िवस्िार पररमण्डलाि् । नभस्िावमप्रमािं वै व्यास मण्डलिो िद्वज ।४। (िवष्िु पुराि. The same is number of nakṣatras-these are stars for galaxy and beyond that galaxy itself is a nakṣatra.20. the same is diameter and circumference of its sky. So it is called ayana (motion) of sveda (water drop). १/४/१/३४. शिपर् ब्राह्मि. Thus the 5 levels of Viśva starting with man are successively 107 times bigger.times bhūmi. Cosmic structures are at 3 levels. rivers and mountains are stated as on planet earth. िाण्य महा ब्राह्मि. so it is said that is measure of all the Lokas. Beyond that it breaks or joins with other drop. For earth also. Smallest unit is Svedāyana = 11. 107 = 224 and 24 is number of letters in Gāyatrī chhanda. For Maitreya-maṇḍala. Another feature is that 10 13 drops fall in a heavy rain (say 10 cms rain in 1000 km. This is infinite. Earth is limit (Koṭi) of world for man and its size is 107 times.2 area)-that is number of svedāyana in 1 year. starting from earth. its sky or Koṭi is galaxy and is 107 times bigger. Examples of earths as Go areऄर्ैष गोसवः स्वाराजो यिः। (िाण्य महाब्राह्मि १९/१३/१) आमे वै लोका गौः यद् िह कक ऄ गच्छिि आमान् िि् लोकान् गच्छिि। (शिपर् ब्राह्मि ६/१/२/३४) आमे लोका गौः। (शिपर् ब्राह्मि ६/५/२/१७) धेनुररव वाऽआयं (पृिर्वी) मनुष्येभ्यः सवाान् कामान् दुहे मािा धेनुमाािेव वाऽआयं (पृिर्वी) मनुष्यान् िबभर्तत्त। (शिपर् ब्राह्मि २/२/१/२१) .
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