Bethany Linton Geography assessment on Global Warming Global Warming Causes Global warming is primarily a problem of too much
carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere (Which acts like a blanket) trapping heat and warming the Planet. As we burn fossil fuels, such as Coal, Oil and natural Gas for energy or cut down and burn forests, to create pastures and plantations, carbon accumulates and overloads our atmosphere. Certain waste management and agricultural practices aggravate the problem by releasing other potential global warming gases, such as methane ( used for cooking) and nitrous oxide (laughing gas, used in Hospitals.) Heat absorbing gases are known as greenhouse gases. The warming of the atmosphere is called the greenhouse effect. Humans add extra greenhouse gases, which gains a bigger chance in the greenhouse effect. The increase causes global warming. Global warming is also caused by solar radiation in the form of light waves, that pass trough the earth's atmosphere. Most of this radiation is observed by the earth and warms it. But some of the solar energy is radiated out of the earth and into space and its turned into the form of infrared waves. Also some of this out going infrared radiation is trapped by the earths atmosphere and warms the earth again and again, and the atmosphere is being thickened by all of the earth's pollution that the whole world is causing.
This graph below depicts the causes of Global Warming and which effects it the most/less.
Researcher Bill Fraser has tracked the decline of the Adélie penguins on Antarctica. only take what you need and will use. others won’t be able to move and could become extinct. plants could bloom earlier than their pollinating insects become active. cooler areas. Polar bear biologist Ian Stirling has found a similar pattern in Hudson Bay. He fears that if sea ice disappears. use it again instead of buying another. Species that depend on one another may become out of sync. polar bears have gotten considerably skinnier. Ecosystems will change—some species will move farther north or become more successful. where droughts are already common. Spruce bark beetles have boomed in Alaska thanks to 20 years of warm summers. Some butterflies. and Arctic sea ice. where their numbers have fallen from 32. Reduce. Reduce. could decline by 10 percent over the next 50 years. leaving thousands of people who rely on it for drinking water and electricity without a source of either. Recycle The three R’s is a great way to reduce Global Warming. Some diseases will spread. The insects have chewed up 4 million acres of spruce trees. and continued melting at the poles could add between 4 and 8 inches (10 to 20 centimeters). Hurricanes and other storms are likely to become stronger. such as malaria carried by mosquitoes. Sea levels are expected to rise between 7 and 23 inches (18 and 59 centimeters) by the end of the century. Instead of just throwing a bottle of water away as soon as you have drunk the content that is within it. Rainfall in Ethiopia.Some impacts from increasing temperatures are already happening. Floods and droughts will become more common.000 in 30 years. if not then it will just be a waste. Precipitation (rain and snowfall) has increased across the globe. Other effects could happen later this century. Sea level rise became faster over the last century.Don’t eat as much or take as much of food or drink. and alpine plants have moved farther north or to higher. with less ice on which to live and fish for food. once you have used
. if warming continues. Ice is melting worldwide. Wildlife research scientist Martyn Obbard has found that since the mid-1980s. ice sheets covering West Antarctica and Greenland. Reuse.
Individually we could decrease the effects of Global Warming by. This includes mountain glaciers. it will be gone by 2100. especially at the Earth’s poles. foxes. Recycle. For example. If the Quelccaya ice cap in Peru continues to melt at its current rate. the polar bears will as well. Less fresh water will be available. on average.000 breeding pairs to 11.
especially molded plastic and other packaging that can't be recycled. Change a Light Bulb Wherever practical. Use the "Off" Switch Save electricity and reduce global warming by turning off lights when you leave a room. and using only as much light as you need. and wrap it in an insulating blanket if it is more than 5 years old. it would eliminate 90 billion pounds of greenhouse gases. use two-thirds less energy. and compact florescent bulbs are designed to provide more natural-looking light while using far less energy than standard light bulbs. If you reduce your household garbage by 10 percent. Drive less and Drive smart Less driving means fewer emissions. Buy Energy-Efficient Products When it's time to buy a new car.it as much as you can recycle it. replace regular light bulbs with compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulbs. choose one that offers good gas mileage. walking and biking are great forms of exercise. Replacing just one 60-watt incandescent light bulb with a CFL will save you $30 over the life of the bulb.200 pounds of carbon dioxide annually.S. And remember to turn off your television. video player. Explore your community mass transit system. Buy low-flow showerheads to save hot water and about 350 pounds of carbon dioxide yearly. stereo and computer when you're not using them. and check out options for carpooling to work or school. putting it in to the right category where recyclers can transform the used material into something else. That change alone can save at least 500 pounds of carbon dioxide annually in most households. Avoid products that come with excess packaging. Wash your clothes in warm or cold water to reduce your use of hot water and the energy required to produce it. If every U. It's also a good idea to turn off the water when you're not using it. you can save 1. family replaced one regular light bulb with a CFL. Use Less Heat and Air Conditioning Adding insulation to your walls and attic. and keep temperatures moderate at all times.5 million cars off the road. Setting your thermostat just 2 degrees lower in winter and higher in summer could save about 2. Use Less Hot Water Set your water heater at 120 degrees to save energy.000 pounds of carbon dioxide each year. Home appliances now come in a range of energy-efficient models. Use the energy-saving settings on your dishwasher and let the dishes air-dry. CFLs also last 10 times longer than incandescent bulbs. Besides saving gasoline. the same as taking 7. and give off 70 percent less heat. While brushing your
. Turn down the heat while you're sleeping at night or away during the day. by reducing the amount of energy you need to heat and cool your home. and installing weather stripping or caulking around doors and windows can lower your heating costs more than 25 percent.
Goverments should legislate to put a price on carbon. You'll reduce your water bill and help to conserve a vital resource. Governments need to fund research and development technologies and also governments need to develop some sort of prize fund with large rewards to attract knowledgeable scientists to come and help in the research fields. This will encourage take-up of renewable energy. They have to legislate to put a cap on carbon emissions (to stop factories producing carbon dioxide) They have to stop deforestation and takes steps to promote new forest growth They have to deal with waste and anaerobic decomposition that produces methane They have to promote recycling. They have to cut the use of chemical fertilizers whose run-off pollutes our waterways They have to promote organic farming.
. Governments can help to solve environmental difficulties by encouraging and working with big industries to promote the development of renewable energies. worm farms and composting.teeth. So that polluting industries will be encouraged to cut their emissions.
Governments and countries have to get together and agree on a common solution. shampooing the dog or washing your car. turn off the water until you actually need it for rinsing.