Course Material 2011 Chapter 3

Cloud Computing
An Introduction
Ravindra Dastikop ravindra.dastikop@gmail.com Cloud Complete

Agenda
● Basics ○ Cloud computing – meaning, various definitions and perspectives, examples ○ Evolution of Cloud computing ○ Essential features and properties of cloud computing ● Service and deployment models ○ Service models- what to expect from cloud vendors ? ○ Deployment models – how to use cloud for business ?

What is Cloud Computing?
Different Views

.Cloud Computing: Simplified Cloud computing is a model of delivering computing resources from the Internet to the user.

An example when you get connected to service like Gmail.Cloud service . Hotmail etc you are really connecting to a massive pools of servers somewhere out there on the internet .

encyclopedia. servers.Computing Resources available as cloud service Software. cards) information . service Hardware ( processors. memory.Applications. search engine User computer connected to the net mobile user Connected TV . OS.

Paradigm ● Direct to U From the “ net” as against “on premise” ( DTH) ● Direct to user – TV channel subscription ● Use without owning.Google for Enterprises ● Procure as u grow (Gmail start with 7GB and ask for more ) ● From NIL to FULL .Ramco OnDemand Cloud ● Rental basis.

Direct Home .

Cloud Computing Vs Traditional Computing .

Computing before cloud YOUR BUSINESS YOUR DATA CONTROL APPLICATION DOCUMENT Computer: own Software: Installed data: stored on u r machine .

Cloud Computing Services YOUR BUSINESS PROCESSING YOUR DATA CONTROL Office 365 The Internet SPREAD SHEETS GOOGLE DOCS STORAGE GOOGLE DOCS YOUR DATA ? HOSTED SERVICES ● Application: accessed from the web (Word Processor) ● Document : Stored on the web .

Cloud from User Perspective U .

User perspective .

Why is it called Cloud Computing .

. the Internet is depicted as a cloud.com . Source: http://howtogeek..Why is it called Cloud Computing ? Example Because in network diagrams.....

Cloud computing is a general term for anything that involves delivering hosted service over the Internet. .● The name cloud computing was inspired by the cloud symbol that’s often used to represent the Internet in flow charts and diagrams.

data.Origin ● “Comes from the early days of the Internet where we drew the network as a cloud… we didn’t care where the messages went… the cloud hid it from us” – Kevin Marks. Google ● First cloud around networking (TCP/IP abstraction) ● Second cloud around documents (WWW data abstraction) ● The emerging cloud abstracts infrastructure complexities of servers. and heterogeneous platforms . applications.

Cloud: origin : Telephone Networks .

Cloud symbol to represent networks .

Why is it called cloud ? .

Cloud Computing Definitions .

● Cloud computing is a style of computing in which dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources are provided as a service over the Internet . software and information are provided to computers and other devices on demand. like electricity grid.Wikipedia ● Cloud computing is Internet-based computing whereby shared resources.

Virtualization Virtualization is abstracting the hardware to run virtual instances of multiple guest operating systems on a single host operating system. .

as the underlying details of how it is achieved are hidden.explanation ● “Cloud Computing is a computing paradigm shift where computing is moved away from personal computers or an individual application server to a “cloud” of computers. ● Users of the Cloud only need to be concerned with the computing service being asked for.Wikipedia. .

explanation ● This method of distributed computing is done through pooling all computer resources together and being managed by software rather than a human ● Cloud computing is a model of computing wherein an end user sources all computing resources directly from the internet without .Wikipedia.

Virtualization .Forms .

Virtualization .

■ storage.g. networks.Definition from NIST ● Cloud computing is model for enabling convenient. ■ servers. ○ on-demand network access to a shared pool configurable computing resources ( e. ○ and services) ○ that can rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management or . ■ applications.

Berkley ● Cloud computing refers to both the applications delivered as services over the Internet and the hardware and system software in the data centers that provide those services ● The services themselves have long been referred to as Software as a Service ( SaaS). “ The data center hardware and software is what we will call a cloud ● When a cloud is made available in a pay-as-you use-go to the public.the service being sold as Utility computing . so we use the term.

Buyya ● A cloud is a type of parallel and distributed systems consisting of a collection of interconnected and virtualized computers that are dynamically provisioned and presented as one or more unified computing resource based on servicelevel agreements established through negotiations between the service provider and consumer. .

● Cloud Computing is simply a platform where individuals and companies use the Internet to access endless hardware.Gartner ● Gartner defines cloud computing as " a style of computing where massively scalable IT-enabled capabilities are delivered as a service to external customers using Internet technologies. software and data resources for most of their computing needs. leaving the mess to .

. in location of user preferences. ● The utilities can be purchased in quantities of choice. ● This may be on pay per use or pay per time.Layman’s definition ● Cloud computing may be defined as computing paradigm that supplies computing as "utility".

why so many definitions ? .

service level agreement ● Properties and characteristics ○ High scalability and elasticity ○ High availability and reliability ○ High manageability and interoperability ○ High accessibility and portability ○ High performance and optimization ● Enabling techniques ○ Hardware virtualization ○ Paralleled and distributed computing ○ Web services . a new way of thinking about IT and ITeS industry ● Central concepts ○ Utility computing ○ SOA.Summary of Cloud computing Definitions ● Cloud computing is a paradigm of computing.service oriented architecture ○ SLA.

Stop One Any questions? .

Evolution of Cloud Computing where did we start and how did we arrive here? .

Evolution Mainframe ● First phase - .

Evolution Personal Computing ● Second phase .

Stages in Computing Client-server computing ● Third phase - .

Stages in Computing Client server–web application ● Fourth phase - .

Stages in Computing Grid Computing ● Fifth phase - Computers come under different administrative domains Grid .

Stages in Computing Cloud Computing ● Sixth phase - .

Stop Two .

The Anatomy of Cloud Computing characteristics. models .

.The Anatomy of Cloud Computing The cloud model promotes availability and composed of ● Five essential characteristics ● Three service models and ● Four deployment models.

The Properties of Cloud ● On-demand self-service ● Broad network access. explanation example ● Rapid elasticity. meaning ● Measured Service . meaning ● Resource pooling. definition.

management of .Cloud Computing: features ● On-demand service- ○ you can get what u need and when u need ● Broad network access- ○ Cloud computing brings network-based access to. software and services – meaning access anywhere and anytime ● Resource pooling – ○ A large pool of users shares location-independent resources and costs in an environmentally sustainable manner ● Flexible resource allocation ○ Cloud computing service can scale up and down rapidly as demands fluctuate ● Measured service ○ Most cloud usage is metered often per user/hour. U pay for what u consume .

Computing Models .

Deployment Models
Ways in which Cloud be used

Public cloud
● A public cloud is cloud implementation shared by the general public with a wide range of services available. ● It is owned and managed by an enterprise that sells/offers freely cloud services on pay-per-use ○ example 1 ○ example 2

Private cloud
● A private cloud implementation restricts access to internal users such as employees. It stays within a firewall ●

lesson plan ● But uses a private cloud other uses such as storage of sensitive data – examination data that must be accessed by few concerned or compliance data .Hybrid cloud ● A hybrid cloud is an approach that uses a public cloud for some services such as class room applications.

Hybrid Cloud .

another example Private cloud Public Cloud Hybrid cloud .MODES.Cloud Computing.

Government Cloud Indian Government Approach to Cloud Computing .

● Community cloud. ● Public cloud.Four deployment Models Clouds can take the following avatars Four deployment models ● Private cloud. ● Hybrid cloud .

Types by visibility: Google .

Stop Three send u r questions .

● Cloud Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) .The Three Service Models The three service models ● Cloud Software as a Service (SaaS). ● Cloud Platform as a Service (PaaS).

An Analogy Suppose u have moved to new town and want to find a accommodation for yourself? What are u options ? .Service Models.

What is u r choice ? Build a new House ? Buy an empty house ? Live in a hotel .

time consuming .Build a New house ( IaaS) Difficult.

a paid digital photo sharing service  .  ○ Storage and  ○ Computations   ● Target: ○ Developers and ISV   ● Examples ○ Amazon ○ Smugmug.Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) ● Vendor provides  ○  VM.

deployed applications. storage. networks. ○ User can deploy and run arbitary software that could include OS and applications ○ The consumer does not manage or control underlying cloud infrastructure but has control over operating systems. and other basic computing resources. storage.blogspot. and certain limited control over select networking components ● Examples ○ Tata Communication ○ Red hat ○ Amazon ○ Eucalyptus http://dastikop.com .Infrastructure as a Service ● Infrastructure as a service ( IaaS) ○ The capability provided to the consumer is to provision processing.

Renting/buy a House (PaaS) .

Rent or buy a house Furnishing is u r freedom .

Platform as a Service (PaaS) ● Vendor provides higher level API ○ hides machines.com. ○ Google AppEngine ● . storage etc ● Target: Developers and SME ● Vendors: ○ Force.

Stay in a Hotel (SaaS) .

Microsoft.Software as a Service ( SaaS) Business software delivered through cloud Target: SME & Enterprise Vendors: Google. CRM . Salesforce MS word. spreadsheets. Docs.

Cloud computing service models Picture source .

com these services are operated ■ Technically speaking . u r using Platform as a service ( PaaS) Solution ○ Similar to live in a hotel in our analogy ■ U can use directly use some existing IT system solution. which are provided by some cloud application service providers. without knowing any technical details about how http://dastikop. u r using software as a service ( .Service models overview ● What if u want to have an IT department ○ Similar to build a new house in our analogy ■ U can rent some virtualized infrastructure and build up u r own IT system using these resources.blogspot. which is under your full control ■ Technically speaking u r using Infrastructure as a service( IaaS) solution ○ Similar to buy an empty house in our analogy ■ U can directly develop u r IT system through one cloud platform and do not worry about lower level resource management ■ Technically speaking.

End of Cloud Computing Fundamentals

Enabling Technologies
Cloud computing is made possible and powered by the following technologies. Key enabling technologies include: ● Fast wide-area networks, ● powerful, inexpensive server computers, ● high-performance virtualization for commodity hardware ● Multi-tenancy .

Cloud Computing
Operational concepts

they only concern about what they can get ○ User does not care about what the provider actually did ■ Instead.Central ideas ● User perspectives ○ User don't care about how the works are done ■ Instead. they only concerned about their quality of service ○ Users do not want to own the physical infrastructure ■ Instead they only want to pay for what they use ● What does user really care? .

the utility model seeks to maximize the efficient use of resources and / or minimize associated costs . and charges them for specific usage rather than a flat rate (tata)red hat ● Like other types of on-demand computing.Utility computing ● One service provision modeling ● Service provider makes computing resources and infrastructure management available to the customer as needed.

Service/ SOA The fundamental concept of Cloud Model .

What is a service ? ● Service is what you connect together using web services ● Service is the end point of a connection ● Functionalities of service ○ A service should be well-defined ( input. output) ○ A service should be self-contained ○ A service should not depend on the context or state of other services ○ Add picture of service .

messages sent without a reply required ■ Request and response – sending and receiving message ■ Solicit response – a request for a response ■ Notification : message sent to multiple receivers . rather than delivering full-blown applications ● WSDL ○ Expressed in XML which include both data type and message ○ Four types of operations ■ One way.What is a web service ? ● Definition ○ Web service is a self-describing and stateless modules that perform discrete units of work and are available over the network ○ Web service providers offer APIs that enable developers to exploit functionality over the Internet.

A web service .

html .Web Service source: http://jan.name/webservices/thailand.newmarch.

Service oriented architecture (SOA) ● Definition: ○ Service oriented architecture (SOA) is essentially a collection of services which communicate with each other ○ Contain a flexible set of design principles used during the phases of systems development and integration ○ Provide a loosely-integrated suite that can be used within multiple business domains ● Approach: ○ Usually implemented by web service model .

com .Service Oriented architecture source: alignedstrategy.

SOA .

SOA Source: enterprise web .

Quality of service ● Original definition ○ Quality of service ( QoS) is a set of technologies for managing network traffic in a cost effective manner to enhance user experience for home and enterprise environments ● Now Qos has becomes to a broad term that is used following areas. ○ Customer care evaluations ○ Technological evaluations .

Quality of service ● Customer care evaluations ○ OoS is usually measured in terms of issues that have a direct impact of the customers ○ Only issues that produce a negative effect on the goods and services received by the customer come under scrutiny ● Technological evaluations ○ QoS has to do with the efficient operation of various systems ○ This can lead to adjusting procedures or adapting software programs and code to achieve the desired effect with making a more efficient use of available .

org/forum/styles/prosilver/imageset/bgp- .bgp-qos.QoS Source: http://www.

usually in measurable terms ( QoS). what services the network service provider will furnish ● Common content in contract ○ Performance guarantee metrics ■ Up-time and down-time ratio ■ System throughput ■ Response time ○ Problem management details ○ Penalties for non-performance ○ Document security capabilities ○ Example ○ SLA Google example .Service Level Agreements ● Definition: ○ A service-level agreement (SLA) is a contract between a network service provider and a customer that species.

SLA

cloudave.com

cloudave.com

Stop Two
Any Questions

Revision
● Different views of cloud computing   ○ wikipedia, ○ Berkely etc ● Concepts ○ service, web services, SLA, QoS Virtualization ● Properties of Cloud ● Service Models ○ IaaS, PaaS and SaaS  ● Deployment models ○ private, public ○ community, hybrid

2011 .02.Class No 02 19.

Scalability and Elasticity ● World without limitations ● .

or a process.Scalability & Elasticity ● What is scalability? ○ A desirable property of a system. which indicates its ability to either handle growing amount of work in a graceful manner or to be readily enlarged ● What is elasticity? ○ The ability to apply a quantifiable methodology that allows for the basis of an adaptive introspection with in a real time infrastructure ● But how to achieve these properties ? ○ Dynamic provisioning ○ Multi-tenant design . a network.

or by any other enabled user. .Dynamic provisioning ● is a simplified way to explain a complex networked server computing environment where server computing instances are provisioned or ● deployed from any administrative console or client application by the server administrator .

Dynamic provisioning (console) .

Dynamic Business demands .

com .Dynamic Provisioning hds.

Dynamic provisioning ○ The traditional computing model suffers from twin problems of underestimates/overestimates ■ Underestimate the system requirement/utilization which results in under provision. This may lead to loss of users and loss of revenues .

The challenge of underestimate .

Dynamic Provisioning .

Dynamic provisioning ○ The traditional computing model suffers from twin problems of underestimates/overestimates ■ Overestimate system requirements/utilization results in low or sub-optimal utilization. This leads to unused or wasted resources .

The problem of Overestimate Under-utilization waste of resources .

com .Dynamic provisioning ○ Dynamic Provision is the solution: Cloud computing provides dynamic provisioning in which cloud computing resources are provisioned dynamically ■ Meet seasonal demand variations ■ Meet demand variation between different industries ( ice cream/refrigerators) ■ Meet burst demand for some extraordinary events ( thehalka/wikileaks/ticketing systems / animato.

a software application is designed to virtually partition its data and configuration thus each client organization works with customized virtual application instance example: Cloud applications – Gmail ● . serving multiple client organization ● With a multi-tenant architecture.Multi-tenant ● Multi-tenant refers to a principle in software architecture where a single instance of software runs on a server.

multi-tenant .

Multi-tenancy .

Availability and Reliability ○ Availability is the degree to which a system.999 uptime. subsystem. when a mission is called for at an unknown time ■ examples ○ Cloud systems usually require high availability i. or equipment is in a specified operable and committable state at the start of the mission. can be down for 5 minutes in an entire year ○ The reliability is the ability of a system or component to perform its required functions under stated conditions for a specified period of time ○ Availability and Reliability are achieved by means of ■ Fault-tolerant systems ■ Require system resilience ■ Reliable system security . 99.e. 24/7 and 365 days.

availability .

Reliability .

Fault-tolerance ○ Fault-tolerance is the property of the system that enable system to continue operating properly in the event of the failure of some of its components ○ If its operating quality decreases at all . as compared to naively-designed system in which even a small failure can cause total breakdown ○ Characteristics of Fault tolerant systems ■ No single point of failure ■ Fault detection and isolation to the failing component ■ Fault containment to prevent propagation of the failure ■ Availability of reversion modes . the decrease is proportional to the severity of the failure .

if it fails will stop the entire system from working ■ The assessment of a potentially single location of failure identifies the critical component of a complex system that would provoke a total system failure in case of malfunction ■ Prevention of SPOF ■ If system experiences a failure. it must continue to operate without interruption during the repair process .Fault tolerant ○ Single point of Failure ( SPOF) ■ A part of a system which.

Fault-tolerant .

the system must be able to isolate the failure to the offending component . identifying when a fault has occurred and pinpoint the type of fault and its location ■ Isolate failing component ■ When a failure occurs.Fault tolerant ■ Fault detection and isolation ( FDI) to the failing component ■ A subfield of control engineering which concerns itself with monitoring a system.

Fault tolerance ■ Fault containment to prevent propagation of the failure ■ Some failure mechanism can cause a system to fail by propagating the failure to the rest of the system ■ Mechanism that isolate a rogue transmitter or failing component to protect the system are required ■ Availability of reversion modes ■ System should be able to maintain some check points which can be used in .

can our system recover ? ■ If a key service is lost because a database becomes corrupt.System Resilience ○ Resilience is the ability of the system to provide and maintain an acceptable level of service in the face of faults and challenges to normal operations ○ Resiliency pertains to the system’s ability to return to its original state after encountering trouble. a highly resilient system will return back to work and function as planned as soon as possible ○ Some risk events ■ If power is lost at a plant for two days. can the business recover ? . In other words. if a risk event knocks a system offline.

Resilience .

policies and procedures related to preparing for recovery or continuation of technology infrastructure critical to an organization after a natural or human-induced disaster ● Some common strategies ○ Backup ■ Make data off-site at regular interval ■ Replicate data to an off-site location ■ Replicate whole system ○ Preparing ■ Local mirror systems ■ Surge protector ■ UPS .System Resilience ● Disaster Recovery ○ Disaster recovery is the process.

System security .

technologies. information security ○ It refers to a broad set of policies. applications. and controls deployed to protect data. network security and .System Security ● Security issue in cloud computing ○ Cloud security is an evolving sub-domain of computer security. more broadly. and the associated infrastructure of cloud computing .

System Security ● Important security and privacy issues: ● Data protection ○ To be considered protected. data from one customer must be properly segregated from that of the other ● Identity management ○ Every enterprise will have its own identity management system to control access to information and computing resources ● Application security ○ Cloud providers should ensure that applications available as a service via the cloud are secure ● Privacy ○ Providers ensure that all critical data are masked and that only authorized users have access to data in its entirely .

Manageability & Interoperability ● I want full control .

Systems manageability is strongly affected by network management initiatives in telecommunications ● What is interoperability? ○ Interoperability is a property of a product or system. present or future . without any restricted access or implementations ● But how to achieve above two ? ○ System control automation ○ System state monitoring . whose interfaces are completely understood. to work with other products or systems.Manageability and interoperability ● What is manageability ? ● Enterprise-wide administration of cloud computing systems.

Control automation ● Four functional areas: ● Self-configuration ○ Automatic configuration of components ● Self-healing ○ Automatic discovery. and correction of faults ● Self-optimization ○ Automatic monitoring and control of resources to ensure the optimal functioning with respect to defined requirements ● Self-protection ○ Proactive identification and protection from arbitrary attacks .

to overcome the rapidly growing complexity of computing systems management.Control automation ● What is autonomic computing ? ○ Its ultimate aim is to develop computer system capable of self-management. and to reduce the barrier that complexity poses to further growth ● Architectural framework ○ Composed of autonomic components (AC) which will interact with each other ○ An AC can be modeled in terms of two main control loops ( local and global) with sensors ( for selfmonitoring). effectors ( for self-adjustment) . knowledge and planer/adapter for exploiting policies based on self-and environmental awareness .

System Monitoring ● What is system monitor? ○ A system monitor in system engineering is a process within a distributed system for collecting and storing state data ● What should be monitored in the Cloud? ○ Physical and virtual hardware state ○ Resource performance metrics ○ Network access patterns ○ System logs ● Anything more ? .

Monitoring Systems .

and then charge user by these records ● How can cloud provider know user’s usage? ○ Get those information by means of monitoring systems ○ Automatically calculate the total amount of money to be paid by the user. And automatically request money from user.Billing system ● Billing System in Cloud ○ User pay for as many as they used (Tata) ○ Cloud provider must first determine the list of service usage price ○ Cloud provider have to record the resource or service usage of each user.s bank account .

Billing Systems .

Performance & Optimization ● High performance Improvement .

application performance should be guaranteed ○ Cloud provider make use of powerful infrastructure or other underlining resources to build up a highly performed and highly optimized environment.Performance & Optimization ● Performance guarantees ?? ○ As the great computing power in cloud. and then deliver the complete services to cloud users ● But how to achieve this property? ○ Parallel computing ○ Load balancing ○ Job scheduling .

which are then solved currently ● Parallelism in different levels ○ Bit level parallelism ○ Instruction level parallelism ○ Data level parallelism ○ Task level parallelism .Parallel Processing ● Parallel processing ○ Parallel processing is a form of computation in which many calculations are carried out simultaneously on the principle that large problems can often be divided into smaller ones.

Parallel Processing ● Hardware approaches ○ Multi-core computer ○ Symmetric multi-processor ○ General purpose graphic processing unit ○ Vector processor ○ Distributed computing ■ Cluster computing ■ Grid computing ● Software approaches ○ Parallel programming language ○ Automatic parallelism .

commonly known for historical reasons as batch processing ( daemon) ● What should be scheduled in cloud? ○ Computation intensive tasks ○ Dynamically growing and shrinking tasks ○ Tasks with complex processing dependency ● How to approach this ? ○ Use pre-defined workflow ○ System automatic configuration .Job scheduling ● What is a job scheduler? ○ A job scheduler is a software application that is in charge of unattended background executions.

○ Objectives: ○ in order to get optimal resource utilization. minimize response time. ○ maximize throughput. CPUs.Load balancing ● What is load balancing? ○ Process ■ Load balancing is a technique to distribute workload evenly across two or more computers. networks links. or other resources. and avoid overload ● Why should be load balanced? ○ Improve resource utilization ○ Improve system performance ○ Improve energy efficiency . hard drives.

Challenge of Load Balancing .

Anytime.Anywhere ● .Accessibility & Portability ● Anyone.

anywhere. or environment is accessible by as many people as possible ● What is service portability? ○ Service portability is the ability to access services using any device.Accessibility & Portability ● What is accessibility ( google accessible ) ○ Accessibility is a general term used to describe the degree to which a product. service. continuously with mobility support and dynamic adaptation to resource variations ● But how achieve these objectives? ○ Uniform access ○ Thin client .

Device portability example .

In other words.Uniform Access ● How do users access cloud services? ○ cloud providers should provide their cloud service by means of widespread accessing media. and delivery their services with web-based interface through the Internet . Cloud-services take this into consideration. web browser technique is one of the most widespread platform in almost any intelligent electronic devices. users from different operating systems or other accessing platforms should be able to directly be served ○ Nowadays .

the clients can be made out of much cheaper hardware ○ .Thin Client ● What is thin client? ○ Thin client is a computer or a computer program which depends heavily on some other computer to fulfill its traditional computational roles. a computer designed to take on these roles by itself ● Characteristics ○ Cheap client hardware ■ While the cloud providers handle several clients sessions at once . This stands in contrast to the traditional fat client.

Thin Clients .

Thin Clients ○ Diversity of end devices ■ End user can access cloud service via plenty of various electronic devices which include mobile phones and smart phones ○ Client simplicity ■ Client local systems do not need complete operational functionalities .

Questions? send u r questions .

blogspot.com .Ravindra Dastikop http://dastikop.

Cloud Research Kamesh Pemmaraju heads cloud research at Sand Hill Group and he helps companies—enterprises and technology vendors—accelerate their transition to the cloud. webcasts. events. and questions. views. opinions. For updates on news. follow me on twitter @kpemmaraju. He welcomes your comments. and blog posts. interviews. Drop in a line to kamesh@sandhill. His blog has been recognized in the top 50 bloggers on cloud computing and also in CloudTP's best cloud computing blogs list.com. .

U pay for what u consume . software and services – meaning access anywhere and anytime ● Resource pooling – ○ A large pool of users shares location-independent resources and costs in an environmentally sustainable manner ● Flexible resource allocation ○ Cloud computing service can scale up and down rapidly as demands fluctuate ● Measured service ○ Most cloud usage is metered often per user/hour. management of .Cloud Computing: features ● On-demand service- ○ you can get what u need and when u need ● Broad network access- ○ Cloud computing brings network-based access to.

Using Clouds Cloud Service Models .

An Analogy Suppose u have moved to new town and want to find a accommodation for yourself? What are u options ? .Service Models.

What is u r choice ? Build a new House ? Buy an empty house ? Live in a hotel .

time consuming .Build a New house ( IaaS) Difficult.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) ● Vendor provides  ○  VM.a paid digital photo sharing service  .  ○ Storage and  ○ Computations   ● Target: ○ Developers and ISV   ● Examples ○ Amazon ○ Smugmug.

Renting/buy a House (PaaS) .

Rent or buy a house Furnishing is u r freedom .

com. Google AppEngine .Platform as a Service (PaaS) ● Vendor provides higher level API ○ hides machines. storage etc ● Target: Developers and SME ● Vendors: Force.

Docs. Microsoft. Salesforce MS word. CRM .Software as a Service ( SaaS) Business software delivered through cloud Target: SME & Enterprise Vendors: Google. spreadsheets.

com these services are operated ■ Technically speaking .Service models overview ● What if u want to have an IT department ○ Similar to build a new house in our analogy ■ U can rent some virtualized infrastructure and build up u r own IT system using these resources. which are provided by some cloud application service providers. u r using software as a service ( . u r using Platform as a service ( PaaS) Solution ○ Similar to live in a hotel in our analogy ■ U can use directly use some existing IT system solution. which is under your full control ■ Technically speaking u r using Infrastructure as a service( IaaS) solution ○ Similar to buy an empty house in our analogy ■ U can directly develop u r IT system through one cloud platform and do not worry about lower level resource management ■ Technically speaking.blogspot. without knowing any technical details about how http://dastikop.

Cloud computing service models Picture source .

Cloud Computing Service models Source: .

IAAS ● History – Grid Computing.security. Distributed computing ● Obstacles .Using net as the source of computing resources and delivering them directly to the user ● Bundle of possibilities ○ SAAS. connectivity . that is a bundle of possibilities and obstacles involved in the world as experienced – quote G S Granger ● Instrument .Concept of cloud computing ● A concept is an instrument and a history.

Questions? send u r questions .

○ Cloud computing has been mainly derived from the Mainframes concept. ○ The main feature of cloud computing is the scalability and how it incorporates a part of virtualization.Conceptual Foundations ● Cloud computing concept has been derived from the Utility computing model. metered) model would be the electricity supply system and another concept which it depends on is the Grid computing model. . ○ The Best example Utility computing ( Packaged.

packaged.Business ● Utility Computing.retail sale ● Build large and massive capacity and service is in and through individual units/users ○ per MB . metered ● Produce in large supply in retail ○ Water ○ Electricity ● Whole buy.Concept.

Issues and Concerns .

Cloud computing challenges Obstacles .

Cloud security Security issues fall into two broad categories: ● Security issues faced by cloud providers ● security issues faced by their customers. References 1 Cloud security alliance .

○ Authenticated URL's ○ User Switching . ○ network security. ○ application security Simple Theory: Do not Trust any input from the user ○ XSS. ○ SQL Injection .( Cross site scripting).Security challenges ● Top Challenges faced by Cloud computing vendors ○ Physical security.

Challenges in Cloud Computing
● Number 1. Business Continuity and Service Availability ● Number 2. Data Lock-In ● Number 3. Data Confidentiality/Auditability ● Number 4. Data Transfer Bottlenecks ● Number 5. Performance Unpredictability ● Number 6: Scalable Storage ● Number 7: Bugs in Large-Scale Distributed Systems ● Number 8: Scaling Quickly ● Number 9: Reputation Fate Sharing ● Number 10: Software Licensing Source:

End

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
● Vendor provides ○ VM, ○ Storage and ○ Computations ● Target: ○ Developers and ISV ● Examples ○ Amazon ○ Smugmug- a paid digital photo sharing service

Platform as a Service (PaaS) ● Vendor provides higher level API ○ hides machines. Google AppEngine . storage etc ● Target: Developers and SME ● Vendors: Force.com.

Software as a Service ( SaaS) Business software delivered through cloud Target: SME & Enterprise Vendors: Google. Microsoft. CRM . Docs. spreadsheets. Salesforce MS word.

Conclusion ● Cloud represents a new found landmigrate as early as possible ● Cloud computing represents a new Trendembrace it ○ It better to go with trend than to fight it ○ More people learn on web .