STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF WIND TURBINE BLADE OF PROFILE NACA 2418

PROJECT REPORT

Submitted by

N.B.JAYARAMAN G.VENKATESH PERUMAL P.M.VENKATESWARAN B.VIGNESH

105910144047 105910144149 105910144150 105910144151

In partial fulfilment for the award of the degree of

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING
in

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

PSNA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOY, DINDIGUL: 624 622

ANNA UNIVERSITY: CHENNAI- 600 025
i

D.D.. INTERNAL EXAMINER EXTERNAL EXAMINER ii .M.Magudeeswaran.&Tech Dindigul-624 622 Mechanical Engineering. Ph.G..D.E.E.Ph.M.APRIL 2014 BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE Certified that this project report “STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF WIND TURBINE BLADE OF PROFILE NACA 2418” is the bonafide work of N.. HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT Mr. PSNA College of Engg.VENKATESH PERUMAL P.JAYARAMAN G..VIGNESH 105910144047 105910144149 105910144150 105910144151 who carried out the project work under my supervision during the academic year 2013-2014 SIGNATURE SIGNATURE Dr.&Tech Dindigul-624 622 Submitted for the Viva-Voice examination held on __________..VENKATESWARAN B. Assistant professor INTERNAL GUIDE Mechanical engineering.B. PSNA College of Engg.Vasudevan M.

DECLARATION We hereby declare that the project work entitled “STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF WIND TURBINE BLADE OF PROFILE NACA 2418” is submitted to department of mechanical engineering at PSNA College of Engineering & Technology (Affiliated to ANNA UNIVERSITY.G.VIGNESH iii . Department of Mechanical Engineering.D.MAGUDEESWARAN.. Place: Signature Date : of Students N.JAYARAMAN G. PROFESSOR.E. M. Ph.VENKATESWARAN B.VENKATESH PERUMAL P.B.M. CHENNAI) for awarding the degree of Bachelor of Engineering is a reward of original work done by us under the guidance of Dr.

iv . My sincere an humble thanks to the Head Of the Department. G. VASUDEVAN M. Professor.A. Advice and encouragement which boosted up our energy throughout the project Development. SAKTHIVEL M. Dindigul.. MAGUDEESWARAN M.D. Department of Mechanical Engineering. PSNA college of Engineering and Technology. I greatly express my deep sense of gratitude and respect to our beloved principal Dr.Sc... PSNA college of Engineering and technology.E.E...E.D. Dindigul for his constant help and guidance in developing this project. B. Dindigul for his excellent guidance. Dindigul for providing me with all the facilities in making the work successful. PSNA College of Engineering and Technology. Ph..). M. Ph.. Department of Mechanical Engineering. who has given me an opportunity to undergo my under graduation degree through providing excellent infrastructure facilities. D. Dr.. M.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to covey my heartful thanks to the management of PSNA college of Engineering and Technology. S. Ph. I express my thanks to all the staff members for their whole hearted involvement in enhancing my theme to a successful project. (Eng. I am very proud to extend my sincere thanks and gratitude to our efficient faculty guide Dr.E.D.B.

Wind energy is one form of renewable energy and it can be harnessed by means of wind turbines. They are of the greater concern for the natural energy resources and the three bladed rotors is the most important and the widely used commercial wind turbine in India. used to create the 3D model  ANSA. The computational analysis was carried out using.ABSTRACT The need for usage of renewable resources is growing since fossil fuels had already been depleted and they will last only for few years to come. used for pre-processing (Meshing)  ANSYS.  SolidWorks. used for processing (Solving and Post processing) Table of Contents v . Thus each blade profile has insight view on the power production of wind turbines at design stage prior to any experimental prototype. Thus the aerodynamic performance each wind turbine varies with respect to the profile of the blade. It is the rotor that transforms the energy of the wind into mechanical energy that in turn operates the main shaft of the wind turbine. The Present work involves the structural analysis of a wind turbine (HAWT) blade of profile NACA 2418.

2 Power Co-efficient (Cp) 1. No.6.4 Torque and Thrust Exerted on a HAWT Blade 1.3 Studies on performance Predictions 1.2 Classifications of HAWT 1.2.6 Basic Definitions 1.2 Types of Wind Turbine 1.5 Airfoils 1.6. 1 3 4 5 6 7 7 8 9 9 10 10 10 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) 1.2 Normal Force Co-efficient (Cn) 1.1 Wind Turbine 1. Title Page No.1 Tip Speed Ratio ( ) 1.6.2.S.7 Analysis of Blade 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 11 3 BLADE ELEMENT MOMENTUM THEORY vi 12 .

1 About SolidWorks 3.4 CAD Modeling 3.3.2 Stress and Strain Response of Blade 4.6 Solver 3.3 Dynamic (Modal) Analysis 4.3 NACA Airfoil Series 3.1 Displacement Response of Blade 4.2.3.2 Results of Static Analysis 4.1 General 4.2.1 NACA 4-Digit Series 3.1 Blade Element Theory 3.2.2 Airfoils for Wind Turbines 3.6.4.3 Discussions 30 30 30 31 37 46 51 5 SUMMARY 53 vii .1 About ANSYS 12 14 15 16 18 19 25 28 28 4 RESULTS and DISCUSSIONS 4.5 Pre-Processing 3.

No Title Page No.6 REFERENCES 54 List of Figures S. viii .

3 3.4 1.1.7 3.3 1.1 3.2 3.6 Wind Energy Status of World Scenario Wind Power Density map from the Indian Wind Atlas(2010) Different Types of Wind Turbine Representative Size.2 1.6 3.9 3.8 3.1 1. Height and Diameter of HAWT Sub Systems of HAWT Torque and Thrust Exerted on the Blade Section 1 3 5 6 7 8 3.10 Schematic of Blade Elements Blade Geometry for Analysis of HAWT NACA Airfoil Geometrical Construction Blade Body Blade to Hub Connector Spar Total Blade Meshed Model View-1 Meshed Model View-2 Meshed Model View-3 13 14 16 23 23 24 24 27 27 28 ix .5 1.5 3.4 3.

1 3.List of Tables S. 1. No.2 3.1 1. 6 9 3.2 Scale Classifications of Wind Turbine Design Parameters Title Page No.3 Co-ordinates for Initial Airfoil Co-ordinates for Final Airfoil Types of Solvers 20 21 29 x .