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Great Depression and World War II

Know the facts, Explain the concepts, say Yes! after the Test

1.

What groups did not experience the prosperity of the

FARMERS AND LABORERS

 

1920’s?

2.

What was the primary problem for farmers during the

OVERPRODUCTION

 

1920’s?

3.

What influenced the materialism of the 20’s?

CREDIT & NEW INVENTIONS

4.

What is share of ownership in a corporation called?

STOCK

5.

When stocks increase in value, what is the market called?

BULL

6.

When stocks decrease in value, what is the market

BEAR

called?

7.

What were contributing factors to the stock market crash?

BUYING OF MARGIN, OVERSPECULATION

8.

What is gov’t non-involvement in the economy called?

LAISSEZ-FAIRE

9.

What was the government’s attitude toward business

BIG BUSINESS/ MERGERS WERE OK (LAISSEZ-FAIRE)

during the 1920’s?

10.

Who was President when the stock market crashed?

HERBERT HOOVER

11.

What was Hoover’s philosophy regarding the

RUGGED INDIVIUALISM

Depression?

12.

Why did Hoover think the gov’t shouldn’t be involved in

HE THOUGHT IT PROLONG THE DEPRESSION

the problems of the Great Depression?

13.

What are the two primary causes of the Great

OVERPRODUCTION, OVEREXTENDTION OF CREDIT

Depression?

14.

What was so strange about the Great Depression?

TOO MUCH FOOD BEING PRODUCED YET PEOPLE WERE STARVING

15.

What were characteristics of the Great Depression?

BANK FAILURES, HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT, LOW PROFITS, LOW WAGES, BUSINESSES GOING OUT OF BUSINESS, FARMERS LOSING LAND, FAMILIES LOSING HOMES

16.

Who was President during most of the Great

FDY

Depression?

17.

How did FDR differ from Hoover in his approach to the

NOT LAISSEZ-FAIRE

Great Depression?

18.

What were temporary settlements built by homeless

HOOVERVILLES

people known as?

19.

Why did so many banks fail during the Depression?

BANKS HAD LOANED MONEY TO PEOPLE WHO COULD NOT REPAY LOANS BECAUSE THESE PEOPLE HAD OVEREXTENDED THEIR CREDIT; “RUNS ON BANKS”

20.

What was the attitude of the New Deal program toward

EXPERIMENTATION (TRY ANYTHING)

relief?

21.

What were the three parts of the New Deal?

RELIEF

 

RECOVERY

REFORM

22.

What New Deal program established a “yardstick” for

TVA – TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY

measuring fair electrical costs?

23.

What New Deal program established gov’t protection for

FDIC- FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION

savings in banks to prevent future “runs on banks”?

24.

What New Deal program gave jobs in the environment to

CCC- CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORP

young men between the ages of 18 and 25?

25.

What New Deal program established a fund to provide

SSA- SOCIAL SECURITY ACT

money for people when they retire to relieve them of the fear

 

of poverty?

26.

What New Deal program hired Americans to work with

WPA- WORKS PROGESS ADMINSTRATION

roads, schools, hospitals, playgrounds, and other public

works projects?

27.

What changes in American society were brought about

GOV’T INVOLVEMENT IN THE ECONOMY (BIG GOV’T)

by the New Deal?

28.

Where did the Great Depression hit?

WORLDWIDE

29.

What finally ended the Great Depression?

WORLD WAR TWO (WWII)

30.

Name the four major Allied nations and their leaders in

USSR- STALIN

World War II.

ENGLAND- CHURCHILL FRANCE- DEGAULLE USA- ROOSEVELT

31.

Name the three major Axis powers and their leaders in

GERMANY- HITLER

World War II.

ITALY- MUSSOLINI JAPAN- HIROHITO

32.

Name some of the neutral countries in Europe during

SWITZERLAND

World War II.

SPAIN

 

SWEDEN

33.

Name the four major causes of World War II (3 are also

NATIONALISM

causes of WWI).

IMPERALISM

MILITARISM

TOTALITARIANISM

34.

What was the initial US response to the outbreak of war

NEUTRALITY

in Europe?

35.

What policy did France and England try to use to satisfy

APPEASEMENT

and contain Hitler?

36.

What policies did the US use to help the Allies when it

CASH AND CARRY

became obvious that Hitler was determined to dominate the world?

37.

What incident brought the US fully into World War II as

PEARL HARBOR

an active participant?

38.

Who was president of the US during most of World War

FDR

II?

39.

On what two Japanese cities were atom bombs

HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI

dropped?

40.

Who was president of the US when the atom bombs

HARRY TRUMNAN

were dropped?

41.

What is the mass slaying of racial, religious or national

GENOSIDE

groups called?

42.

What were Japanese pilots called who carried out

KAMIKAZE

suicide attacks on US ships?

43.

What nickname was given to the US during World War

ARSENAL OF DEMCRACY

II?

44.

What slogan was used during World War II?

REMEMBER PEARL HARBOR

45.

What policy was used by the US to conserve war

RATIONING

materials to be sent

 
 

overseas?

46.

What did the US do at home to raise money for the war

SOLD WAR (LIBERTY) BONDS

effort?

47.

What positive effect did World War II have on the NC

GAVE BUSINESS TO FARMERS FOR FOOD

economy?

PRODUCTION

48.

Name the military bases in NC used or established

GOLDSBORO, CAMP LEJEUNE, FORT BRAGG,

during World War II.

 

CHERRY POINT

49.

What name is given to the mass extermination of Jews

HOLOCAUST

during WWII?

 

50.

What finally forced Japan to surrender?

US DROPPED A-BOMBS ON HIROSHIMA & NAGASAKI

51.

What happened to Germany at the end of World War II?

WAS DIVIDED INTO EAST AND WEST GERMANY

52.

What “war” began as soon as World War II was over?

COLD WAR

53.

Between what two countries was the “war” following

US AND USSR

World War II between?

 

54.

What world peace organization was established at the

UN- UNITED NATIONS

end of World War II?

 

55.

Fill out the economic cycle below:

OVERPRODUCTION

 
 
43. What nickname was given to the US during World War ARSENAL OF DEMCRACY II? 44.

PRICES DROP

PRICES DROP

PROFITS DROP

43. What nickname was given to the US during World War ARSENAL OF DEMCRACY II? 44.

BUSINESS PRODUCTION DROPS

 
 
43. What nickname was given to the US during World War ARSENAL OF DEMCRACY II? 44.

EMPLOYMENT DROPS

 
CONSUMPTION DROPS

CONSUMPTION DROPS

CONSUMPTION DROPS

SALES DROP

43. What nickname was given to the US during World War ARSENAL OF DEMCRACY II? 44.

PROFITS DROP

MAPS BELOW

 

56.

Norway Sweden Finland Denmark Netherlands Belgium USSR England Czechoslovakia Poland Austria Germany France Hungary Bulgaria Spain
Norway
Sweden
Finland
Denmark
Netherlands
Belgium
USSR
England
Czechoslovakia
Poland
Austria
Germany
France
Hungary
Bulgaria
Spain
Italy
Romania
Yugoslavia
Greece
Switzerland

57.

Norway Sweden Finland Denmark Netherlands Belgium USSR England Czechoslovakia Poland Austria Germany France Hungary Bulgaria Spain